Changeset 24388 in main


Ignore:
Timestamp:
12/28/21 12:05:21 (11 months ago)
Author:
GarthBraithwaite_STG
Message:

nm content - changed ibis:hash to standard href="# to use html_content processing xslt code.

Location:
adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content
Files:
42 edited

Legend:

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  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/about/wiki_test.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    6767NON titled SPACED link [http://www.msn.com/somedir/some doc.pdf] - BROKEN NEEDS %20<br/>
    6868NON titled %20 link [http://www.msn.com/somedir/some%20doc.pdf] <br/>
    69 TEST RELATIVE link [http:Welcome.html]. [[br]]
    70 TEST titled RELATIVE link [http:../indicator/index/Alphabetical.html Relative IP Alpha]. [[br]]
     69TEST RELATIVE link using HTTP prefix [http:about/Welcome.html]. [[br]]
     70TEST titled RELATIVE [http:./indicator/index/Alphabetical.html HTTP Prefix - IP Alpha]. [[br]]
     71TEST titled RELATIVE [[a href=indicator/index/Alphabetical.html named element no leading / or context - IP Alpha]]. [[br]]
     72TEST titled RELATIVE [[a href=./indicator/index/Alphabetical.html Relative named element ./ - IP Alpha]]. [[br]]
     73TEST titled RELATIVE [[a href=/ibisph-view/indicator/index/Alphabetical.html named element with leading / and context path but NO server info - IP Alpha]]. [[br]]
    7174
    7275TITLED link [http://www.msn.com  MSN HOME PAGE TITLE] and some other text.<br/>
     
    160163Example of how to embed an image: [[img src="http://ibis.health.utah.gov/image/triangle_usage.gif"]]
    161164<br/>
    162 Local link that Example: [[a ibis:hash="top" TOP OF PAGE]] # link.
     165Local link that Example: [[a href="#top" TOP OF PAGE]] # link.
    163166
    164167               
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/indicator/CHSI.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    1313
    1414        <CONTENT>
    15                 Assessing the health status of the population is a core function of public health<a ibis:hash="Bib-1">(1)</a>,
     15                Assessing the health status of the population is a core function of public health<a href="#Bib-1">(1)</a>,
    1616                and the New Mexico Department of Health is committed to providing health assessment information for
    1717                both the state and New Mexico communities. Accurate and timely information about the current health
    1818                status will support effective planning and decision-making for improving health outcomes. In addition
    19                 to the benefits that key indicator systems provide in general<a ibis:hash="Bib-2">(2)</a>, having a common
     19                to the benefits that key indicator systems provide in general<a href="#Bib-2">(2)</a>, having a common
    2020                set of core health status measures can help communities conduct health assessments and identify priority
    21                 health issues<a ibis:hash="Bib-3">(3)</a>. The 46 Community Health Status Indicators (CHSIs) provide consistent and
     21                health issues<a href="#Bib-3">(3)</a>. The 46 Community Health Status Indicators (CHSIs) provide consistent and
    2222                comparable health assessment information for New Mexico Department of Health and our community
    2323                partners to work collaboratively to improve community health.
     
    317317
    318318                <a id="REF"/>
    319                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     319                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    320320                <br/><p class="HRLeft"/>
    321321                <h2>References</h2>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/AARate.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    5959                        <a href="resource/Glossary.html#A">age-specific rates</a> observed in a
    6060                        population of interest by the proportion of each age group in a standard population
    61                         (<a ibis:hash="Bib-6">Lilienfeld &amp; Stolley, 1994</a>).
     61                        (<a href="#Bib-6">Lilienfeld &amp; Stolley, 1994</a>).
    6262                        </p>
    6363
    6464                        <p>
    6565                        In 1998, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revised the standard population weights
    66                         for direct age-adjustment (<a ibis:hash="Bib-1">Klein &amp; Schoenborn</a>), replacing the 1940 U.S. standard population weights
     66                        for direct age-adjustment (<a href="#Bib-1">Klein &amp; Schoenborn</a>), replacing the 1940 U.S. standard population weights
    6767                        that had been used for the previous several decades. Table 1., below, contains the standard population
    6868                        weights published by the CDC. They represent the proportion of the U.S. 2000 population in each age
     
    8282                <div align="right"><a href="javascript:" onclick="location.hash='Top'">Back to Top</a></div>
    8383                <h2 id="part1b">Weights for Direct Age Adjustment</h2>
    84                 The following table includes the weights that are currently recommended by the CDC, <a ibis:hash="Bib-1">Klein
     84                The following table includes the weights that are currently recommended by the CDC, <a href="#Bib-1">Klein
    8585                &amp; Schoenborn</a>, for calculation of the Directly Age-adjusted Rate.
    8686                        <br/><br/>
     
    411411                        standard population (such as the US 2000) would show a decrease, or no change at all. Care
    412412                        should be taken so that the selection of the standard population does not affect the comparisons.
    413                         For more information, see <a ibis:hash="Bib-3">Curtin &amp; Klein</a>.<br/><br/>
     413                        For more information, see <a href="#Bib-3">Curtin &amp; Klein</a>.<br/><br/>
    414414                       
    415415                        When reporting age-adjusted rates, always report the standard population used, and when
     
    465465                                <text class="Bold">A:</text> No, a new confidence interval for the age-adjusted rate must be
    466466                                calculated. Methods for calculation of this confidence interval may be found in
    467                                 <a ibis:hash="Bib-3">Curtin &amp; Klein</a>.<br/><br/>
     467                                <a href="#Bib-3">Curtin &amp; Klein</a>.<br/><br/>
    468468                               
    469469                <div align="right"><a href="javascript:" onclick="location.hash='Top'">Back to Top</a></div>
     
    475475                        mortality and morbidity ratio (SMR)</a>, and adjusts the age-specific rates found in the standard
    476476                        population to the age distribution of the smaller area or sub-population. According to
    477                         <a ibis:hash="Bib-3">Curtin &amp; Klein</a>, "One of the problems with [direct age adjustment]
     477                        <a href="#Bib-3">Curtin &amp; Klein</a>, "One of the problems with [direct age adjustment]
    478478                        is that rates based on small numbers of deaths will exhibit a large amount of random variation.
    479479                        A very rough guideline is that there should be at least 25 total deaths over all age groups." When
     
    488488                        Indirectly standardized rates are based on the standard mortality or morbidity ratio (SMR) and the
    489489                        crude rate for a standard population. Indirect standardization adjusts the overall standard population
    490                         death rate to the age distribution of the small area <a ibis:hash="Bib-6">(Lilienfeld &amp; Stolley, 1994)</a>.
     490                        death rate to the age distribution of the small area <a href="#Bib-6">(Lilienfeld &amp; Stolley, 1994)</a>.
    491491                        It is technically appropriate to compare indirectly standardized rates only with the rate in the standard
    492492                        population, not with each other.<br/>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/CHAF.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3535                        <tr>
    3636                                <td class="Contents">
    37                                 <a ibis:hash="part1">1 Next Meeting</a><br/>
    38                                 <a ibis:hash="part2">2 Future Meetings</a><br/>
    39                                 <a ibis:hash="part3">3 Group Purpose</a><br/>
     37                                <a href="#part1">1 Next Meeting</a><br/>
     38                                <a href="#part2">2 Future Meetings</a><br/>
     39                                <a href="#part3">3 Group Purpose</a><br/>
    4040                                <br/>
    41                                 <a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     41                                <a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    4242                                </td>
    4343                        </tr>
     
    4747               
    4848                <a id="part1"/>
    49                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     49                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    5050               
    5151                <h1>Next Web Meeting/Phone Call</h1>
     
    106106               
    107107                <a id="part2"/>
    108                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     108                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    109109               
    110110                <h1>Future Meeting Dates</h1>
     
    130130               
    131131                <a id="part3"/>
    132                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     132                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    133133               
    134134                <h1>Group Purpose</h1>
     
    136136                Community health assessment should be a collaborative process. In fact, one of the requirements for an
    137137                accreditated public health department is to communicate on a regular basis with representatives from a
    138                 variety of sectors to seek input on community health assessment needs.<a ibis:hash="Bib-1"><sup>1</sup></a>
     138                variety of sectors to seek input on community health assessment needs.<a href="#Bib-1"><sup>1</sup></a>
    139139                <br/><br/>
    140140                There is frequent communication between DOH staff (e.g., health promotion staff, regional epidemiologists,
     
    177177                <br/>
    178178
    179                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     179                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    180180                <br/>
    181181                <br/>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/CHSI.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    2020
    2121        <CONTENT>
    22                 Assessing the health status of the population is a core function of public health<a ibis:hash="Bib-1">(1)</a>,
     22                Assessing the health status of the population is a core function of public health<a href="#Bib-1">(1)</a>,
    2323                and the New Mexico Department of Health is committed to providing health assessment information for
    2424                both the state and New Mexico communities. Accurate and timely information about the current health
    2525                status will support effective planning and decision-making for improving health outcomes. In addition
    26                 to the benefits that key indicator systems provide in general<a ibis:hash="Bib-2">(2)</a>, having a common
     26                to the benefits that key indicator systems provide in general<a href="#Bib-2">(2)</a>, having a common
    2727                set of core health status measures can help communities conduct health assessments and identify priority
    28                 health issues<a ibis:hash="Bib-3">(3)</a>. The 46 Community Health Status Indicators (CHSIs) provide consistent and
     28                health issues<a href="#Bib-3">(3)</a>. The 46 Community Health Status Indicators (CHSIs) provide consistent and
    2929                comparable health assessment information for New Mexico Department of Health and our community
    3030                partners to work collaboratively to improve community health.
     
    324324
    325325                <a id="REF"/>
    326                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     326                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    327327                <br/><p class="HRLeft"/>
    328328                <h2>References</h2>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/ConfidenceInterval.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3232                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    3333                        <tr><td>
    34                         <a ibis:hash="part1">1 Use of Confidence Intervals</a><br/>
    35                         <a ibis:hash="part2">2 Technical Definition</a><br/>
    36                         <a ibis:hash="part3">3 Calculation</a><br/><br/>
    37                         <a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     34                        <a href="#part1">1 Use of Confidence Intervals</a><br/>
     35                        <a href="#part2">2 Technical Definition</a><br/>
     36                        <a href="#part3">3 Calculation</a><br/><br/>
     37                        <a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    3838                        </td></tr>
    3939                </table><br/>
    4040                       
    4141                <a id="part1"/>
    42                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     42                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    4343                <h1>Use of Confidence Intervals</h1>
    4444                        The confidence interval is an indication of the stability of the statistical estimate. In general,
     
    8383                       
    8484                <a id="part2"/>
    85                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     85                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    8686                <h1>Technical Definition</h1><br/>
    8787                       
     
    106106                       
    107107                <a id="part3"/>
    108                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     108                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    109109                <h1>Calculation</h1><br/>
    110110                <h3>For more information on confidence intervals, including formulae for calculating them for various types of rates,
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/EvidenceBased.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3131                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    3232                        <tr><td>
    33                         <a ibis:hash="part1">1 Examples of Evidence-Based Practice</a><br/>
    34                         <a ibis:hash="part2">2 Strength of Evidence</a><br/>
    35                         <a ibis:hash="part3">3 Where do I find Evidence-Based Practices?</a><br/>
    36                         <a ibis:hash="part4">4 Research Methodologies</a><br/>
    37                         <br/><a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     33                        <a href="#part1">1 Examples of Evidence-Based Practice</a><br/>
     34                        <a href="#part2">2 Strength of Evidence</a><br/>
     35                        <a href="#part3">3 Where do I find Evidence-Based Practices?</a><br/>
     36                        <a href="#part4">4 Research Methodologies</a><br/>
     37                        <br/><a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    3838                        </td></tr>
    3939                </table><br/>
    4040                       
    4141                <a id="part1"/>
    42                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     42                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    4343                <h1>Examples of Evidence-Based Practice</h1>
    4444               
     
    7474               
    7575                <a id="part2"/>
    76                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     76                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    7777                <h1>Strength of Evidence</h1>
    7878               
     
    135135               
    136136                <a id="part3"/>
    137                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     137                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    138138                <h1>Where do I find Evidence-Based Practices?</h1>
    139139               
     
    148148
    149149                <a id="part4"/>
    150                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     150                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    151151                <h1>Research Methodologies for Cause-and-effect Relationships</h1>
    152152                                These three criteria must be met for a study to demonstrate a cause-and-effect relationship:<br/>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/Geocode.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    2626                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    2727                        <tr><td>
    28                         <a ibis:hash="part1">1 The Case for Geocoding</a><br/>
    29                         <a ibis:hash="part2">2 Geocoding Process Recommendations</a><br/>
    30                         <a ibis:hash="part3">3 Geocoding Precision Subgroup Members</a><br/>
    31                         <a ibis:hash="part4">4 GPS Group Artifacts</a><br/>
    32                         <br/><a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     28                        <a href="#part1">1 The Case for Geocoding</a><br/>
     29                        <a href="#part2">2 Geocoding Process Recommendations</a><br/>
     30                        <a href="#part3">3 Geocoding Precision Subgroup Members</a><br/>
     31                        <a href="#part4">4 GPS Group Artifacts</a><br/>
     32                        <br/><a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    3333                        </td></tr>
    3434                </table><br/>
     
    108108                        </div>
    109109                <br/><br/>
    110                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     110                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>     
    111111
    112112                <a id="part4"/>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/LifeExp.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    2626                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    2727                        <tr><td>
    28                         <a ibis:hash="part1">1 Types of Life Expectancy Calculation</a><br/>
    29                         <a ibis:hash="part2">2 Abridged Life Table</a><br/>
    30                         <br/><a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     28                        <a href="#part1">1 Types of Life Expectancy Calculation</a><br/>
     29                        <a href="#part2">2 Abridged Life Table</a><br/>
     30                        <br/><a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    3131                        </td></tr>
    3232                </table><br/>
    3333                       
    3434                <a id="part1"/>
    35                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     35                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    3636                <h1>Types of Life Expectancy Calculation</h1>
    3737               
     
    4040                depend on the characteristics of the life table and the inputs to it.<br/><br/>
    4141               
    42                 <br/><h3>Cohort Versus Period (or Current) Life Tables <a ibis:hash="Bib-1">(Arias, 2008)</a></h3>
     42                <br/><h3>Cohort Versus Period (or Current) Life Tables <a href="#Bib-1">(Arias, 2008)</a></h3>
    4343
    4444                <ul>
     
    4949                                cohort would experience, given the mortality conditions in the current population. The current
    5050                                life table may be used to make statistical inferences and comparisons between the mortality
    51                                 experiences of different populations (<a ibis:hash="Bib-2">SEPHO, 2005</a>). The life table that is
     51                                experiences of different populations (<a href="#Bib-2">SEPHO, 2005</a>). The life table that is
    5252                                calculated in the NM-IBIS death data query system is calculated from a current life table.</li>
    5353                </ul><br/>
    5454
    55                 <br/><h3>Complete Versus Abridged Life Tables <a ibis:hash="Bib-2">(Anderson, 1999)</a></h3>
     55                <br/><h3>Complete Versus Abridged Life Tables <a href="#Bib-2">(Anderson, 1999)</a></h3>
    5656                <ul>
    5757                        <li>A complete life table calculates life expectancy for every single year of age.</li>
     
    6464                </ul><br/>
    6565                <a id="part2"/>
    66                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     66                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    6767                <h1>Abridged Life Table</h1>
    6868               
    6969                The life expectancy calculations in the NM-IBIS <a href="query/selection/mort/_MortSelection.html">
    7070                Life Expectancy Query Module</a>, and in the example Life Table, below use a methodology developed by
    71                 <a ibis:hash="Bib-2">Chiang (1968)</a>. This methodology was used because it was demonstrated to produce
    72                 better estimates of life expectancy for small populations (<a ibis:hash="Bib-2">SEPHO, 2005</a>). The SEPHO
     71                <a href="#Bib-2">Chiang (1968)</a>. This methodology was used because it was demonstrated to produce
     72                better estimates of life expectancy for small populations (<a href="#Bib-2">SEPHO, 2005</a>). The SEPHO
    7373                report also demonstrated that  models with 5-year age bands to 85+ performed best, and that a population
    7474                of 5,000 life years at risk produced an 'acceptable' 95% confidence interval of plus or minus 4 years of
     
    172172               
    173173                <h3>95% Confidence Interval</h3>
    174                 Calculation of 95% confidence interval for life expectancy is given in <a ibis:hash="Bib-2">Chiang (1984)</a>.
     174                Calculation of 95% confidence interval for life expectancy is given in <a href="#Bib-2">Chiang (1984)</a>.
    175175                The variance of life expectancy (e) may be estimated as:<br/><br/>
    176176               
     
    188188               
    189189                <h3>Programming a Life Expectancy Calculator in SAS for NM-IBIS</h3>
    190                 A SAS program written by <a ibis:hash="Bib-6">Zdeb and Dairman (1997)</a> was adapted for use in
     190                A SAS program written by <a href="#Bib-6">Zdeb and Dairman (1997)</a> was adapted for use in
    191191                the NM-IBIS <a href="query/selection/mort/_MortSelection.html">Life Expectancy Query Module</a>.
    192192               
     
    222222                from http://www2.sas.com/proceedings/sugi22/POSTERS/PAPER260.PDF on 12/24/2012.
    223223                <br/>
    224 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     224<p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    225225                <br/>
    226226                <br/>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/MMWRWeekCalendar.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    77        <CONTENT>
    88        <a name="TOP"></a>
    9                 <ibis:include href="../../text/MMWRWeek.xml"/>(<a ibis:hash="Bib-1">1</a>)<br/><br/>
     9                <ibis:include href="../../text/MMWRWeek.xml"/>(<a href="#Bib-1">1</a>)<br/><br/>
    1010                MMWR Week does not fall on the same dates every year. MMWR weeks last from Sunday through
    1111                Saturday and usually range from 1 to 52. Depending on how the days of the week fall across
     
    1616                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    1717                        <tr><td>
    18                         <a ibis:hash="part1">1 Disease Reporting Dates</a><br/>
    19                         <a ibis:hash="part2">2 Calendar Dates for MMWR Weeks, 2021-2025</a><br/>
    20                         <a ibis:hash="part3">2 Calendar Dates for MMWR Weeks, 2016-2020</a><br/>
    21                         <a ibis:hash="part4">3 Calendar Dates for MMWR Weeks, 2011-2015</a><br/>
    22                         <a ibis:hash="part5">3 Calendar Dates for MMWR Weeks, 2006-2010</a><br/>
    23                         <br/><a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     18                        <a href="#part1">1 Disease Reporting Dates</a><br/>
     19                        <a href="#part2">2 Calendar Dates for MMWR Weeks, 2021-2025</a><br/>
     20                        <a href="#part3">2 Calendar Dates for MMWR Weeks, 2016-2020</a><br/>
     21                        <a href="#part4">3 Calendar Dates for MMWR Weeks, 2011-2015</a><br/>
     22                        <a href="#part5">3 Calendar Dates for MMWR Weeks, 2006-2010</a><br/>
     23                        <br/><a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    2424                        </td></tr>
    2525                </table><br/><br/>
     
    4040                <a id="part2"/>
    4141                <h3>Calendar Dates for MMWR Weeks, 2021-2025</h3>
    42                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     42                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    4343                <table class="Info">
    4444                        <tr>
     
    211211                <a id="part3"/>
    212212                <h3>Calendar Dates for MMWR Weeks, 2016-2020</h3>
    213                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     213                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    214214                <table class="Info">
    215215                        <tr>
     
    383383                <a id="part4"/>
    384384                <h3>Calendar Dates for MMWR Weeks, 2011-2015</h3>
    385                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     385                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    386386                <table class="Info">
    387387                        <tr>
     
    552552        </table>
    553553               
    554                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p><br/>
     554                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p><br/>
    555555                <a id="part5"/>
    556556                <h3>Calendar Dates for MMWR Weeks, 2006-2010</h3>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/MapChoroClasses.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    2424                        and predetermined ideas of what the class intervals should be have characterized the
    2525                        work of most map-makers&#8230; Apparently many authors believe that maps are an art-form
    26                         which allow liberties not admissible in verbal or tabular presentation (<a ibis:hash="Bib-1">Jenks and
     26                        which allow liberties not admissible in verbal or tabular presentation (<a href="#Bib-1">Jenks and
    2727                        Coulson  1963:120</a>).<br/>
    2828                </div>
     
    3838                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    3939                        <tr><td>
    40                         <a ibis:hash="part1">1. About NM-IBIS Maps</a><br/>
    41                         <a ibis:hash="part2">2. Data-Grouping Methods</a><br/>
    42                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part2a">a. Equal Groups (Quantiles)</a></span><br/>
    43                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part2b">b. Equal Intervals</a></span><br/>
    44                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part2c">c. Mean Standard Deviation</a></span><br/>
    45                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part2d">d. Jenks Natural Breaks</a></span><br/>
    46                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part2e">e. Geometric Progression</a></span><br/>
    47                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part2f">f. Arithmetic Progression</a></span><br/>
    48                         <a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     40                        <a href="#part1">1. About NM-IBIS Maps</a><br/>
     41                        <a href="#part2">2. Data-Grouping Methods</a><br/>
     42                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part2a">a. Equal Groups (Quantiles)</a></span><br/>
     43                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part2b">b. Equal Intervals</a></span><br/>
     44                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part2c">c. Mean Standard Deviation</a></span><br/>
     45                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part2d">d. Jenks Natural Breaks</a></span><br/>
     46                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part2e">e. Geometric Progression</a></span><br/>
     47                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part2f">f. Arithmetic Progression</a></span><br/>
     48                        <a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    4949                        </td></tr>
    5050                </table>
     
    6868                choropleth map may obscure subtle gradations in a spatial distribution. Too many categories are
    6969                also unlikely to reveal any existing spatial patterns because a viewer can be visually overwhelmed.
    70                 (Most map readers find difficulty in distinguishing among more than seven classes; <a ibis:hash="Bib-2">
     70                (Most map readers find difficulty in distinguishing among more than seven classes; <a href="#Bib-2">
    7171                Kraak and Ormeling 2003</a>).
    7272                <br/><br/>
     
    8787                patterns without excluding extreme high or low values. The resulting map should also endeavor to approach
    8888                the data's statistical surface (a three-dimensional data representation in which the z-coordinate is
    89                 proportional to the data value) as closely as possible (<a ibis:hash="Bib-2">Kraak and Ormeling 2003</a>).
     89                proportional to the data value) as closely as possible (<a href="#Bib-2">Kraak and Ormeling 2003</a>).
    9090                <br/><br/>
    9191
     
    9595                the use of raw data counts, which represent magnitude, when a choropleth is more appropriate to the use
    9696                of normalized values that produce a map of rate, density, concentration, or the like, by geographic unit
    97                 (<a ibis:hash="Bib-3">Monmonier 1991:22-23</a>).
     97                (<a href="#Bib-3">Monmonier 1991:22-23</a>).
    9898                <br/><br/>See also: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choropleth_map">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choropleth_map</a>
    9999                <br/><br/>
    100100
    101101                <a id="part2"/>
    102                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     102                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    103103                <h1>2. Data-Grouping Methods</h1>
    104104                <br/>
     
    111111                rectangular or flat shape in a histogram) are well suited to quantile classification. Also,
    112112                "quantiles seem to be one of the best methods for facilitating comparison [among a series of
    113                 maps] as well as aiding general map reading" (<a ibis:hash="Bib-4">Brewer and Pickle 2002:679</a>),
     113                maps] as well as aiding general map reading" (<a href="#Bib-4">Brewer and Pickle 2002:679</a>),
    114114                and this method is also useful for conducting experimental data analysis. One possible disadvantage
    115115                of quantile classification may arise when large gaps occur between attribute values; such gaps
     
    179179                between observed values within each class and the class means. The best resulting classification
    180180                identifies breaks in the ordered distribution of values that minimizes the variance within
    181                 classes and maximizes the variance between classes (<a ibis:hash="Bib-5">Jenks 1967</a>).
     181                classes and maximizes the variance between classes (<a href="#Bib-5">Jenks 1967</a>).
    182182                <br/><br/>
    183183                The Jenks Natural Breaks method is well suited to the creation of choropleth maps because it
     
    208208                progression classification instead. Further, even when appropriately applied to a skewed dataset,
    209209                it may be that class intervals imposed by geometric regression do not capture the underlying data
    210                 hierarchy (<a ibis:hash="Bib-6">Jiang 2013</a>). Finally, for data that is heavily skewed toward the
     210                hierarchy (<a href="#Bib-6">Jiang 2013</a>). Finally, for data that is heavily skewed toward the
    211211                left, an inverse geometric progression could be implemented, but this functionality is not presently
    212212                available in NM-IBIS.
     
    227227                <br/><br/>
    228228                <a id="REF"/>
    229                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     229                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    230230                <br/>
    231231                Visit the NM-IBIS <a href="resource/MapDownloadJSON.html">Help Page for Downloading Map Layers</a> for use in other programs.
     
    271271                </div>
    272272                <br/><br/>
    273                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     273                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    274274                <br/>
    275275                <ibis:include href="../../text/Suggestions.xml"/><br/><br/>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/MapDownloadJSON.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    2525                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    2626                        <tr><td>
    27                         <a ibis:hash="part1">1. Downloading GIS data from IBIS</a><br/>
    28                         <a ibis:hash="part2">2. Using a GeoJSON in ESRI ArcMap</a><br/>
    29                         <a ibis:hash="part3">3. Using a GeoJSON in QGIS</a><br/>
    30                         <a ibis:hash="part4">4. Important Note About Downloaded IBIS GIS Data</a><br/>
     27                        <a href="#part1">1. Downloading GIS data from IBIS</a><br/>
     28                        <a href="#part2">2. Using a GeoJSON in ESRI ArcMap</a><br/>
     29                        <a href="#part3">3. Using a GeoJSON in QGIS</a><br/>
     30                        <a href="#part4">4. Important Note About Downloaded IBIS GIS Data</a><br/>
    3131                        </td></tr>
    3232                </table>
     
    5656
    5757                <a id="part2"/>
    58                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     58                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    5959                <h1>2. Using a GeoJSON in ESRI ArcMap</h1>
    6060                        <br/>
     
    103103                <br/><br/>
    104104                <br/>
    105                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     105                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    106106                <br/>
    107107                <br/>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/PopData.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    1616                <table class="Contents">
    1717                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    18                         <tr><td></td><td><a ibis:hash="part1">Population Data Downloads</a></td></tr>
    19                         <tr><td></td><td><a ibis:hash="part2">Documentation, Codebooks &amp; Small Area Resources</a></td></tr>
     18                        <tr><td></td><td><a href="#part1">Population Data Downloads</a></td></tr>
     19                        <tr><td></td><td><a href="#part2">Documentation, Codebooks &amp; Small Area Resources</a></td></tr>
    2020                </table><br/><br/>
    2121                       
     
    147147                <br/>
    148148               
    149                 <p  align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     149                <p  align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    150150                <a id="part3"/>
    151151
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/RacEth.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    2020                supported by genetic science -- only 2 percent of our genes are ultimately responsible for the visible
    2121                differences such as skin color. As a social construct, however, race can capture the impacts of racism
    22                 on health outcomes.<a ibis:hash="Bib-1">(1)</a>
     22                on health outcomes.<a href="#Bib-1">(1)</a>
    2323                <br/><br/>
    2424               
     
    2727                Ethnicity shapes a group's culture - food, language, music, and customs. We all have
    2828                an ethnicity, but the term is often used in reference to persons of Hispanic or Latino
    29                 ethnicity versus those of non-Hispanic/Latino ethnicity.<a ibis:hash="Bib-2">(2)</a>
     29                ethnicity versus those of non-Hispanic/Latino ethnicity.<a href="#Bib-2">(2)</a>
    3030                <br/><br/><br/>
    3131
     
    3333                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    3434                        <tr><td>
    35                         <a ibis:hash="Section2">1 National Standards for Race Measurement</a><br/>
    36                         <a ibis:hash="Section2a" class="Indent22">1977 OMB Standard</a><br/>
    37                         <a ibis:hash="Section2b" class="Indent22">1997 OMB Standard</a><br/>
    38                         <a ibis:hash="Section2bi" class="Indent33">Presentation of Health Data by "Race Alone"</a><br/>
    39                         <a ibis:hash="Section2bii" class="Indent33">Presentation of Health Data by "Race Alone or in Combination"</a><br/>
    40                         <a ibis:hash="Section2c">2 Bridged Race Estimates</a><br/>
    41                         <a ibis:hash="Section2d">3 NMDOH Guidelines for Presentation of Health Data by Race and Ethnicity</a><br/>
    42                         <a ibis:hash="Section3">4 Deciding How to Present Health Data by Race and Ethnicity</a><br/><br/>
    43                         <a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     35                        <a href="#Section2">1 National Standards for Race Measurement</a><br/>
     36                        <a href="#Section2a" class="Indent22">1977 OMB Standard</a><br/>
     37                        <a href="#Section2b" class="Indent22">1997 OMB Standard</a><br/>
     38                        <a href="#Section2bi" class="Indent33">Presentation of Health Data by "Race Alone"</a><br/>
     39                        <a href="#Section2bii" class="Indent33">Presentation of Health Data by "Race Alone or in Combination"</a><br/>
     40                        <a href="#Section2c">2 Bridged Race Estimates</a><br/>
     41                        <a href="#Section2d">3 NMDOH Guidelines for Presentation of Health Data by Race and Ethnicity</a><br/>
     42                        <a href="#Section3">4 Deciding How to Present Health Data by Race and Ethnicity</a><br/><br/>
     43                        <a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    4444                        </td></tr>
    4545                </table><br/><br/>
    4646
    4747                <a id="Section2"/>
    48                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     48                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    4949                <h1>1. National Standards for Race Reporting (Collection of Race/Ethnicity Information)</h1><br/>
    5050       
    5151                        The U.S. Census Bureau collects race and Hispanic ethnicity as separate constructs. As a
    5252                        result, an individual has both a race and an Hispanic ethnicity designation (e.g.,
    53                         White Hispanic, White, non-Hispanic, Black Hispanic). This excerpt from the <a ibis:hash="Bib-3">
     53                        White Hispanic, White, non-Hispanic, Black Hispanic). This excerpt from the <a href="#Bib-3">
    5454                        Federal Register (3)</a> describes the OMB's intent.<br/><br/>
    5555
     
    7474                       
    7575                <a id="Section2a"/>
    76                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     76                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    7777                <h2>1977 Federal Office of Management of Budget (OMB) Standard</h2><br/>
    7878       
    7979                        Prior to 2000, the standard for collection of race data was to ask for the individual's primary
    80                         race. This standard was released in 1977 in <a ibis:hash="Bib-4">DIRECTIVE NO. 15, RACE AND ETHNIC
     80                        race. This standard was released in 1977 in <a href="#Bib-4">DIRECTIVE NO. 15, RACE AND ETHNIC
    8181                        STANDARDS FOR FEDERAL STATISTICS AND ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTING (4)</a>.<br/><br/>
    8282                       
     
    9292
    9393                <a id="Section2b"/>
    94                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     94                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    9595                <h2>1997 OMB Standard</h2><br/>
    9696       
    97                         In 1997, the OMB released a <a ibis:hash="Bib-3">new
     97                        In 1997, the OMB released a <a href="#Bib-3">new
    9898                        minimum standard (3)</a> for maintaining, collecting, and presenting data on race and ethnicity
    9999                        for all Federal reporting purposes, effective October 30, 1997. The new standard, implemented in
     
    135135                       
    136136                <a id="Section2bi"/>
    137                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     137                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    138138                <h3>&#9674; Presentation of Health Data of Data by "Race Alone"</h3><br/>
    139139                        For presentation of data by "Race Alone," respondents who checked only one race are presented in that
     
    265265
    266266                <a id="Section2bii"/>
    267                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     267                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    268268                        <h3><a name="Section2bii"/>&#9674; Presentation of Health Data by "Race Alone or in Combination"</h3><br/>
    269269                        For presentation of data by "Race Alone or in Combination," respondents who checked only one race are
     
    337337
    338338                <a id="Section2c"/>
    339                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     339                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    340340                        <h1>2. Bridged Race Estimates</h1><br/>
    341341       
     
    344344                        was developed to "bridge" population estimates that were collected using the 1997
    345345                        standard back to the categories used in the 1977 standard.
    346                         The <a ibis:hash="Bib-5">bridging methodology (5)</a>
     346                        The <a href="#Bib-5">bridging methodology (5)</a>
    347347                        applies a statistical model to individuals' responses that were collected using
    348348                        the 1997 standaard and converts those responses to what they may have said had they been
     
    399399
    400400                <a id="Section2d"/>
    401                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     401                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    402402                <h1>3. NMDOH Guidelines for Presentation of Health Data by Race and Ethnicity</h1><br/>
    403403
     
    466466               
    467467                <a id="Section3"/>
    468                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     468                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    469469                <h1>4. Deciding How to Present Race and Ethnicity</h1>
    470470                <br/>
     
    480480               
    481481                <a id="REF"/>
    482                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p><br/>
     482                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p><br/>
    483483                <p class="HRLeft"/>
    484484                <h2>References</h2>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/RacEth2013.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    2020                                <td>
    2121                                        <ol>
    22                                                 <li><a ibis:hash="Section1">NMDOH Standard for Collection of Race/Ethnicity Information</a></li>
    23                                                 <li><a ibis:hash="Section2">NMDOH Standard for Presentation of Race/Ethnicity Information</a></li>
    24                                                 <li><a ibis:hash="Section3">What was the process that informed this change in the presentation of data?</a></li>
    25                                                 <li><a ibis:hash="Section4">What does this change mean for NMDOH Data?</a></li>
     22                                                <li><a href="#Section1">NMDOH Standard for Collection of Race/Ethnicity Information</a></li>
     23                                                <li><a href="#Section2">NMDOH Standard for Presentation of Race/Ethnicity Information</a></li>
     24                                                <li><a href="#Section3">What was the process that informed this change in the presentation of data?</a></li>
     25                                                <li><a href="#Section4">What does this change mean for NMDOH Data?</a></li>
    2626                                        </ol>
    2727                                </td>
     
    2929                        <tr>
    3030                                <td class="Ref">
    31                                         <a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     31                                        <a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    3232                                </td>
    3333                        </tr>
     
    3838                <h1>1. New Mexico Department of Health Standard for Collection of Race/Ethnicity Information</h1><br/>
    3939       
    40                 The New Mexico Department of Health uses the <a ibis:hash="Bib-1">1997 Office of Management and  Budget
     40                The New Mexico Department of Health uses the <a href="#Bib-1">1997 Office of Management and  Budget
    4141                (OMB) standard</a> for collection of race and ethnicity data. That standard specifies collection of
    4242                race/ethnicity information using a minimum of the following five race categories and two ethnicity
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/Rate.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3131                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    3232                        <tr><td>
    33                         <a ibis:hash="part1">1 Crude Rates</a><br/>
    34                         <a ibis:hash="part2">2 Age- and Sex-Specific Rates</a><br/>
    35                         <a ibis:hash="part3">3 Deciding Which Measure to Use</a><br/>
     33                        <a href="#part1">1 Crude Rates</a><br/>
     34                        <a href="#part2">2 Age- and Sex-Specific Rates</a><br/>
     35                        <a href="#part3">3 Deciding Which Measure to Use</a><br/>
    3636                        </td></tr>
    3737                </table>
    3838
    3939                <a id="part1"/>
    40                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     40                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    4141                <h1>Crude Rates</h1>
    4242       
     
    133133                <br/>
    134134        <a id="part2"/>
    135         <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     135        <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    136136                <br/>           
    137137        <h1>Age- and Sex-specific Rates</h1>
     
    232232
    233233                <a id="part3"/>
    234                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     234                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    235235                <br/>           
    236236                <h1>Deciding Which Measure to Use</h1>
     
    259259               
    260260                <br/><br/>
    261         <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     261        <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    262262
    263263                <br/>   
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/ReliabilityValidity.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    2525                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    2626                        <tr><td>
    27                         <a ibis:hash="RELIABILIY">1 Reliability</a><br/>
    28                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="RELIABILIY">a. Concept</a></span><br/>
    29                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="RSE">b. Relative Standard Error (RSE)</a></span><br/>
    30                         <a ibis:hash="VALIDITY">2 Validity</a><br/>
    31                         <a ibis:hash="BULL">3 The Bull's-eye Analogy</a><br/>
    32                         <a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     27                        <a href="#RELIABILIY">1 Reliability</a><br/>
     28                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#RELIABILIY">a. Concept</a></span><br/>
     29                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#RSE">b. Relative Standard Error (RSE)</a></span><br/>
     30                        <a href="#VALIDITY">2 Validity</a><br/>
     31                        <a href="#BULL">3 The Bull's-eye Analogy</a><br/>
     32                        <a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    3333                        </td></tr>
    3434                </table><br/>
    3535                       
    3636                <a id="RELIABILIY"/>
    37                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                                         
     37                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                                             
    3838                <h1>Reliability</h1>
    3939       
     
    7575                        interval (wide in relation to the rate) indicates that the rate is likely to include a lot of random error. <br/><br/>
    7676                       
    77         <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p><br/>                   
     77        <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p><br/>                       
    7878
    7979                <a id="RSE"/>
     
    141141                       
    142142                <a id="VALIDITY"/>
    143                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                                         
     143                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                                             
    144144                <h1>Validity</h1>
    145145       
     
    155155                       
    156156                <a id="BULL"/>
    157                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                                         
     157                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                                             
    158158                <h1>The Bulls-eye Analogy</h1>
    159159       
     
    180180
    181181                <a id="REF"/>
    182                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     182                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    183183                <br/><p class="HRLeft"/>
    184184                <h2>References</h2>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/SMR_ISR.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    1414                <br/><br/>
    1515
    16                 A closely related construct, <a ibis:hash="ISR">indirectly standardized rates</a>, is also described
     16                A closely related construct, <a href="#ISR">indirectly standardized rates</a>, is also described
    1717                in this Web page.<br/><br/>
    1818
     
    2020                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    2121                        <tr><td>
    22                         <a ibis:hash="SMR">1 Using SMR</a><br/>
    23                         <a ibis:hash="CALC">2 Calculating SMR</a><br/>
    24                         <a ibis:hash="SMRSIG">3 Statistical Significance of SMR</a><br/>
    25                         <a ibis:hash="ISR">4 Indirectly Standardized Rates</a><br/>
    26                         <a ibis:hash="ISRCI">5 Confidence Intervals for ISR</a><br/><br/>
    27                         <a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     22                        <a href="#SMR">1 Using SMR</a><br/>
     23                        <a href="#CALC">2 Calculating SMR</a><br/>
     24                        <a href="#SMRSIG">3 Statistical Significance of SMR</a><br/>
     25                        <a href="#ISR">4 Indirectly Standardized Rates</a><br/>
     26                        <a href="#ISRCI">5 Confidence Intervals for ISR</a><br/><br/>
     27                        <a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    2828                        </td></tr>
    2929                </table><br/>
    3030
    3131                <a id="SMR"/>
    32                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     32                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    3333                <h1>Using SMR</h1>
    3434                <br/>
     
    6161
    6262                <a id="CALC"/>
    63                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     63                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    6464                <h1>Calculating SMR</h1>
    6565                <br/>
     
    120120                </div><br/>
    121121               
    122                 To read more about the Standardized Mortality Ratio, see <a ibis:hash="Bib-1">Lilienfeld &amp; Stolley (1994)</a>,
    123                 <a ibis:hash="Bib-2">Curtin &amp; Klein (1995)</a> and <a ibis:hash="Bib-3">Fleiss (1981)</a>.<br/><br/>
     122                To read more about the Standardized Mortality Ratio, see <a href="#Bib-1">Lilienfeld &amp; Stolley (1994)</a>,
     123                <a href="#Bib-2">Curtin &amp; Klein (1995)</a> and <a href="#Bib-3">Fleiss (1981)</a>.<br/><br/>
    124124               
    125125                <a id="SMRSIG"/>
    126                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     126                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    127127                <h2>Statistical Significance of SMR</h2><br/>
    128128               
     
    178178
    179179                <a id="ISR"/>
    180                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     180                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    181181                <h1>Indirectly Standardized Rates</h1>
    182182
    183183                        Once the SMR is known, it is a small step to calculate the indirectly age-standardized rate: one simply
    184                         multiplies the crude rate of the standard population by the SMR (<a ibis:hash="Bib-2">Curtin &amp; Klein</a>).
     184                        multiplies the crude rate of the standard population by the SMR (<a href="#Bib-2">Curtin &amp; Klein</a>).
    185185                <br/><br/>
    186186                        In our example, the 2017 crude all-cause death rate in New Mexico was 888.1 deaths per 100,000 population,
     
    207207
    208208                <a id="ISRCI"/>
    209                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     209                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    210210                <h2>Confidence Intervals for Indirectly Standardized Rates (ISR)</h2><br/>
    211211
    212212                For indirectly standardized rates based on events that follow a Poisson distribution and for
    213213                which the ratio of events to total population is small (&lt;.3) and the sample size is large,
    214                 the following two methods can be used to calculate confidence interval (<a ibis:hash="Bib-5">Kahn
     214                the following two methods can be used to calculate confidence interval (<a href="#Bib-5">Kahn
    215215                &amp; Sempos, 1989)</a>.
    216216                <br/><br/>
     
    250250                <img src="contentfile/image/important_icon.gif" alt="important! icon" width="16" height="15" title="IMPORTANT!"/>
    251251                        Strictly speaking, it is not valid to compare one indirectly-standardized rate with another. However,
    252                         the amount of bias will be small in most cases. See <a ibis:hash="Bib-4">Rothman &amp; Greenland (1998)</a>
     252                        the amount of bias will be small in most cases. See <a href="#Bib-4">Rothman &amp; Greenland (1998)</a>
    253253                </div><br/>
    254254       
    255255                <br/>
    256256                <a id="REF"/>
    257                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     257                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    258258                <br/><p class="HRLeft"/>
    259259                <h2>References</h2>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/SmallAreaMethods.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3232                in New Mexico because of the large differences in county population sizes. Smaller counties
    3333                such as Harding and DeBaca (with 2010 U.S. Census estimated population sizes of 695 and 2,022,
    34                 respectively)<a ibis:hash="Bib-1">1</a>, have unstable rates on most health measures, while health measures
     34                respectively)<a href="#Bib-1">1</a>, have unstable rates on most health measures, while health measures
    3535                calculated for Bernalillo County (2010 Census population estimate=662,564) lack meaning because the
    3636                population is large and diverse.
     
    3838               
    3939                The New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) decision to embark on the small area project was based on
    40                 the intense demand for health status information at the community level,<a ibis:hash="Bib-2">2</a> the
     40                the intense demand for health status information at the community level,<a href="#Bib-2">2</a> the
    4141                desire to study the associations between health inequity and place, and the belief that a standard
    4242                set of small areas would improve efficiency in production of community data reports and accumulation
     
    4747                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    4848                        <tr><td>
    49                         <a ibis:hash="part1">Methodology</a><br/>
    50                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part2">Small Area Reference Materials</a></span><br/>
    51                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part3">Geocoding and Classification of Data to Small Areas</a></span><br/>
    52                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part4">Population Estimates</a></span><br/>
    53                         <a ibis:hash="part5">Small Area Workgroup</a>
    54                         <br/><a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     49                        <a href="#part1">Methodology</a><br/>
     50                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part2">Small Area Reference Materials</a></span><br/>
     51                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part3">Geocoding and Classification of Data to Small Areas</a></span><br/>
     52                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part4">Population Estimates</a></span><br/>
     53                        <a href="#part5">Small Area Workgroup</a>
     54                        <br/><a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    5555                        </td></tr>
    5656                </table><br/>
     
    7575                        <li>    NM small areas will have within-area homogeneity and between-area heterogeneity
    7676                                on health-relevant demographic characteristics (given that criterion #2 is met).
    77                                 The demographic characteristics considered were(<a ibis:hash="Bib-3">3</a>):
     77                                The demographic characteristics considered were(<a href="#Bib-3">3</a>):
    7878                                <div><ul>
    7979                                <li>Percentage of persons of Hispanic origin</li>
     
    9898                        </ol></div><br/>
    9999                       
    100                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     100                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    101101                       
    102102                        The New Mexico "Small Areas" Workgroup reviewed research and considered methods for
     
    109109                        above criteria as a guide. In the 2010 decennial census, New Mexico has 499 reporting
    110110                        census tracts with an average population size of 4,127. All but two NM Small Areas
    111                         (<a ibis:hash="Bib-4">4</a>) were defined by combining adjacent census tracts. Demographic
     111                        (<a href="#Bib-4">4</a>) were defined by combining adjacent census tracts. Demographic
    112112                        characteristics from the 2000 U.S. Decennial Census were examined to meet criterion #3.
    113113                        <br/><br/>
    114114
    115115                        The process yielded 108 New Mexico small areas with population sizes ranging from 929 
    116                         (Area 99, Santa Fe County, State Penitentiary)(<a ibis:hash="Bib-5">5</a>) to 31,925 (Area
     116                        (Area 99, Santa Fe County, State Penitentiary)(<a href="#Bib-5">5</a>) to 31,925 (Area
    117117                        35, Chaves County, Roswell, N.E.). The area average population size is 18,892, and the
    118118                        median is 17,982. Many of New Mexico's more urban counties had sufficient population to
     
    171171                        </ibis:SelectionsList>
    172172
    173                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     173                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    174174                        <br/><br/>     
    175175                        A decision was made to avoid using tribal geographies as a design factor in the 108
     
    233233                        </div><br/>
    234234                       
    235                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     235                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    236236                <a id="part4"/>
    237237                        <br/>
     
    309309
    310310                <br/><br/><br/>
    311                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     311                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    312312                <p align="center"><a href="resource/Glossary.html">--Back to Glossary/Index Page--</a></p>
    313313       
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/TestofProportions.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    2727                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    2828                        <tr><td>
    29                         <a ibis:hash="part1">1 When to use Test of Proportions</a><br/>
    30                         <a ibis:hash="part2">2 Calculation</a><br/>
    31                         <a ibis:hash="part3">3 Interpretation</a><br/>
    32                         <br/><a ibis:hash="REF">References</a><br/>
     29                        <a href="#part1">1 When to use Test of Proportions</a><br/>
     30                        <a href="#part2">2 Calculation</a><br/>
     31                        <a href="#part3">3 Interpretation</a><br/>
     32                        <br/><a href="#REF">References</a><br/>
    3333                        </td></tr>
    3434                </table><br/>
    3535                       
    3636                <a id="part1"/>
    37                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     37                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    3838                        <h1>When is Test of Proportions used?</h1><br/>
    3939                        Before embarking on the statistical computation, first use this simple test to tell if
     
    7979                       
    8080                <a id="part1"/>
    81                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     81                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    8282                        <h1>Calculation of Test of Proportions</h1><br/>
    8383                       
     
    145145                       
    146146                <a id="part1"/>
    147                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     147                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    148148                        <h1>Interpretation of Test of Proportions Results</h1><br/>
    149149                       
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/resource/TribalAreaMethods.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    5555                        <tr><td class="ContentsHeader">Contents</td></tr>
    5656                        <tr><td>
    57                                         <a ibis:hash="part1">Methodology</a><br/>
    58                                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part1">Selection of Tribal Boundaries</a></span><br/>
    59                                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part2">Geocoding and Classification of Data to Tribal Areas</a></span><br/>
    60                                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part3">Rules of Secure Tribal Queries</a></span><br/>
    61                                         <span class="Indent"><a ibis:hash="part4">Reference Maps and Other Resources</a></span><br/>
    62                                         <a ibis:hash="part5">Tribal Epidemiology Partner Organizations</a>
     57                                        <a href="#part1">Methodology</a><br/>
     58                                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part1">Selection of Tribal Boundaries</a></span><br/>
     59                                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part2">Geocoding and Classification of Data to Tribal Areas</a></span><br/>
     60                                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part3">Rules of Secure Tribal Queries</a></span><br/>
     61                                        <span class="Indent"><a href="#part4">Reference Maps and Other Resources</a></span><br/>
     62                                        <a href="#part5">Tribal Epidemiology Partner Organizations</a>
    6363                                </td></tr>
    6464                </table><br/>
     
    213213                </div><br/>
    214214
    215                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
     215                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>
    216216                <a id="part4"/>
    217217                <br/>
     
    251251
    252252                <br/><br/><br/>
    253                 <p align="right"><a ibis:hash="TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                         
     253                <p align="right"><a href="#TOP">Back to Top</a></p>                             
    254254                <p align="center"><a href="resource/Glossary.html">--Back to Glossary/Index Page--</a></p>                             
    255255
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/healthcare/Access_centralized_QM_selections-EXAMPLE.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    5959                                        technologies and the spread of existing ones account for a large portion of medical spending and its
    6060                                        growth.  The U.S. spends substantially more on health care than other
    61                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">developed countries.</a>
     61                                        <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">developed countries.</a>
    6262                                        Though the rapid growth in spending for prescription drugs has received considerable
    6363                                        attention recently, as of 2010, it accounted for 10% of total costs.  Private funds are the largest
     
    8484                                                Downloaded on 8/7/2014 from <a href="http://kaiserfamilyfoundation.files.wordpress.com/2013/01/7670-03.pdf">
    8585                                                http://kaiserfamilyfoundation.files.wordpress.com/2013/01/7670-03.pdf</a>.
    86                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     86                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    8787                                </ol></footer>
    8888                        </section>
     
    116116                                        A critical component of the ACA was the creation of the National
    117117                                        Prevention Council and the development of the nation's first ever
    118                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">National Prevention and Health Promotion Strategy.</a>
     118                                        <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">National Prevention and Health Promotion Strategy.</a>
    119119                                        The strategies are designed to move us from a system of sick
    120120                                        care to one based on wellness and prevention.
     
    174174                                                <a href="http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/initiatives/prevention/strategy/report.pdf">
    175175                                                http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/initiatives/prevention/strategy/report.pdf</a>.
    176                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     176                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    177177                                </ol></footer>
    178178                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/healthcare/CardioScreening.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3030                                risk factors you have? The best way to find out is through screening
    3131                                tests during
    32                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">regular doctor visits.</a>
     32                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">regular doctor visits.</a>
    3333                                </p>
    3434                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
    3535                                        <li id="ref1"> <a href="http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Heart-Health-Screenings_UCM_428687_Article.jsp">
    3636                                                American Heart Association, Heart Health Screenings.</a> Downloaded 2/10/2015
    37                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     37                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    3838                                </ol></footer>
    3939                        </section>
     
    101101                        <section class="Container">
    102102                                <h2>How To Reduce Risk</h2>
    103                                 <h4>Major Risk Factors That Can't Be <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">Changed</a></h4>
     103                                <h4>Major Risk Factors That Can't Be <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">Changed</a></h4>
    104104                                <ul class="Indent">
    105105                                        <li>Increasing Age: About 80 percent of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older.</li>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/healthcare/HealthcareAccess.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    5959                                        technologies and the spread of existing ones account for a large portion of medical spending and its
    6060                                        growth.  The U.S. spends substantially more on health care than other
    61                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">developed countries.</a>
     61                                        <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">developed countries.</a>
    6262                                        Though the rapid growth in spending for prescription drugs has received considerable
    6363                                        attention recently, as of 2010, it accounted for 10% of total costs.  Private funds are the largest
     
    8484                                                Downloaded on 8/7/2014 from <a href="http://kaiserfamilyfoundation.files.wordpress.com/2013/01/7670-03.pdf">
    8585                                                http://kaiserfamilyfoundation.files.wordpress.com/2013/01/7670-03.pdf</a>.
    86                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     86                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    8787                                </ol></footer>
    8888                        </section>
     
    116116                                        A critical component of the ACA was the creation of the National
    117117                                        Prevention Council and the development of the nation's first ever
    118                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">National Prevention and Health Promotion Strategy.</a>
     118                                        <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">National Prevention and Health Promotion Strategy.</a>
    119119                                        The strategies are designed to move us from a system of sick
    120120                                        care to one based on wellness and prevention.
     
    174174                                                <a href="http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/initiatives/prevention/strategy/report.pdf">
    175175                                                http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/initiatives/prevention/strategy/report.pdf</a>.
    176                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     176                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    177177                                </ol></footer>
    178178                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/healthcare/Immunization.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3232                                goal of preventing infectious diseases.  Immunization directly protects individuals who receive vaccines
    3333                                and herd (community) immunity prevents the spread of infection in the community by 
    34                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">indirectly protecting:</a>
     34                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">indirectly protecting:</a>
    3535                                <ul class="Indent">
    3636                                        <li>Infants who are too young to be vaccinated;</li>
     
    4242                                        <li id="ref1"> Vaccines.gov, downloaded on 7/22/2014 from
    4343                                                <a href="http://www.vaccines.gov/basics/protection/">http://www.vaccines.gov/basics/protection/</a>.
    44                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     44                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    4545                                </ol></footer>
    4646                        </section>
     
    4848                        <section class="Container">
    4949                                <h2>What Is Known</h2>
    50                                 The 2018 vaccination recommendations are as follows:<a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     50                                The 2018 vaccination recommendations are as follows:<a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    5151       
    5252                                <h3>Infants and children (birth through 6 years):</h3>
     
    9494                                                <a href="https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/immunization-and-infectious-diseases/objectives">
    9595                                                https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/immunization-and-infectious-diseases/objectives</a>.
    96                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     96                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    9797                                </ol></footer>
    9898                        </section>
     
    104104                                disease if there is not adequate immunization coverage in the population.  There is evidence of an
    105105                                increase in vaccine refusal in the U.S. and of geographic clustering of refusals that may result in
    106                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks.</a>
     106                                <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks.</a>
    107107                                Communities with pockets of unvaccinated and undervaccinated populations
    108108                                are at increased risk for outbreaks of
    109                                 <a ibis:hash="ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">vaccine-preventable diseases.</a>
     109                                <a href="#ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">vaccine-preventable diseases.</a>
    110110                                </p>
    111111
     
    114114                                likely to have missed vaccinations because of factors related to the
    115115                                health care system or
    116                                 <a ibis:hash="ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">sociodemographic characteristics.</a>
     116                                <a href="#ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">sociodemographic characteristics.</a>
    117117                                Furthermore, children with nonmedical exemptions and exemptions from
    118118                                school immunization requirements are at increased risk for acquiring
     
    120120                                who are too young to be vaccinated, cannot be vaccinated for medical
    121121                                reasons, or are vaccinated but do not have a
    122                                 <a ibis:hash="ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">sufficient immunologic response.</a>
     122                                <a href="#ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">sufficient immunologic response.</a>
    123123                                </p>
    124124
     
    126126                                        <li id="ref3"> New England Journal of Medicine, downloaded on 7/22/2014 from
    127127                                                <a href="http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa0806477">http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa0806477</a>.
    128                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     128                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    129129                                        <li id="ref4"> Healthy People 2020, downloaded on 7/22/2014 from
    130130                                                <a href="http://healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=23">http://healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=23</a>.
    131                                         <a ibis:hash="ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     131                                        <a href="#ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    132132                                        <li id="ref5">
    133133                                                <a href="ref3">See footnote 3.</a>&#160;
    134                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     134                                        <a href="#ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    135135                                        <li id="ref6">
    136136                                                <a href="ref4">See footnote 4.</a>&#160;
    137                                         <a ibis:hash="ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     137                                        <a href="#ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    138138                                </ol></footer>
    139139                        </section>
     
    145145                                parental decision making with regards to immunization. Health care
    146146                                providers are cited by parents as the most
    147                                 <a ibis:hash="ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">frequent source of information about vaccination.</a>
     147                                <a href="#ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">frequent source of information about vaccination.</a>
    148148                                Furthermore, policy interventions, such as immunization requirements for
    149149                                school entry, have contributed to high vaccine coverage and record lows in the
    150                                 <a ibis:hash="ref8" id="ref8.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">levels of vaccine-preventable diseases.</a>
     150                                <a href="#ref8" id="ref8.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">levels of vaccine-preventable diseases.</a>
    151151                                Herd immunity has also played an important role in reducing transmission of
    152152                                a number of vaccine-preventable diseases, thereby benefiting the community
     
    157157                                In 2011, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices released
    158158                                <span class="Italicize">2011 General Recommendations on Immunization
    159                                 </span><a ibis:hash="ref9" id="ref9.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">.</a>
     159                                </span><a href="#ref9" id="ref9.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">.</a>
    160160                                The <span class="Italicize">Recommendations</span>
    161161                                include vaccination guidelines for infants, children, adolescents, and adults.
     
    177177                                                JAMA Pediatrics, downloaded on 7/22/2014 from
    178178                                                <a href="http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=486011">http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=486011</a>.
    179                                         <a ibis:hash="ref7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     179                                        <a href="#ref7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    180180                                        <li id="ref8"> Healthy People 2020, downloaded on 7/22/2014 from
    181181                                                <a href="http://healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=23">http://healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=23</a>.
    182                                         <a ibis:hash="ref8.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     182                                        <a href="#ref8.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    183183                                        <li id="ref9"> ACIP Recommendations,  downloaded on 7/22/2014 from
    184184                                                <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr6002.pdf on 7/22/2014">http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr6002.pdf</a>.
    185                                         <a ibis:hash="ref9.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     185                                        <a href="#ref9.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    186186                                </ol></footer>
    187187                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/healthcare/OralHealth.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3131                                disease, tooth decay and tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders
    3232                                that affect the oral cavity.
    33                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     33                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    3434                                </p>
    3535
     
    4343                                                is considerable and given the extent of the problem, they
    4444                                                are a major public health
    45                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">problem.</a>
     45                                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">problem.</a>
    4646                                        </li>
    4747                                </ul>
     
    5050                                        <li id="ref1"> <a href="http://www.who.int/topics/oral_health/en/">
    5151                                                http://www.who.int/topics/oral_health/en/</a>, downloaded on 12/19/2014
    52                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     52                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    5353                                        <li id="ref2"> <a href="http://www.who.int/oral_health/media/en/orh_report03_en.pdf">
    5454                                                http://www.who.int/oral_health/media/en/orh_report03_en.pdf</a>, downloaded on 12/19/2014.
    55                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     55                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    5656                                </ol></footer>
    5757                        </section>
     
    8787                                                There is a shortage of dentists across the country impacting
    8888                                                access to care including Medicaid dental
    89                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">providers.</a>
     89                                                <a href="#ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">providers.</a>
    9090                                        </li>
    9191                                        <li>
    9292                                                Emergency rooms across the country are providing services
    9393                                                to those suffering from dental disease without completing
    94                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref5.1" id="ref5.1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">treatment.</a>
     94                                                <a href="#ref5.1" id="ref5.1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">treatment.</a>
    9595                                        </li>
    9696                                </ul>
     
    106106                                                <a href="http://www.sanders.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/DENTALCRISIS.REPORT.pdf">
    107107                                                http://www.sanders.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/DENTALCRISIS.REPORT.pdf</a>, downloaded on 12/22/2014.
    108                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     108                                        <a href="#ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    109109                                        <li id="ref5.1">
    110110                                                <a href="ref5">See footnote 5.</a>&#160;
    111                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     111                                        <a href="#ref5.1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    112112                                </ol></footer>
    113113                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/healthcare/OtherPreventive.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3434                                that could protect them from developing a number of serious diseases or help them treat certain health
    3535                                conditions before they
    36                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">worsen.</a>
     36                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">worsen.</a>
    3737                                Increasing the number of people who take advantage of and have
    3838                                access to clinical preventive services continues to be a major
     
    4646                                                <a href="https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/leading-health-indicators/2020-lhi-topics/Clinical-Preventive-Services">https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/leading-health-indicators/2020-lhi-topics/Clinical-Preventive-Services</a>
    4747                                                on 2/10/2015.
    48                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a>
     48                                                <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a>
    4949                                        </li>
    5050                                        <li>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/healthstatus/InjuryViolence.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3535                                than 187,000 deaths per year in the United States.  An additional 31.7 million persons suffer
    3636                                a non-fatal injury requiring medical attention each
    37                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">year.</a>
     37                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">year.</a>
    3838                                In addition to the immediate physical consequence, injuries impact health
    3939                                by contributing to:
     
    4444                                        <li>Poor mental health</li>
    4545                                        <li>High medical costs</li>
    46                                         <li>Lost <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">productivity</a></li>     
     46                                        <li>Lost <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">productivity</a></li>
    4747                                </ul>
    4848
     
    5353                                                downloaded on 8/14/2014 from
    5454                                                <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/injury/WISQARS/">http://www.cdc.gov/injury/WISQARS/</a>.
    55                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     55                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    5656                                        <li id="ref2">
    5757                                                Finkelstein EA, Corso PS, Miller TR. Incidence and economic burden on
    5858                                                injuries in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006
    59                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     59                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    6060                                </ol></footer>
    6161                        </section>
     
    6464                                <h2>What Is Known</h2>
    6565                                Injury data cover a broad array of topics.  Here are some injury-related statistics for the United
    66                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">States:</a>
     66                                <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">States:</a>
    6767
    6868                                <ul class="Indent">
     
    8686                                                System (WISQARS), downloaded on 8/14/2014 from
    8787                                                <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/injury/WISQARS/">http://www.cdc.gov/injury/WISQARS/</a>.
    88                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     88                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    8989                                </ol></footer>
    9090                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/healthstatus/LeadingCausesDeath.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3939                                but has been expanded and altered over time with each subsequent revision of the International
    4040                                Classification of Diseases (<a href="http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd.htm">ICD</a>
    41                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">).</a>
     41                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">).</a>
    4242                                </p>
    4343
     
    4747                                                Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.  2013., downloaded on 10/24/2014 from
    4848                                                <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr62/nvsr62_06.pdf">http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr62/nvsr62_06.pdf</a>.
    49                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     49                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    5050                                </ol></footer>
    5151                        </section>
     
    5656                                        <li>
    5757                                                Leading causes of death are widely used as an indicator of a population's overall health
    58                                                 status or quality of <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">life.</a>
     58                                                status or quality of <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">life.</a>
    5959                                        </li>
    6060                                        <li>
    6161                                                Cause-of-death ranking is a useful tool for illustrating the relative burden of
    62                                                 cause-specific <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">mortality.</a>
     62                                                cause-specific <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">mortality.</a>
    6363                                        </li>
    6464                                        <li>Analysis of mortality by cause is essential for the development of prevention strategies.</li>
     
    6969                                                Statistics and Information Systems., downloaded on 10/24/2014 from <a href="http://www.naphsis.org/about/Documents/Leading_Causes_draft_Glen.pdf"> 
    7070                                                http://www.naphsis.org/about/Documents/Leading_Causes_draft_Glen.pdf</a>.
    71                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     71                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7272                                        <li id="ref3"> Heron M. Deaths: Leading causes for 2010.  National vital statistics reports; vol 62 no 6.  Hyattsville, MD:
    7373                                                National Center for Health Statistics.  2013., downloaded on 10/24/2014 from <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr62/nvsr62_06.pdf"> 
    7474                                                http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr62/nvsr62_06.pdf</a>.
    75                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     75                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7676                                </ol></footer>
    7777                        </section>
     
    8383                                Stroke has been among the five leading causes every year since at least 1935.  Unintentional injury entered the five leading
    8484                                causes of death in 1946 and chronic lower respiratory diseases entered the five leading causes of death in
    85                                 <a ibis:hash="ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">1979.</a>
     85                                <a href="#ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">1979.</a>
    8686                                </p>
    8787
     
    9494                                                Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.  2012, downloaded on 10/24/2014 from
    9595                                                <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db88.pdf">http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db88.pdf</a>.                                       
    96                                         <a ibis:hash="ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     96                                        <a href="#ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    9797                                </ol></footer>
    9898                        </section>
     
    119119                                certificate. When more than one cause or condition is entered by the physician, the underlying cause is determined by the sequence of conditions
    120120                                on the certificate, the provisions of ICD, and associated selection rules and
    121                                 <a ibis:hash="ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">modifications.</a>
     121                                <a href="#ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">modifications.</a>
    122122                                </p>
    123123
     
    126126                                                National Center for Health Statistics.  2013., downloaded on 10/24/2014 from <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr62/nvsr62_06.pdf">
    127127                                                http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr62/nvsr62_06.pdf</a>.
    128                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     128                                        <a href="#ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    129129                                </ol></footer>
    130130                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/healthstatus/MCH.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    2727                                United States. Their well-being determines the health of the next generation and can help predict future
    2828                                public health challenges for families, communities, and the health care system.
    29                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     29                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    3030
    3131                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
     
    3333                                                Health, accessed on 8/11/2014 from <a href="http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=26"> 
    3434                                                http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=26</a>.
    35                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     35                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    3636                                </ol></footer>
    3737                        </section>
     
    5454                                The risk of maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications can be reduced by increasing access
    5555                                to quality preconception (before pregnancy) and interconception (between pregnancies)
    56                                 <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">care.</a>
     56                                <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">care.</a>
    5757                                Moreover, healthy birth outcomes and early identification and treatment of health conditions among infants can prevent
    5858                                death or disability and enable children to reach their full
    59                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">potential.</a>
    60                                 <a ibis:hash="ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    61                                 <a ibis:hash="ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     59                                <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">potential.</a>
     60                                <a href="#ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     61                                <a href="#ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    6262
    6363                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
     
    6666                                                A report of the CDC/ATSDR Preconception Care Work Group and the Select Panel on Preconception Care. Atlanta:
    6767                                                CDC; 2006. 23 p. (MMWR Recomm Rep. 2006;55[RR-06])
    68                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     68                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    6969                                        <li id="ref3"> Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis:
    7070                                                evaluation of benefits and risks and recommendations for state newborn screening programs. Atlanta: CDC; 2004.
    7171                                                37 p. (MMWR Recommen Reps. 2004;53[RR-13]).
    72                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     72                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7373                                        <li id="ref4"> Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Identifying infants with hearing
    7474                                                loss-United States, 1999-2007. Atlanta: CDC; 2010. (MMWR. 2010;59[8]:220-3).
    75                                         <a ibis:hash="ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     75                                        <a href="#ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7676                                        <li id="ref5"> Watson MS, Mann MY, Lloyd-Puryear MA, et al.; American College of Medical Genetics,
    7777                                                Newborn Screening Expert Group. Newborn screening: Toward a uniform screening panel and system [executive summary].
    7878                                                Pediatrics. 2006;117(5 Pt. 2):S296-307.
    79                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     79                                        <a href="#ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    8080                                </ol></footer>
    8181                        </section>
     
    9999                                        There are racial and ethnic disparities in mortality and morbidity for mothers and children, particularly
    100100                                        for African
    101                                         <a ibis:hash="ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">Americans.</a>
    102                                         <a ibis:hash="ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    103                                         <a ibis:hash="ref8" id="ref8.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a> 
     101                                        <a href="#ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">Americans.</a>
     102                                        <a href="#ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     103                                        <a href="#ref8" id="ref8.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a> 
    104104                                        These differences are likely the result of many factors.
    105105                                </p>
     
    108108                                <p>
    109109                                        These include pre-pregnancy health behaviors and health
    110                                         <a ibis:hash="ref9" id="ref9.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">status</a>,
     110                                        <a href="#ref9" id="ref9.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">status</a>,
    111111                                        which are influenced by a variety of environmental and social factors
    112112                                        such as access to health care and chronic
    113                                         <a ibis:hash="ref10" id="ref10.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">stress.</a>
     113                                        <a href="#ref10" id="ref10.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">stress.</a>
    114114                                </p>
    115115
     
    129129                                        The social determinants that influence maternal health also affect pregnancy outcomes and infant health. Racial
    130130                                        and ethnic disparities in infant mortality exist, particularly for African American
    131                                         <a ibis:hash="ref11" id="ref11.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">infants.</a>
     131                                        <a href="#ref11" id="ref11.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">infants.</a>
    132132                                        Child health status varies by both race and ethnicity, as well as by family
    133                                         <a ibis:hash="ref12" id="ref12.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">income</a>
     133                                        <a href="#ref12" id="ref12.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">income</a>
    134134                                        and related factors, including educational attainment among household
    135135                                        members and health insurance
    136                                         <a ibis:hash="ref13" id="ref13.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">coverage.</a>
     136                                        <a href="#ref13" id="ref13.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">coverage.</a>
    137137                                </p>
    138138
     
    142142                                        of their mothers during pregnancy and early childhood. Breast milk is widely acknowledged to be the most complete
    143143                                        form of nutrition for most infants, with a range of benefits for their health, growth, immunity, and
    144                                         <a ibis:hash="ref14" id="ref14.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">development.</a>
    145                                         <a ibis:hash="ref15" id="ref15.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     144                                        <a href="#ref14" id="ref14.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">development.</a>
     145                                        <a href="#ref15" id="ref15.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    146146                                        Furthermore, children reared in safe and nurturing families and neighborhoods, free from maltreatment and other
    147147                                        social adversities, are more likely to have better outcomes as
    148                                         <a ibis:hash="ref16" id="ref16.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">adults.</a>
    149                                         <a ibis:hash="ref17" id="ref17.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     148                                        <a href="#ref16" id="ref16.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">adults.</a>
     149                                        <a href="#ref17" id="ref17.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    150150                                </p>
    151151
     
    156156                                        are planned. Unintended pregnancy is associated with a host of public health concerns. In response, preconception
    157157                                        health initiatives have been aimed at improving the health of a woman before she becomes pregnant through a variety
    158                                         of evidence-based <a ibis:hash="ref18" id="ref18.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">interventions.</a>
     158                                        of evidence-based <a href="#ref18" id="ref18.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">interventions.</a>
    159159                                </p>
    160160
     
    164164                                        estimated 7.3 million American women ages 15 to 44 have received
    165165                                        infertility services (including counseling and diagnosis) in their
    166                                         <a ibis:hash="ref19" id="ref19.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">lifetime.</a>
     166                                        <a href="#ref19" id="ref19.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">lifetime.</a>
    167167                                        Infertility is an area where health disparities are large, particularly among
    168                                         <a ibis:hash="ref20" id="ref20.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">African American women,</a>
     168                                        <a href="#ref20" id="ref20.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">African American women,</a>
    169169                                        and may only continue to increase as childbearing practices change over time.
    170170                                </p>
     
    174174                                                fibrosis: evaluation of benefits and risks and recommendations for state newborn screening programs.
    175175                                                Atlanta: CDC; 2004. 37 p. (MMWR Recommen Reps. 2004;53[RR-13]).
    176                                         <a ibis:hash="ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     176                                        <a href="#ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    177177                                        <li id="ref7"> Tucker MJ, Berg CJ, Callaghan WM, et al. The black-white disparity in pregnancy-related
    178178                                                mortality from 5 conditions: Differences in prevalence and case-fatality rates. Am J Public Health. 2007
    179179                                                February 1;97(2):247-51.
    180                                         <a ibis:hash="ref7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     180                                        <a href="#ref7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    181181                                        <li id="ref8"> Williams DR, Collins C. US Socioeconomic and racial differences in health: Patterns
    182182                                                and explanations. Ann Rev Soc. 1995;21:349-86.
    183                                         <a ibis:hash="ref8.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     183                                        <a href="#ref8.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    184184                                        <li id="ref9"> Bryant AS, Worjoloh A, Caughey AB, et al. Racial/ethnic disparities in obstetric
    185185                                                outcomes and care: Prevalence and determinants. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Apr;202(4):335-43.
    186                                         <a ibis:hash="ref9.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     186                                        <a href="#ref9.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    187187                                        <li id="ref10"> Williams DR, Collins C. US Socioeconomic and racial differences in health:
    188188                                                Patterns and explanations. Ann Rev Soc. 1995;21:349-86
    189                                         <a ibis:hash="ref10.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     189                                        <a href="#ref10.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    190190                                        <li id="ref11"> Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Vital Statistics; Martin JA,
    191191                                                Hamilton BE, Sutton PD, et al. Births: Final data for 2006. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health
    192192                                                Statistics; 2009 January 7. Report No. 57(7).
    193                                         <a ibis:hash="ref11.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     193                                        <a href="#ref11.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    194194                                        <li id="ref12"> Larson K, Halfon N. Family income gradients in the health and health care access of
    195195                                                US children [Internet]. Matern Child Health J. 2010 Jun 5;14(3):332-42.
    196                                         <a ibis:hash="ref12.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     196                                        <a href="#ref12.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    197197                                        <li id="ref13">  Larson K, Russ SA, Crall JJ, et al. Influence of multiple social risks on children's
    198198                                                health. Pediatrics. 2008 Feb 1;121(2):337-44.
    199                                         <a ibis:hash="ref13.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     199                                        <a href="#ref13.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    200200                                        <li id="ref14"> US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Office on Women's Health. HHS
    201201                                                blueprint for action on breastfeeding. Washington: HHS; 2000.
    202                                         <a ibis:hash="ref14.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     202                                        <a href="#ref14.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    203203                                        <li id="ref15"> Ip S, Chung M, Raman G, et al. Breastfeeding and maternal and infant health outcomes
    204204                                                in developed countries. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ); 2007 Apr.
    205205                                                (Report/Technology Assessment, No. 153. AHRQ Publication No. 07-E007).
    206                                         <a ibis:hash="ref15.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     206                                        <a href="#ref15.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    207207                                        <li id="ref16"> National Research Council and Institute of Medicine; Board on Children, Youth,
    208208                                                and Families,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. From neurons to neighborhoods:
    209209                                                The science of early childhood development. Shonkoff J, Philips D, editors. Washington: National Academy
    210210                                                Press; 2000. 612 p.
    211                                         <a ibis:hash="ref16.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     211                                        <a href="#ref16.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    212212                                        <li id="ref17"> Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Walker J, et al. The enduring effects of abuse and related
    213213                                                adverse experiences in childhood: A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology. Eur Arch
    214214                                                Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2006 Apr;256(3):174-86.
    215                                         <a ibis:hash="ref17.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     215                                        <a href="#ref17.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    216216                                        <li id="ref18"> Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Agency for Toxic Substances
    217217                                                and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Recommendations to improve preconception health and health care-United
    218218                                                States: A report of the CDC/ATSDR Preconception Care Work Group and the Select Panel on Preconception
    219219                                                Care. MMWR 2006;55(RR-6).
    220                                         <a ibis:hash="ref18.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     220                                        <a href="#ref18.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    221221                                        <li id="ref19"> Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics;
    222222                                                Chandra A, Martinez GM, Mosher WD, et al. Fertility, family planning, and reproductive health of US women:
    223223                                                Data from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth. Vital Health Stat. 2005;23(25):1-160.
    224                                         <a ibis:hash="ref19.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     224                                        <a href="#ref19.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    225225                                        <li id="ref20"> Wellons MF, Lewis CE, Schwartz SM, et al. Racial differences in self-reported
    226226                                                infertility and risk factors for infertility in a cohort of black and white women: The CARDIA Women's
    227227                                                Study. Fertil Steril. 2008 Nov;90(5):1640-8.
    228                                         <a ibis:hash="ref20.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     228                                        <a href="#ref20.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    229229                                </ol></footer>
    230230                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/healthstatus/MentalHealth.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3535                                <h2>Overview</h2>
    3636                                According to the World Health Organization (WHO) there is "no health without mental
    37                                 health."<a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a> and "Mental
     37                                health."<a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a> and "Mental
    3838                                health refers to a broad array of activities directly or
    3939                                indirectly related to the mental well-being component." It is part of the WHO's definition of
     
    4141                                of disease. It is a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or her own abilities,
    4242                                can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and is able to make a contribution
    43                                 to his or her community.<a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     43                                to his or her community.<a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    4444
    4545                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
     
    4747                                                from the WHO European Ministerial Conference. Copenhagen, Denmark: WHO Regional Office for
    4848                                                Europe, 2005.
    49                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     49                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    5050                                        <li id="ref2"> Healthy People 2020, accessed on 8/11/2014 from
    5151                                                <a href=" fhttp://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/LHI/mentalHealth.aspx">http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/LHI/mentalHealth.aspx</a>.
    52                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     52                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    5353                                </ol></footer>
    5454                        </section>
     
    5959                                and interpersonal relationships, and enables an individual to live a full and productive life.
    6060                                Globally and in the U.S. mental health has the highest burden of all
    61                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">diseases.</a>
     61                                <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">diseases.</a>
    6262                                Mental health disorders also have a serious impact on physical health and are associated with the
    6363                                prevalence, progression, and outcome of some of today's most pressing chronic diseases, including
     
    6565                                psychosocial and economic costs for people living with the disorder, but also for their families,
    6666                                schools, workplaces, and
    67                                 <a ibis:hash="ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">communities.</a>
     67                                <a href="#ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">communities.</a>
    6868
    6969                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
    7070                                        <li id="ref3"> Healthy People 2020, accessed on 8/11/2014 from <a href="http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/LHI/mentalHealth.aspx">
    7171                                                http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/LHI/mentalHealth.aspx</a>.
    72                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     72                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7373                                        <li id="ref4"> Prince M, Patel V, Saxena S, Maj M, Maselko J, Phillips MR, Rahman A.
    7474                                                Global Mental Health 1 - No health without mental health. Lancet. 2007 September 4.
    7575                                                DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61238-0.
    76                                         <a ibis:hash="ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     76                                        <a href="#ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7777                                </ol></footer>
    7878                        </section>
     
    8383                                all-cause mortality risk. A meta-analysis of 15 population-based studies found that depression
    8484                                diagnosis was linked with subsequent all-cause mortality, and yielded a pooled odds ratio (OR) of 1.7
    85                                 <a ibis:hash="ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">(95% CI 1.5-2.0).</a>
     85                                <a href="#ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">(95% CI 1.5-2.0).</a>
    8686                                Research has shown that depression and other mental health conditions are associated with an
    8787                                increased prevalence of chronic diseases. Evidence has shown that mental health disorders-most
     
    8989                                and outcome of serious chronic diseases and health conditions, including diabetes, hypertension,
    9090                                stroke, heart disease,
    91                                 <a ibis:hash="ref5.1" id="ref5.1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">and cancer.</a>
     91                                <a href="#ref5.1" id="ref5.1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">and cancer.</a>
    9292                                The association is a complex self-propagating interrelationship between chronic disease
    93                                 <a ibis:hash="ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">and mental illness.</a>
     93                                <a href="#ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">and mental illness.</a>
    9494
    9595                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
     
    9797                                                Global Mental Health 1 - No health without mental health. Lancet. 2007 September 4.
    9898                                                DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61238-0.
    99                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     99                                        <a href="#ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    100100                                        <li id="ref5.1">
    101                                                 <a ibis:hash="href5">See footnote 5.</a>
    102                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     101                                                <a href="#href5">See footnote 5.</a>
     102                                        <a href="#ref5.1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    103103                                        <li id="ref6"> Chapman DP, Perry GS, Strine TW. The vital link between chronic disease
    104104                                                and depressive disorders. Prev Chronic Dis. 2005 Jan;2(1):A14. Epub 2004 Dec 15.
    105                                         <a ibis:hash="ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     105                                        <a href="#ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    106106                                </ol></footer>
    107107                        </section>
     
    112112                                to older adults) and are associated with age, gender, education, income
    113113                                level, race and ethnicity, geographical location and sexual
    114                                 <a ibis:hash="ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">orientation.</a>
     114                                <a href="#ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">orientation.</a>
    115115                                The clearest evidence seems for risk of mental health has been with
    116116                                indicators of poverty, including low levels of
    117                                 <a ibis:hash="ref8" id="ref8.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">education.</a>
     117                                <a href="#ref8" id="ref8.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">education.</a>
    118118
    119119                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
     
    121121                                                Global Mental Health 1 - No health without mental health. Lancet. 2007 September 4.
    122122                                                DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61238-0.
    123                                         <a ibis:hash="ref7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     123                                        <a href="#ref7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    124124                                        <li id="ref8"> Healthy People 2020, accessed on 8/11/2014 from <a href="http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/LHI/mentalHealth.aspx">
    125125                                                http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/LHI/mentalHealth.aspx</a>.
    126                                         <a ibis:hash="ref8.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     126                                        <a href="#ref8.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    127127                                </ol></footer>
    128128                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/healthstatus/SubstanceUse.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    4242                                neoplasms, and cerebrovascular disease are associated with both alcohol and tobacco use; and unintentional
    4343                                injuries and suicide are associated with the use of other
    44                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1.1" id="ref1.1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">drugs.</a>
     44                                <a href="#ref1.1" id="ref1.1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">drugs.</a>
    4545
    4646                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
    4747                                        <li id="ref1.1">
    48                                                 <a ibis:hash="href1">See footnote 1.</a>
    49                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     48                                                <a href="#href1">See footnote 1.</a>
     49                                        <a href="#ref1.1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    5050                                </ol></footer>
    5151                        </section>
     
    6565                                        New Mexico has the highest drug-induced death rate in the nation,
    6666                                        and the consequences of drug use continue to burden New Mexico
    67                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.2" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">communities.</a>
     67                                        <a href="#ref1.2" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">communities.</a>
    6868                                </p>
    6969
    7070                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
    7171                                        <li id="ref1.2">
    72                                                 <a ibis:hash="href1">See footnote 1.</a>
    73                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     72                                                <a href="#href1">See footnote 1.</a>
     73                                        <a href="#ref1.2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7474                                </ol></footer>
    7575                        </section>
     
    9595                                        tranquilizers/muscle relaxants (29%) and antidepressants (16%). In New Mexico and nationally, overdose death from
    9696                                        prescription opioids has become an issue of enormous concern as these potent drugs are widely
    97                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.3" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">available.</a>
     97                                        <a href="#ref1.3" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">available.</a>
    9898                                </p>
    9999                               
    100100                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
    101101                                        <li id="ref1.3">
    102                                                 <a ibis:hash="href1">See footnote 1.</a>
    103                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     102                                                <a href="#href1">See footnote 1.</a>
     103                                        <a href="#ref1.3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    104104                                </ol></footer>
    105105                        </section>
     
    150150                                        have no health insurance and cannot afford the cost; they are concerned about the possible negative effect on
    151151                                        their job; or they are not ready to stop
    152                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">using.</a>
     152                                        <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">using.</a>
    153153                                </p>
    154154
     
    159159                                                <a href="http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUHresultsPDFWHTML2013/Web/NSDUHresults2013.pdf">
    160160                                                http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUHresultsPDFWHTML2013/Web/NSDUHresults2013.pdf</a>.
    161                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     161                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    162162                                </ol></footer>
    163163                        </section>
     
    174174                                                causes of death to arrive at the estimated number of deaths
    175175                                                that were
    176                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">alcohol-related.</a>
     176                                                <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">alcohol-related.</a>
    177177                                        </li>
    178178                                        <li>
     
    193193                                                from <a href="http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/DACH_ARDI/Default/Default.aspx">http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/DACH_ARDI/Default/Default.aspx</a>
    194194                                                on Jan 5, 2015.
    195                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     195                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    196196                                </ol></footer>
    197197                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/healthstatus/SumaryMeasures.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3636                                (HALE), quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), years of healthy life (YHLs), and disability-adjusted life
    3737                                years (DALYs).
    38                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     38                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    3939
    4040                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
     
    4343                                                calculating healthy life expectancy. Healthy People Statistical Notes, no. 21. Hyattsville,
    4444                                                Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. August 2001</a>.  Downloaded 2/10/2015
    45                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     45                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    4646                                </ol></footer>
    4747                        </section>
     
    4949                        <section class="Container">
    5050                                <h2>Why It's Important</h2>
    51                                 Bergner and <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">Rothman</a> have suggested that health status assessment measures serve four
     51                                Bergner and <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">Rothman</a> have suggested that health status assessment measures serve four
    5252                                different functions, including examination of the health of general populations, clinical interventions
    5353                                and their effects, changes in the health care delivery system, and health promotion activities and their
     
    6464                                                Press. 1998.
    6565                                                <a href="http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=6124">http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=6124</a>, downloaded 2/10/2015
    66                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     66                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    6767                                </ol></footer>
    6868                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/lifestyle/AlcoholUse.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3333                                Two patterns of excessive alcohol use; excessive drinking and heavy drinking, are defined
    3434                                by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as
    35                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">follows:</a>
     35                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">follows:</a>
    3636                                <ul class="Indent">
    3737                                        <li>Binge drinking: 4 or more drinks during a single occasion for women or 5 or
     
    4444                                        <li id="ref1"> <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/alcohol-use.htmv">
    4545                                                http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/alcohol-use.htmv downloaded 7/18/2014</a>, downloaded 7/18/2014
    46                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     46                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    4747                                </ol></footer>
    4848                        </section>
     
    5252                                <p>
    5353                                Alcohol is the most commonly used and abused drug in the United States, more than
    54                                 <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">tobacco and illicit drugs.</a>
     54                                <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">tobacco and illicit drugs.</a>
    5555                                The effects of alcohol consumption have a very large
    5656                                impact on public health in the United States. Alcohol consumption was found to be
    5757                                the third leading lifestyle related cause of death in the 
    58                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">United States.</a>
     58                                <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">United States.</a>
    5959                                According to a recent study, 1 in 10 deaths among working age adults (20-64 years)
    6060                                is attributable to
    61                                 <a ibis:hash="ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">alcohol.</a>
     61                                <a href="#ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">alcohol.</a>
    6262                                The widespread use of this substance makes alcohol an important public health concern. 
    6363                                </p>
     
    6666                                        <li id="ref2"> <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/underage-drinking.htm">
    6767                                                http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/underage-drinking.htm</a>, downloaded 7/18/2014
    68                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     68                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    6969                                        <li id="ref3"> <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15010446?dopt=Abstract">
    7070                                                http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15010446?dopt=Abstract</a>, downloaded 7/18/2014
    71                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     71                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7272                                        <li id="ref4"> <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2014/p0626-excessive-drinking.html">
    7373                                                http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2014/p0626-excessive-drinking.html</a>, downloaded 7/212014
    74                                         <a ibis:hash="ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     74                                        <a href="#ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7575                                </ol></footer>
    7676                        </section>
     
    7979                                <h2>What Is Known</h2>
    8080                                There are many health problems associated with excessive drinking and
    81                                 <a ibis:hash="ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">long term alcohol use.</a>
     81                                <a href="#ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">long term alcohol use.</a>
    8282                                <ul class="Indent">
    8383                                        <li>Physiologically, alcohol use can cause illness and ailments to a person's body.
     
    9090                                        </li>     
    9191                                        <li>There are also several psychological disorders related to
    92                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">alcoholism,</a>
     92                                                <a href="#ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">alcoholism,</a>
    9393                                                the most common of which is alcoholism. Alcoholism, also called alcohol
    9494                                                dependence, is a disease that causes craving, loss of control, physical
     
    103103                                                155-171, <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3908707/">https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3908707/</a>,
    104104                                                downloaded 9/7/2017
    105                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     105                                        <a href="#ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    106106                                        <li id="ref6"> <a href="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/alcoholismandalcoholabuse.html">
    107107                                                http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/alcoholismandalcoholabuse.html</a>, downloaded 7/18/2014
    108                                         <a ibis:hash="ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     108                                        <a href="#ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    109109                                </ol></footer>
    110110                        </section>
     
    117117                                gender, race/ ethnicity, physical condition, food consumption, family history and comorbid
    118118                                conditions may affect the way an
    119                                 <a ibis:hash="ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">individual reacts to alcohol.</a>
     119                                <a href="#ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">individual reacts to alcohol.</a>
    120120                                According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
    121121                                <ul class="Indent">
    122122                                        <li>Men were two times more likely to
    123                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref8" id="ref8.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">binge drink than women during the last 30 days.</a>
     123                                                <a href="#ref8" id="ref8.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">binge drink than women during the last 30 days.</a>
    124124                                        </li>
    125125                                        <li>Men consistently have higher rates of alcohol related deaths and hospitalizations than women.</li>     
    126126                                        <li>Women who drink while pregnant have an increased risk of adverse outcomes for their
    127127                                                pregnancy, such as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), and an
    128                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref9" id="ref9.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">increased risk of miscarriage.</a>
     128                                                <a href="#ref9" id="ref9.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">increased risk of miscarriage.</a>
    129129                                        </li>
    130130                                        <li>Youth (under age 21) who drink are at a greater risk for several adverse consequences
     
    132132                                                or unplanned sexual activity, disruption of normal growth, assault, injury, memory
    133133                                                problems, abuse of other drugs,
    134                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref10" id="ref10.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">changes in brain development and death.</a>
     134                                                <a href="#ref10" id="ref10.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">changes in brain development and death.</a>
    135135                                                About 90% of the alcohol consumed by youth under the age of
    136136                                                21 in the United States is in the form of binge
    137                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref11" id="ref11.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">drinks.</a>
     137                                                <a href="#ref11" id="ref11.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">drinks.</a>
    138138                                        </li>
    139139                                </ul>
    140140                                </p>
    141141
    142                                 <a ibis:hash="ref12" id="ref12.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">Additionally,
     142                                <a href="#ref12" id="ref12.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">Additionally,
    143143                                        the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommends
    144144                                        that some people not drink at all, including:</a>
     
    156156                                        <li id="ref7"> <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm#reactDiff">
    157157                                                http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm#reactDiff</a>, downloaded 7/18/2014
    158                                         <a ibis:hash="ref7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     158                                        <a href="#ref7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    159159                                        <li id="ref8"> <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/mens-health.htm">
    160160                                                http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/mens-health.htm</a>, downloaded 7/18/2014
    161                                         <a ibis:hash="ref8.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     161                                        <a href="#ref8.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    162162                                        <li id="ref9"> <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/womens-health.htm">
    163163                                                http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/womens-health.htm</a>, downloaded 7/18/2014
    164                                         <a ibis:hash="ref9.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     164                                        <a href="#ref9.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    165165                                        <li id="ref10"> <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/underage-drinking.htm">
    166166                                                http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/underage-drinking.htm</a>, downloaded 7/18/2014
    167                                         <a ibis:hash="ref10.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     167                                        <a href="#ref10.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    168168                                        <li id="ref11"> Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs,
    169169                                                Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 2005
    170                                         <a ibis:hash="ref11.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     170                                        <a href="#ref11.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    171171                                        <li id="ref12"> <a href="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/alcohol.html">
    172172                                                http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/alcohol.html</a>, downloaded 7/18/2014
    173                                         <a ibis:hash="ref12.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     173                                        <a href="#ref12.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    174174                                </ol></footer>
    175175                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/lifestyle/Nutrition.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3232                                        Health professionals recognize the benefits associated with a healthy
    3333                                        eating plan based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans
    34                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">,</a> including:
     34                                        <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">,</a> including:
    3535                                        <ul class="Indent">
    3636                                                <li>Decreased risk of chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and certain cancers</li>
     
    6161                                                US Department of Health and Human Services and US Department of Agriculture (USDA). Dietary guidelines
    6262                                                for Americans, 2005. 6th ed. Washington: US Government Printing Office, 2005 Jan.</a>
    63                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     63                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    6464                                </ol></footer>
    6565                        </section>
     
    6969                                Proper nutrition promotes the optimal growth and development of children.
    7070                                A healthy diet also helps Americans reduce their risks for many health
    71                                 conditions <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">,</a> including:
     71                                conditions <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">,</a> including:
    7272                                <ul class="Indent">
    7373                                        <li>Overweight and obesity</li>
     
    8989                                                US Department of Health and Human Services and US Department of Agriculture (USDA). Dietary guidelines
    9090                                                for Americans, 2005. 6th ed. Washington: US Government Printing Office, 2005 Jan.</a>
    91                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     91                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    9292                                </ol></footer>
    9393                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/lifestyle/PhysicalActivity.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3434                                        increases your heart rate and breathing. It improves endurance, circulation and lung function.
    3535                                        Examples include brisk walking, running, bicycling, swimming, and
    36                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">dancing.</a>
     36                                        <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">dancing.</a>
    3737                                </p>
    3838
     
    5454                                        sudden over-flexion or extension. Better balance helps to prevent falls and joint injuries.
    5555                                        Examples include standing on one foot and practicing Tai Chi. Many lower-body strength
    56                                         exercises also improve your <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">balance.</a>
     56                                        exercises also improve your <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">balance.</a>
    5757                                </p>
    5858
     
    6666                                        <li id="ref1"> <a href="http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/phys/types.html">
    6767                                                http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/phys/types.html</a>, downloaded on 7/11/2014
    68                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     68                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    6969                                        <li id="ref2"> <a href="http://go4life.nia.nih.gov/4-types-exercise">
    7070                                                http://go4life.nia.nih.gov/4-types-exercise</a>, downloaded on 7/11/2014
    71                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     71                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7272                                </ol></footer>
    7373                        </section>
     
    7777                                Physical activity has many health benefits. These benefits apply
    7878                                to people of all ages and races and both
    79                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">sexes.</a>
    80                                 <a ibis:hash="ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     79                                <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">sexes.</a>
     80                                <a href="#ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    8181                                <ul class="Indent">
    8282                                        <li>Physical activity lowers your risk for chronic diseases, including heart disease,
     
    9393                                                It can help reduce feeling of depression and improve overall mood,
    9494                                                feelings of well-being, and cognitive
    95                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">functioning.</a>
    96                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     95                                                <a href="#ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">functioning.</a>
     96                                                <a href="#ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    9797                                        </li>
    9898                                        <li>Bone strengthening exercise can reduce the risk of osteoporosis (weak, porous bones).</li>
     
    103103                                        <li id="ref3"> <a href="http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/phys/types.html">
    104104                                                http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/phys/types.html</a>, downloaded on 7/11/2014
    105                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     105                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    106106                                        <li id="ref4"> 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. U.S. Department of Health and
    107107                                                Human Services, ODPHP Publication No. U0036, October 2008, downloaded from <a href="http://www.health.gov/paguidelines/pdf/paguide.pdf">
    108108                                                http://www.health.gov/paguidelines/pdf/paguide.pdf</a>, downloaded on 7/11/2014
    109                                         <a ibis:hash="ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     109                                        <a href="#ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    110110                                        <li id="ref5"> <a href="http://go4life.nia.nih.gov/how-exercise-can-help-you">
    111111                                                http://go4life.nia.nih.gov/how-exercise-can-help-you</a>, downloaded on 7/11/2014                               
    112                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     112                                        <a href="#ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    113113                                </ol></footer>
    114114                        </section>
     
    118118                                <p>
    119119                                Nationally in 2012, 23% of adults reported that they did not participate in any physical
    120                                 <a ibis:hash="ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">activities,</a>
     120                                <a href="#ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">activities,</a>
    121121                                and only 32% of high school students reported that they typically attended
    122122                                a physical education class on every day of the 
    123                                 <a ibis:hash="ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">week.</a>
     123                                <a href="#ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">week.</a>
    124124                                </p>
    125125
     
    127127                                        <li id="ref6"> Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, downloaded from <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/">
    128128                                                http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/</a>, downloaded on 7/11/2014
    129                                         <a ibis:hash="ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     129                                        <a href="#ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    130130                                        <li id="ref7"> Trends in the Prevalence of Physical Activitiy and Sedentary Behaviors. National YRBS: 1991-2013.
    131131                                                Downloaded from <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/yrbs/pdf/trends/us_physical_trend_yrbs.pdf">
    132132                                                http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/yrbs/pdf/trends/us_physical_trend_yrbs.pdf</a>, downloaded on 7/11/2014
    133                                         <a ibis:hash="ref7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     133                                        <a href="#ref7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    134134                                </ol></footer>
    135135                        </section>
     
    142142
    143143                                <h3>Factors positively associated with adult physical activity
    144                                         <a ibis:hash="ref8" id="ref8.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">include:</a>
     144                                        <a href="#ref8" id="ref8.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">include:</a>
    145145                                </h3>
    146146                                <ul class="Indent">
     
    163163                                                http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12471307
    164164                                                </a>, downloaded on 7/11/2014
    165                                         <a ibis:hash="ref8.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     165                                        <a href="#ref8.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    166166                                </ol></footer>
    167167                        </section>
     
    178178                                        In 2008, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
    179179                                        released 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for
    180                                         <a ibis:hash="ref9" id="ref9.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">Americans.</a>
     180                                        <a href="#ref9" id="ref9.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">Americans.</a>
    181181                                </p>
    182182
     
    214214                                                http://www.health.gov/paguidelines/pdf/paguide.pdf
    215215                                                </a>, downloaded on 7/11/2014
    216                                         <a ibis:hash="ref9.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     216                                        <a href="#ref9.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    217217                                </ol></footer>
    218218                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/lifestyle/TobaccoUse.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    2525                                As the single most preventable cause of
    2626                                death and disease in the United
    27                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">States,</a>
     27                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">States,</a>
    2828                                tobacco use must be examined from all angles.
    2929
     
    3535                                                MMWR. 2002;51(14):300-3, downloaded on 8/6/2014 from
    3636                                                <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5114a2.htm">http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5114a2.htm</a>.
    37                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     37                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    3838                                </ol></footer>
    3939                        </section>
     
    4747                                in nearly every organ.  The national economic cost in medical
    4848                                expenses and lost productivity is over $289 billion
    49                                 <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">annually.</a>
     49                                <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">annually.</a>
    5050
    5151                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
     
    6666                                        <li>
    6767                                                In 2019, 20.8% of adults were tobacco users, including 14.0% who used 
    68                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">cigarettes.</a>
     68                                                <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">cigarettes.</a>
    6969                                        </li>
    7070                                        <li>
     
    7272                                                current tobacco use. E-cigarettes were the most commonly used tobacco product among
    7373                                                high school (19.6%) and middle school (4.7%)
    74                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">students.</a>
     74                                                <a href="#ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">students.</a>
    7575                                        </li>
    7676                                        <li>
    7777                                                Initiation starts early; more than 80% of current adult
    7878                                                smokers started before the age of 18
    79                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">years.</a>
     79                                                <a href="#ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">years.</a>
    8080                                        </li>
    8181                                        <li>Quitting tobacco use greatly decreases a person's risk for many negative health outcomes, some within a very short time after stopping.</li>
     
    8484                                                Smoke-free laws are an effective approach to reducing exposure
    8585                                                to secondhand smoke and to reducing the prevalence of tobacco
    86                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">use.</a>
     86                                                <a href="#ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">use.</a>
    8787                                        </li>
    8888                                </ul>
     
    9393                                                2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:1736-1742. DOI:
    9494                                                <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6946a4">http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6946a4</a>.
    95                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     95                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    9696                                        <li id="ref4"> Gentzke AS, Wang TW, Jamal A, et al. Tobacco Product Use Among Middle and High School
    9797                                                Students - United States, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:1881-1888. DOI:
    9898                                                <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6950a1">http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6950a1</a>.
    99                                         <a ibis:hash="ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     99                                        <a href="#ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    100100                                        <li id="ref5">
    101101                                                Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A
     
    103103                                                and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
    104104                                                2012, downloaded on 8/6/2014 from <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/2012/">http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/2012/</a>.
    105                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     105                                        <a href="#ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    106106                                        <li id="ref6"> Hopkins DP, Razi S, Leeks KD, et al. Task force
    107107                                                on community preventive services: Smoke-free policies to
     
    109109                                                2010;38(2 Suppl):S275-89, downloaded on 8/6/2014 from
    110110                                                <a href="http://www.thecommunityguide.org/tobacco/Worksite2010Smokefree_Hopkins.pdf">http://www.thecommunityguide.org/tobacco/Worksite2010Smokefree_Hopkins.pdf</a>.
    111                                         <a ibis:hash="ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     111                                        <a href="#ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    112112                                </ol></footer>
    113113                        </section>
     
    117117                                Everyone is susceptible to the negative consequences of tobacco use.  However, some disparities exist. 
    118118                                Tobacco use is more prevalent among
    119                                 <a ibis:hash="ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">:</a>
     119                                <a href="#ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">:</a>
    120120                                <ul class="Indent">
    121121                                        <li>Men</li>
     
    132132                                                downloaded on 8/6/2014 from
    133133                                                <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6325a3.htm?s_cid=mm6325a3_w">http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6325a3.htm?s_cid=mm6325a3_w</a>.
    134                                         <a ibis:hash="re7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     134                                        <a href="#re7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    135135                                </ol></footer>
    136136                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/lifestyle/WeightStatus.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    5151                                In the early 1990s, no State had an adult obesity prevalence rate of more than 25%. Since 2008, 32
    5252                                States have an adult obesity rate more than
    53                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">25%.</a>
     53                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">25%.</a>
    5454                                </p>
    5555                        </section>
     
    5858                                <h2>Why It's Important</h2>
    5959                                Research has shown that as people become "overweight" and "obese,"* their risk for developing the
    60                                 following conditions <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">increases:</a>
     60                                following conditions <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">increases:</a>
    6161                                <ul class="Indent">
    6262                                        <li>Coronary heart disease</li>
     
    7575                                                <a href="http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/Publications/DietaryGuidelines/2010/PolicyDoc/PolicyDoc.pdf">
    7676                                                http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/Publications/DietaryGuidelines/2010/PolicyDoc/PolicyDoc.pdf</a>.
    77                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     77                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7878                                        <li id="ref2">
    7979                                                NIH, NHLBI Obesity Education Initiative. Clinical Guidelines
     
    8181                                                and Obesity in Adults. Available online:
    8282                                                <a href="http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/obesity/ob_gdlns.pdf">http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/obesity/ob_gdlns.pdf</a>.
    83                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     83                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    8484                                </ol></footer>
    8585                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/population/EconomicStability.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    1717                                Economic stability is the state or condition of having adequate money, goods, and means of support. 
    1818                                Economic stability includes measures such as poverty, employment status, food security and housing
    19                                 stability <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">health.</a>.
     19                                stability <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">health.</a>.
    2020
    2121                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
     
    2424                                                http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/social-determinants-health</a> on
    2525                                                June 20, 2017.
    26                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     26                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    2727                                </ol></footer>
    2828                        </figcaption>
     
    3535                                social exclusion, lack of education, unemployment, and low income - that all work together to reduce
    3636                                opportunities, limit choices, undermine hope, and, as a result, threaten
    37                                 <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">health.</a>
     37                                <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">health.</a>
    3838                                Poor economic stability is associated with health conditions and risk factors,
    3939                                and is hypothesized to influence health through a variety of pathways,
    40                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">including:</a>
     40                                <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">including:</a>
    4141                                <ul class="Indent">
    4242                                        <li>Health Care</li>
     
    4949                                        <li id="ref2"> <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_determinants_of_health_in_poverty">
    5050                                                http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_determinants_of_health_in_poverty</a>, downloaded 8/18/2014
    51                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     51                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    5252                                        <li id="ref3"> Adler, N.E. and Newman, K. (2002) Socioeconomic Disparities In Health:
    5353                                                Pathways And Policies. Health Affairs, March 2002 vol. 21 no. 2 60-76.
    54                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     54                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    5555                                </ol></footer>
    5656                        </section>
     
    6161                                reproductive health, higher rates of infectious diseases (notably tuberculosis and HIV
    6262                                infection), higher rates of substance use (tobacco, alcohol and illegal drugs), higher
    63                                 rates of non-communicable <a ibis:hash="ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">diseases,</a>
     63                                rates of non-communicable <a href="#ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">diseases,</a>
    6464                                depression and suicide, and increased exposure to environmental risks. Poor children
    6565                                are more likely to die by the age of five years and to suffer from acute respiratory
     
    6969                                        <li id="ref4"> <a href="http://cosmologicallyinsignificant.wordpress.com/2014/03/07/the-causes-of-poverty-79-poverty-traps/">
    7070                                                http://cosmologicallyinsignificant.wordpress.com/2014/03/07/the-causes-of-poverty-79-poverty-traps/</a>, downloaded 8/18/2014
    71                                         <a ibis:hash="ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     71                                        <a href="#ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7272                                </ol></footer>
    7373                        </section>
     
    9393                                                resources in proportion to need and a commitment to closing gaps in health, longevity,
    9494                                                and quality of
    95                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">life.</a>
     95                                                <a href="#ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">life.</a>
    9696                                        </li>
    9797                                </ol>
     
    100100                                        <li id="ref5"> <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/minorityhealth/CHDIR/2011/FactSheet.pdf">
    101101                                                http://www.cdc.gov/minorityhealth/CHDIR/2011/FactSheet.pdf</a>, downloaded 8/18/2014
    102                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     102                                        <a href="#ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    103103                                </ol></footer>
    104104                        </section>
     
    120120                                <p>
    121121                                        Poverty is measured differently according to its
    122                                         <a ibis:hash="ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">use.</a>
     122                                        <a href="#ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">use.</a>
    123123                                        The Federal Poverty Level is an imprecise term for the statistical measure using the Census Bureau's
    124124                                        poverty <span class="Bold">thresholds</span> for calculating the number of people in poverty.  The
     
    173173                                        <li id="ref6"> <a href="http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/faq.cfm">
    174174                                                http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/faq.cfm</a>, downloaded 8/18/2014
    175                                         <a ibis:hash="ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     175                                        <a href="#ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    176176                                </ol></footer>
    177177                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/population/Education.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    2828                                        such as hunger, physical and emotional abuse, and chronic illness can lead to poor school
    2929                                        performance.
    30                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     30                                        <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    3131                                </p>
    3232
     
    3636                                        are born, grow, live, work and age. These circumstances are shaped by the distribution of money, power
    3737                                        and resources at global, national, and local
    38                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">levels".</a>
     38                                        <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">levels".</a>
    3939                                        Education, and how much education a person is able to attain, is widely recognized as one of these conditions.
    4040                                </p>
     
    4343                                        <li id="ref1"> <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/healthyYouth/health_and_academics/">
    4444                                                http://www.cdc.gov/healthyYouth/health_and_academics/</a>.  Downloaded 12/09/2014
    45                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     45                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    4646                                        <li id="ref2"> <a href="http://www.who.int/social_determinants/en/">
    4747                                                http://www.who.int/social_determinants/en/</a>.  Downloaded 12/09/2014
    48                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     48                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    4949                                </ol></footer>
    5050                        </section>
     
    5757                                        Wood Johnson Foundation reports that "The United States is the only industrialized nation where young
    5858                                        people currently are less likely than members of their parents' generation to be high-school
    59                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">graduates".</a>
     59                                        <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">graduates".</a>
    6060                                        According to the 2013 American Community Survey 5 year estimates, from 2009 to 2013 14% of Americans
    6161                                        over the age of 25 reported not having a high-school diploma or equivalent
    62                                         <a ibis:hash="ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">certificate.</a>
     62                                        <a href="#ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">certificate.</a>
    6363                                </p>
    6464
     
    6868                                        such as education. According to the CDC, the term "social gradient in health" refers to the stepwise
    6969                                        fashion health outcomes improve as socio-economic position
    70                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">improves.</a>
     70                                        <a href="#ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">improves.</a>
    7171                                </p>
    7272
     
    7575                                                >http://www.commissiononhealth.org/PDF/c270deb3-ba42-4fbd-baeb-2cd65956f00e/Issue%20Brief%206%20Sept%2009%20-%20Education%20and%20Health.pdf</a>. 
    7676                                                Downloaded 12/09/2014
    77                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     77                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7878                                        <li id="ref4"> <a href="http://factfinder2.census.gov/">
    7979                                                http://factfinder2.census.gov/</a>.  Downloaded 12/09/2014
    80                                         <a ibis:hash="ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     80                                        <a href="#ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    8181                                        <li id="ref5"> <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants/Definitions.html">
    8282                                                http://www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants/Definitions.html</a>.  Downloaded 12/09/2014
    83                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     83                                        <a href="#ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    8484                                </ol></footer>
    8585                        </section>
     
    9494                                                Data from the National Longitudinal Mortality Study found that, on average, college graduates of both sexes could expect to live 5 years
    9595                                                longer than persons who had not graduated high
    96                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3.1" id="ref3.1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">school.</a>
     96                                                <a href="#ref3.1" id="ref3.1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">school.</a>
    9797                                        </li>
    9898                                        <li>
    9999                                                For all racial and ethnic groups, less education is linked to worse health. A review of data from the Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System,
    100100                                                (BRFSS) shows that groups with lower educational attainment are more likely to rate their health as less than good than groups with higher
    101                                                 educational <a ibis:hash="ref3.2" id="ref3.2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">attainment.</a>
     101                                                educational <a href="#ref3.2" id="ref3.2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">attainment.</a>
    102102                                        </li>
    103103                                        <li>
    104104                                                A social gradient in health can be seen when national rates of infant mortality are stratified by mother's educational 
    105                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3.3" id="ref3.3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">attainment.</a>
     105                                                <a href="#ref3.3" id="ref3.3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">attainment.</a>
    106106                                        </li>
    107107                                </ul>
     
    111111                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
    112112                                        <li id="ref3.1">
    113                                                 <a ibis:hash="href3">See footnote 3.</a>
    114                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     113                                                <a href="#href3">See footnote 3.</a>
     114                                        <a href="#ref3.1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    115115                                        <li id="ref3.2">
    116                                                 <a ibis:hash="href1">See footnote 3.</a>
    117                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     116                                                <a href="#href1">See footnote 3.</a>
     117                                        <a href="#ref3.2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    118118                                        <li id="ref3.3">
    119                                                 <a ibis:hash="href1">See footnote 3.</a>
    120                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     119                                                <a href="#href1">See footnote 3.</a>
     120                                        <a href="#ref3.3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    121121                                </ol></footer>
    122122                        </section>
     
    135135                                                social gradient can be observed across family income groups
    136136                                                for high school drop-out
    137                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">rates.</a>
     137                                                <a href="#ref6" id="ref6.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">rates.</a>
    138138                                        </li>
    139139                                        <li>
     
    141141                                                to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2012 the
    142142                                                national drop-out rate was highest for Hispanics, then African
    143                                                 American <a ibis:hash="ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">Americans.</a>
     143                                                American <a href="#ref7" id="ref7.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">Americans.</a>
    144144                                        </li>
    145145                                </ul>
     
    148148                                        <li id="ref6"> <a href="http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d13/tables/dt13_219.75.asp">
    149149                                                http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d13/tables/dt13_219.75.asp </a>.  Downloaded 12/09/2014
    150                                         <a ibis:hash="ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     150                                        <a href="#ref6.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    151151                                        <li id="ref7"> <a href="http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=16">
    152152                                                http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=16</a>.  Downloaded 12/09/2014
    153                                         <a ibis:hash="ref7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     153                                        <a href="#ref7.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    154154                                </ol></footer>
    155155                        </section>
     
    161161                                the WHO recommend global approaches to addressing the Social Determinants of Health. In order to address the social determinants of health, the WHO
    162162                                organization created the Commission on Social Determinants of Health, which recommends the three following overarching 
    163                                 <a ibis:hash="ref8" id="ref8.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">strategies:</a>
     163                                <a href="#ref8" id="ref8.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">strategies:</a>
    164164
    165165                                <ul class="Indent">
     
    173173                                        <li id="ref8"> <a href="http://www.who.int/social_determinants/thecommission/finalreport/en/">
    174174                                                http://www.who.int/social_determinants/thecommission/finalreport/en/</a>.  Downloaded 12/09/2014
    175                                         <a ibis:hash="ref8.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     175                                        <a href="#ref8.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    176176                                </ol></footer>
    177177                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/population/NeighborhoodEnv.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    3737                                HealthyPeople2020 classifies neighborhood and built environment
    3838                                factors into these four
    39                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">categories:</a>
     39                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">categories:</a>
    4040                                <ul class="Indent">
    4141                                        <li>Access to Healthy Foods</li>
     
    4949                                                http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/social-determinants-health</a> on
    5050                                                June 19, 2017.
    51                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     51                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    5252                                </ol></footer>
    5353                        </section>
     
    6161                                                blood pressure and body mass index tended to be. A fast food outlet in close proximity to
    6262                                                where people live was linked to higher body mass
    63                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">index.</a>
     63                                                <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">index.</a>
    6464                                        </li>
    6565                                        <li>
    6666                                                Neighborhood walkability was associated with physical activity and
    67                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">obesity.</a>
     67                                                <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">obesity.</a>
    6868                                        </li>
    6969                                        <li>
    7070                                                Neighborhood presence of hazardous waste facilities enhanced negative effects of
    71                                                 <a ibis:hash="ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">stress.</a>
     71                                                <a href="#ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">stress.</a>
    7272                                        </li>
    7373                                        <li>
     
    8383                                                http://www.rwjf.org/en/library/research/2014/01/a-neighborhood-s-built-environment-may-have-numerous-effects-on-.html</a> on
    8484                                                June 19, 2017.
    85                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     85                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    8686                                        <li id="ref3"> Steffen Andreas Schüle and Gabriele Bolte (2015) Interactive and Independent
    8787                                                Associations between the Socioeconomic and Objective Built Environment on the Neighbourhood Level
     
    9090                                                http://www.rwjf.org/en/library/research/2014/01/a-neighborhood-s-built-environment-may-have-numerous-effects-on-.html</a> on
    9191                                                June 19, 2017.
    92                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     92                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    9393                                        <li id="ref4"> Matthews SA, Yang TC (2010) Exploring the role of the built and social neighborhood environment in
    9494                                                moderating stress and health. Ann Behav Med. 2010 May;39(2):170-83. Downloaded from
    9595                                                <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4017772/">
    9696                                                https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4017772/</a> on June 19, 2017.
    97                                         <a ibis:hash="ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     97                                        <a href="#ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    9898                                </ol></footer>
    9999                        </section>
  • adopters/nm/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmibis-content/xml/html_content/topic/population/SocialCommunity.xml

    r23360 r24388  
    1717                                Social and community context includes all the settings and relationships
    1818                                in the social, religious, cultural, and workplaces in which people take part.
    19                                 <a ibis:hash="ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     19                                <a href="#ref1" id="ref1.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    2020                        </figcaption>
    2121                </figure>
     
    2929                                Social cohesion is strongly influenced by racial discrimination and
    3030                               
    31                                 <a ibis:hash="ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">inequality.</a>
     31                                <a href="#ref2" id="ref2.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">inequality.</a>
    3232                                Aspects of the social and community context 
    33                                 <a ibis:hash="ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">include:</a>
     33                                <a href="#ref3" id="ref3.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">include:</a>
    3434                                <ul class="Indent">
    3535                                        <li>Social Cohesion</li>
     
    4242                                                Downloaded from <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1446600/pdf/11249033.pdf">
    4343                                                https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1446600/pdf/11249033.pdf</a> on June 19, 2017.
    44                                         <a ibis:hash="ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     44                                        <a href="#ref1.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    4545                                        <li id="ref2"> Arcaya, M.C., Arcaya, A.L. and Subramanian, S.V. (2015). Inequalities in health:
    4646                                                definitions, concepts, and theories. Glob Health Action. 2015; 8: 10.3402/gha.v8.27106. Downloaded from
    4747                                                <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4481045/">https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4481045/</a>
    4848                                                on June 19, 2017
    49                                         <a ibis:hash="ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     49                                        <a href="#ref2.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    5050                                        <li id="ref3"> HealthyPeople2020 Social Determinants of Health Overview. Downloaded
    5151                                                from <a href="http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/social-determinants-health">
    5252                                                http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/social-determinants-health</a> on
    5353                                                June 20, 2017.
    54                                         <a ibis:hash="ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     54                                        <a href="#ref3.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    5555                                </ol></footer>
    5656                        </section>
     
    6060                                Social context and social capital in the living environment, both on
    6161                                the individual and neighbourhood level, is positively associated with self-rated
    62                                 <a ibis:hash="ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">health.</a>
    63                                 <a ibis:hash="ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
     62                                <a href="#ref4" id="ref4.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label">health.</a>
     63                                <a href="#ref5" id="ref5.link" aria-describedby="footnote-label"></a>
    6464
    6565                                <footer class="Footnotes"><ol>
     
    6767                                                A prospective analysis of the effect of neighbourhood and individual social capital on changes in
    6868                                                self-rated health of people with chronic illness. BMC Public Health. 2014 Jul 3;14:675.
    69                                         <a ibis:hash="ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     69                                        <a href="#ref4.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7070                                        <li id="ref5"> Mohnen SM, Völker B, Flap H, Subramanian SV, Groenewegen PP.(2013)
    7171                                                You have to be there to enjoy it? Neighbourhood social capital and health. Eur J Public Health.
    7272                                                2013 Feb;23(1):33-9. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/cks039.
    73                                         <a ibis:hash="ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
     73                                        <a href="#ref5.link" aria-label="Back to content">«</a></li>
    7474                                </ol></footer>
    7575                        </section>
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