Changeset 22732 in main


Ignore:
Timestamp:
03/19/21 17:27:10 (4 weeks ago)
Author:
Paul Leo
Message:

NMEPHT 3.0 updating xml and images for various pages under Resoucres
The images may move to a different directory structure but all are working now
Need to get with Brett, Garth and NMEPHT regarding citations which I've commented out for now
Also these pages will need to be reviewed by Garth, for correct html.

Location:
adopters/nm-epht/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmepht-content
Files:
5 added
5 edited

Legend:

Unmodified
Added
Removed
  • adopters/nm-epht/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmepht-content/xml/html_content/about/AboutEPHT.xml

    r15456 r22732  
    1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?>
     1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
    22<HTML_CONTENT xmlns:ibis="http://www.ibisph.org">
    3 
    4  <TITLE>NM Environmental Public Health Tracking Program</TITLE>
    5 
     3        <HTML_CLASS>Topic Newsroom</HTML_CLASS>
     4        <OTHER_HEAD_CONTENT>
     5                <link ibis:href="css/Topic.css"
     6                        rel="stylesheet"
     7                        type="text/css"/>
     8                <link ibis:href="css/_SiteSpecific-Topic.css"
     9                        rel="stylesheet"
     10                        type="text/css"/>
     11                <!--
     12        Optional List Items Show More button:  This can be applied to other selection blocks as well. 
     13-->
     14                <script ibis:src="js/jquery.scrollBlockListItems.js"/>
     15                <script>
     16                        var optionOverrides = {"maxSelectionsContainerHeight":120};
     17                        $( document ).ready(function() {
     18                        $(".Topic #moreData .Selections").scrollBlockListItems(optionOverrides);
     19                        });
     20                </script>
     21        </OTHER_HEAD_CONTENT>
    622        <CONTENT>
    7                         The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH) is building an integrated environmental and public health information system through the National Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) Program. New Mexico is one of twenty six CDC Grantees funded to implement an EPHT Network that links environmental and health data at the state, city, and national levels.
    8                 <br/><br/>
    9                 <span Class="Italicize">
    10                 The CDC Environmental Public Health Tracking Program is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving ongoing collection, integration, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of data from environmental hazard monitoring, human exposure surveillance, and health effects surveillance.
    11                 </span>
    12                 <br/><br/>
    13                 The NM Environmental Public Health Tracking Program (NM EPHT; also called Tracking) launched this Web site to enable the public and researchers to learn about relationships between environmental exposures and their associated health effects.
    14                 <br/><br/>
    15                 The NM Tracking Web site summarizes air quality and water quality data as well as environmental health outcomes such as asthma, myocardial infarction (heart attack), birth defects, reproductive outcomes, and selected cancers. It includes studies on the linkage of ozone in air with asthma, and arsenic in drinking water with bladder cancer.
    16                 <br/><br/>
    17                 The interactive NM Tracking Application (Interactive Data Query) allows data queries for and visualization of data that are summarized throughout these pages. Link to the NM Tracking Application: <a ibis:href="dataportal/query/Index.html">Interactive Data Query</a>.  From the home page open the Data Portal tab and then open the Custom Data Queries tab to start your search.
    18                 <br/><br/>
    19                 <h3>Learn about Tracking</h3>
    20                 <br/>
    21                 Learn more about Environmental Public Health Tracking. Visit our <a ibis:href="about/resources/LearnHow.html">Learn How To Use Tracking Page</a> where you can learn how to access Tracking 101, a free web-based course which gives an overview of Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT), environmental and health data linkage concepts, and access to other Tracking learning resources created and published by our national partners.
    22                 <br/>
    23                 <h3>Tracking in New Mexico</h3>
    24                 <p>New Mexico Tracking activities focus on:</p>
    25                 <ul>
    26                         <li>Enhancing, geocoding, and developing core data sets.</li>
    27                         <li>Exploring data linkages of environmental exposure and health outcome data.</li>
    28                         <li>Epidemiologic and statistical analyses.</li>
    29                         <li>Developing data dissemination capabilities and tools.</li>
    30                         <li>Submitting the nationally consistent data and measures (NCDMs) and metadata for tracking on the National and NM EPHT Networks.</li>
    31                         <li>Implementing Web-based and role-based public and secure portals, and developing messages for incorporation into the portals.</li>
    32                 </ul>
    33                 <br/>
    34                 Data analyses aid environmental health surveillance in New Mexico by improving our ability to define exposures and related disease occurrences and to respond to community concerns. The information collected for NM EPHT has been used to make legislative recommendations and public health interventions to reduce environmental exposures and potentially related disease.
    35                 <br/><br/>
     23                <header>
     24                        <img ibis:src="view/image/resource/cactuscups.jpg"
     25                                title="cactuscups.jpg"/>
     26                        <h1>New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking Program</h1>
     27                </header>
     28                <section>
     29                        <section>
     30                                <h2>About Environmental Public Health "Tracking" in New Mexico</h2>
     31                                <p class="Column">      The New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking Program, also known as NM EPHT and New Mexico Tracking, is an outlet for environmental health data and information, helping the people of New Mexico understand the connection between health and environment.
     32                                        We serve as a resource for environmental health knowledge, providing the platforms to establish and broaden epidemiology, response and health promotion in environmental health.
     33                                        <div class="Alert"> </div>
     34                                </p>
     35                                <p>
     36                                        One of our key products is the website, NMTracking.org, designed for people to access New Mexico-specific epidemiological information and learn about environmental health. It features a data search function with options to query and map data, downloadable reports with numeric data combined with public health context, and an array of health education resources.
     37                                </p>
     38                        </section>
     39                        <section>
     40                                <h3>Tracking in New Mexico</h3>
     41                                <p>New Mexico Tracking activities focus on:</p>
     42                                <ul class="Indent">
     43                                        <li>Environmental Public Health Epidemiology, Response and Education.</li>
     44                                        <li>Epidemiologic and Statistical Analyses.</li>
     45                                        <li>Enhancing, Geocoding, and Developing Core Data Sets.</li>
     46                                        <li>Data Linkages of Environmental Exposure and Health Outcome Data.</li>
     47                                        <li>Environmental Public Health Promotion, Digital Media, and Risk Communication.</li>
     48                                        <li>Contributing to National Epidemiology by Submitting the Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (NCDMs) and Metadata.</li>
     49                                </ul>
     50                        </section>
     51                        <section>
     52                                <p> Data analyses aid environmental health surveillance in New Mexico by improving our ability to define exposures and related disease occurrences and to respond to community concerns.
     53                                        The information collected for NM EPHT and our corresponding health education messages have has been used to inform public health interventions to reduce environmental exposures and potentially related diseases. </p>
     54                        </section>
     55                        <section>
     56                                <h3>Funding, operations, and national contributions</h3>
     57                                <p> We are a proud part of the New Mexico Department of Health. We operate in the Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau of the Epidemiology and Response Division where we work closely with our bureau partners on various environmental health epidemiology, surveillance, and health promotion projects. </p>
     58                                <p>Our work is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH). New Mexico is among the 26 CDC Grantees in the EPHT Network. For more than a decade, the Environmental Public Health Tracking Program has collected, integrated, and analyzed non-infectious disease and environmental data from this nationwide network of partners to deliver information and data to protect the nation from health issues arising from or directly related to environmental factors.
     59                                </p>
     60                                <p>We contribute to the national integrated environmental and public health information system operated by the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Program at the
     61                                        Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). At the local, state, and national levels, the Tracking Program uses a network of people and information systems to deliver a core set of health, exposure, and hazards data, information summaries, and tools to enable analysis, visualization and reporting of insights drawn from data.
     62                                        New Mexico is part of the network by collecting, analyzing and submitting National Consistent Data Measures, serving on the multi-state workgroups, and contributing to health communication packages.</p>
     63                        </section>
     64                </section>
     65                <!--
     66                <section class="Citation">
     67                        Deyonne Sandoval. Page content updated February 2021. Published on March 2021.
     68                </section>
     69                -->
    3670        </CONTENT>
    3771</HTML_CONTENT>
  • adopters/nm-epht/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmepht-content/xml/html_content/about/ContactInformation.xml

    r19562 r22732  
    11<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
    2 
    32<HTML_CONTENT xmlns:ibis="http://www.ibisph.org">
    4 
    5         <TITLE>Contact Information</TITLE>
    6 
    7 
    8         <CONTENT>
    9 
    10                 <h3>NM EPHT Webmaster</h3>
    11                         For problems with or questions about the NM EPHT site, please contact the Webmaster.<br/>
    12                         Email: <a href="mailto:doh-eheb@state.nm.us">doh-eheb@state.nm.us</a><br/>
    13                         Phone (toll-free): 1-888-878-8992
    14                
    15                 <h3>NM EPHT Program</h3>
    16                         For comments or questions about the NM EPHT Program, or to request restricted access to the data
    17                         query application<br/><br/>
    18                         please contact:
    19                         <br/><Br/>
    20                         Srikanth Paladugu, NM EPHT Principal Investigator and Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau Chief<br/>
    21                         Stephanie Moraga-McHaley, Program Manager, NM Environmental Public Health Tracking<br/>
    22                         <Br/>
    23                         Email: <a href="mailto:doh-eheb@state.nm.us">doh-eheb@state.nm.us</a><br/>
    24                         Phone (toll-free): 1-888-878-8992<br/><br/>
    25                         New Mexico Department of Health<br/>
    26                         Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau<br/>
    27                         1190 St Francis Dr, Suite N1304<br/>
    28                         Santa Fe, NM 87502<br/><br/>
    29                                 <a class="blank-target" href="https://nmhealth.org/about/erd/eheb/"
    30                                 title="NM DOH EPHT Program, external site opens in new tab or window">
    31                                 NM DOH Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau (exits NMTracking.org)</a>
     3        <HTML_CLASS>Topic Newsroom</HTML_CLASS>
     4        <OTHER_HEAD_CONTENT>
     5                <link ibis:href="css/Topic.css"
     6                        rel="stylesheet"
     7                        type="text/css"/>
     8                <link ibis:href="css/_SiteSpecific-Topic.css"
     9                        rel="stylesheet"
     10                        type="text/css"/>
     11                <!--
     12        Optional List Items Show More button:  This can be applied to other selection blocks as well. 
     13-->
     14                <script ibis:src="js/jquery.scrollBlockListItems.js"/>
     15                <script>
     16                        var optionOverrides = {"maxSelectionsContainerHeight":120};
     17                        $( document ).ready(function() {
     18                        $(".Topic #moreData .Selections").scrollBlockListItems(optionOverrides);
     19                        });
     20                </script>
     21        </OTHER_HEAD_CONTENT>
     22        -<CONTENT>
     23                <header>
     24                        <img ibis:src="view/image/resource/contactus.jpg"
     25                                title="Contact Us"/>
     26                        <h1>Contact Us</h1>
     27                </header>
     28                <section>
     29                        <section>
     30                                <h2>Let's Connect</h2>
     31                                <p>Thank you for your interest in the New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking Program and for visiting NMTracking.org.  </p>
     32                                <h3>The New Mexico Tracking Team</h3>
     33                                <p>Our team members include: </p>
     34                                <ul class="Indent">
     35                                        <li>Srikanth Paladugu, NM EPHT Principal Investigator and Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau Chief </li>
     36                                        <li>Stephanie Moraga-McHaley, Program Manager </li>
     37                                        <li>Deyonne Sandoval, Program Coordinator, Evaluator, and Health Communications Specialist  </li>
     38                                        <li>Brian Woods, Advanced Epidemiologist </li>
     39                                        <li>Kendall Frimodig, Operational Epidemiologist </li>
     40                                        <li>Rose Galbraith, Private Wells and Small Water Systems Epidemiologist and Program Manager </li>
     41                                        <li>Aimee Roth, Health Educator</li>
     42                                </ul>
     43                        </section>
     44                        <section>
     45                                <h3>Communicate with us</h3>
     46                                <p>
     47                                        Tell us how you are using data and information from NMTracking.org.
     48                                        Reach out to us by: </p>
     49                                <ul class="Indent">
     50                                        <li>Email: <a href="mailto:doh-eheb@state.nm.us">doh-eheb@state.nm.us</a>
     51                                        </li>
     52                                        <li>Phone (toll-free): 1-888-878-8992  </li>
     53                                        <li> Mail: New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking Program, New Mexico Department of Health,
     54                                                Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau, 1190 St Francis Dr, Suite N1304, Santa Fe, NM 87502</li>
     55                                </ul>
     56                        </section>
     57                        <section>
     58                                <h3>Data requests and access</h3>
     59                                <p>To request restricted access to the data query application or to request information about a dataset, email: <a href="mailto:doh-eheb@state.nm.us">doh-eheb@state.nm.us</a>
     60                                        <br/> Re: NM EPHT Data Access Request.</p>
     61                                <h3>Media inquiries</h3>
     62                                <p>For media inquiries send an email request, subject line, NM EPHT Media Inquiry, to:</p>
     63                                <ul class="Indent">
     64                                        <li>Matt Bieber, NMDOH Communications Director <a href="mailto:Matt.Bieber@state.nm.us">Matt.Bieber@state.nm.us</a>
     65                                        </li>
     66                                        <li>David Morgan, NMDOH Public Information Officer <a href="mailto:David.Morgan@state.nm.us">David.Morgan@state.nm.us</a>
     67                                        </li>
     68                                        <li>cc: Srikanth Paladugu, Principal Investigator <a href="mailto:Srikanth.Paladugu@state.nm.us">Srikanth.Paladugu@state.nm.us</a>
     69                                                <br/>
     70                                        </li>
     71                                </ul>
     72                                <p>We do not host or accept unsolicited material including pitches, promotional materials, resources, weblinks or articles. </p>
     73                        </section>
     74                        <!--
     75                        <section class="Citation">
     76                                Deyonne Sandoval. Page content updated on February 2021. Published March 2021.
     77                        </section>
     78                        -->
     79                </section>
    3280        </CONTENT>
    33 
    3481</HTML_CONTENT>
    35 
  • adopters/nm-epht/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmepht-content/xml/html_content/about/Introduction.xml

    r15457 r22732  
    1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?>
     1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
    22<HTML_CONTENT xmlns:ibis="http://www.ibisph.org">
    3 
    4  <TITLE>What is Environmental Public Health Tracking?</TITLE>
    5  <KEYWORDS>New Mexico Environmental Public Health Indicator Reports Query Data Welcome</KEYWORDS>
    6  <DESCRIPTION>New Mexico's EPHT Environmental Public Health Tracking - More Detail About Page</DESCRIPTION>
    7 
    8  <CONTENT>
    9         Public health tracking, also called public health surveillance, is a way to monitor the health of communities over time.
    10         This is commonly done for infectious diseases, such as flu or West Nile virus.
    11         <br/><br/>
    12         Environmental public health tracking looks at environmental hazards, possible exposure to those hazards, and health
    13         effects (like chronic illnesses, hospitalizations and deaths) associated with those hazards. This is important since
    14         environmental exposures are responsible for <a href="http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmsa073350">approximately
    15         5% of early deaths</a> in the United States. Collecting this information over time makes it possible to see trends
    16         and patterns. Environmental public health tracking investigates possible associations between environmental exposure
    17         and resulting health effects. This helps us better understand how the environment affects human health. Understanding
    18         how health and the environment are connected is an essential step in our efforts to protect the health of our communities.
    19         <br/><br/>
    20  
    21         <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    22                 <TITLE>Background</TITLE>
    23                 <CONTENT>
    24                         In 1988, in its report "The Future of Public Health," the Institute of Medicine noted that the removal of
    25                         environmental health authority from public health agencies has led to fragmented responsibility, lack of
    26                         coordination, and inadequate attention to the health dimensions of environmental problems.
    27                         <br/><br/>
    28                         In 2000, the Pew Environmental Health Commission issued the report <a href="http://health.New Mexico.gov/enviroepi/healthyhomes/epht/PewComission_HealthGap.pdf">"America's Environmental Health Gap: Why the Country Needs a Nationwide Health Tracking Network" (PDF)</a>.
    29                         The Commission detailed an "environmental health gap," a lack of basic information needed to document links
    30                         between environmental hazards and chronic disease. At that time, no systems existed at the state or national
    31                         level to track many of the exposures and health effects that may be related to environmental hazards. In
    32                         addition, in most cases, existing environmental hazard, exposure, and disease tracking systems were not
    33                         linked together. Because existing systems were not linked, it was difficult to study and monitor relationships
    34                         among hazards, exposures, and health effects.
    35                         <br/><br/>
    36 
    37 
    38                          <div Class="Quote" style="">
    39                                 "When the Pew Commission report came out, everyone- the press, the public, Congress- couldn't believe that a Tracking Program didn't already exist."
    40                                 <br/><br/>
    41                                 <div style="text-align: right;">
    42                                         -<span Class="Bold">Shelly Hearne, DrPH</span><br/>
    43                                         Founding Executive Director, Trust for America's Health
    44                                 </div>
    45                         </div>
    46 
    47                         <br/><br/>
    48                         The report found that "while overt poisoning from environmental toxins has long been recognized, the
    49                         environmental links to a broad array of chronic diseases of uncertain cause are unknown." To close this
    50                         gap, the Pew report called for integrating tracking systems for environmental hazards, bodily exposures,
    51                         and diseases; linking data to allow swift analysis; and using the results to prevent disease and save
    52                         lives."
    53                         <br/><br/>
    54                         Because the existing environmental health system was neither adequate nor well organized, it recommended
    55                         the creation of a nationwide health tracking network for disease and exposures. The National Environmental
    56                         Public Health Tracking Network is the CDC's answer to these issues.
    57                 </CONTENT>
    58         </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    59 
    60         <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    61 
    62                 <TITLE>The National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network</TITLE>
    63                 <CONTENT>
    64                         In 2002, the CDC established the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network (National
    65                         Tracking Network). The CDC was awarded funding which they used to establish Tracking Networks in
    66                         state and local health departments and schools of public health. Through these partnerships, (state,
    67                         local and universities) the CDC wanted to build environmental public health capacity, increase
    68                         collaboration between environmental and health agencies, identify and evaluate environmental and
    69                         health data systems, build partnerships with non-governmental organizations and communities, and develop
    70                         model systems linking environmental and health data. To view all current National Tracking Network
    71                         participants, see the map below.
    72                         <br/><br/>
    73                         The National Tracking Network is a system of integrated health, exposure, and hazard information and
    74                         data from a variety of national, state, and city resources. On the <a href="http://ephtracking.cdc.gov/showHome.action">
    75                         National Tracking Network's website</a>, you can view maps, tables, and charts with data about:
    76                         <br/><br/>
    77                         <ul>
    78                                 <li>chemicals and other substances found in the environment</li>
    79                                 <li>some chronic diseases and conditions</li>
    80                                 <li>the area where you live</li>
    81                         </ul>
    82                         <br/>
    83                         <a href="http://ephtracking.cdc.gov/showStateTracking.action">Click here to visit the State and Local Tracking Programs</a>.
    84                         <br/><br/>
    85 
    86                         <img ibis:src="image/tracking_map_2015.jpg" alt="2015 grantee map" width="45%" height="45%"/>
    87 
    88                 </CONTENT>
    89         </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    90 
    91         <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    92                 <TITLE>The New Mexico Tracking Program</TITLE>
    93                 <CONTENT>
    94                         The New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking Network (New Mexico Tracking Program) is a part
    95                         of the National Tracking Network. The New Mexico Tracking Program helps you understand the link
    96                         between the environment and health by integrating existing health and environmental data in a
    97                         standardized format. Our goal is to provide the necessary information, tools, and resources to
    98                         prevent and control environmentally related health effects.
    99                         <br/><br/>
    100                         The New Mexico Tracking Program improves and expands the environmental public health surveillance
    101                         capacity for the State of New Mexico. This is accomplished through better data linkage, display,
    102                         and analysis. It also supports New Mexico's goal of evidence-based public health information and
    103                         action. The accurate and timely tracking of data makes it easier to investigate disease impacts
    104                         and trends; recognize disease patterns; and identify high-risk populations and geographic areas.
    105                         <br/><br/>
    106                         This website provides the data, information, and tools necessary to help you understand more about
    107                         how the environment impacts human health.
    108                         <br/><br/>
    109                         If you have any questions, please <a ibis:href="about/ContactInformation.html"> Contact Us</a>.
    110                 </CONTENT>
    111         </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    112 
    113 
    114         <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    115                 <TITLE>Mission and Goals</TITLE>
    116                 <CONTENT>
    117                         <h2>Mission</h2>
    118                         Without question, environmental contaminants affect people's health.  Environmental
    119                         hazards are among parents' top health concerns for their children, according to the
    120                         American Academy of Pediatrics.  Americans are concerned about hazards and health impacts
    121                         related to environmental exposures.  Citizens and policy makers want access to current,
    122                         relevant, and accurate information about environmental exposures and health outcomes
    123                         to facilitate individual, community, state, and national decision-making about adopting
    124                         strategies to reduce the burden of disease attributable to the environment.
    125                         <br/><br/>
    126 
    127                         Researchers have linked specific diseases with exposures to some environmental hazards,
    128                         such as asbestos and lung cancer.  However, other links remain unproven, such as the
    129                         suspected link between exposure to disinfection by-products and bladder cancer. 
    130                         Previously no system existed at the state or national level to track many of the
    131                         exposures and health effects that may be related to environmental hazards.
    132                         <br/><br/>
    133 
    134                         The Environmental Public Health Tracking Network (Tracking  Network) is one
    135                         way to fill these gaps.  The mission of tracking is to provide information
    136                         that can be used to  plan, apply, and evaluate actions to prevent and control
    137                         environmentally  related diseases. Understanding how  these and other
    138                         environmental factors are linked to chronic disease is  essential to disease
    139                         prevention and to protecting the health of our  communities.
    140                         <br/><br/>
    141 
    142                         <h2>Goals</h2>
    143                         <ol>
    144                                 <li>Build sustainable  National and State Tracking Networks</li>
    145                                 <li>Build Tracking workforce and infrastructure</li>
    146                                 <li>Provide data to inform health policy, practices, and other actions</li>
    147                                 <li>Advance  environmental public health science and research</li>
    148                                 <li>Foster collaboration among health and environmental groups</li>
    149                         </ol>
    150                         <br/>
    151                 </CONTENT>
    152         </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    153 
    154 
    155         <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    156                 <TITLE>Why the New Mexico Tracking Program Matters</TITLE>
    157                 <CONTENT>
    158                         The New Mexico Tracking Program helps protect New Mexicans' health by strengthening
    159                         the capacity and infrastructure to understand and respond to environmental public
    160                         health concerns. Here are some of the ways the New Mexico Tracking Program accomplishes
    161                         this.
    162                         <br/><br/>
    163                                
    164                         An important function of the New Mexico Tracking Program is to support investigations
    165                         of environmental public health concerns. Ensuring that the State of New Mexico has the
    166                         necessary capacity to understand, investigate, and respond to these types of concerns
    167                         is vital to protecting the health of New Mexicans.
    168                         <br/><br/>
    169                         <!-- 2017-2-9 commenting out for now
    170                         <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="4">
    171                                 <TITLE>NM Tracking Investigation/Collaboration/Surveillance System Improvement Example 1</TITLE>
    172                                 <CONTENT>                                       
    173                                         <span Class="Bold">What was the problem/situation?</span> <br/>
    174                                         <br/><br/>
    175                                         <span Class="Bold">How was the New Mexico Tracking Program involved?</span> <br/>
    176                                         The New Mexico Tracking Program ...
    177                                         <br/><br/>
    178                                         <span Class="Bold">What action was taken to resolve the problem?</span> <br/>
    179                                         The study ...
    180                                         <br/><br/>
    181                                         For more information, please visit ....
    182                                 </CONTENT>
    183                         </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    184                        
    185                         <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="4">
    186                                 <TITLE>NM Tracking Investigation/Collaboration/Surveillance System Improvement Example 2</TITLE>
    187                                 <CONTENT>
    188                                         <span Class="Bold">What was the problem/situation?</span> <br/>
    189                                         <br/><br/>
    190                                         <span Class="Bold">How was the New Mexico Tracking Program involved?</span> <br/>
    191                                         The New Mexico Tracking Program ...
    192                                         <br/><br/>
    193                                         <span Class="Bold">What action was taken to resolve the problem?</span> <br/>
    194                                         The study ...
    195                                         <br/><br/>
    196                                         For more information, please visit ....
    197                                 </CONTENT>
    198                         </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    199                        
    200                         <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="4">
    201                                 <TITLE>NM Tracking Investigation/Collaboration/Surveillance System Improvement Example 3</TITLE>
    202                                 <CONTENT>
    203                                         <span Class="Bold">What was the problem/situation?</span> <br/>
    204                                         <br/><br/>
    205                                         <span Class="Bold">How was the New Mexico Tracking Program involved?</span> <br/>
    206                                         The New Mexico Tracking Program ...
    207                                         <br/><br/>
    208                                         <span Class="Bold">What action was taken to resolve the problem?</span> <br/>
    209                                         The study ...
    210                                         <br/><br/>
    211                                         For more information, please visit ....
    212                                 </CONTENT>
    213                         </ibis:ExpandableContent>
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     22        <CONTENT>
     23                <header>
     24                        <img ibis:src="view/image/resource/bosqueDMS.jpg"
     25                                title="bosqueDMS.jpg"/>
     26                        <h1>Our Story</h1>
     27                </header>
     28                <section>
     29                        <section>
     30                                <h2>New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking- An Outlet for Environmental Public Health</h2>
     31                                <p> At New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking, we strive to elevate the important role environmental public health plays in our lives.
     32                                        Our program, also called NM EPHT and NM "Tracking," is an outlet for environmental health communication -both epidemiological and educational.  </p>
     33                                <p>The primary channel for communicating and educating is our website, https://NMTracking.org/ which provides the data, information, and tools necessary to help you learn and understand how the environment impacts human health.</p>
     34                                <p> Environmental public health tracking is the public health method that investigates possible associations between environmental exposure and resulting health effects.
     35                                        This helps us better understand how the environment affects human health. As a foundation for environmental health epidemiology and education in New Mexico, we are a resource for prevention or health protection initiatives, interventions, and response situations. </p>
     36                                <p>Due to the variety and wealth of information available from NM EPHT, our program and products often serve as an initial source of data and information for those working on environmental public health related activities or educating themselves about an environmental health topic.
     37                                        Our audiences include those from individual, family, community, school, government and scholarly domains.  </p>
     38                        </section>
     39                        <section>
     40                                <h3>Meet our team</h3>
     41                                <p>
     42                                        <span class="Bold">Stephanie Moraga-McHaley</span>
     43                                </p>
     44                                <p> At the center of our operation is Stephanie Moraga-McHaley leading this ever-evolving environmental health program that encompasses epidemiology, health promotion, informatics, and communications.
     45                                        As Program, Manager Moraga-McHaley provides epidemiological perspective the vision for developing the NM EPHT system, overseeing our environmental public health communications platform, NMTracking.org.
     46                                        Moraga-McHaley has extensive experience in environmental health, occupational health, clinical services and program management.
     47                                        She earned a Master of Science and Bachelor of Science in Environmental Health and has a background in applied science health information technology.
     48                                </p>
     49                                <p>
     50                                        <span class="Bold">Srikanth Paladugu</span>
     51                                </p>
     52                                <p> Both our Principal Investigator for NM EPHT and the Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau Chief, Srikanth Paladugu has experience in epidemiology, environmental health, health education and clinical management.
     53                                        He holds a Master of Public Health Environmental Health Emphasis, Master of Business Administration, and MBBS (MD equivalent).
     54                                </p>
     55                                <p>
     56                                        <span class="Bold">Deyonne Sandoval</span>
     57                                </p>
     58                                <p> Leading our projects pertaining to the community health disciplines and digital media is Deyonne Sandoval, the Program Coordinator and Evaluator.
     59                                        Her areas of specialty include program planning, health education services, evaluation, communications and website content development. Sandoval has extensive experience in community health, environmental health, behavioral health and working in the media.
     60                                        Sandoval earned a Master of Science in Community Health (Health Education/Promotion), Bachelor of Science in Communications and is a Certified Health Education Specialist (CHES).
     61                                </p>
     62                                <p>
     63                                        <span class="Bold">Brian Woods</span>
     64                                </p>
     65                                <p> Leading our large epidemiological projects, Brian Woods is the program's Advanced Epidemiologist. His areas of specialty include data linkages, developing and maintaining data sets; producing epidemiological analyses data products and programming interactive data query modules on NMTracking.org.
     66                                        His published works include research in the area of evaluation of heat vulnerability index, outcomes associated with smoke exposure, and heat related morbidity in New Mexico.
     67                                        Woods has an interdisciplinary degree in Cultural Ecology.
     68                                </p>
     69                                <p>
     70                                        <span class="Bold">Kendall Frimodig</span>
     71                                </p>
     72                                <p> Operating many of our epidemiological projects is Kendall Frimodig, the Environmental Health Epidemiologist.
     73                                        His areas of specialty include geographic information systems; producing epidemiological analyses data products, and programming interactive data query modules on NMTracking.org.
     74                                        Frimodig earned a Master of Public Health Epidemiology Emphasis and a Bachelor of Science in Biomedical Science.
     75                                </p>
     76                        </section>
     77                        <section>
     78                                <h3>Our Plan: mission, goals and objectives</h3>
     79                                <p>The mission of NM EPHT is to improve and expand the environmental public health surveillance capacity for the State of New Mexico and increase access to data and health education.
     80                                        We are part of a national network led and funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Our shared national goal and objectives are:  </p>
     81                                <p>
     82                                        <span class="Bold">Goal</span>
     83                                </p>
     84                                <p>Communities improve certain health outcomes by reducing their exposure to environmental hazards.</p>
     85                                <section>
     86                                        <p>
     87                                                <span class="Bold">Objectives</span>
     88                                        </p>
     89                                        <ul class="Indent">
     90                                                <li>Health and environmental data are accessed and used by internal and external audiences. </li>
     91                                                <li>Development of state-specific program activities based on generated evidence. </li>
     92                                                <li>Efficient, accessible, and higher quality display of data. </li>
     93                                                <li>Increased awareness of the Tracking Network and environmental health issues. </li>
     94                                                <li>Engaged partners and users. </li>
     95                                                <li>Skilled workforce able to collect and interpret data and translate information for action. </li>
     96                                        </ul>
     97                                </section>
     98                                <section>
     99                                        <p>
     100                                                <span class="Bold">Projects</span>
     101                                        </p>
     102                                        <p>In line with these objectives, during this fiscal year, NM EPHT is focusing on these areas: </p>
     103                                        <ul class="Indent">
     104                                                <li>Data Collection, Analysis, and Dissemination  </li>
     105                                                <li>Environmental Health Epidemiology and Response </li>
     106                                                <li>Data Portal Quality, Tools and User Experience  </li>
     107                                                <li> Health Communications, Environmental Health Education and Audience Engagement </li>
     108                                                <li>Environmental Health Partnerships, Community Engagement, and Environmental Public Health Workforce Capacity </li>
     109                                                <li>Program Operations and Sustainability  </li>
     110                                                <li> Program Monitoring and Evaluation</li>
     111                                                <li>Climate and Health Adaptation </li>
     112                                                <li>COVID-19 Response and Support</li>
     113                                        </ul>
     114                                </section>
     115                        </section>
     116                        <section>
     117                                <h3>Epidemiology and Response Services</h3>
     118                                <p> In addition to our roles with this program, each of our team members support broader Epidemiology and Response Services of the Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau and the Epidemiology and Response Division.
     119                                        We contribute to multiple public health responses and epidemiology projects and services such as: </p>
     120                                <ul class="Indent">
     121                                        <li>epidemiological investigations </li>
     122                                        <li>data acquisition/gathering </li>
     123                                        <li>field methods </li>
     124                                        <li>delivering health and risk communication </li>
     125                                        <li> implementing health promotion methods for on-going topics of concern and urgent matters.</li>
     126                                </ul>
     127                                <p> Many of these occur through our bureau on-call service; our partnerships with agencies such New Mexico Tumor Registry and the New Mexico Poison Control Center;
     128                                        acute environmental exposures scenarios such as mercury spills, mass carbon monoxide poisonings; and, currently the COVID-19 pandemic.</p>
     129                        </section>
     130                        <section>
     131                                <h3>Work Groups and Environmental Health Collaborative Projects</h3>
     132                                <p>Our work is collaboraitve and we serve on sevral workgroups, statewide and nationally. </p>
     133                                <p>
     134                                        <span class="Bold">New Mexico Workgroups</span>
     135                                </p>
     136                                <ul class="Indent">
     137                                        <li>Cancer Concerns Work Group: Stephanie Moraga-McHaley, Srikanth Paladugu, Deyonne Sandoval </li>
     138                                        <li> New Mexico Climate and Health Adaptation Work Group (CHAWG): Stephanie Moraga-McHaley, chair, Srikanth Paladugu, Deyonne Sandoval, Brian Woods, Kendall Frimodig</li>
     139                                        <li>New Mexico Govenor's Climate Adaptation Taskforce: Stephanie Moraga-McHaley, NMDOH Representative </li>
     140                                        <li>New Mexico Interagency Smoke Response: Kendall Frimodig, Stephanie Moraga-McHaley, Srikanth Paladugu, Deyonne Sandoval, Brian Woods </li>
     141                                        <li>New Mexico Private Wells Collaborative: Deyonne Sandoval, Stephanie Moraga-McHaley </li>
     142                                        <li>New Mexico Council on Asthma: Stephanie Moraga-McHaley, Deyonne Sandoval </li>
     143                                </ul>
     144                                <p>
     145                                        <span class="Bold">National CDC Tracking Work Groups</span>
     146                                </p>
     147                                <ul class="Indent">
     148                                        <li>Program Manager and Principal Investigator: Stephanie Moraga-McHaley, Srikanth Paladugu  </li>
     149                                        <li>Evaluation: Stephanie Moraga-McHaley, Deyonne Sandoval </li>
     150                                        <li>Program Marketing and Outreach: Deyonne Sandoval </li>
     151                                        <li>Western States Program Marketing and Outreach: Deyonne Sandoval </li>
     152                                        <li>SND: Stephanie Moraga-McHaley, Deyonne Sandoval </li>
     153                                        <li> Water: Brian Woods, Rose Galbraith (partnership representative)</li>
     154                                        <li>Content Work Group All-Hands: Stephanie Moraga-McHaley, Deyonne Sandoval, Brian Woods </li>
     155                                        <li> Data Modernization Work Group: Deyonne Sandoval, Stephanie Moraga-McHaley, Brian Woods  </li>
     156                                </ul>
     157                                <ToDO> Note: Need the latest CW partcipation listing from Stephanie/Team </ToDO>
     158                        </section>
     159                        <section>
     160                                <h3>How We Operate </h3>
     161                                <p>New Mexico has a centralized health department system, operated under the State of New Mexico.
     162                                        The New Mexico Department of Health has several divisions inclusive of the Epidemiology and Response Division, under which the NM EPHT program operates within the Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau (EHEB).
     163                                        Learn more about the New Mexico Department of Health at https://nmhealth.org/.</p>
     164                                <p>Our work is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH). New Mexico is among the 26 CDC Grantees in the EPHT Network.</p>
     165                        </section>
     166                        <!-- Garth says we do not seem to be using now
     167                        <section class="Citation">
     168                                Deyonne Sandoval. Page content updated February 2021. Published March 2021.
     169                        </section>
    214170                        -->
    215 
    216                 </CONTENT>
    217         </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    218 
    219 
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     171                </section>
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  • adopters/nm-epht/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmepht-content/xml/html_content/about/resources/Glossary.xml

    r12362 r22732  
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    4 
    5         <TITLE>Glossary of Terms</TITLE>
    6 
     3        <HTML_CLASS>Topic Newsroom</HTML_CLASS>
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    722        <CONTENT>
    8                 NM EPHT Glossary of Terms, Abbreviations, and Acronyms
    9                 <br/><br/>
    10 
    11                 Web links to external sites open in a new tab or window.
    12                 <ul class="Indent">
    13                         <li>
    14                         Definitions indicated as <span class="Bold">ASTDR</span> are from the <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/glossary.html"
    15                         title="external site opens in new tab or window">Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Glossary</a>.
    16                         </li>
    17                         <li>
    18                         Definitions indicated as <span class="Bold">National EPHT</span> are from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) <a class="blank-target"
    19                         href="http://ephtracking.cdc.gov/showGlossary.action" title="external site opens in new tab or window">National Environmental Public Health
    20                         Tracking Glossary</a>.
    21                         </li>
    22                         <li>
    23                         Definitions indicated as <span class="Bold">CDC EPHT</span> are from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) <a class="blank-target"
    24                         href="http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/tracking/lib/glossary.htm" title="external site opens in new tab or window">Environmental Public Health
    25                         Tracking [Communications] Glossary</a>.
    26                         </li>
    27                         <li>
    28                         Definitions indicated as <span class="Bold">CDC Epi</span> are from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) <a class="blank-target"
    29                         href="http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/EpiGlossary/glossary.htm" title="external site opens in new tab or window">
    30                         Reproductive Health Glossary</a>.
    31                         </li>
    32                         <li>
    33                         Definitions indicated as <span class="Bold">EPA</span> are from the <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.epa.gov/OCEPATERMS/"
    34                         title="external site opens in new tab or window">Environmental Protection Agency Glossary, Terms of Environment</a>.
    35                         </li>
    36                         <li>
    37                         Definitions indicated as <span class="Bold">ESRI</span> are from the <a class="blank-target"
    38                         href="http://support.esri.com/index.cfm?fa=knowledgebase.gisDictionary.gateway"
    39                         title="external site opens in new tab or window">ESRI Dictionary</a>.
    40                         </li>
    41                 </ul>
     23                <header>
     24                        <img ibis:src="view/image/resource/learn.png"
     25                                title="NM EPHT Glossary"/>
     26                        <h1>NM EPHT Glossary</h1>
     27                </header>
    4228               
    43                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    44                 <a name="A"/>
    45                 <p class="Bold">A</p><Br/>
    46 
    47                         Accuracy
    48                         <div class="Indent">
    49                         The degree to which a measured value conforms to true or accepted values. Accuracy is a measure of correctness.
    50                         It is distinguished from precision, which measures exactness. (ESRI)
    51                         </div>
    52                         <Br/>
    53                         Active Layer
    54                         <div class="Indent">
    55                         The Active Layer is the data set that the application searches when you select an area of the map for detailed information.
    56                         To make a layer active, check the round radio button to the left of the layer name in the Table of Contents.
    57                         </div>
    58                         <Br/>
    59                         AIRNow
    60                         <div class="Indent">
    61                         AIRNow is a cross-agency, government-backed program to report conditions to the public for ozone and particle pollution.
    62                         Their Web site, <a class="blank-target" href="http://airnow.gov/" title="external site opens new tab or window">airnow.gov</a>,
    63                         has maps and health-related information, publications in English y en español, and resources.
    64                         </div>
    65                         <Br/>
    66                         Air Quality <br/>
    67                         <Br/>
    68                         Air Quality Index (AQI)
    69                         <div class="Indent">
    70                         According to the AIRNow Air Quality Index (AQI) Web site (<a class="blank-target" href="http://airnow.gov/index.cfm?action=static.aqi"
    71                         title="external site opens in new tab or window">AIRNow AQI</a>), "The AQI is an index for reporting daily air quality. It tells you
    72                         how clean or polluted your air is, and what associated health effects might be a concern for you. The AQI focuses on health effects you
    73                         may experience within a few hours or days after breathing polluted air. EPA calculates the AQI for five major air pollutants
    74                         regulated by the Clean Air Act: ground-level ozone, particle pollution (also known as particulate matter), carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide,
    75                         and nitrogen dioxide. For each of these pollutants, EPA has established national air quality standards to protect public health.
    76                         Ground-level ozone and airborne particles are the two pollutants that pose the greatest threat to human health in this country."
    77                         The AQI has values ranging from 0, for good air quality and low levels of health concern, to 500, for hazardous air quality and high levels
    78                         of health concern.
    79                         </div>
    80                         <Br/>
    81                         Altitude
    82                         <div class="Indent">
    83                         The height or vertical elevation of a point above a reference surface. Altitude measurements are usually based on a given reference datum,
    84                         such as mean sea level. (ESRI) See <span class="Bold">Elevation</span>.
    85                         </div>
    86                         <Br/>
    87                         AQI (Air Quality Index)
    88                         <div class="Indent">
    89                         According to the AIRNow AQI (Air Quality Index) Web site (<a class="blank-target" href="http://airnow.gov/index.cfm?action=static.aqi"
    90                         title="external site opens in new tab or window">AIRNow AQI</a>), "The AQI is an index for reporting daily air quality. It tells you
    91                         how clean or polluted your air is, and what associated health effects might be a concern for you. The AQI focuses on health effects
    92                         you may experience within a few hours or days after breathing polluted air. EPA calculates the AQI for five major air pollutants
    93                         regulated by the Clean Air Act: ground-level ozone, particle pollution (also known as particulate matter), carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide,
    94                         and nitrogen dioxide. For each of these pollutants, EPA has established national air quality standards to protect public health.
    95                         Ground-level ozone and airborne particles are the two pollutants that pose the greatest threat to human health in this country."
    96                         The AQI has values ranging from 0, for good air quality and low levels of health concern, to 500, for hazardous air quality and
    97                         high levels of health concern.
    98                         </div>
    99                         <Br/>
    100                         Aspect
    101                         <div class="Indent">
    102                         The compass direction that a topographic slope faces, usually measured in degrees from north. Aspect can be generated from continuous
    103                         elevation surfaces. For example, the aspect recorded for a TIN face is the steepest downslope direction of the face, and the aspect
    104                         of a cell in a raster is the steepest downslope direction of a plane defined by the cell and its eight surrounding neighbors. (ESRI)
    105                         </div>
    106                         <Br/>
    107                         Attribute
    108                         <div class="Indent">
    109                         Nonspatial information about a geographic feature in a GIS, usually stored in a table and linked to the feature by a unique identifier.
    110                         For example, attributes of a river might include its name, length, and sediment load at a gauging station. (ESRI)
    111                         </div>
    112                         <Br/>
    113                         Attribute Data
    114                         <div class="Indent">
    115                         Tabular or textual data describing the geographic characteristics of features. (ESRI)
    116                         </div>
    117                         <Br/>
    118                         Attribute Table
    119                         <div class="Indent">
    120                         A database or tabular file containing information about a set of geographic features, usually arranged so that each row represents a
    121                         feature and each column represents one feature attribute. In raster data sets, each row of an attribute table corresponds to a certain
    122                         zone of cells having the same value. In a GIS, attribute tables are often joined or related to spatial data layers, and the attribute
    123                         values they contain can be used to find, query, and symbolize features or raster cells. (ESRI)
    124                         </div>
    125 
    126                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    127                 <a name="B"/>
    128                 <p class="Bold">B</p>
    129                 <Br/>
    130                         Background Layer
    131                         <Br/><Br/>
    132                         Base Map, Basemap
    133                         <div class="Indent">
    134                         A map depicting background reference information such as landforms, roads, landmarks, and political boundaries, onto which other,
    135                         thematic information is placed. A basemap is used for locational reference and often includes a geodetic control network as part
    136                         of its structure. (ESRI) The NM Tracking Application Base Map shows New Mexico and county boundaries, major roads, and cities and towns.
    137                         </div>
    138                         <Br/>
    139                         Biomonitoring
    140                         <div class="Indent">
    141                         The assessment of exposure through direct measurement of environmental chemicals in human specimens, such as blood or urine. (CDC EPHT)
    142                         </div>
    143                         <Br/>
    144                         Boundary
    145                         <div class="Indent">
    146                         A line separating adjacent political entities, such as countries or districts; adjacent tracts of privately-owned land, such as parcels;
    147                         or adjacent geographic zones, such as ecosystems. A boundary is a line that may or may not follow physical features, such as rivers,
    148                         mountains, or walls. (ESRI)
    149                         </div>
    150 
    151                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    152                 <a name="C"/>
    153                 <p class="Bold">C</p>
    154                 <Br/>
    155                         Cardinal Point
    156                         <div class="Indent">
    157                         One of the four compass directions on the Earth's surface: north, south, east, or west. (ESRI)
    158                         </div>
    159                         <Br/>
    160                         CDC
    161                         <div class="Indent">
    162                         Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    163                         </div>
    164                         <Br/>
    165                         Census Block
    166                         <div class="Indent">
    167                         The smallest geographic entity for which the U.S. Census Bureau tabulates decennial census data.
    168                         Many blocks correspond to city blocks bounded by streets, but blocks in rural areas may include
    169                         several square miles and have some boundaries that are not streets. The Census Bureau established
    170                         blocks covering the entire nation for the first time in 1990. Previous censuses dating back to 1940
    171                         had blocks established only for part of the nation. (ESRI)
    172                         </div>
    173                         <Br/>
    174                         Census Block Group
    175                         <div class="Indent">
    176                         A unit of U.S. census geography that is a combination of census blocks. A block group is the smallest
    177                         unit for which the U.S. Census Bureau reports a full range of demographic statistics. There are about
    178                         700 residents per block group. A block group is a subdivision of a census tract. (ESRI)
    179                         </div>
    180                         <Br/>
    181                         Census Geography
    182                         <div class="Indent">
    183                         Any one of various types of precisely defined geographic areas used by the U.S. Census Bureau to collect
    184                         and aggregate data. The largest unit of area is the entire United States, while the smallest is a census block. (ESRI)
    185                         </div>
    186                         <Br/>
    187                         Census Tract
    188                         <div class="Indent">
    189                         A small, statistical subdivision of a county that usually includes approximately 4,000 inhabitants, but which may
    190                         include from 2,500 to 8,000 inhabitants. A census tract is designed to encompass a population with relatively uniform
    191                         economic status, living conditions, and some demographic characteristics. Tract boundaries normally follow physical
    192                         features, but may also follow administrative boundaries or other non-physical features. A census tract is a combination
    193                         of census block groups. (ESRI)
    194                         </div>
    195                         <Br/>
    196                         Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)<Br/>
    197                         <Br/>           
    198                         Choropleth Map
    199                         <div class="Indent">
    200                         A thematic map in which areas are distinctly colored or shaded to represent classed values of a particular phenomenon. (ESRI)
    201                         </div>
    202                         <Br/>
    203                         Classification
    204                         <div class="Indent">
    205                         The process of sorting or arranging entities into groups or categories; on a map, the process of representing members of a group
    206                         by the same symbol, usually defined in a legend. (ESRI) Land data layers for Vegetation, Soil Types, and Geology are examples
    207                         of classifications derived from analyzing data about the land's surface or subsurface.
    208                         </div>
    209                         <Br/>
    210                         Column
    211                         <div class="Indent">
    212                         1) An item in an attribute table. 2) The vertical dimension of a table. Each column stores the values of one type of attribute
    213                         for all the records, or rows, in the table. All the values in a given column are of the same data type; for example, number, string, or date. (ESRI)
    214                         </div>
    215                         <Br/>
    216                         Continuous Data
    217                         <div class="Indent">
    218                         Data, such as elevation or temperature, that vary without discrete steps. Since computers store data discretely, continuous data
    219                         are usually represented by TINs, rasters, or contour lines, so that any location has either a specified value or one that can be derived. (ESRI)
    220                         </div>
    221                         <Br/>
    222                         Coordinates
    223                         <div class="Indent">
    224                         A set of values represented by the letters x, y, and optionally z or m (measure), that define a position within a spatial reference.
    225                         Coordinates are used to represent locations in space relative to other locations. (ESRI) The NM Tracking Application x-coordinate is
    226                         represented by Northing, or longitude, and the y-coordinate is represented by Easting, or latitude.
    227                         </div> 
    228                         <Br/>
    229                         County
    230                         <div class="Indent">
    231                         The primary legal subdivision of all U.S. states except Alaska and Louisiana. The U.S. Census Bureau uses counties or equivalent entities
    232                         (boroughs in Alaska, parishes in Louisiana, the District of Columbia in its entirety, and municipios in Puerto Rico) as statistical subdivisions. (ESRI)
    233                         </div>
    234                         <Br/>
    235                         Cultural Feature
    236                         <div class="Indent">
    237                         A human-made feature represented on a map, such as a road or airport. (ESRI)
    238                         </div>
    23929               
    240                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    241                 <a name="D"/>
    242                 <p class="Bold">D</p>
    243                 <Br/>
    244                         Data (also, Data Set)
    245                         <div class="Indent">
    246                         Any collection of related facts arranged in a particular format; often, the basic elements of information that are produced, stored, or processed by a computer. (ESRI)
    247                         </div>
    248                         <Br/>
    249                
    250                         Database
    251                         <div class="Indent">
    252                         One or more structured sets of persistent data, managed and stored as a unit and generally associated with software to update and query the data. A simple database
    253                         might be a single file with many records, each of which references the same set of fields. A GIS database includes data about the spatial locations and shapes of
    254                         geographic features recorded as points, lines, areas, pixels, or grid cells, as well as their attributes. (ESRI)
    255                         </div>
    256                         <Br/>
    257                         Data Layer
    258                         <div class="Indent">
    259                         A Data Layer is a data set that contains spatial information so that it is enabled for mapping.
    260                         </div>
    261                         <Br/>
    262                         Datum
    263                         <div class="Indent">
    264                         The reference specifications of a measurement system, usually a system of coordinate positions on a surface (a horizontal datum) or heights above or below a
    265                         surface (a vertical datum). (ESRI) NM Tracking Application data sets are displayed with World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS84) Datum.
    266                         </div>
    267                         <Br/>
    268                         Degree
    269                         <div class="Indent">
    270                         1) A unit of angular measure represented by the symbol . The earth is divided into 360 degrees of longitude and 180 degrees of latitude. 2) The angle equal
    271                         to 1/360th of the circumference of a circle. A degree can be divided into 60 minutes of arc or 3600 seconds of arc. (ESRI)
    272                         </div>
    273                         <Br/>
    274                         degrees/minutes/seconds
    275                         <div class="Indent">
    276                         The unit of measure for describing latitude and longitude. A degree is 1/360th of a circle. One degree is further divided into 60 minutes, and one minute
    277                         is divided into 60 seconds. (ESRI)
    278                         </div>
    279                         <Br/>
    280                         DEM
    281                         <div class="Indent">
    282                         Digital Elevation Model
    283                         </div>
    284                         <Br/>
    285                         Digital Elevation Model (DEM)
    286                         <Br/><Br/>
    287                         Discrete Data
    288                         <div class="Indent">
    289                         Data that represent phenomena with distinct boundaries. Property lines and streets are examples of discrete data. (ESRI)
    290                         </div>
    291                         <Br/>
    292                         Distance
    293                         <div class="Indent">
    294                         The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points. Distance
    295                         is differentiated from length, which implies a physical connection between entities or locations. (ESRI)
    296                         </div>
    297                         <Br/>
    298                         Domain
    299                         <Br/><Br/>
    300                         Drag [draw a box with the mouse button]
    301                         <div class="Indent">
    302                         Click on the map and keep the left mouse button depressed while you draw a box over the area of interest.
    303                         Release the mouse button to set the box location. The NM Tracking Application Zoom In tool and Map Extent
    304                         box allow you to drag a box on the map or map extent.
    305                         </div>
    306                         <Br/>
    307                         DREAM, DReAM
    308                         <div class="Indent">
    309                         Dust Regional Atmospheric Model. DREAM is the Dust REgional Atmospheric Model that has been developed, using air quality and weather data,
    310                         to forecast amounts of dust in the air we breathe. The mapping application is based on DREAM data outputs for the southwestern United States,
    311                         including Nevada and southern California east to Nebraska and much of Texas. DREAM is an integrated atmospheric and dust concentration
    312                         modeling system initially developed for the Mediterranean region by Dr. Slobodan Nickovic. NASA has funded the development of DREAM and
    313                         the mapping application for the southwestern U.S. at the University of Arizona and the University of New Mexico's Earth Data Analysis Center.
    314                         </div>
    315                         <Br/>
    316                         DREAM Domain
    317                         <div class="Indent">
    318                         The DREAM Domain is the area covered by the model results; it extends across the southwestern United States, including Nevada and southern
    319                         California east to Nebraska and much of Texas.
    320                         </div>
    321                
    322                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    323                 <a name="E"/>
    324                 <p class="Bold">E</p>
    325                 <Br/>
    326                         Elevation
    327                         <div class="Indent">
    328                         The vertical distance of a point or object above or below a reference surface or datum (generally, mean sea level). Elevation generally
    329                         refers to the vertical height of land. (ESRI)
    330                         </div>
    331                         <Br/>
    332                         Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    333                         <div class="Indent">
    334                         <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.epa.gov/" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.epa.gov/</a>
    335                         </div>
    336                         <Br/>
    337                         Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT)
    338                         <Br/><Br/>
    339                         EPA
    340                         <div class="Indent">
    341                         U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.epa.gov/" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.epa.gov/</a>
    342                         </div>
    343                         <Br/>
    344                         EPHT
    345                         <div class="Indent">
    346                         Environmental Public Health Tracking.
    347                         </div>
    348                         <Br/>
    349                         Extent
    350                         <div class="Indent">
    351                         The minimum bounding rectangle (xmin, ymin and xmax, ymax) defined by coordinate pairs of a data source. All coordinates for the data source fall within this boundary.
    352                         (ESRI) See <span class="Bold">Map Extent</span>.
    353                         </div>
    354 
    355                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    356                 <a name="F"/>
    357                 <p class="Bold">F</p>
    358                 <Br/>
    359                
    360                         Feature
    361                         <div class="Indent">
    362                         A representation of a real-world object on a map. (ESRI)
    363                         </div>
    364                         <Br/>
    365                         Line Feature
    366                         <div class="Indent">
    367                         A map feature that has length but not area at a given scale, such as a river on a world map or a street on a city map. (ESRI)
    368                         </div>
    369                         <Br/>
    370                         Point Feature
    371                         <div class="Indent">
    372                         A map feature that has neither length nor area at a given scale, such as a city on a world map or a building on a city map. (ESRI)
    373                         </div>
    374                         <Br/>
    375                         Polygon Feature
    376                         <div class="Indent">
    377                         A map feature that bounds an area at a given scale, such as a country on a world map or a district on a city map. (ESRI)                       
    378                         </div>
    379                         <Br/>
    380                         Full Extent, Full View
    381                         <div class="Indent">
    382                         The limit of the geographic area shown on a map. The NM Tracking Application Full Extent or Full View is a map that shows New Mexico.
    383                         Click on the Full Extent button and the map will change to the full New Mexico map, showing the same data layers that were displayed on the zoomed-in map.
    384                         </div>
    385 
    386                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    387                 <a name="G"/>
    388                 <p class="Bold">G</p>
    389                 <Br/>
    390                         Geographic Coordinate
    391                         <div class="Indent">
    392                         A measurement of a location on the Earth's surface expressed in degrees of latitude and longitude. (ESRI)
    393                         </div>
    394                         <Br/>
    395                         Geographic Data
    396                         <div class="Indent">
    397                         Information describing the location and attributes of things, including their shapes and representation. Geographic data are the composite of spatial data and attribute data. (ESRI)
    398                         </div>
    399                         <Br/>
    400                         Geographic Information System, GIS
    401                         <div class="Indent">
    402                         An integrated collection of computer software and data used to view and manage information about geographic places, analyze spatial relationships, and model spatial processes.
    403                         A GIS provides a framework for gathering and organizing spatial data and related information so that it can be displayed and analyzed. (ESRI)
    404                         </div>
    405                         <Br/>
    406                         Geography
    407                         <div class="Indent">
    408                         The study of the Earth's surface, encompassing the description and distribution of the various physical, biological, economic, and cultural features found on the Earth
    409                         and the interaction between those features. (ESRI)
    410                         </div>
    411                         <Br/>
    412                         Geometry
    413                         <div class="Indent">
    414                         The measures and properties of points, lines, and surfaces. In a GIS, geometry is used to represent the spatial component of geographic features. (ESRI)
    415                         </div>
    416                         <Br/>
    417                         GIS, Geographic Information System
    418                         <div class="Indent">
    419                         An integrated collection of computer software and data used to view and manage information about geographic places, analyze spatial relationships,
    420                         and model spatial processes. A GIS provides a framework for gathering and organizing spatial data and related information so that it can be displayed and analyzed. (ESRI)
    421                         </div>
    422                         <Br/>
    423                         Grid
    424                         <div class="Indent">
    425                         In cartography, any network of parallel and perpendicular lines superimposed on a map and used for reference. These grids are usually referred to by the map
    426                         projection or coordinate system they represent, such as universal transverse Mercator grid. (ESRI)
    427                         </div>
    428                         <Br/>
    429                         GTOPO30
    430                         <div class="Indent">
    431                         GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) that provides the first global coverage of moderate-resolution elevation data, from 90°S to 90°N and 180°W to 180°E.
    432                         The name GTOPO30 is derived from the fact that elevations in GTOPO30 are regularly spaced in a horizontal grid of 30-arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer).
    433                         Vertical elevation is measured in meters above mean sea level. This data set results from a collaborative effort led by the staff at the U.S. Geological Survey's
    434                         EROS Data Center in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, and involving the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the United Nations Environment Programme
    435                         Global Resource Information Database (UNEP/GRID), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the Instituto Nacional de Estadística Geografía e
    436                         Informática (INEGI) of Mexico, the Geographical Survey Institute (GSI) of Japan, Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research of New Zealand, and the Scientific Committee
    437                         on Antarctic Research (SCAR). GTOPO30 information from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) can be found at <a class="blank-target"
    438                         href="http://www.nwrc.usgs.gov/world/content/people5.html" title="external site opens in new tab or window">www.nwrc.usgs.gov/world/content/people5.html</a>,
    439                         <a class="blank-target" href="http://rockyweb.cr.usgs.gov/outreach/gtopo30.html" title="external site opens in new tab or window">rockyweb.cr.usgs.gov/outreach/gtopo30.html
    440                         </a>, and <a class="blank-target" href="http://webgis.wr.usgs.gov/globalgis/gtopo30/gtopo30.htm" title="external site opens in new tab or window">
    441                         webgis.wr.usgs.gov/globalgis/gtopo30/gtopo30.htm</a>.
    442                         </div>
    443                
    444                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    445                 <a name="H"/>
    446                 <p class="Bold">H</p>
    447                 <Br/>
    448 
    449                         Health Policy Commission, HPC
    450                         <div class="Indent">
    451                         New Mexico Health Policy Commission. HPC provides independent research, guidance, and recommendations on health policy issues that impact New Mexicans.
    452                         <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.hpc.state.nm.us/" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.hpc.state.nm.us/</a>
    453                         </div>
    454                         <Br/>
    455                         Horizontal Geodetic Datum
    456                         <div class="Indent">
    457                         A geodetic datum for any extensive measurement system of positions, usually expressed as latitude-longitude coordinates, on the Earth's surface.
    458                         A horizontal geodetic datum may be local or geocentric. If it is local, it specifies the shape and size of an ellipsoid representing the Earth,
    459                         the location of an origin point on the ellipsoid surface, and the orientation of x- and y-axes relative to the ellipsoid. If it is geocentric,
    460                         it specifies the shape and size of an ellipsoid, the location of an origin point at the intersection of x-,y-, and z-axes at the center of the ellipsoid,
    461                         and the orientation of the x-,y-, and z-axes relative to the ellipsoid. Examples of local horizontal geodetic datums include the North American Datum
    462                         of 1927, the European Datum of 1950, and the Indian datum of 1960; examples of geocentric horizontal geodetic datums include the North American Datum
    463                         of 1983 and the World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS84). (ESRI) The NM Tracking Application displays data sets with the World Geodetic System of 1984.
    464                         </div>
    465                         <Br/>
    466                         HPC, Health Policy Commission
    467                         <div class="Indent">
    468                         New Mexico Health Policy Commission. HPC provides independent research, guidance, and recommendations on health policy issues that impact New Mexicans.
    469                         <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.hpc.state.nm.us/">http://www.hpc.state.nm.us/</a>
    470                         </div>
    471                         <Br/>
    472                         hr
    473                         <div class="Indent">
    474                         hour(s)
    475                         </div>
    476                        
    477                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    478                 <a name="I"/>
    479                 <p class="Bold">I</p>
    480                 <Br/>
    481                         Incidence Rate
    482                         <div class="Indent">
    483                         The number of new cases of disease over a period of time divided by the population at risk. An example is the number of new bladder cancer cases per 100,000 persons. (National EPHT)
    484                         </div>
    485                         <Br/>
    486                         Indicator
    487                         <div class="Indent">
    488                         For Tracking, an indicator is one or more items, characteristics or other things that will be assessed and that provide information about a population's health status,
    489                         their environment, and other factors with the goal allowing us to monitor trends, compare situations, and better understand the link between environment and health.
    490                         It is assessed through direct and indirect measures (e.g., levels of a pollutant in the environment as a measure of possible exposure) that describe health or a
    491                         factor associated with health (i.e., environmental hazard, age) in a specified population. A content area may have more than one indicator. (National EPHT)
    492                         </div>
    493 
    494                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    495                 <a name="J"/>
    496                 <p class="Bold">J</p>
    497                
    498                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    499                 <a name="K"/>
    500                 <p class="Bold">K</p>
    501                 <Br/>
    502                         kilometer, km
    503                         <div class="Indent">
    504                         one thousand meters.
    505                         </div>
    506                         <Br/>
    507                         km
    508                         <div class="Indent">
    509                         kilometer; one thousand meters.
    510                         </div>
    511                        
    512                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    513                 <a name="L"/>
    514                 <p class="Bold">L</p>
    515                 <Br/>
    516                         Latitude
    517                         <div class="Indent">
    518                         The angular distance, usually measured in degrees north or south of the Equator. Lines of latitude are also referred to as parallels. (ESRI)
    519                         </div>
    520                         <Br/>
    521                         Latitude-Longitude
    522                         <div class="Indent">
    523                         A reference system used to locate positions on the Earth's surface. Distances east-west are measured with lines of longitude (also called meridians),
    524                         which run north-south and converge at the North and South Poles. East-west distance measurements begin at the Prime Meridian, and are measured
    525                         positively 180 degrees to the east and negatively 180 degrees to the west. Distances north-south are measured with lines of latitude
    526                         (also called parallels) which run east-west. North-south distance measurements begin at the Equator and are measured positively 90 degrees
    527                         to the north and negatively 90 degrees to the south. (ESRI)
    528                         </div>
    529                         <Br/>
    530                         Layer
    531                         <div class="Indent">
    532                         The visual representation of a geographic data set in any digital map environment. Conceptually, a layer is a slice or stratum of the
    533                         geographic reality in a particular area, and is more or less equivalent to a legend item on a paper map. On a road map, for example,
    534                         roads, national parks, political boundaries, and rivers might be considered different layers. (ESRI) Also, a data Layer is a data set
    535                         that contains spatial information so that it is enabled for mapping. 'To Layer' means to map and explore more than one data set concurrently.
    536                         </div>
    537                         <Br/>
    538                         Legend
    539                         <div class="Indent">
    540                         The Legend contains the colors, symbols, and names that describe or represent each data set, or data layer, that is mapped.
    541                         </div>
    542                         <Br/>
    543                         Line
    544                         <div class="Indent">
    545                         On a map, a shape defined by a connected series of unique x,y coordinate pairs. A line may be straight or curved. (ESRI)
    546                         </div>
    547                         <Br/>
    548                         Location
    549                         <div class="Indent">
    550                         1) An identifier assigned to a region or feature. 2) A position defined by a coordinate value. (ESRI)
    551                         </div>
    552                         <Br/>
    553                         Longitude
    554                         <div class="Indent">
    555                         The angular distance, usually expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds, of the location of a point on the Earth's surface east or west of an
    556                         arbitrarily defined meridian (usually the Greenwich Prime Meridian). All lines of longitude are great circles that intersect the Equator
    557                         and pass through the North and South Poles. (ESRI)
    558                         </div>
    559 
    560                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    561                 <a name="M"/>
    562                 <p class="Bold">M</p>
    563                 <Br/>
    564                         m
    565                         <div class="Indent">
    566                         meter(s). Unit of length in the International System of Units, equal to 39.37 inches.
    567                         </div>
    568                         <Br/>
    569                         m^3
    570                         <div class="Indent">
    571                         meter(s) cubed.
    572                         </div>
    573                         <Br/>
    574                         Map
    575                         <div class="Indent">
    576                         1) A graphic representation of the spatial relationships of entities within an area. 2) Any graphical representation of geographic or spatial information.
    577                         3) The document used to display and work with geographic data. A map contains one or more layers of geographic data and various supporting map elements,
    578                         such as a scale bar. (ESRI)
    579                         </div>
    580                         <Br/>
    581                         Map Area
    582                         <div class="Indent">
    583                         The Map Area is surrounded on four sides by the Map Frame and is the place where data sets, or map layers, are drawn to create the map view.
    584                         </div>
    585                         <Br/>
    586                         Map Element
    587                         <div class="Indent">
    588                         In digital cartography, a distinctly identifiable graphic or object in the map or page layout. For example, a map element can be a title, scale bar,
    589                         legend, or other map-surround element. The map area itself can be considered a map element; or an object within the map can be referred to as a map
    590                         element, such as a roads layer or a school symbol. (ESRI)
    591                         </div>
    592                         <Br/>
    593                         Map Extent
    594                         <div class="Indent">
    595                         The limit of the geographic area shown on a map, usually defined by a rectangle. In a dynamic map display, the map extent can be changed by zooming and panning. (ESRI)
    596                         </div>
    597                         <Br/>
    598                         Map Frame
    599                         <div class="Indent">
    600                         The Map Frame surrounds the Map Area as four grey strips. It also contains directional pan arrows that move the map in the direction of the clicked arrow.
    601                         </div>
    602                         <Br/>
    603                         mcg, ug, μg
    604                         <div class="Indent">
    605                         microgram(s); one one-millionth of a gram.
    606                         </div>
    607                         <Br/>
    608                         Measure
    609                         <div class="Indent">
    610                         On the Tracking Network, a measure is a summary characteristic or statistic, such as a sum, percentage, or rate. There may be several measures of a specific
    611                         indicator which when considered in conjunction fully describe the indicator.<br/>
    612                         In addition to numbers or percentages, a measure can be a ratio, proportion, or rate. (National EPHT)
    613                         </div>
    614                         <Br/>
    615                         Measurement
    616                         <div class="Indent">
    617                         An observed numerical value that is an appraisal of size, extent, or amount according to a set of criteria. (ESRI)
    618                         </div>
    619                         <Br/>
    620                         Metadata
    621                         <div class="Indent">
    622                         Information that describes the content, quality, condition, origin, and other characteristics of data or other pieces of information. Metadata for spatial data
    623                         may describe and document its subject matter; how, when, where, and by whom the data were collected; availability and distribution information; its projection,
    624                         scale, resolution, and accuracy; and its reliability with regard to some standard. Metadata consists of properties and documentation. Properties are derived
    625                         from the data source (for example, the coordinate system and projection of the data), while documentation is entered by a person (for example, keywords
    626                         used to describe the data). (ESRI)
    627                         </div>
    628                         <Br/>
    629                         meter
    630                         <div class="Indent">
    631                         Unit of length in the International System of Units, equal to 39.37 inches.
    632                         </div>
    633                         <Br/>
    634                         micrometer, μm
    635                         <div class="Indent">
    636                         one one-millionth of a meter; sometimes called a micron.
    637                         </div>
    638                         <Br/>
    639                         ms
    640                         <div class="Indent">
    641                         millisecond(s); one one-thousandth of a second.
    642                         </div>
    643 
    644                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    645                 <a name="N"/>
    646                 <p class="Bold">N</p>
    647                 <Br/>
    648                         NASA, N.A.S.A.
    649                         <div class="Indent">
    650                         U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.nasa.gov/" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.nasa.gov/</a>
    651                         </div>
    652                         <Br/>
    653                         NM
    654                         <div class="Indent">
    655                         New Mexico.
    656                         </div>
    657                         <Br/>
    658                         NMDOH or NM DOH
    659                         <div class="Indent">
    660                         New Mexico Department of Health. <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.health.state.nm.us/" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.health.state.nm.us/</a>
    661                         </div>
    662                         <Br/>
    663                         NMDOH EHEB
    664                         <div class="Indent">
    665                         Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau, a bureau within the NM Department of Health and the New Mexico EPHT Grantee.
    666                         <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.health.state.nm.us/eheb/">http://www.health.state.nm.us/eheb/</a>
    667                         </div>
    668                         <Br/>
    669                         NMED
    670                         <div class="Indent">
    671                         New Mexico Environment Department. <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/</a>
    672                         </div>
    673                         <Br/>
    674                         NMED AQB
    675                         <div class="Indent">
    676                         NM Environment Department Air Quality Bureau. <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/aqb/" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/aqb/</a>
    677                         </div> 
    678                         <Br/>
    679                         NMED DWB
    680                         <div class="Indent">
    681                         NM Environment Department Drinking Water Bureau. <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/dwb/" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/dwb/</a>
    682                         </div> 
    683                         <Br/>
    684                         NM HPC, NM Health Policy Commission
    685                         <div class="Indent">
    686                         New Mexico Health Policy Commission. HPC provides independent research, guidance, and recommendations on health policy issues that impact New Mexicans.
    687                         <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.hpc.state.nm.us/" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.hpc.state.nm.us/</a>
    688                         </div>
    689                         <Br/>
    690                         Nominal Data
    691                         <div class="Indent">
    692                         Data divided into classes within which all elements are assumed to be equal to each other, and in which no class comes before another in sequence or importance;
    693                         for example, a group of polygons colored to represent different soil types. (ESRI)
    694                         </div>
    695 
    696                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    697                 <a name="O"/>
    698                 <p class="Bold">O</p>
    699                 <Br/>
    700                         Ordinal Data
    701                         <div class="Indent">
    702                         Data classified by comparative value; for example, a group of polygons colored lighter to darker to represent less to more densely populated areas. (ESRI)
    703                         </div>
    704                
    705                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    706                 <a name="P"/>
    707                 <p class="Bold">P</p>
    708                 <Br/>
    709                
    710                         Pan
    711                         <div class="Indent">
    712                         To shift a map image relative to the display window without changing the viewing scale. (ESRI)
    713                         </div>
    714                         <Br/>
    715                         Pan Directional
    716                         <div class="Indent">
    717                         Click on an arrow (around the globe icon) and the map will shift in that direction. The Directional Pan arrows are for north, east, south, and west.
    718                         </div>
    719                         <Br/>
    720                         Particulate Matter (PM)
    721                         <div class="Indent">
    722                         Particles suspended in breathing-level air. (Text for PM, PM2.5, and PM10 is from the AIRNow Web site at http://airnow.gov.) Particle pollution, also
    723                         known as particulate matter, in the air includes a mixture of solids and liquid droplets. Some particles are emitted directly; others are formed in
    724                         the atmosphere when other pollutants react. Particles come in a wide range of sizes. Those less than 10 micrometers in diameter (PM10) are so small
    725                         that they can get into the lungs, potentially causing serious health problems. Ten micrometers is smaller than the width of a single human hair.<br/>
    726                         Particle exposure can lead to a variety of health effects. For example, numerous studies link particle levels to increased hospital admissions and
    727                         emergency room visits and even to death from heart or lung diseases. Both long- and short-term particle exposures have been linked to health problems.
    728                         Long-term exposures, such as those experienced by people living for many years in areas with high particle levels, have been associated with problems
    729                         such as reduced lung function and the development of chronic bronchitis and even premature death. Short-term exposures to particles (hours or days)
    730                         can aggravate lung disease, causing asthma attacks and acute bronchitis, and may also increase susceptibility to respiratory infections. In people
    731                         with heart disease, short-term exposures have been linked to heart attacks and arrhythmias. Healthy children and adults have not been reported to
    732                         suffer serious effects from short-term exposures, although they may experience temporary minor irritation when particle levels are elevated.
    733                         </div>
    734                         <Br/>
    735                         PM2.5, PM<sub>2.5</sub>
    736                         <div class="Indent">
    737                         Fine particles are particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter. These particles are so small they can be detected only with an electron microscope.
    738                         Sources of fine particles include all types of combustion, including motor vehicles, power plants, residential wood burning, forest fires, agricultural
    739                         burning, and some industrial processes.
    740                         </div>
    741                         <Br/>
    742                         PM10, PM<sub>10</sub>
    743                         <div class="Indent">
    744                         Coarse dust particles are particles between 2.5 and 10 micrometers in diameter. Sources of coarse particles include crushing or grinding operations
    745                         and dust stirred up by vehicles traveling on roads.
    746                         </div>
    747                         <Br/>
    748                         PDF
    749                         <div class="Indent">
    750                         Adobe Portable Document Format. The PDF file type is viewed with the Adobe Reader, a free download from
    751                         <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html" title="external site opens in new tab or window"> http://www.adobe.com</a>.<Br/><Br/>
    752                         <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html" title="external site opens in new tab or window">
    753                         <img src="https://127.0.0.1/en/resources/images/getacro.gif" alt="Get Adobe Reader,external site opens in new tab or window"
    754                         title="Get Adobe Reader,external site opens in new tab or window" height="42" width="85" /></a>
    755                         </div>
    756                         <Br/>
    757                         PHAiRS
    758                         <div class="Indent">
    759                         Public Health Applications in Remote Sensing. <a class="blank-target" href="http://phairs.unm.edu/"
    760                         title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://phairs.unm.edu/</a> links to the project Web site.
    761                         PHAiRS is discussed further under the DREAM glossary entry.
    762                         </div>
    763                         <Br/>
    764                         Pixel
    765                         <div class="Indent">
    766                         1) The smallest unit of information in an image or raster map, usually square or rectangular. Pixel is often used synonymously with cell.
    767                         2) In remote sensing, the fundamental unit of data collection. A pixel is represented in a remotely sensed image as a cell in an array of data values.
    768                         3) The smallest element of a display device, such as a video monitor, that can be independently assigned attributes, such as color and intensity.
    769                         Pixel is an abbreviation for picture element. (ESRI)
    770                         </div>
    771                         <Br/>
    772                         PM
    773                         <div class="Indent">
    774                         Particulate Matter. (Text for PM, PM2.5, and PM10 is from the AIRNow Web site at http://airnow.gov.) Particle pollution, also known as particulate matter,
    775                         in the air includes a mixture of solids and liquid droplets. Some particles are emitted directly; others are formed in the atmosphere when other pollutants react.
    776                         Particles come in a wide range of sizes. Those less than 10 micrometers in diameter (PM10) are so small that they can get into the lungs, potentially causing
    777                         serious health problems. Ten micrometers is smaller than the width of a single human hair.
    778                         </div>
    779                         <Br/>
    780                         PM2.5, PM<sub>2.5</sub>
    781                         <div class="Indent">   
    782                         Fine particles are particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter. These particles are so small they can be detected only with an electron microscope.
    783                         Sources of fine particles include all types of combustion, including motor vehicles, power plants, residential wood burning, forest fires, agricultural burning,
    784                         and some industrial processes.
    785                         </div> 
    786                         <Br/>
    787                         PM10, PM<sub>10</sub>
    788                         <div class="Indent">
    789                         Coarse dust particles are particles between 2.5 and 10 micrometers in diameter. Sources of coarse particles include crushing or grinding operations and dust
    790                         stirred up by vehicles traveling on roads.
    791                         </div>
    792                         <Br/>
    793                         Point
    794                         <div class="Indent">
    795                         A geometric element defined by a pair of x,y coordinates. (ESRI) A point represents a feature's location but not its shape or how much area it covers.
    796                         Examples of points on a map are individual buildings, monitoring stations, and towers.
    797                         </div>
    798                         <Br/>
    799                         Polygon
    800                         <div class="Indent">
    801                         On a map, a closed shape defined by a connected sequence of x,y coordinate pairs, where the first and last coordinate pair are the same and all other
    802                         pairs are unique. (ESRI) Examples of polygons are rectangles, circles, ovals, the areas enclosed by the City Limits layer, the areas that represent
    803                         classes or types of vegetation in the Vegetation layer, etc.
    804                         </div>
    805                         <Br/>
    806                         Position
    807                         <div class="Indent">
    808                         The latitude, longitude, and altitude (x,y,z coordinates) of a point, often accompanied by an estimate of error. Position may refer to an object's
    809                         orientation (facing east, for example) without referring to its location. (ESRI)
    810                         </div> 
    811                         <Br/>
    812                         Precision
    813                         <div class="Indent">
    814                         1) The closeness of a repeated set of observations of the same quantity to one another. Precision is a measure of the control over random error.
    815                         For example, assessment of the quality of a surveyor's work is based in part on the precision of their measured values.
    816                         2) The number of significant digits used to store numbers, particularly coordinate values. Precision is important for
    817                         accurate feature representation, analysis, and mapping. (ESRI)
    818                         </div>
    819                         Prevalence
    820                         <div class="Indent">
    821                         The number of existing cases of disease at a point in time divided by the total population. An example is the number of existing cases of a
    822                         birth defect per 10,000 live births. (National EPHT)
    823                         </div>
    824                         <Br/>
    825                         Projection
    826                         <div class="Indent">
    827                         A method by which the curved surface of the Earth is portrayed on a flat surface. This generally requires a systematic mathematical
    828                         transformation of the Earth's graticule of lines of longitude and latitude onto a plane. Some projections can be visualized as a
    829                         transparent globe with a light bulb at its center (though not all projections emanate from the globe's center) casting lines of latitude
    830                         and longitude onto a sheet of paper. Generally, the paper is either flat and placed tangent to the globe (a planar or azimuthal projection)
    831                         or formed into a cone or cylinder and placed over the globe (cylindrical and conical projections). Every map projection distorts distance,
    832                         area, shape, direction, or some combination thereof. (ESRI) NM Tracking Application Projection: Geographic, WGS84 Spheroid, WGS84 Datum.
    833                         </div>
    834                         <Br/>
    835                         Property
    836                         <div class="Indent">
    837                         An attribute of an object defining one of its characteristics or an aspect of its behavior. (ESRI)
    838                         </div>
    839                         <Br/>
    840                         Proportion
    841                         <div class="Indent">
    842                         A type of ratio which is the number of events or cases that meet a set of criteria divided by the maximum number of events or cases that
    843                         could meet those criteria. In this case, the numerator is included in the denominator. Proportions are usually expressed as percentages.
    844                         An example is the number of low birth weight births among all term singleton births. (National EPHT)
    845                         </div>
    846 
    847                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    848                 <a name="Q"/>
    849                 <p class="Bold">Q</p>
    850                 <Br/>
    851                         Query
    852                         <div class="Indent">
    853                         A request to select features or records from a database. A query is often written as a statement or logical expression. (ESRI) In the NM EPHT
    854                         Interactive Data Query, the query statements or expressions are already programmed into the application and the user only selects options from a menu.
    855                         </div>
    856                        
    857                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    858                 <a name="R"/>
    859                 <p class="Bold">R</p>
    860                 <Br/>
    861                         Raster
    862                         <div class="Indent">
    863                         A spatial data model that defines space as an array of equally sized cells arranged in rows and columns, and composed of single or multiple bands.
    864                         Each cell contains an attribute value and location coordinates. Unlike a vector structure, which stores coordinates explicitly, raster coordinates are
    865                         contained in the ordering of the matrix. Groups of cells that share the same value represent the same type of geographic feature. (ESRI)
    866                         </div>
    867                         <Br/>
    868                         Ratio
    869                         <div class="Indent">
    870                         The number of events or cases that meet a set of criteria divided by the number of events or cases that meet a different set of criteria. Ratios are used
    871                         to compare the occurrence of a variable in two different groups. An example is the ratio of males to females among term singleton births. (National EPHT)
    872                         </div>
    873                         <Br/>
    874                         Record
    875                         <div class="Indent">
    876                         1) A set of related data fields, often a row in a database, containing all the attribute values for a single feature. For example, in an address database,
    877                         the fields that together provide the address for a specific individual comprise one record. In the SQL query language, a record is analogous to a tuple.
    878                         2) A row in a table. (ESRI) A Record is synonymous with a row in a database or table; it contains information from all of the columns, or fields, for the item in that line.
    879                         </div>
    880                         <Br/>
    881                         Relational Database
    882                         <div class="Indent">
    883                         A data structure in which collections of tables are logically associated with each other by shared fields. (ESRI)
    884                         </div>
    885                         <Br/>
    886                         Relief
    887                         <div class="Indent">
    888                         Elevations and depressions of the Earth's surface, including those of the ocean floor. Relief can be represented on maps by contours, shading, hypsometric tints,
    889                         digital terrain modeling, or spot elevations. (ESRI)
    890                         </div>
    891                         <Br/>
    892                         Resolution
    893                         <div class="Indent">
    894                         1) The detail with which a map depicts the location and shape of geographic features. The larger the map scale, the higher the possible resolution. As scale decreases,
    895                         resolution diminishes and feature boundaries must be smoothed, simplified, or not shown at all; for example, small areas may have to be represented as points.
    896                         2) The dimensions represented by each cell or pixel in a raster. 3) The smallest spacing between two display elements, expressed as dots per inch, pixels per line, or lines per millimeter. (ESRI)
    897                         </div>
    898                         <Br/>
    899                         Row
    900                         <div class="Indent">
    901                         1) A record in a table. 2) The horizontal dimension of a table composed of a set of columns containing one data item each. 3) A horizontal group of cells in a raster, or pixels in an image. (ESRI)
    902                         </div>
    903                        
    904                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    905                 <a name="S"/>
    906                 <p class="Bold">S</p>
    907                 <Br/>
    908                         Safe Drinking Water Act, SDWA
    909                         <div class="Indent">
    910                         U.S. EPA Safe Drinking Water Act. <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.epa.gov/safewater/sdwa.html" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.epa.gov/safewater/sdwa/</a>
    911                         </div>
    912                         <Br/>
    913                         Safe Drinking Water Information System, SDWIS
    914                         <div class="Indent">
    915                         U.S. EPA Safe Drinking Water Information System. <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.epa.gov/safewater/databases/sdwis/"
    916                         title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.epa.gov/safewater/databases/sdwis/</a>
    917                         </div>
    918                         <Br/>
    919                         Scale
    920                         <div class="Indent">
    921                         The ratio or relationship between a distance or area on a map and the corresponding distance or area on the ground, commonly expressed as a fraction or ratio.
    922                         A map scale of 1/100,000 or 1:100,000 means that one unit of measure on the map equals 100,000 of the same unit on the Earth. (ESRI)
    923                         </div>
    924                         <Br/>
    925                         Scale Dependence or Scale Range
    926                         <div class="Indent">
    927                         The scales at which a layer is visible on a map. Scale ranges are commonly used to prevent detailed layers from displaying at small scales (zoomed out) and to
    928                         prevent general layers from displaying at large scales (zoomed in). (ESRI)
    929                         </div>
    930                         <Br/>
    931                         SDWA, Safe Drinking Water Act
    932                         <div class="Indent">
    933                         U.S. EPA Safe Drinking Water Act. <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.epa.gov/safewater/sdwa.html" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.epa.gov/safewater/sdwa/</a>
    934                         </div>
    935                         <Br/>
    936                         SDWIS, Safe Drinking Water Information System
    937                         <div class="Indent">
    938                         U.S. EPA Safe Drinking Water Information System. <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.epa.gov/safewater/databases/sdwis/"
    939                         title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.epa.gov/safewater/databases/sdwis/</a>
    940                         </div>
    941                         <Br/>
    942                         Select Layers
    943                         <div class="Indent">
    944                         Also called <span class="Bold">Legend</span> or <span class="Bold">Table of Contents (TOC)</span>. Selecting layers allows exploration of one or more data layers in the map.
    945                         Click on the square box next to the data layer(s) of interest and then click Refresh Map to see a box on the right side of the map area.
    946                         </div>
    947                         <Br/>
    948                         Shaded Relief Image
    949                         <div class="Indent">
    950                         A raster image that shows changes in elevation using light and shadows on terrain from a given angle and altitude of the sun. (ESRI) The Interactive Data Query base map is a shaded relief image.
    951                         </div>
    952                         <Br/>
    953                         Shapefile
    954                         <div class="Indent">
    955                         A vector data storage format for storing the location, shape, and attributes of geographic features. A shapefile is stored in a set of related files and contains one feature class. (ESRI)
    956                         </div>
    957                         <Br/>
    958                         Site Disclaimer
    959                         <div class="Indent">
    960                         The Site Disclaimer section displays information about the NM EPHT policies for Web privacy, data and application use, and your responsibilities as a Web user at this site.
    961                         </div>
    962                         <Br/>
    963                         Slope
    964                         <div class="Indent">
    965                         The incline, or steepness, of a surface. Slope can be measured in degrees from horizontal (090), or percent slope (which is the rise divided by the run, multiplied by 100).
    966                         A slope of 45 degrees equals 100 percent slope. As slope angle approaches vertical (90 degrees), the percent slope approaches infinity. The slope of a TIN face is the steepest
    967                         downhill slope of a plane defined by the face. The slope for a cell in a raster is the steepest slope of a plane defined by the cell and its eight surrounding neighbors. (ESRI)
    968                         </div>
    969                         <Br/>
    970                         Spatial Data
    971                         <div class="Indent">
    972                         1) Information about the locations and shapes of geographic features and the relationships between them, usually stored as coordinates and topology. 2) Any data that can be mapped. (ESRI)
    973                         </div>
    974                         <Br/>
    975                         Spheroid
    976                         <div class="Indent">
    977                         When used to represent the Earth, a three-dimensional shape obtained by rotating an ellipse about its minor axis, with dimensions that either approximate the Earth as a whole,
    978                         or with a part that approximates the corresponding portion of the geoid. (ESRI) NM Tracking Application data sets are displayed with World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS84) Spheroid.
    979                         </div>
    980                         <Br/>
    981                         Surface
    982                         <div class="Indent">
    983                         A geographic phenomenon represented as a set of continuous data (such as elevation, geological boundaries, or air pollution); a spatial distribution which associates a single
    984                         value with each position in a plane, usually associated with continuous attributes. (ESRI)
    985                         </div>
    986                         <Br/>
    987                         Symbol
    988                         <div class="Indent">
    989                         A graphic used to represent a geographic feature or class of features. Symbols can look like what they represent (trees, railroads, houses), or they can be abstract
    990                         shapes or characters. Symbols are usually explained in a map legend. (ESRI)
    991                         </div>
    992 
    993                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    994                 <a name="T"/>
    995                 <p class="Bold">T</p>
    996                 <Br/>
    997                         Table
    998                         <div class="Indent">
    999                         A set of data elements arranged in rows and columns. Each row represents a single record. Each column represents a field of the record. Rows and columns
    1000                         intersect to form cells, which contain a specific value for one field in a record. A table stores attribute data. (ESRI)
    1001                         </div>
    1002                         <Br/>
    1003                         Table of Contents (also called Legend)
    1004                         <div class="Indent">
    1005                         The Table of Contents/Legend section lists the data layers that can be selected for mapping. Checking the square button to the left of the layer name
    1006                         and then clicking on Refresh Map results in a map of the selected layer(s).
    1007                         </div>
    1008                         <Br/>
    1009                         Tabular Data
    1010                         <div class="Indent">
    1011                         Descriptive information, usually alphanumeric, that is stored in rows and columns in a database and can be linked to spatial data. (ESRI)
    1012                         </div>
    1013                         <Br/>
    1014                         Temporal Data
    1015                         <div class="Indent">
    1016                         Data that specifically refer to times or dates. Temporal data may refer to discrete events, such as dust storms or lightning strikes; moving objects,
    1017                         such as trains; or repeated observations, such as counts from traffic sensors. (ESRI)
    1018                         </div>
    1019                         <Br/>
    1020                         Terrain
    1021                         <div class="Indent">
    1022                         An area of land having a particular characteristic, such as sandy terrain or mountainous terrain. (ESRI)
    1023                         </div>
    1024                         <Br/>
    1025                         Texture
    1026                         <div class="Indent">
    1027                         A digital representation of the surface of a feature. (ESRI)
    1028                         </div>
    1029                         <Br/>
    1030                         Thematic Data
    1031                         <div class="Indent">
    1032                         Features of one type that are generally placed together in a single layer. (ESRI)
    1033                         </div>
    1034                         <Br/>
    1035                         Thematic Map
    1036                         <div class="Indent">
    1037                         A map designed to convey information about a single topic or theme, such as population density or geology. (ESRI)
    1038                         </div>
    1039                         <Br/>
    1040                         TIGER
    1041                         <div class="Indent">
    1042                         Acronym for Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing. The nationwide digital database developed for the 1990 Census, succeeding
    1043                         the DIME format. TIGER files contain street address ranges, census tracts, and block boundaries. (ESRI)
    1044                         </div>
    1045                         <Br/>
    1046                         TIN
    1047                         <div class="Indent">
    1048                         Acronym for Triangulated Irregular Network. A vector data structure that partitions geographic space into contiguous, non-overlapping triangles.
    1049                         The vertices of each triangle are sample data points with x-, y-, and z-values. These sample points are connected by lines to form Delaunay triangles.
    1050                         TINs are used to store and display surface models. (ESRI)
    1051                         </div>
    1052                         <Br/>
    1053                         Tool
    1054                         <div class="Indent">
    1055                         A command that requires interaction with the user interface before an action is performed. For example, a zoom tool requires a user to use the mouse
    1056                         to click on or draw a box over a digital map before the tool will cause the map to be redrawn at a larger scale. (ESRI)
    1057                         </div>
    1058                         <Br/>
    1059                         Topographic Map
    1060                         <div class="Indent">
    1061                         A map that represents the vertical and horizontal positions of features, showing relief in some measurable form, such as contour lines, hypsometric tints, and relief shading. (ESRI)
    1062                         </div>
    1063                         <Br/>
    1064                         Topography
    1065                         <div class="Indent">
    1066                         The study and mapping of land surfaces, including relief (relative positions and elevations) and the position of natural and constructed features. (ESRI)
    1067                         </div>
    1068                         <Br/>
    1069                         Topology
    1070                         <div class="Indent">
    1071                         In geodatabases, the arrangement that constrains how point, line, and polygon features share geometry. For example, street centerlines and census blocks share geometry,
    1072                         and adjacent soil polygons share geometry. Topology defines and enforces data integrity rules (for example, there should be no gaps between polygons).
    1073                         It supports topological relationship queries and navigation (for example, navigating feature adjacency or connectivity), supports sophisticated editing tools,
    1074                         and allows feature construction from unstructured geometry (for example, constructing polygons from lines). (ESRI)
    1075                         </div>
    1076                        
    1077                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    1078                 <a name="UVW"/>
    1079                 <p class="Bold">UVW</p>
    1080                 <Br/>
    1081                
    1082                         ug, μg
    1083                         <div class="Indent">
    1084                         microgram(s); one one-millionth of a gram.
    1085                         </div>
    1086                         <Br/>
    1087                         UNM
    1088                         <div class="Indent">
    1089                         University of New Mexico
    1090                         </div>
    1091                         <Br/>
    1092                         U.S., U.S.A., US
    1093                         <div class="Indent">
    1094                         United States of America
    1095                         </div>
    1096                         <Br/>
    1097                         U.S. EPA
    1098                         <div class="Indent">
    1099                         United States Environmental Protection Agency. <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.epa.gov/" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.epa.gov/</a>
    1100                         </div>
    1101                         <Br/>
    1102                         User Guide
    1103                         <div class="Indent">
    1104                         The User Guide includes information on the NM Tracking Interactive Data Query/Application, how to use the mapping tools and buttons,
    1105                         information on the data sets, who to contact for more information, and a glossary of terms used in the application.
    1106                         </div>
    1107                         <Br/>
    1108                         USGS, U.S.G.S.
    1109                         <div class="Indent">
    1110                         United States Geological Survey. <a class="blank-target" href="http://www.usgs.gov/" title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.usgs.gov/</a>
    1111                         </div>
    1112                         <Br/>
    1113                         Vector
    1114                         <div class="Indent">
    1115                         A coordinate-based data model that represents geographic features as points, lines, and polygons. Each point feature is represented as a single coordinate pair,
    1116                         while line and polygon features are represented as ordered lists of vertices. Attributes are associated with each vector feature, as opposed to a raster data model,
    1117                         which associates attributes with grid cells. (ESRI)
    1118                         </div>
    1119                         <Br/>
    1120                         W3C
    1121                         <div class="Indent">
    1122                         World Wide Web Consortium.
    1123                         </div>
    1124                         <Br/>
    1125                         WGS84
    1126                         <div class="Indent">
    1127                         World Geodetic System of 1984; a widely-used geocentric datum and geographic coordinate system, designed by the U.S. Department of Defense to replace WGS72. (excerpt from ESRI)
    1128                         </div>
    1129                                                
    1130                 <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
    1131                 <a name="XYZ"/>
    1132                 <p class="Bold">XYZ</p>
    1133                 <Br/>
    1134                         x,y Coordinates
    1135                         <div class="Indent">
    1136                         A pair of values that represents the distance from an origin (0,0) along two axes, a horizontal axis (x), and a vertical axis (y). On a map, x,y coordinates are used to
    1137                         represent features at the location they are found on the Earth's spherical surface. (ESRI)
    1138                         </div>
    1139                         <Br/>
    1140                         x,y,z Coordinates
    1141                         <div class="Indent">
    1142                         In a planar coordinate system, three coordinates that locate a point by its distance from an origin (0,0,0) where three orthogonal axes cross. Usually, the x-coordinate
    1143                         is measured along the east-west axis, the y-coordinate is measured along the north-south axis, and the z-coordinate measures height or elevation. (ESRI)
    1144                         </div>
    1145                         <Br/>
    1146                         Zoom
    1147                         <div class="Indent">
    1148                         To display a larger or smaller region of an on-screen map or image. (ESRI)
    1149                         </div>
    1150                         <Br/>
    1151                         Zoom In
    1152                         <div class="Indent">
    1153                         In the NM Tracking Application, click on the map and keep the left mouse button depressed while you drag a box over the area to magnify or zoom to.
    1154                         Release the mouse button and the map will re-draw to display the area in the box; the center of the box you draw will be the center of the map view.
    1155                         Or, you can click on the map location that you want to be the center point as the view changes to a larger scale that covers less area.
    1156                         </div>
    1157                         <Br/>
    1158                         Zoom Out
    1159                         <div class="Indent">
    1160                         In the NM Tracking Application, click on the map location that you want to be the center point as the view changes to a smaller scale that covers more area.
    1161                         </div>
    1162                         <Br/>
    1163                
     30                <section>
     31                        <h2>Epidemiology and Public Health Terms</h2>
     32                        <p>The NM EPHT program applies principles of various aspects of population health: epidemiology and response; public and community health; health education and health promotion; and environmental public health.
     33                                This glossary includes terms and acronyms commonly used on this site, our publications, and communication products. </p>
     34                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     35                        <a name="A"/>
     36                        <p class="Bold">A</p>
     37                        <p>Acute myocardial infarction (AMI or MI) </p>
     38                        <div class="Indent">
     39                                <p>The medical name for a heart attack. A heart attack is a life-threatening condition that occurs when blood flow to the heart muscle is abruptly cut off, causing tissue damage. This is usually the result of a blockage in one or more of the coronary arteries.  </p>
     40                        </div>
     41                        <p> Allergies </p>
     42                        <div class="Indent">
     43                                <p>Also called seasonal allergies and  hay fever, the onset of symptoms resulting from on-going exposure to pollen that occurs when a person is allergic to pollen or other allergens such as animal dander and dust mites.
     44                                        Often people are allergic to multiple types of pollen such as juniper and ragweed.  </p>
     45                        </div>
     46                        <p>Arsenic </p>
     47                        <div class="Indent">
     48                                <p>A naturally occurring element in the earth's crust. It is widely distributed throughout rocks and soil.
     49                                        It can also be released into the environment from agricultural and industrial activities, such as copper and lead smelting, and wood treatments. </p>
     50                        </div>
     51                        <p>Air Quality </p>
     52                        <div class="Indent">
     53                                <p>The degree to which the ambient air is pollution-free, assessed by measuring several indicators of pollution.</p>
     54                        </div>
     55                        <p>Air Quality Index (AQI)</p>
     56                        <div class="Indent">
     57                                <p>The AQI is an index for reporting daily air quality. It tells you how clean or polluted your air is, and what associated health effects might be a concern for you.
     58                                        The AQI focuses on health affects you may experience within a few hours or days after breathing polluted air.
     59                                        EPA calculates the AQI for five major air pollutants regulated by the Clean Air Act: ground-level ozone, particle pollution (also known as particulate matter), carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide. </p>
     60                        </div>
     61                        <p>Assessment</p>
     62                        <div class="Indent">
     63                                <p>The evaluation or estimation of the nature, quality, or ability of someone or something.</p>
     64                        </div>
     65                        <p>Attack Rate </p>
     66                        <div class="Indent">
     67                                <p>The application or practice of epidemiology to control and prevent health problems. </p>
     68                        </div>
     69                        <p>Applied Epidemiology</p>
     70                        <div class="Indent">
     71                                <p>A form of incidence that measures the proportion of persons in a population who experience an acute health event during a limited period
     72                                        (e.g., during an outbreak), calculated as the number of new cases of a health problem during an outbreak divided by the size of the population at
     73                                        the beginning of the period, usually expressed as a percentage or per 1,000 or 100,000 population (see also incidence proportion).</p>
     74                        </div>
     75                        <p>Asthma</p>
     76                        <div class="Indent">
     77                                <p>A disease that affects the airways that carry air in and out of the lungs. </p>
     78                        </div>
     79                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     80                        <a name="B"/>
     81                        <p class="Bold">B</p>
     82                       
     83                        <p>Biomonitoring</p>
     84                        <div class="Indent">
     85                                <p>The assessment of exposure through direct measurement of environmental chemicals in human specimens, such as blood or urine.</p>
     86                        </div>
     87                        <p>Birth Defects </p>
     88                        <div class="Indent">
     89                                <p>Birth defects are conditions that happens to a baby while the baby is developing in the mother's body most occurring during the first three months of pregnancy.  </p>
     90                        </div>
     91                        <p>Birth Rate, Crude</p>
     92                        <div class="Indent">
     93                                <p>The number of live births during a specified period divided by the mid-period population, usually expressed per 1,000 population.</p>
     94                        </div>
     95                        <p>Blue-green Algae  </p>
     96                        <div class="Indent">
     97                                <p>Also called cyanobacteria and pond scum, microscopic organisms found naturally in all types of water, including fresh, brackish (combined salt and  fresh water), marine water, and slow-moving streams  when water is warm and stagnant.
     98                                        Ingestion can have potential health effects.  </p>
     99                        </div>
     100                        <p>BRACE Model </p>
     101                        <div class="Indent">
     102                                <p>Building Resilience Against Climate Effects (BRACE).
     103                                        The framework from CDC is a five-step process that allows health officials to develop strategies and programs to help communities prepare for the health effects of climate change. </p>
     104                        </div>
     105                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     106                        <a name="C"/>
     107                        <p class="Bold">C</p>
     108                       
     109                        <p>Cancer </p>
     110                        <div class="Indent">
     111                                <p>The name given to a collection of related diseases that start when some of the body's cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. </p>
     112                        </div>
     113                        <p>Cancer Concerns Work Group  </p>
     114                        <div class="Indent">
     115                                <p>The New Mexico Cancer Concerns Work Group responds to concerns from the public, health professionals, or other concerned people, about cancers among a specified group of people, such as in a community or a workplace.  </p>
     116                        </div>
     117                        <p>Carbon Monoxide (CO)   </p>
     118                        <div class="Indent">
     119                                <p>A highly toxic gas which you cannot see, smell, or taste it. Breathing high levels of carbon monoxide can cause sudden illness or death. </p>
     120                        </div>
     121                        <p>Case Definition</p>
     122                        <div class="Indent">
     123                                <p>A set of uniformly applied criteria for determining whether a person should be identified as having a particular disease, injury, or other health condition.
     124                                        In epidemiology, particularly for an outbreak investigation, a case definition specifies clinical criteria and details of time, place, and person.</p>
     125                        </div>
     126                        <p>Cause of Disease</p>
     127                        <div class="Indent">
     128                                <p>A factor (e.g., characteristic, behavior, or event) that directly influences the occurrence of a disease. Reducing such a factor among a population should reduce occurrence of the disease.</p>
     129                        </div>
     130                        <p>CDC </p>
     131                        <div class="Indent">
     132                                <p> Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</p>
     133                        </div>
     134                        <p>Census</p>
     135                        <div class="Indent">
     136                                <p>The enumeration of an entire population, usually including details on residence, age, sex, occupation, racial/ethnic group, marital status, birth history, and relationship to the head of household. </p>
     137                        </div>
     138                        <p>Census Block </p>
     139                        <div class="Indent">
     140                                <p> The smallest geographic entity for which the U.S. Census Bureau tabulates decennial census data.
     141                                        Many blocks correspond to city blocks bounded by streets, but blocks in rural areas may include
     142                                        several square miles and have some boundaries that are not streets. </p>
     143                        </div>
     144                        <p> Census Block Group</p>
     145                        <div class="Indent">
     146                                <p>  A unit of U.S. census geography that is a combination of census blocks. There are about
     147                                        700 residents per block group. A block group is a subdivision of a census tract. </p>
     148                        </div>
     149                        <p> Census Tract</p>
     150                        <div class="Indent">
     151                                <p> A census tract is a combination of census block groups small, statistical subdivision of a county that usually includes approximately 4,000 inhabitants, but which may
     152                                        include from 2,500 to 8,000 inhabitants. A census tract is designed to encompass a population with relatively uniform
     153                                        economic status, living conditions, and some demographic characteristics. Tract boundaries normally follow physical
     154                                        features, but may also follow administrative boundaries or other non-physical features. </p>
     155                        </div>
     156                        <p>Characterize </p>
     157                        <div class="Indent">
     158                                <p>Descriptive epidemiology of health events by time, place, and person. </p>
     159                        </div>
     160                        <p>CHES </p>
     161                        <div class="Indent">
     162                                <p> Certified Health Education Specialist. A designation signifying an individual has met required academic qualifications, passed a rigourous competency-based examination, and who satisfies the continuing education requirement to maintain the national credential.
     163                                        Competencies include program assessment, planning, evaluation, administration, communication, and advocacy.</p>
     164                        </div>
     165                        <p>Climate  </p>
     166                        <div class="Indent">
     167                                <p>The average weather in a place over many years. </p>
     168                        </div>
     169                        <p>Climate Adaptation  </p>
     170                        <div class="Indent">
     171                                <p>Ways individuals, communities, organizations and natural systems can adjust to sudden. Extreme, and gradual changes in the climate. It involves taking practical actions to manage risks from climate impacts, protect communities and strengthen the resilience of the economy. </p>
     172                        </div>
     173                        <p>Cluster </p>
     174                        <div class="Indent">
     175                                <p>An aggregation of cases of a disease, injury, or other health condition (particularly cancer and birth defects) in a circumscribed area during a particular period without regard to whether the number of cases is more than expected (often the expected number is not known).  </p>
     176                        </div>
     177                        <p> Cohort</p>
     178                        <div class="Indent">
     179                                <p>A well-defined group of persons who have had a common experience or exposure and are then followed up, as in a cohort study or prospective study, to determine the incidence of new diseases or health events. </p>
     180                        </div>
     181                        <p>Community Health</p>
     182                        <div class="Indent">
     183                                <p>Also called health education, it is the profession the entails planning, developing, implementing,  evaluating, and administering community health education programs.
     184                                        The profession entails work in health behavior, community health research, biostatistics, epidemiology, grant writing, health communication and professional development.
     185                                        This field integrates components of multiple theories and models to promote positive changes in attitudes and behaviors.</p>
     186                        </div>
     187                        <p>Community Water System  </p>
     188                        <div class="Indent">
     189                                <p>A type of public water system that supplies water for human consumption to at least 15 service connections and more than 25 people year-round. </p>
     190                        </div>
     191                        <p>Confidence interval </p>
     192                        <div class="Indent">
     193                                <p>A range of values for a measure (e.g., rate or odds ratio) constructed so that the range has a specified probability (often, but not necessarily, 95%) of including the true value of the measure. </p>
     194                        </div>
     195                        <p>Confounding </p>
     196                        <div class="Indent">
     197                                <p>The distortion of the association between an exposure and a health outcome by a third variable that is related to both. </p>
     198                        </div>
     199                        <p>Conductivity </p>
     200                        <div class="Indent">
     201                                <p>Also called specific conductance the ability of water to conduct an electrical current and can indicate the amount of minerals dissolved in the water. </p>
     202                        </div>
     203                        <p>COPD </p>
     204                        <div class="Indent">
     205                                <p> Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. A serious lung disease that makes it hard to breathe and gets worse over time.  </p>
     206                        </div>
     207                        <p>Crude </p>
     208                        <div class="Indent">
     209                                <p>When referring to a rate, an overall or summary rate for a population, without adjustment. </p>
     210                        </div>
     211                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     212                        <a name="D"/>
     213                        <p class="Bold">D</p>
     214                       
     215                        <p>Data (also, Data Set) </p>
     216                        <div class="Indent">
     217                                <p>Any collection of related facts arranged in a particular format. </p>
     218                        </div>
     219                        <p>Database </p>
     220                        <div class="Indent">
     221                                <p>One or more structured sets of persistent data, managed and stored as a unit and generally associated with software to update and query the data. A simple database
     222                                        might be a single file with many records, each of which references the same set of fields. A GIS database includes data about the spatial locations and shapes of
     223                                        geographic features recorded as points, lines, areas, pixels, or grid cells, as well as their attributes. </p>
     224                        </div>
     225                        <p>Data Query </p>
     226                        <div class="Indent">
     227                                <p>A resource from NM EPHT designed to give users the ability to define their custom query settings from a list of options and the website, NMTracking,org, produces the data according to the definitions the user selected. This includes a mapping function. Custom queries allow users to work directly with datasets </p>
     228                        </div>
     229                        <p>Data Search and Exploration </p>
     230                        <div class="Indent">
     231                                <p>A resource from NM EPHT, also called data query, designed to give users the ability to choose from a list of options on the website, NMTracking,org, produces the data according to the definitions the user selected. </p>
     232                        </div>
     233                        <p>Denominator </p>
     234                        <div class="Indent">
     235                                <p>The lower portion of a fraction; used in calculating a ratio, proportion, or rate. For a rate, the denominator is usually the midinterval population. </p>
     236                        </div>
     237                        <p>Descriptive epidemiology </p>
     238                        <div class="Indent">
     239                                <p>The aspect of epidemiology concerned with organizing and summarizing data regarding the persons affected (e.g., the characteristics of those who became ill), time (e.g., when they become ill), and place (e.g., where they might have been exposed to the cause of illness). </p>
     240                        </div>
     241                        <p>Determinants </p>
     242                        <div class="Indent">
     243                                <p>The causes and other factors that influence the occurrence of disease and other health-related events.
     244                                        Epidemiologists assume that illness does not occur randomly in a population but happens only when the right accumulation of risk factors or determinants exists in an individual. </p>
     245                        </div>
     246                        <p>Distribution in epidemiology </p>
     247                        <div class="Indent">
     248                                <p>The frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics and events in a population. In statistics, the frequency and pattern of the values or categories of a variable. </p>
     249                        </div>
     250                        <p>Dose-response </p>
     251                        <div class="Indent">
     252                                <p> Association between an exposure and health outcome that varies in a consistently increasing or decreasing fashion as the amount of exposure (dose) increases.</p>
     253                        </div>
     254                        <p>Drinking Water Quality </p>
     255                        <div class="Indent">
     256                                <p>The condition of the water, including chemical, physical, and biological characteristics, that makes it suitable for drinking and cooking.  </p>
     257                        </div>
     258                        <p> Drought </p>
     259                        <div class="Indent">
     260                                <p>An event when there is less rainfall than average over an extended time-period for a region often resulting in a shortage of water needed for:
     261                                        basic needs, drinking, and agriculture, and to sustain the current environment. It impacts wildlands such as forests and grasslands and aquifers (groundwater) and surface water sources. </p>
     262                        </div>
     263                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     264                        <a name="E"/>
     265                        <p class="Bold">E</p>
     266                       
     267                        <p>Effect </p>
     268                        <div class="Indent">
     269                                <p>The result of a cause. </p>
     270                        </div>
     271                        <p>Effectiveness </p>
     272                        <div class="Indent">
     273                                <p>The ability of an intervention or program to produce the intended or expected results in the field. </p>
     274                        </div>
     275                        <p>Efficacy </p>
     276                        <div class="Indent">
     277                                <p>The ability of an intervention or program to produce the intended or expected results under ideal conditions. </p>
     278                        </div>
     279                        <p>EHEB </p>
     280                        <div class="Indent">
     281                                <p>Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau, a bureau within the NM Department of Health and the New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) Grantee.
     282                                        <a class="blank-target"
     283                                                href="http://www.health.state.nm.us/eheb/">http://www.health.state.nm.us/eheb/</a>
     284                                </p>
     285                        </div>
     286                        <p>Environmental Factor </p>
     287                        <div class="Indent">
     288                                <p>An extrinsic factor (e.g., geology, climate, insects, sanitation, or health services) that affects an agent and the opportunity for exposure. </p>
     289                        </div>
     290                        <p>Environmental Health </p>
     291                        <div class="Indent">
     292                                <p>Also called Environmental Public Health, the branch of public health concerned with monitoring or mitigating those factors in the environment that affect human health and disease. </p>
     293                        </div>
     294                        <p>Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau</p>
     295                        <div class="Indent">
     296                                <p>Bureau within the NM Department of Health in the Epidemiology and Response Division and the New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) Grantee.
     297                                        <a class="blank-target"
     298                                                href="http://www.health.state.nm.us/eheb/">http://www.health.state.nm.us/eheb/</a>
     299                                </p>
     300                        </div>
     301                        <p>Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) </p>
     302                        <div class="Indent">
     303                                <p>The Environmental Public Health Tracking Network, operated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), brings together health data and environment data from national, state, and city sources and provides supporting information to make the data easier to understand.
     304                                        The Tracking Network has data and information on environments and hazards, health effects, and population health.</p>
     305                        </div>
     306                        <p>Epidemic </p>
     307                        <div class="Indent">
     308                                <p>The occurrence of more cases of disease, injury, or other health condition than expected in a given area or among a specific group of persons during a particular period.
     309                                        Usually, the cases are presumed to have a common cause or to be related to one another in some way. </p>
     310                        </div>
     311                        <p>Epidemic Curve </p>
     312                        <div class="Indent">
     313                                <p>A histogram that displays the course of an outbreak or epidemic by plotting the number of cases according to time of onset </p>
     314                        </div>
     315                        <p>Epidemiology </p>
     316                        <div class="Indent">
     317                                <p>The study (scientific, systematic, data-driven) of the distribution (frequency, pattern) and determinants (causes, risk factors) of health-related states and events (not just diseases)
     318                                        in specified populations (patient is community, individuals viewed collectively), and the application of (since epidemiology is a discipline within public health) this study to the control of health problems.  </p>
     319                        </div>
     320                        <p>Epidemiology and Response Division</p>
     321                        <div class="Indent">
     322                                <p>Division within the NM Department of Health that leads epidemiologic surviallnce, investigations, and responses. </p>
     323                        </div>
     324                        <p>Epidemiology, Field </p>
     325                        <div class="Indent">
     326                                <p>Applied epidemiology (i.e., the application or practice of epidemiology to control and prevent health problems),
     327                                        particularly when the epidemiologist(s) must travel to and work in the community in which the health problem is occurring or has occurred. </p>
     328                        </div>
     329                        <p>ERD</p>
     330                        <div class="Indent">
     331                                <p>Epidemiology and Response Division.</p>
     332                        </div>
     333                        <p>Evaluation, Program </p>
     334                        <div class="Indent">
     335                                <p>The profession that oversees the process of examining a program's effectiveness at meeting the program's objectives and performance measures.
     336                                        It involves collecting and analyzing information about a program's activities, characteristics, and outcomes.
     337                                        The purpose of evaluation is to inform program leaders so they may sustain or improve program effectiveness and/or make programming decisions. </p>
     338                        </div>
     339                        <p> Exposure</p>
     340                        <div class="Indent">
     341                                <p>Coming in contact with a cause of, or possessing a characteristic that is a determinant of, a particular health problem. </p>
     342                        </div>
     343                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     344                        <a name="F"/>
     345                        <p class="Bold">F</p>
     346                       
     347                        <p>Flood </p>
     348                        <div class="Indent">
     349                                <p> An overflow of water that submerges usually dry land. Floods are an area of study in the discipline of hydrology. They are the most common and widespread natural severe weather event. </p>
     350                        </div>
     351                        <p>Fluoride  </p>
     352                        <div class="Indent">
     353                                <p>Naturally occurring minerals known for preventing tooth cavities. A common way for people to get fluoride is through drinking water.
     354                                        It is often added to drinking water by community water systems when concentrations are very low. Private well owners need to test their water to know the concentrations. </p>
     355                        </div>
     356                        <p>Frequency </p>
     357                        <div class="Indent">
     358                                <p>The amount or number of occurrences of an attribute or health outcome among a population.
     359                                        Frequency refers not only to the number of health events such as the number of cases of meningitis or diabetes in a population, but also to the relationship of that number to the size of the population.
     360                                        The resulting rate allows epidemiologists to compare disease occurrence across different populations. </p>
     361                        </div>
     362                        <p>Frequency Distribution </p>
     363                        <div class="Indent">
     364                                <p>A complete summary of the frequencies of the values or categories of a variable often displayed in a
     365                                        two-column table with the individual values or categories in the left column and the number of observations in each category in the right column.
     366                                </p>
     367                        </div>
     368                        <p>Forecast </p>
     369                        <div class="Indent">
     370                                <p>A prediction or estimate of future events and trends. </p>
     371                        </div>
     372                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     373                        <a name="G"/>
     374                        <p class="Bold">G</p>
     375                       
     376                        <p>Generators </p>
     377                        <div class="Indent">
     378                                <p>Portable generators are internal combustion engines used to generate electricity. People use generators when electricity is not available, such as during power outages or when camping.
     379                                        Generators are also used for temporary or remote power during recovery efforts after a disaster. Preventing carbon monoxide exposure is a safety measure that must be taken when using generators. </p>
     380                        </div>
     381                        <p>Geocode </p>
     382                        <div class="Indent">
     383                                <p>A code that represents a geographic entity (location or object). It is a unique identifier of the entity, to distinguish it from others in a finite set of geographic entities.  </p>
     384                        </div>
     385                        <p>Geographic Information System, GIS</p>
     386                        <div class="Indent">
     387                                <p>An integrated collection of computer software and data used to view and manage information about geographic places, analyze spatial relationships, and model spatial processes.
     388                                        A GIS provides a framework for gathering and organizing spatial data and related information so it can be displayed and analyzed, odten in map form.</p>
     389                        </div>
     390                        <p>Graph</p>
     391                        <div class="Indent">
     392                                <p>A visual display of quantitative data arranged on a system of coordinates. </p>
     393                        </div>
     394                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     395                        <a name="H"/>
     396                        <p class="Bold">H</p>
     397                       
     398                        <p>Health</p>
     399                        <div class="Indent">
     400                                <p>A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or other infirmity</p>
     401                        </div>
     402                        <p>Health Communication</p>
     403                        <div class="Indent">
     404                                <p>The profession which includes verbal and written strategies to influence and empower individuals, populations, and communities to make healthier choices.
     405                                        Health communication often integrates components of multiple theories and models to promote positive changes in attitudes and behaviors. </p>
     406                        </div>
     407                        <p>Health Education</p>
     408                        <div class="Indent">
     409                                <p>The profession of educating people about health. It entails any combination of learning experiences
     410                                        designed to help individuals and communities improve their health, by increasing their knowledge or influencing their attitudes.
     411                                        Professionals in the health education discipline plan, develop, implement, evaluate and administer community health education programs.
     412                                        This field integrates components of multiple theories and models to promote positive changes in attitudes and behaviors.</p>
     413                        </div>
     414                        <p>Health Indicator</p>
     415                        <div class="Indent">
     416                                <p>Any of a variety of measures (e.g., mortality rate) that indicate the state of health of a given population.</p>
     417                        </div>
     418                        <p>Health Information System </p>
     419                        <div class="Indent">
     420                                <p>A combination of health statistics from different sources. Data from these systems are used to learn about health status, health care, provision and use of services, and the impact of services and programs on health.</p>
     421                        </div>
     422                        <p>Health Promotion</p>
     423                        <div class="Indent">
     424                                <p>The profession entailing the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health.
     425                                        It covers a wide range of social and environmental interventions that are designed to benefit and protect individual people's
     426                                        health and quality of life by addressing and preventing the root causes and not just focusing on treatment and cure.</p>
     427                        </div>
     428                        <p>Heart Attack </p>
     429                        <div class="Indent">
     430                                <p>Medically called acute myocardial infarction, a heart attack is a life-threatening condition that occurs when blood flow to the heart muscle is abruptly cut off, causing tissue damage. </p>
     431                        </div>
     432                        <p>Heat-related illness  </p>
     433                        <div class="Indent">
     434                                <p>Types of Illness that when temperatures and humidity are high. The main types of illness include heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps, and heat rash. </p>
     435                        </div>
     436                        <p>Heat stress  </p>
     437                        <div class="Indent">
     438                                <p>A heat-related illness which can have many symptoms. This includes adverse health conditions such as heat exhaustion which can lead to heat stroke. </p>
     439                        </div>
     440                        <p>Heat stroke  </p>
     441                        <div class="Indent">
     442                                <p>A heat-related illness that happens when the body loses its ability to sweat. </p>
     443                        </div>
     444                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     445                        <a name="I"/>
     446                        <p class="Bold">I</p>
     447                       
     448                        <p>IBIS </p>
     449                        <div class="Indent">
     450                                <p>Indiator Based Information System. Web-based platform used by NMTracking.org </p>
     451                        </div>
     452                        <p>Incidence</p>
     453                        <div class="Indent">
     454                                <p>A measure of the frequency with which new cases of illness, injury, or other health condition occurs among a population during a specified period.</p>
     455                        </div>
     456                        <p>Incidence Rate</p>
     457                        <div class="Indent">
     458                                <p>The number of new cases of disease over a period of time divided by the population at risk. An example is the number of new bladder cancer cases per 100,000 persons.</p>
     459                        </div>
     460                        <p>Incidence Proportion</p>
     461                        <div class="Indent">
     462                                <p>The fraction of persons with new cases of illness, injury, or other health condition during a specified period, calculated as the number of new cases divided by the size of the population at the start of the study period (see also attack rate).</p>
     463                        </div>
     464                        <p>Incidence Rate</p>
     465                        <div class="Indent">
     466                                <p>A measure of the frequency with which new cases of illness, injury, or other health condition occur, expressed explicitly per a time frame.
     467                                        Incidence rate is calculated as the number of new cases over a specified period divided either by the average population (usually mid-period) or by the cumulative person-time the population was at risk.</p>
     468                        </div>
     469                        <p>Indicator </p>
     470                        <div class="Indent">
     471                                <p>For Tracking, an indicator is one or more items, characteristics or other things that will be assessed and that provide information about a population's health status,
     472                                        their environment, and other factors with the goal allowing us to monitor trends, compare situations, and better understand the link between environment and health.
     473                                        It is assessed through direct and indirect measures (e.g., levels of a pollutant in the environment as a measure of possible exposure) that describe health or a
     474                                        factor associated with health (i.e., environmental hazard, age) in a specified population. A content area may have more than one indicator. </p>
     475                        </div>
     476                        <p>Indicator Report</p>
     477                        <div class="Indent">
     478                                <p>Indicator reports are designed to answer the question "How are we doing?" for a selected health outcome or environmental exposure.
     479                                        These provide a snapshot and are often a starting point for many who are beginning to get acquainted with the environmental health subject.
     480                                        You can access indicator reports by going to the Indicator Report Index under the "Data Portal" tab.</p>
     481                        </div>
     482                        <p>Infer </p>
     483                        <div class="Indent">
     484                                <p>Deduce or conclude (information) from evidence and reasoning.</p>
     485                        </div>
     486                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     487                        <a name="J"/>
     488                        <p class="Bold">J</p>
     489                        <p>Journal Article </p>
     490                        <div class="Indent">
     491                                <p>A journal is a publication, print or online, with a collection of articles.
     492                                        Journal articles are  peer-reviewed before publication and present recent research, findings, or perspectives in the form of that further our understanding about a topic </p>
     493                        </div>
     494                        <p>Juniper Tree Pollen</p>
     495                        <div class="Indent">
     496                                <p>Very fine particles from evergreen juniper trees(common in New Mexico) and distributed in the air during key pollination periods January-April. </p>
     497                        </div>
     498                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     499                        <a name="K"/>
     500                        <p class="Bold">K</p>
     501                       
     502                        <p>Kilometer, km </p>
     503                        <div class="Indent">
     504                                <p>One thousand meters. </p>
     505                        </div>
     506                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     507                        <a name="L"/>
     508                        <p class="Bold">L</p>
     509                       
     510                        <p>Latency Period </p>
     511                        <div class="Indent">
     512                                <p>The time from exposure to a causal agent to onset of symptoms of a (usually noninfectious) disease (see also incubation period). </p>
     513                        </div>
     514                        <p> Lead </p>
     515                        <div class="Indent">
     516                                <p>Environmental lead is a common toxic metal in our environment that can become a health hazard once it enters the body.   </p>
     517                        </div>
     518                        <p>Life Expectancy </p>
     519                        <div class="Indent">
     520                                <p>A statistical projection of the average number of years a person of a given age is expected to live, if current mortality rates continue to apply. </p>
     521                        </div>
     522                        <p>Logic Model  </p>
     523                        <div class="Indent">
     524                                <p>An approach used by health education and health promotion professionals that is a graphic depiction (road map) that presents the shared relationships among the resources, activities, outputs, outcomes, and impact for health programs.
     525                                        It depicts the relationship between program's activities and its intended effects. It is applied toward program planning and is useful in program evaluation for identifying performance measures and markers of success.  </p>
     526                        </div>
     527                        <p>Low-Birth Weight  </p>
     528                        <div class="Indent">
     529                                <p>When the first weight of the newborn obtained after birth. is less than 5.5 lbs (2500 grams) at birth. </p>
     530                        </div>
     531                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     532                        <a name="M"/>
     533                        <p class="Bold">M</p>
     534                       
     535                        <p>m, meter(s) </p>
     536                        <div class="Indent">
     537                                <p>Unit of length in the International System of Units, equal to 39.37 inches.</p>
     538                        </div>
     539                        <p>Map </p>
     540                        <div class="Indent">
     541                                <p>1) A graphic representation of the spatial relationships of entities within an area. 2) Any graphical representation of geographic or spatial information.
     542                                        3) The document used to display and work with geographic data. A map contains one or more layers of geographic data and various supporting map elements,
     543                                        such as a scale bar. </p>
     544                        </div>
     545                        <p>Map Area </p>
     546                        <div class="Indent">
     547                                <p>A shaded, choropleth. A visual display of the geographic pattern of a health problem, in which a marker is placed on a map to indicate where each affected person lives, works, or might have been exposed. </p>
     548                        </div>
     549                        <p>mcg, ug, μg </p>
     550                        <div class="Indent">
     551                                <p>microgram(s); one one-millionth of a gram. </p>
     552                        </div>
     553                        <p>Mean </p>
     554                        <div class="Indent">
     555                                <p>Commonly called the average; it is the most common measure of central tendency. </p>
     556                        </div>
     557                        <p>Measure </p>
     558                        <div class="Indent">
     559                                <p>On the Tracking Network, a measure is a summary characteristic or statistic, such as a sum, percentage, or rate. There may be several measures of a specific
     560                                        indicator which when considered in conjunction fully describe the indicator.
     561                                        In addition to numbers or percentages, a measure can be a ratio, proportion, or rate. </p>
     562                        </div>
     563                        <p>Measurement </p>
     564                        <div class="Indent">
     565                                <p>An observed numerical value that is an appraisal of size, extent, or amount according to a set of criteria. </p>
     566                        </div>
     567                        <p>Median </p>
     568                        <div class="Indent">
     569                                <p>The measure of central location that divides a set of data into two equal parts, above and below which lie an equal number of values. </p>
     570                        </div>
     571                        <p>Mercury </p>
     572                        <div class="Indent">
     573                                <p>A naturally occurring metal that exists in several forms. The types people are usually exposed to are methylmercury and elemental mercury.
     574                                        Elemental mercury at room temperature is a shiny, silver-white liquid, which can produce a harmful odorless vapor. Ethylmercury, an organic compound, can build up in the bodies of long-living, predatory fish.  </p>
     575                        </div>
     576                        <p>Metadata </p>
     577                        <div class="Indent">
     578                                <p>Information that describes the content, quality, condition, origin, and other characteristics of data or other pieces of information such as how, when, where, and by whom the data were collected; availability and distribution information; its projection,
     579                                        scale, resolution, and accuracy; and its reliability with regard to some standard. Metadata consists of properties and documentation. Properties are derived
     580                                        from the data source while documentation is entered by a person
     581                                        (for example, keywords
     582                                        used to describe the data). Metadata are data about NM EPHT-acquired data and datasets.
     583                                        Once obtained, NM EPHT datasets are critically examined to fully characterize and describe the data elements, including the content, quality, and geographic and temporal extent. Exploring metadata is a way to discover data and learn about the NM EPHT datasets, specifically. </p>
     584                        </div>
     585                        <p>Mode </p>
     586                        <div class="Indent">
     587                                <p>The most frequently occurring value in a set of observations. </p>
     588                        </div>
     589                        <p>Modeling</p>
     590                        <div class="Indent">
     591                                <p>A representation, often mathematical, of trends, incidents, or systems.</p>
     592                        </div>
     593                        <p>Morbidity </p>
     594                        <div class="Indent">
     595                                <p>Disease; any departure, subjective or objective, from a state of physiological or psychological health and well-being. </p>
     596                        </div>
     597                        <p>Mortality </p>
     598                        <div class="Indent">
     599                                <p>Death. </p>
     600                        </div>
     601                        <p>Mortality Rate  </p>
     602                        <div class="Indent">
     603                                <p>A measure of the frequency of occurrence of death among a defined population during a specified time interval. </p>
     604                        </div>
     605                        <p>Mortality Rate, Age Adjusted </p>
     606                        <div class="Indent">
     607                                <p>A mortality rate that has been statistically modified to eliminate the effect of different age distributions among different populations. </p>
     608                        </div>
     609                        <p>Mortality Rate, Age Specific.  </p>
     610                        <div class="Indent">
     611                                <p>A mortality rate limited to a particular age group, calculated as the number of deaths among the age group divided by the number of persons in that age group, usually expressed per 100,000. </p>
     612                        </div>
     613                        <p>Mortality rate, cause specific </p>
     614                        <div class="Indent">
     615                                <p>The mortality rate from a specified cause, calculated as the number of deaths attributed to a specific cause during a specified time interval among a population divided by the size of the midinterval population. </p>
     616                        </div>
     617                        <p>Mortality Rate, Crude </p>
     618                        <div class="Indent">
     619                                <p>A mortality rate from all causes of death for an entire population, without adjustment. </p>
     620                        </div>
     621                        <p>Mortality Rate, Infant.  </p>
     622                        <div class="Indent">
     623                                <p>The mortality rate for children aged less than 1 year, calculated as the number of deaths reported among this age group during a given period divided by the number of live births reported during the same period, and expressed per 1,000 live births. Infant mortality rate is a universally accepted indicator of the health of a nation's population and the adequacy of its health-care system.  </p>
     624                        </div>
     625                        <p>Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnic-Specific </p>
     626                        <div class="Indent">
     627                                <p>A mortality rate limited to a specified racial or ethnic group both numerator and denominator are limited to that group. </p>
     628                        </div>
     629                        <p>Mortality Rate, Sex Specific </p>
     630                        <div class="Indent">
     631                                <p>A mortality rate among either males or females. </p>
     632                        </div>
     633                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     634                        <a name="N"/>
     635                        <p class="Bold">N</p>
     636                       
     637                        <p>National Consistent Data Measure (NCDM) </p>
     638                        <div class="Indent">
     639                                <p>Data that is collected and analyzed in a way that is constituent between states which enables data comparison between states in the Environmental Public Health Tracking Network.  </p>
     640                        </div>
     641                        <p>New Mexico </p>
     642                        <div class="Indent">
     643                                <p>New Mexico is a state in the United States in the southwestern region of the country. New Mexico is the fifth-largest state and has a centralized health department which is operated by the State of New Mexico government. </p>
     644                        </div>
     645                        <p>New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH or NM DOH) </p>
     646                        <div class="Indent">
     647                                <p>The State of New Mexico's centralized health department. <a class="blank-target"
     648                                                href="https://www.nmhealth.org/"
     649                                                title="external site opens in new tab or window">https://www.nmhealth.org/</a>
     650                                </p>
     651                        </div>
     652                        <p>Nitrate  </p>
     653                        <div class="Indent">
     654                                <p>A compound that forms naturally when nitrogen combines with oxygen or ozone. </p>
     655                        </div>
     656                        <p>NM </p>
     657                        <div class="Indent">
     658                                <p>New Mexico. </p>
     659                        </div>
     660                        <p>NMDOH or NM DOH </p>
     661                        <div class="Indent">
     662                                <p> New Mexico Department of Health which is the state's centralized health department operated by the State of New Mexico government. <a class="blank-target"
     663                                                href="https://www.nmhealth.org/"
     664                                                title="external site opens in new tab or window">https://www.nmhealth.org/</a>
     665                                </p>
     666                        </div>
     667                        <p>NMDOH EHEB </p>
     668                        <div class="Indent">
     669                                <p>Environmental Health Epidemiology Bureau, a bureau within the NM Department of Health and the New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) Grantee.
     670                                        <a class="blank-target"
     671                                                href="http://www.health.state.nm.us/eheb/">http://www.health.state.nm.us/eheb/</a>
     672                                </p>
     673                        </div>
     674                        <p>NMED </p>
     675                        <div class="Indent">
     676                                <p>New Mexico Environment Department.  NM EPHT works closely with NMED. Common bureaus we work with include Air Quality Bureau (NMED AQB) and
     677                                        Drinking Water Bureau (NMED DWB). </p>
     678                        </div>
     679                        <p>Nominal Data </p>
     680                        <div class="Indent">
     681                                <p>Data divided into classes within which all elements are assumed to be equal to each other, and in which no class comes before another in sequence or importance;
     682                                        for example, a group of polygons colored to represent different soil types. </p>
     683                        </div>
     684                        <p>Normal Curve </p>
     685                        <div class="Indent">
     686                                <p>The bell-shaped curve that results when a normal distribution is graphed. </p>
     687                        </div>
     688                        <p>Normal Distribution </p>
     689                        <div class="Indent">
     690                                <p>A distribution represented as a bell shape, symmetrical on both sides of the peak, which is simultaneously the mean, median, and mode, and with both tails extending to infinity. </p>
     691                        </div>
     692                        <p>Notifiable Condition </p>
     693                        <div class="Indent">
     694                                <p>A condition or lab result that by law, must be reported to New Mexico Department of Health.  </p>
     695                        </div>
     696                        <p>Numerator </p>
     697                        <div class="Indent">
     698                                <p>The upper portion of a fraction. </p>
     699                        </div>
     700                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     701                        <a name="O"/>
     702                        <p class="Bold">O</p>
     703                       
     704                        <p>Odds Ratio  </p>
     705                        <div class="Indent">
     706                                <p>A measure of association used in comparative studies, particularly case-control studies, that quantifies the association between an exposure and a health outcome; also called the cross-product ratio. </p>
     707                        </div>
     708                        <p>Ordinal Data </p>
     709                        <div class="Indent">
     710                                <p>Ordinal data is a categorical, statistical data type where the variables have natural, ordered categories and the distances between the categories is not known. Data classified by comparative value; for example, a group of polygons colored lighter to darker to represent less to more densely populated areas. </p>
     711                        </div>
     712                        <p>Outbreak  </p>
     713                        <div class="Indent">
     714                                <p>The occurrence of more cases of disease, injury, or other health condition than expected in a given area or among a specific group of persons during a specific period. Usually, the cases are presumed to have a common cause or to be related to one another in some way. Sometimes distinguished from an epidemic as more localized. </p>
     715                        </div>
     716                        <p>Outcome(s) </p>
     717                        <div class="Indent">
     718                                <p>Any or all of the possible results that can stem from exposure to a causal factor or from preventive or therapeutic interventions; all identified changes in health status that result from the handling of a health problem. </p>
     719                        </div>
     720                        <p>Outlier  </p>
     721                        <div class="Indent">
     722                                <p>A value substantively or statistically different from all (or approximately all) of the other values in a distribution. </p>
     723                        </div>
     724                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     725                        <a name="P"/>
     726                        <p class="Bold">P</p>
     727                       
     728                        <p> Particulate Matter (PM)</p>
     729                        <div class="Indent">
     730                                <p>Particles suspended in breathing-level air. (Text for PM, PM2.5, and PM10 is from the AIRNow Web site at http://airnow.gov.) Particle pollution, also
     731                                        known as particulate matter, in the air includes a mixture of solids and liquid droplets. Some particles are emitted directly; others are formed in
     732                                        the atmosphere when other pollutants react. Particles come in a wide range of sizes. Those less than 10 micrometers in diameter (PM10) are so small
     733                                        that they can get into the lungs, potentially causing serious health problems. Ten micrometers is smaller than the width of a single human hair.
     734                                        Particle exposure can lead to a variety of health effects. </p>
     735                        </div>
     736                        <p>Pattern </p>
     737                        <div class="Indent">
     738                                <p>Refers to the occurrence of health-related events by time, place, and person. Time patterns may be annual, seasonal, weekly, daily, hourly, weekday versus weekend, or any other breakdown of time that may influence disease or injury occurrence. Place patterns include geographic variation, urban/rural differences, and location of work sites or schools. Personal characteristics include demographic factors which may be related to risk of illness, injury, or disability such as age, sex, marital status, and socioeconomic status, as well as behaviors and environmental exposures. </p>
     739                        </div>
     740                        <p>Pandemic </p>
     741                        <div class="Indent">
     742                                <p>An epidemic occurring over a widespread area (multiple countries or continents) and usually affecting a substantial proportion of the population. </p>
     743                        </div>
     744                        <p>Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS)  </p>
     745                        <div class="Indent">
     746                                <p>A group of man-made chemicals, including perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), with high thermal and chemical stability, long-distance transportation ability, and potential for accumulation in the food chain and human body. </p>
     747                        </div>
     748                        <p>Percentile  </p>
     749                        <div class="Indent">
     750                                <p>A set of cut points used to divide a distribution or a set of ranked data into 100 parts of equal area with each interval between the points containing 1/100 or 1% of the observations. For example, the 5th percentile is a cut point with 5% of the observations below it and the remaining 95% above it. </p>
     751                        </div>
     752                        <p>PFAS </p>
     753                        <div class="Indent">
     754                                <p>Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances </p>
     755                        </div>
     756                        <p>pH (Water)  </p>
     757                        <div class="Indent">
     758                                <p>The pH of water indicates if it is acidic, basic, or neutral on a scale of 0-14. A value below 7 is acidic and above 7 is basic. </p>
     759                        </div>
     760                        <p>PHAiRS </p>
     761                        <div class="Indent">
     762                                <p>Public Health Applications in Remote Sensing. <a class="blank-target"
     763                                                href="http://phairs.unm.edu/"
     764                                                title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://phairs.unm.edu/</a> links to the project Web site.  </p>
     765                        </div>
     766                        <p>     PM2.5 </p>
     767                        <div class="Indent">
     768                                <p>Fine particles are particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter. These particles are so small they can be detected only with an electron microscope.
     769                                        Sources of fine particles include all types of combustion, including motor vehicles, power plants, residential wood burning, forest fires, agricultural
     770                                        burning, and some industrial processes. </p>
     771                        </div>
     772                        <p>PM10 </p>
     773                        <div class="Indent">
     774                                <p>Coarse dust particles are particles between 2.5 and 10 micrometers in diameter. Sources of coarse particles include crushing or grinding operations
     775                                        and dust stirred up by vehicles traveling on roads. </p>
     776                        </div>
     777                        <p>Point </p>
     778                        <div class="Indent">
     779                                <p>A geometric element defined by a pair of x,y coordinates. (ESRI) A point represents a feature's location but not its shape or how much area it covers.
     780                                        Examples of points on a map are individual buildings, monitoring stations, and towers. </p>
     781                        </div>
     782                        <p>Poison  </p>
     783                        <div class="Indent">
     784                                <p>An agent that is capable of causing harm to a living organism. Almost any substance can act as a poison, if a sufficiently large dose is absorbed into the body.  </p>
     785                        </div>
     786                        <p>Poisonings  </p>
     787                        <div class="Indent">
     788                                <p>An important public health problem, it is when people are injured or die as a result of exposure to industrial and natural poisons. </p>
     789                        </div>
     790                        <p>Population  </p>
     791                        <div class="Indent">
     792                                <p>The total number of inhabitants of a geographic area or the total number of persons in a group (e.g., the number of persons engaged in a certain occupation). </p>
     793                        </div>
     794                        <p> Polygon</p>
     795                        <div class="Indent">
     796                                <p>On a map, a closed shape defined by a connected sequence of x,y coordinate pairs, where the first and last coordinate pair are the same and all other
     797                                        pairs are unique. (ESRI) Examples of polygons are rectangles, circles, ovals, the areas enclosed by the City Limits layer, the areas that represent
     798                                        classes or types of vegetation in the Vegetation layer, etc. </p>
     799                        </div>
     800                        <p>Premature (preterm) birth </p>
     801                        <div class="Indent">
     802                                <p>The annual percentage of live singleton births that occur at less than 37 completed weeks of gestation. </p>
     803                        </div>
     804                        <p>Prevalence  </p>
     805                        <div class="Indent">
     806                                <p>The number or proportion of cases or events or attributes among a given population. </p>
     807                        </div>
     808                        <p>Prevalence Rate  </p>
     809                        <div class="Indent">
     810                                <p>The proportion of a population that has a particular disease, injury, other health condition, or attribute at a specified point in time (point prevalence) or during a specified period (period prevalence). </p>
     811                        </div>
     812                        <p>Prevalence Period </p>
     813                        <div class="Indent">
     814                                <p> The amount of a disease, chronic condition, or type of injury present among a population at any time during a period. The number of existing cases of disease at a point in time divided by the total population. An example is the number of existing cases of a
     815                                        birth defect per 10,000 live births.</p>
     816                        </div>
     817                        <p>Prevalence Point  </p>
     818                        <div class="Indent">
     819                                <p>The amount of a disease, chronic condition, or type of injury present among a population at a single point in time. </p>
     820                        </div>
     821                        <p>Private Well  </p>
     822                        <div class="Indent">
     823                                <p>A way of accessing groundwater for households not on a community water system. It is often the only means of accessing drinking such as in areas where there is no access to a municipal water system. To create a private well, a hole is drilled into the ground down to the aquifer-a permeable layer of rock that contains water. A pump system is then used to carry that water up and into a home.  </p>
     824                        </div>
     825                        <p>Proportion </p>
     826                        <div class="Indent">
     827                                <p>A type of ratio which is the number of events or cases that meet a set of criteria divided by the maximum number of events or cases that
     828                                        could meet those criteria. In this case, the numerator is included in the denominator. Proportions are usually expressed as percentages.
     829                                        An example is the number of low birth weight births among all term singleton births. </p>
     830                        </div>
     831                        <p>Public Health   </p>
     832                        <div class="Indent">
     833                                <p>The science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities.  </p>
     834                        </div>
     835                        <p>P-Value  </p>
     836                        <div class="Indent">
     837                                <p>The probability of observing an association between two variables or a difference between two or more groups as large or larger than that observed, if the null hypothesis were true. Used in statistical testing to evaluate the plausibility of the null hypothesis (i.e., whether the observed association or difference plausibly might have occurred by chance). </p>
     838                        </div>
     839                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     840                        <a name="Q"/>
     841                        <p class="Bold">Q</p>
     842                       
     843                        <p>Query </p>
     844                        <div class="Indent">
     845                                <p>A request to select features or records from a database. In the NM EPHT Interactive Data Query, the query statements or expressions are programmed into the application. </p>
     846                        </div>
     847                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     848                        <a name="R"/>
     849                        <p class="Bold">R</p>
     850                       
     851                        <p>Radon </p>
     852                        <div class="Indent">
     853                                <p>A naturally occurring radioactive gas released from rock, soil and water. It can build up to dangerous levels inside any home.
     854                                        Since radon gas is odorless and invisible, the only way to know if your home has a radon problem is to test for it. </p>
     855                        </div>
     856                        <p>Ratio  </p>
     857                        <div class="Indent">
     858                                <p>The relative size of two quantities, calculated by dividing one quantity by the other. The number of events or cases that meet a set of criteria divided by the number of events or cases that meet a different set of criteria. Ratios are used to compare the occurrence of a variable in two different groups. An example is the ratio of males to females among term singleton births. </p>
     859                        </div>
     860                        <p>Record </p>
     861                        <div class="Indent">
     862                                <p> A record represents data related to a single case or a set of related data fields, often a row in a database, containing all the attribute values for a single feature.</p>
     863                        </div>
     864                        <p>Relative Risk  </p>
     865                        <div class="Indent">
     866                                <p>A general term for measures of association calculated from the data in a two-by-two table, including risk ratio, rate ratio, and odds ratio. </p>
     867                        </div>
     868                        <p>Resolution  </p>
     869                        <div class="Indent">
     870                                <p>The detail with which a map depicts the location and shape of geographic features.
     871                                        The larger the map scale, the higher the possible resolution. As scale decreases, resolution diminishes. For example, small areas in maps may have to be represented as points. </p>
     872                        </div>
     873                        <p>Response </p>
     874                        <div class="Indent">
     875                                <p>A step in the public health process, often part of the epidemiology component, that entails the public health and epidemiological actions during the first 24 hours of an acute situation, ranging from exposures, emergencies and disasters and the following long-term activities such as those done during epidemics and pandemics. </p>
     876                        </div>
     877                        <p>Risk  </p>
     878                        <div class="Indent">
     879                                <p>The probability that an event will occur (e.g., that a person will be affected by, or die from, an illness, injury, or other health condition within a specified time or age span). </p>
     880                        </div>
     881                        <p>Risk Factor  </p>
     882                        <div class="Indent">
     883                                <p>An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, an environmental exposure, or a hereditary characteristic that is associated with an increase in the occurrence of a disease, injury, or other health condition. </p>
     884                        </div>
     885                        <p>Risk Ratio  </p>
     886                        <div class="Indent">
     887                                <p>A measure of association that quantifies the association between an exposure and a health outcome from an epidemiologic study, calculated as the ratio of incidence proportions of two groups. </p>
     888                        </div>
     889                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     890                        <a name="S"/>
     891                        <p class="Bold">S</p>
     892                       
     893                        <p>Safe Drinking Water Act, SDWA </p>
     894                        <div class="Indent">
     895                                <p>U.S. EPA Safe Drinking Water Act. <a class="blank-target"
     896                                                href="http://www.epa.gov/safewater/sdwa.html"
     897                                                title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.epa.gov/safewater/sdwa/</a>
     898                                </p>
     899                        </div>
     900                        <p>Safe Drinking Water Information System, SDWIS </p>
     901                        <div class="Indent">
     902                                <p>U.S. EPA Safe Drinking Water Information System. <a class="blank-target"
     903                                                href="http://www.epa.gov/safewater/databases/sdwis/"
     904                                                title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.epa.gov/safewater/databases/sdwis/</a>
     905                                </p>
     906                        </div>
     907                        <p>Sample  </p>
     908                        <div class="Indent">
     909                                <p>A selected subset of a population a sample can be random or nonrandom and representative or nonrepresentative.  </p>
     910                        </div>
     911                        <p>Sample, Random  </p>
     912                        <div class="Indent">
     913                                <p>A sample of persons chosen in such a way that each one has the same (and known) probability of being selected.  </p>
     914                        </div>
     915                        <p>Sample, Representative  </p>
     916                        <div class="Indent">
     917                                <p>A sample whose characteristics correspond to those of the original or reference population.  </p>
     918                        </div>
     919                        <p>Scale, Interval  </p>
     920                        <div class="Indent">
     921                                <p>A measurement scale consisting of quantitative categories whose values are measured on a scale of equally spaced units, but without a true zero point (e.g., date of birth). </p>
     922                        </div>
     923                        <p>Scale, Nominal  </p>
     924                        <div class="Indent">
     925                                <p>A measurement scale consisting of qualitative categories whose values have no inherent statistical order or rank (e.g., categories of race/ethnicity, religion, or country of birth). </p>
     926                        </div>
     927                        <p>Scale, Ordinal  </p>
     928                        <div class="Indent">
     929                                <p>A measurement scale consisting of qualitative categories whose values have a distinct order but no numerical distance between their possible values (e.g., stage of cancer, I, II, III, or IV). </p>
     930                        </div>
     931                        <p>Scale, Ratio  </p>
     932                        <div class="Indent">
     933                                <p>A measurement scale consisting of quantitative categories whose values are intervals with a true zero point (e.g., height in centimeters or duration of illness). </p>
     934                        </div>
     935                        <p>Seasonality  </p>
     936                        <div class="Indent">
     937                                <p>Change in physiologic status or in the occurrence of a disease, chronic condition, or type of injury that conforms to a regular seasonal pattern. </p>
     938                        </div>
     939                        <p>Shapefile </p>
     940                        <div class="Indent">
     941                                <p>A vector data storage format for storing the location, shape, and attributes of geographic features. A shapefile is stored in a set of related files and contains one feature class. </p>
     942                        </div>
     943                        <p>Skewed </p>
     944                        <div class="Indent">
     945                                <p>A distribution that is not symmetrical. </p>
     946                        </div>
     947                        <p>Smoke </p>
     948                        <div class="Indent">
     949                                <p>Smoke is a complex mixture of carbon dioxide, water vapor, carbon monoxide, particulate matter, hydrocarbons and other organic chemicals, nitrogen oxides, and metals.
     950                                        This mixture can irritate and even injure the mouth, nose, throat, and lung tissue. </p>
     951                        </div>
     952                        <p>Spatial Data </p>
     953                        <div class="Indent">
     954                                <p>1) Information about the locations and shapes of geographic features and the relationships between them, usually stored as coordinates and topology. 2) Any data that can be mapped.
     955                                        Scale </p>
     956                        </div>
     957                        <p>Specificity  </p>
     958                        <div class="Indent">
     959                                <p>The ability or a test, case definition, or surveillance system to exclude persons without the health condition of interest; the proportion of persons without a health condition that are correctly identified as such by a screening test, case definition, or surveillance system. </p>
     960                        </div>
     961                        <p>Sporadic  </p>
     962                        <div class="Indent">
     963                                <p>An event that occurs infrequently and irregularly. </p>
     964                        </div>
     965                        <p>Standard Deviation  </p>
     966                        <div class="Indent">
     967                                <p>A statistical summary of how dispersed the values of a variable are around its mean, calculated as the square root of the variance. </p>
     968                        </div>
     969                        <p>Static Data and Maps </p>
     970                        <div class="Indent">
     971                                <p>Resources from NM EPHT that provide data visualization for selected health outcome or environmental exposure in the forms of maps, charts, graphs, infographics, and table formats.  </p>
     972                        </div>
     973                        <p>Statistical Inference  </p>
     974                        <div class="Indent">
     975                                <p>Generalizations developed from sample data, usually with calculated degrees of uncertainty. </p>
     976                        </div>
     977                        <p>Statistical Significance  </p>
     978                        <div class="Indent">
     979                                <p>The measure of how likely it is that a set of study results could have occurred by chance alone.
     980                                        Statistical significance is based on an estimate of the probability of the observed or a greater degree of association between independent and dependent variables occurring under the null hypothesis (see also P value). </p>
     981                        </div>
     982                        <p>Study</p>
     983                        <div class="Indent">
     984                                <p/>
     985                                <p>
     986                                        <ul class="Indent">
     987                                                <li>Cohort: An observational analytic study in which enrollment is based on status of exposure to a certain factor or membership in a certain group.
     988                                                        Populations are followed, and disease, death, or other health-related outcomes are documented and compared. Cohort studies can be either prospective or retrospective. </li>
     989                                                <li>Cross-Sectional: A study in which a sample of persons from a population are enrolled and their exposures and health outcomes are measured simultaneously; a survey.  </li>
     990                                                <li>Experimental: A study in which the investigator specifies the type of exposure for each person (clinical trial) or community (community trial) then follows the persons' or communities' health status to determine the effects of the exposure.   </li>
     991                                                <li>Observational: A study in which the investigator observes rather than influences exposure and disease among participants. Case-control and cohort studies are observational studies (see also study, experimental).  </li>
     992                                        </ul>
     993                                </p>
     994                        </div>
     995                        <p>Surface </p>
     996                        <div class="Indent">
     997                                <p>A geographic phenomenon represented as a set of continuous data (such as elevation, geological boundaries, or air pollution); a spatial distribution which associates a single
     998                                        value with each position in a plane, usually associated with continuous attributes. </p>
     999                        </div>
     1000                        <p>Surveillance </p>
     1001                        <div class="Indent">
     1002                                <p>Public health surveillance is the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data essential to planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice.</p>
     1003                                <p>
     1004                                        <ul class="Indent">
     1005                                                <li>Active: Public health surveillance in which the health agency solicits reports.  </li>
     1006                                                <li>Medical: Monitoring of a person who might have been exposed to an infectious, chemical, radiologic, or other potentially causal agent, for the purpose of detecting early symptoms.  </li>
     1007                                                <li>Passive: Public health surveillance in which data are sent to the health agency without prompting.  </li>
     1008                                                <li>Syndromic: 1) The monitoring of the frequency of illnesses with a specified set of clinical features among a given population without regard to the specific diagnoses, if any, that are assigned to them by clinicians.
     1009                                                        (2) A system for early detection of outbreaks whereby health department staff, assisted by automated acquisition of data routinely collected for other purposes
     1010                                                        and computer generation of statistical signals, monitor disease indicators, particularly those associated with possible terrorism-related biologic and chemical agents, continually or at least daily to detect outbreaks earlier than would otherwise be possible with traditional public health methods.   </li>
     1011                                        </ul>
     1012                                </p>
     1013                        </div>
     1014                        <p>Survey </p>
     1015                        <div class="Indent">
     1016                                <p>A systematic canvassing of persons to collect information, often from a representative sample of the population. </p>
     1017                        </div>
     1018                        <p>Survival Curve  </p>
     1019                        <div class="Indent">
     1020                                <p>A line graph that begins with 100% of the study population and displays the percentage of the population still surviving at successive points in time.
     1021                                        A survival curve can also be used to depict freedom from a health problem, complication, or another endpoint. </p>
     1022                        </div>
     1023                        <p>Symmetrical  </p>
     1024                        <div class="Indent">
     1025                                <p>A type of distribution where the shapes to the right and left of the central location are the same. Normal, bell-shaped distributions are symmetrical; the mean, median, and mode are the same. </p>
     1026                        </div>
     1027                        <p>Symptom </p>
     1028                        <div class="Indent">
     1029                                <p>Any indication of disease noticed or felt by a patient. </p>
     1030                        </div>
     1031                        <p>Syndrome  </p>
     1032                        <div class="Indent">
     1033                                <p>A combination of symptoms characteristic of a disease or health condition; sometimes refers to a health condition without a clear cause (e.g., chronic fatigue syndrome). </p>
     1034                        </div>
     1035                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     1036                        <a name="T"/>
     1037                        <p class="Bold">T</p>
     1038                       
     1039                        <p>Table </p>
     1040                        <div class="Indent">
     1041                                <p>A set of data elements arranged in rows and columns. Each row represents a single record. Each column represents a field of the record. Rows and columns
     1042                                        intersect to form cells, which contain a specific value for one field in a record. </p>
     1043                        </div>
     1044                        <p>Tabular Data </p>
     1045                        <div class="Indent">
     1046                                <p>Descriptive information, usually alphanumeric, that is stored in rows and columns in a database and can be linked to spatial data. </p>
     1047                        </div>
     1048                        <p>Temporal Data </p>
     1049                        <div class="Indent">
     1050                                <p>Data that specifically refer to times or dates. Temporal data may refer to discrete events, such as dust storms or lightning strikes; moving objects,
     1051                                        such as trains; or repeated observations, such as counts from traffic sensors. </p>
     1052                        </div>
     1053                        <p>Terrain </p>
     1054                        <div class="Indent">
     1055                                <p>An area of land having a particular characteristic, such as sandy terrain or mountainous terrain. </p>
     1056                        </div>
     1057                        <p>Thematic Map </p>
     1058                        <div class="Indent">
     1059                                <p>A map designed to convey information about a single topic or theme, such as population density or geology. </p>
     1060                        </div>
     1061                        <p>Topography </p>
     1062                        <div class="Indent">
     1063                                <p>The study and mapping of land surfaces, including relief (relative positions and elevations) and the position of natural and constructed features. </p>
     1064                        </div>
     1065                        <p>Topology </p>
     1066                        <div class="Indent">
     1067                                <p>In geodatabases, the arrangement that constrains how point, line, and polygon features share geometry.  </p>
     1068                        </div>
     1069                        <p>Transmission </p>
     1070                        <div class="Indent">
     1071                                <p>Transfer of an agent.</p>
     1072                                <p>
     1073                                        <ul class="Indent">
     1074                                                <li>Airborne: Transfer of an agent suspended in the air, considered a type of indirect transmission.</li>
     1075                                                <li>Biologic: Indirect transmission by a vector in which the infectious agent undergoes biologic changes inside the vector as part of its life cycle before it is transmitted to the host.  </li>
     1076                                                <li>Direct: Immediate transfer of an agent from a reservoir to a host by direct contact or droplet spread.</li>
     1077                                                <li>Indirect: Transfer of an agent from a reservoir to a host either by being suspended in air particles (airborne), carried by an inanimate objects (vehicleborne), or carried by an animate intermediary (vectorborne). </li>
     1078                                                <li>Vector Borne: Transmission of an agent by a living intermediary (e.g., tick, mosquito, or flea); considered a type of indirect transmission. </li>
     1079                                                <li>Vehicle Borne: transmission of an agent by an inanimate object; considered a type of indirect transmission; includes foodborne and waterborne transmission. </li>
     1080                                        </ul>
     1081                                </p>
     1082                        </div>
     1083                        <p>Trend  </p>
     1084                        <div class="Indent">
     1085                                <p>Movement or change in frequency over time, usually upwards or downwards. </p>
     1086                        </div>
     1087                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     1088                        <a name="U"/>
     1089                        <p class="Bold">U</p>
     1090                       
     1091                        <p>ug, μg </p>
     1092                        <div class="Indent">
     1093                                <p>     microgram(s); one one-millionth of a gram. </p>
     1094                        </div>
     1095                        <p>UNM </p>
     1096                        <div class="Indent">
     1097                                <p>     University of New Mexico </p>
     1098                        </div>
     1099                        <p>Uranium </p>
     1100                        <div class="Indent">
     1101                                <p>A weakly radioactive heavy metal that occurs naturally. Rocks, soil, surface and ground water, air, plants, and animals (including humans) all contain varying amounts of uranium. </p>
     1102                        </div>
     1103                        <p>USGS, U.S.G.S </p>
     1104                        <div class="Indent">
     1105                                <p>United States Geological Survey. <a class="blank-target"
     1106                                                href="http://www.usgs.gov/"
     1107                                                title="external site opens in new tab or window">http://www.usgs.gov/</a>
     1108                                </p>
     1109                        </div>
     1110                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     1111                        <a name="V"/>
     1112                        <p class="Bold">V</p>
     1113                       
     1114                        <p>Variable </p>
     1115                        <div class="Indent">
     1116                                <p>1) The degree to which a measurement, questionnaire, test, or study or any other data-collection tool measures what it is intended to measure. 2) Any characteristic or attribute that can be measured and can have different values.  </p>
     1117                        </div>
     1118                        <p>Variance  </p>
     1119                        <div class="Indent">
     1120                                <p>A measure of the spread in a set of observations, calculated as the sum of the squares of deviations from the mean, divided by the number of observations minus 1.  </p>
     1121                        </div>
     1122                        <p>Vector </p>
     1123                        <div class="Indent">
     1124                                <p>A living intermediary that carries an agent from a reservoir to a susceptible host (e.g., mosquitoes, fleas, or ticks). </p>
     1125                        </div>
     1126                        <p>Vector (mapping and design) </p>
     1127                        <div class="Indent">
     1128                                <p>A coordinate-based data model that represents geographic features as points, lines, and polygons. Each point feature is represented as a single coordinate pair,
     1129                                        while line and polygon features are represented as ordered lists of vertices. Attributes are associated with each vector feature, as opposed to a raster data model,
     1130                                        which associates attributes with grid cells. </p>
     1131                        </div>
     1132                        <p>Vital Statistics </p>
     1133                        <div class="Indent">
     1134                                <p>Systematically tabulated data about recorded births, marriages, divorces, and deaths. </p>
     1135                        </div>
     1136                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     1137                        <a name="W"/>
     1138                        <p class="Bold">W</p>
     1139                       
     1140                        <p>Water </p>
     1141                        <div class="Indent">
     1142                                <p>An inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth's hydrosphere and the fluids of all known living organisms. Water is indeed essential for all life on Earth. </p>
     1143                        </div>
     1144                        <p>Water Quality </p>
     1145                        <div class="Indent">
     1146                                <p>Water quality describes the condition of the water, including chemical, physical, and biological characteristics, often referring to the suitability for human consumption such as for drinking and cooking, but it can also refer to the suitability for other purposes such as bathing, cleaning, and swimming.  </p>
     1147                        </div>
     1148                        <p>Weather </p>
     1149                        <div class="Indent">
     1150                                <p>The mix of events that happens each day in our atmosphere such as temperature, cloudiness, humidity, and storms. </p>
     1151                        </div>
     1152                        <p>Wildland Fire  </p>
     1153                        <div class="Indent">
     1154                                <p>Any nonstructure fire, other than prescribed fire, that occurs in the wildland. </p>
     1155                        </div>
     1156                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     1157                        <a name="X"/>
     1158                        <p class="Bold">X</p>
     1159                       
     1160                        <p>X-Axis  </p>
     1161                        <div class="Indent">
     1162                                <p>The horizontal axis of a rectangular graph, usually displaying the independent variable (e.g., time). </p>
     1163                        </div>
     1164                        <p>X,Y Coordinates </p>
     1165                        <div class="Indent">
     1166                                <p>A pair of values that represents the distance from an origin (0,0) along two axes, a horizontal axis (x), and a vertical axis (y). On a map, x,y coordinates are used to
     1167                                        represent features at the location they are found on the Earth's spherical surface. </p>
     1168                        </div>
     1169                        <p>X,Y,Z Coordinates </p>
     1170                        <div class="Indent">
     1171                                <p>In a planar coordinate system, three coordinates that locate a point by its distance from an origin (0,0,0) where three orthogonal axes cross. Usually, the x-coordinate
     1172                                        is measured along the east-west axis, the y-coordinate is measured along the north-south axis, and the z-coordinate measures height or elevation. </p>
     1173                        </div>
     1174                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     1175                        <a name="Y"/>
     1176                        <p class="Bold">Y</p>
     1177                       
     1178                        <p>Y-Axis  </p>
     1179                        <div class="Indent">
     1180                                <p>The vertical axis of a rectangular graph, usually displaying the dependent variable (e.g., frequency - number, proportion, or rate). </p>
     1181                        </div>
     1182                        <p>Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL)  </p>
     1183                        <div class="Indent">
     1184                                <p>A measure of the impact of premature death on a population, calculated as the sum of the differences between a predetermined minimally acceptable age
     1185                                        (e.g., 65 years or current life expectancy) and the age at death for everyone who died earlier than that age. </p>
     1186                        </div>
     1187                        <ibis:include href="GlossaryIndex.xml"/>
     1188                        <a name="Z"/>
     1189                        <p class="Bold">Z</p>
     1190                       
     1191                        <p>Zia Sun Symbol </p>
     1192                        <div class="Indent">
     1193                                <p>A symbol from the Zia Pueblo in New Mexico used in the center of New Mexico state flag.
     1194                                        The Zia Pueblo symbol represents the four winds, the four seasons, the four directions, and the four sacred obligations.
     1195                                        Use of the symbol should be done respectively and appropriately.
     1196                                        <a class="blank-target"
     1197                                                href="https://www.ziapueblo.org/"
     1198                                                title="external site opens in new tab or window">https://www.ziapueblo.org/</a>
     1199                                </p>
     1200                        </div>
     1201                        <p>Zoonosis  </p>
     1202                        <div class="Indent">
     1203                                <p>An infectious disease that is transmissible from animals to humans. </p>
     1204                        </div>
     1205                        <nav id="moreInformation"
     1206                                title="Links for more information">
     1207                                <div id="downloadsResources">
     1208                                        <h3>Downloads and Resources</h3>
     1209                                        <div class="Columns">
     1210                                                <div class="Selections">
     1211                                                        <li>
     1212                                                                <a href="https://nmtracking.org/health/breathing/Asthma.html"> ASTDR Glossary </a>
     1213                                                        </li>
     1214                                                       
     1215                                                        <li>
     1216                                                                <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/biomonitoring/glossary.html"> CDC Biomonitoring Glossary </a>
     1217                                                        </li>
     1218                                                       
     1219                                                        <li>
     1220                                                                <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html"> CDC Epidemiology Glossary </a>
     1221                                                        </li>
     1222                                                       
     1223                                                        <li>
     1224                                                                <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/eval/guide/glossary/"> CDC Evaluation Glossary </a>
     1225                                                        </li>
     1226                                                       
     1227                                                        <li>
     1228                                                                <a href="https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/csem/pediatric-environmental-health/glossary.html"> CDC Pediatric Environmental Health Glossary </a>
     1229                                                        </li>
     1230                                                       
     1231                                                        <li>
     1232                                                                <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/radiation/emergencies/glossary.htm"> CDC Radiation Dictionary </a>
     1233                                                        </li>
     1234                                                       
     1235                                                        <li>
     1236                                                                <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/eval/guide/glossary/"> CDC Waterborne Disease Glossary </a>
     1237                                                        </li>
     1238                                                       
     1239                                                        <li>
     1240                                                                <a href="https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms/"> NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms</a>
     1241                                                        </li>
     1242                                                       
     1243                                                        <li>
     1244                                                                <a href="http://support.esri.com/index.cfm?fa=knowledgebase.gisDictionary.gateway"> ESRI GIS Dictionary</a>
     1245                                                        </li>
     1246                                                       
     1247                                                </div>
     1248                                                <img ibis:src="view/image/topic/downloads_resources.png"/>
     1249                                        </div>
     1250                                </div>
     1251                                <div id="moreData"
     1252                                        class="Columns">
     1253                                        <div id="relatedData">
     1254                                                <img ibis:src="view/image/topic/related_data.png"/>
     1255                                                <h3>Reports and Data</h3>
     1256                                                <div class="Selections Scroll">
     1257                                                        <ul>
     1258                                                                <li>
     1259                                                                        <a ibis:href="https://nmtracking.org/dataportal/Introduction.html "
     1260                                                                                title="Data Query"/>
     1261                                                                </li>
     1262                                                        </ul>
     1263                                                </div>
     1264                                                <button>Show All</button>
     1265                                        </div>
     1266                                        <div id="relatedTopics">
     1267                                                <img ibis:src="view/image/topic/related_topics.png"/>
     1268                                                <h3>Related Topics</h3>
     1269                                                <div class="Selections">
     1270                                                        <ul>
     1271                                                                <li>
     1272                                                                        <a ibis:href="https://nmtracking.org/about/AboutEPHT.html"
     1273                                                                                title="NM EPHT">NM EPHT</a>
     1274                                                                </li>
     1275                                                                <li>
     1276                                                                        <a ibis:href="https://nmtracking.org/about/Introduction.html"
     1277                                                                                title="NM EPHT Story">NM EPHT Story</a>
     1278                                                                </li>
     1279                                                                <li>
     1280                                                                        <a ibis:href="https://nmtracking.org/about/ContactInformation.html"
     1281                                                                                title="Contact Us">Contact Us</a>
     1282                                                                </li>
     1283                                                        </ul>
     1284                                                </div>
     1285                                        </div>
     1286                                </div>
     1287                        </nav>
     1288                        <section class="Citation">
     1289                                Curated and compiled by Deyonne Sandoval for NM EPHT.  Page content updated on 3/5/2021. Published March 2021.
     1290                        </section>
     1291                </section>
    11641292        </CONTENT>
    11651293</HTML_CONTENT>
  • adopters/nm-epht/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmepht-content/xml/html_content/about/resources/LearnHow.xml

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    32<HTML_CONTENT xmlns:ibis="http://www.ibisph.org">
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    5         <TITLE>Learn How to Use NM EPHT</TITLE>
    6 
    7         <CONTENT>
    8 
    9                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="2"><SHOW/>
    10                         <TITLE>How Tracking Can Be Used</TITLE>
    11                         <CONTENT>
    12                                 Health programs and community-based programs are on the front lines of public
    13                                 health work. Such agencies help develop and advance programs and policies that prevent
    14                                 illness, promote healthy living, and prepare communities for public health emergencies,
    15                                 such as disease outbreaks and natural disasters. Through the Tracking Network the public
    16                                 health workforce can find data to help foster understanding of the health of a community
    17                                 and identify potential environmental hazards that affect public health and need attention.
    18                                 <br/>
    19                                 Health programs and community-based programs can use the Tracking Network in many ways:
     3        <HTML_CLASS>Topic Newsroom</HTML_CLASS>
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     22        -<CONTENT>
     23                <header>
     24                        <img ibis:src="view/image/resource/learn.png"
     25                                title="How to use"/>
     26                        <h1>How to Use NMTracking.org and Resources from NM EPHT</h1>
     27                </header>
     28                <section>
     29                        <h2>New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking</h2>
     30                        <p>At New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking, we strive to elevate the important role environmental public health plays in our lives.
     31                                Our program, also called NM EPHT and NM Tracking, is an outlet for environmental health communication -both epidemiological and educational.
     32                        </p>
     33                        <p>Environmental public health tracking (EPHT) is the public health method that investigates possible associations between environmental exposure and resulting health effects.
     34                                This helps us better understand how the environment affects human health.  </p>
     35                        <section>
     36                                <h3>How you can use this information for in your work and services</h3>
     37                                <p>Health programs and community-based programs are on the front lines of public health work.
     38                                        Such agencies help develop and advance programs and policies that prevent illness, promote healthy living, and prepare communities for public health emergencies, such as disease outbreaks and natural disasters.
     39                                        At NMTracking.org, the public health workforce can access data and accompanying practical health information to help foster understanding of the health of a community and identify potential environmental hazards that affect public health and need attention </p>
     40                                <p>Common ways health and community-based programs have used resources from NM EPHT include:</p>
    2041                                <ul class="Indent">
    2142                                        <li>Inform public health policy</li>
     
    2849                                        <li>Implement and evaluate public health activities</li>
    2950                                        <li>Facilitate research and environmental health investigations</li>
    30                                         <li>Access practical health information and resources to educate and empower 
    31                                         their service populations</li>
     51                                        <li>Access practical health information and resources to educate and empower
     52                                                their service populations</li>
    3253                                </ul>
    33                                 <br/>
    34                                         <span class="Bold">Learn How to Use Environmental Public Health Tracking for
    35                                         Your Local Public Health Needs</span>
    36                                 <br/><br/>
    37                                 Environmental public health tracking and informatics is an essential piece of local,
    38                                 state, tribal and federal agencies as it relates to the status of the public and
    39                                 environmental health.  Data is often the information platform and starting point for
    40                                 local health departments and federal agencies alike for determining what projects to
    41                                 take on next and how to better the community. You can learn more about Tracking through
    42                                 training and resources created by our partners.
    43                                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    44                                         <TITLE>E-learning Opportunities</TITLE>
    45                                         <CONTENT>
    46                                                 Two Tracking educational opportunities are available online through National
    47                                                 Environmental Health Association in partnership with the Centers for Disease
    48                                                 Control and Prevention (CDC). These sessions also provide continuing education
    49                                                 credit. Check them out at:<a href="http://www.nehacert.org/moodle/">http://www.nehacert.org/moodle/</a>.
    50                                                 <br/><br/>
    51                                                 NACCHO, the American Public Health Association, and the Association of State
    52                                                 and Territorial Health Officials sponsored a three-part webinar series on the
    53                                                 contributions of Environmental Public Health Tracking data to local and state
    54                                                 public health programs. <a href="http://archived.naccho.org/topics/environmental/EPHT/index.cfm "> http://archived.naccho.org/topics/environmental/EPHT/index.cfm </a>
    55                                         </CONTENT>
    56                                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    57                                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    58                                         <TITLE>Tracking in Action Videos</TITLE>
    59                                         <CONTENT>
    60                                                 Short videos that take a look at how tracking programs across the country are
    61                                                 making important, lasting contributions to the health of their communities.
    62                                                 <a href="https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/showTrackingInAction.action">https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/showTrackingInAction.action</a>
    63                                         </CONTENT>
    64                                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    65                                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    66                                         <TITLE>Tracking Podcasts</TITLE>
    67                                         <CONTENT>
    68                                                 Listen to Tracks, a podcast series focused on environmental public health tracking.
    69                                                 <a href="https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/showPodcasts.action">https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/showPodcasts.action</a>
    70                                         </CONTENT>
    71                                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    72                                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    73                                         <TITLE>Publications featuring Environmental Public Health Tracking</TITLE>
    74                                         <CONTENT>
    75                                                 <span class="Bold">Journal of Environmental Health</span>
    76                                                 <br/><br/>
    77                                                 The <span class="Italicize">Journal of Environmental Health</span>
    78                                                 is published 10 times per year by the National Environmental Health Association
    79                                                 and keeps readers up-to-date on current issues, new research, useful products
    80                                                 and services, and employment opportunities. The CDC Tracking program contributes
    81                                                 a bi-monthly column on Tracking Network and Program activities. Reprints are
    82                                                 available through Content Editor. <a href="http://www.neha.org/publications/journal-environmental-health">http://www.neha.org/publications/journal-environmental-health</a>
    83                                                 <br/><br/>
    84                                                 <span class="Bold">NEHA Position Paper</span>
    85                                                 <br/><br/>
    86                                                 A position paper on Environmental Public Health Tracking was submitted which
    87                                                 was adopted by the NEHA Board during the 2007 Spring Board Meeting.
    88                                                 <a href="http://www.neha.org/node/326">http://www.neha.org/node/326</a>
    89                                                 </CONTENT>
    90                                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    91 
    92                         </CONTENT>
    93                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    94                
     54                        </section>
     55                        <section>
     56                                <h3> Types of data and health information and where to find it</h3>
     57                                <p>We provide data and practical health information throughout the site. The data is available in three formats:  Data Query format, Indicator Reports, and Analyzed  Display such as charts maps for some topics.
     58                                        The practical information is available for environment topics and health outcomes topics and often include downloadable resources and guides.  </p>
     59                                <span class="Bold">Data Query (Data Explorer)</span>
     60                                <p>Query datasets are available for users who want to work directly with a dataset.
     61                                        Users define their custom query settings from a list of options and the website produces the data according to the definitions the user selected.
     62                                        This includes a mapping function. Custom queries allow users to work directly with datasets. A query provides search parameters that the user must fill in. After the search parameters are entered, click Submit and the system will provide the requested data.
     63                                        A list of the available public datasets is located on the Public Query Dataset Index under the "Data Portal" tab. </p>
     64                                <span class="Bold">Indicator Reports</span>
     65                                <p>An indicator is a fact or trend that indicates the level or condition of something.
     66                                        Indicator reports are designed to answer the question "How are we doing?" for a selected health outcome or environmental exposure.
     67                                        These provide a snapshot and are often a starting point for many who are beginning to get acquainted with the environmental health subject.
     68                                        You can access indicator reports by going to the Indicator Report Index under the "Data Portal" tab. </p>
     69                                <span class="Bold">Analyzed Data</span>
     70                                <p>Data is also available in static map and chart data display for some areas, such as private wells.
     71                                        These are housed in the Health tab and Environmental tab for topics such as private wells and common constituents associated with drinking water quality, such as metals.
     72                                        You can access static data the "Environment" tab. </p>
     73                                <span class="Bold">Health Information and Practical Health Tips</span>
     74                                <p>The health information we provide on our webpage is for multiple audiences and uses.
     75                                        The information ranges from general background information about a health or environmental exposure topic to what you can do to protect yourself and minimize exposure.
     76                                        For some areas we provide guides for community leaders and public health practitioners.
     77                                        We also provide downloadable factsheets that you may share with your communities, partners, or patients.
     78                                        You can access this information by selecting the "Environment" tab; "Health" tab; or "Newsroom" tab. </p>
     79                        </section>
     80                        <section>
     81                                <h3>Learning opportunities and resources</h3>
     82                                <span class="Bold">Videos, Webinars, and Podcasts</span>
     83                                <p>A three-part webinar series on the contributions of Environmental Public Health Tracking data to local and state
     84                                        public health programs. <a href="http://archived.naccho.org/topics/environmental/EPHT/index.cfm "> http://archived.naccho.org/topics/environmental/EPHT/index.cfm </a>
     85                                </p>
     86                                <p> Short videos that take a look at how tracking programs across the country are making important, lasting contributions to the health of their communities.
     87                                        <a href="https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/showTrackingInAction.action">https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/showTrackingInAction.action</a>
     88                                </p>
     89                                <p>Listen to Tracks, a podcast series focused on environmental public health tracking.
     90                                        <a href="https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/showPodcasts.action">https://ephtracking.cdc.gov/showPodcasts.action</a>
     91                                </p>
     92                                <span class="Bold">Articles</span>
     93                                <p> The CDC Tracking program contributes a column on Tracking Network and Program activities in the <span class="Italicize">Journal of Environmental Health</span> published by the National Environmental Health Association.
     94                                        <a href="http://www.neha.org/publications/journal-environmental-health">http://www.neha.org/publications/journal-environmental-health</a>
     95                                </p>
     96                                <p> A position paper on Environmental Public Health Tracking:<a href="http://www.neha.org/node/326">http://www.neha.org/node/326</a>
     97                                </p>
     98                        </section>
     99                        <nav id="moreInformation"
     100                                title="Links for more information">
     101                                <div id="moreData"
     102                                        class="Columns">
     103                                        <div id="relatedTopics">
     104                                                <img ibis:src="view/image/topic/related_topics.png"/>
     105                                                <h3>Related Topics</h3>
     106                                                <div class="Selections Scroll">
     107                                                        <ul>
     108                                                                <li>
     109                                                                        <a ibis:href="https://nmtracking.org/dataportal/Introduction.html"
     110                                                                                title="Data Portal">Data Portal</a>
     111                                                                </li>
     112                                                                <li>
     113                                                                        <a ibis:href="https://nmtracking.org/dataportal/Introduction.html"
     114                                                                                title="Newsroom">Newsroom</a>
     115                                                                </li>
     116                                                                <li>
     117                                                                        <a ibis:href="https://nmtracking.org/health/HealthOutcomesA-Z.html"
     118                                                                                title="Health Outcomes">Health Outcomes</a>
     119                                                                </li>
     120                                                                <li>
     121                                                                        <a ibis:href="https://nmtracking.org/environment/ExposureA-Z.html"
     122                                                                                title="Environmental Exposures">Environmental Exposures</a>
     123                                                                </li>
     124                                                        </ul>
     125                                                </div>
     126                                        </div>
     127                                </div>
     128                        </nav>
     129                        <!--
     130                        <section class="Citation">
     131                                Deyonne Sandoval. Page content updated February 2021. Published March 2021.
     132                        </section>
     133                        -->
     134                </section>
    95135        </CONTENT>
    96136</HTML_CONTENT>
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