Changeset 22730 in main


Ignore:
Timestamp:
03/18/21 17:58:17 (4 weeks ago)
Author:
Paul Leo
Message:

NMEPHT V3 Updating and Committing Fire and Smoke XML and supporting image and pdfs

Location:
adopters/nm-epht/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmepht-content
Files:
12 added
1 edited

Legend:

Unmodified
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  • adopters/nm-epht/trunk/src/main/webapps/nmepht-content/xml/html_content/environment/air/FireAndSmoke.xml

    r20811 r22730  
    33<HTML_CONTENT xmlns:ibis="http://www.ibisph.org">
    44
    5         <TITLE>Protect Your Health During Fires and On Smoky Days</TITLE>
    6 
    7         <CONTENT>
    8                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="2">
    9                         <TITLE>Use the 5-3-1 Visibility Method to Protect Your Health from Smoke</TITLE>
    10                         <CONTENT>
    11                                 <img ibis:src="view/image/5-3-1version3withWhite480x640.jpg" style="float:right; width:50%; vertical-align:text-top; margin:0;" title="5-3-1 visibility method"/>
    12                                 Wildfires can spread rapidly giving only short notice to nearby residents and can
    13                                 quickly change air quality. Smoke from wildfires in neighboring regions and states
    14                                 could also impact your local air quality, although a fire could be far away.   
    15                                 When these occur, the first thing to consider is protecting your and your family's
    16                                 health from the hazards of smoke. Using visibility is an easy way to gauge if it is
    17                                 okay to go outside. Simply staying indoors when it is smoky outside can help you protect
    18                                 your health when the air quality outside is poor.
    19                                 <br/><br/>
    20 
    21                                 You can decide if you should remain indoors or if it's safe to go outdoors by taking a
    22                                 few easy actions, called the 5-3-1 Visibility Method.
    23                                 <br/><br/>
    24 
    25                                 <span class="Bold">Step one</span> is to determine how smoky it is based on how far you can see. This is an easy way to assess the air quality.
    26                                 <br/><br/>
    27 
    28                                 <span class="Bold">Step two</span> is to decide what you should do based on the quality of the air.
    29                                 <br/><br/>
    30                                 The 5-3-1 Visibility Method is a health campaign created by the New Mexico Department of
    31                                 Health Environmental Public Health Tracking Program and its locally-based state and federal
    32                                 partners specializing in air quality and wildfire management.
    33                                 <div style="clear: both;"/>
    34                         </CONTENT>
    35                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    36                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="2">
    37                         <TITLE>Método de Visibilidad 5-3-1 </TITLE>
    38                         <CONTENT>
    39                                 <img ibis:src="view/image/5-3-1_white_bg_Espanol.jpg" style="float:right; width:50%; vertical-align:text-top; margin:0;" title="Metodo de Visibilidad 5-3-1"/>
    40                                 <br/><br/>
    41                                 Un incendio forestal se puede esparcir rápidamente y cambiar la calidad del aire enseguida.
    42                                 <br/><br/>
    43                                 Aprenda cómo proteger su salud cuando ésto suceda.
    44                                 <br/><br/>
    45                                 <span class="Bold">Paso 1: </span>Determine cuánto humo hay basado en cuán lejos usted pueda ver (en millas).
    46                                 <br/><br/>
    47                                 <span class="Bold">Paso 2: </span>Decida qué hacer basado en cuán lejos usted puede ver, su edad, y condiciones de salud.
    48                                 <br/><br/>
    49                                 Si usted puede ver:
    50                                 <ul class="Indent">
    51                                                         <li>
    52                                                                 menos de 5 millas, la calidad el aire no es saludable para niños pequeños, adultos mayores de 65 años, mujeres embarazadas, y personas con condiciones de corazón y/o de pulmón, asma u otras enfermedades respiratorias.  Estas personas deben minimizar sus actividades recreacionales al aire libre o reprogramarlas para un día con mejor calidad de aire.
    53                                                         </li>
    54                                                         <li>
    55                                                                 como 3 millas, niños pequeños, adultos mayores de 65 años, mujeres embarazadas y personas con condiciones de corazón y/o de pulmón, asma u otras enfermedades respiratorias deben evitar todas las actividades al aire libre y permanecer adentro.  Las demás personas deben minimizar sus actividades al aire libre.
    56                                                         </li>
    57                                                         <li>
    58                                                                 menos de 1 milla; la calidad del aire no es saludable para nadie.  Todas las personas deben permanecer adentro
    59                                                         </li>
    60                                                         <li>
    61                                                                 No importa cuán lejos usted pueda ver, si usted siente efectos en su salud debido al humo, permanezca adentro o vaya a un área con mejor calidad de aire.  Usted debe ver a su doctor o personal del cuidado de la salud si es necesario.
    62                                                         </li>
     5<TITLE>Fires, Smoke and Health</TITLE>
     6
     7        <HTML_CLASS>Topic Environment</HTML_CLASS>
     8        <OTHER_HEAD_CONTENT>
     9                <link ibis:href="css/Topic.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"/>
     10                <link ibis:href="css/_SiteSpecific-Topic.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"/>
     11
     12                <script ibis:src="js/jquery.scrollBlockListItems.js"/>
     13                <script>
     14                        $( document ).ready(function() {
     15                                $(".Topic #downloadsResources .Selections").scrollBlockListItems( {"maxSelectionsContainerHeight":190});
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     18        </OTHER_HEAD_CONTENT>
     19
     20
     21-<CONTENT>
     22                <header>
     23                        <img ibis:src="view/image/environment/air/fire/bannerwildfire2.jpg" title="bannerwildfire2.jpg"/>
     24                        <h1>Fires, Smoke, and Health</h1>
     25                </header>
     26               
     27                <section>
     28                        <h2>New Mexico Smoke From Fires and Your Health Toolkit</h2>
     29                       
     30                        <p> New Mexico's climate offers great outdoor opportunities for work and recreation throughout the year.
     31                        However, during wildfire season and prescribed burns the air quality can change rapidly, including when smoke comes from neighboring states. This means you might need to make quick decisions about being outside.
     32                        </p>
     33                       
     34                        <p> Do you know what to do when it becomes smoky? How does smoke affect health? This webpage serves as a toolkit to help you make those decisions.
     35                        Get health protection tips and learn how to use the 5-3-1 Visibility Method. Next, learn which health symptoms are caused by smoke.
     36                        Plus, get additional tips for staying safe and healthy on smoky days and during the COVID-19 pandemic and download the resources. </p> <TODO> Per Stephanie, need to add links in this paragraph to anchors on page</TODO>
     37                       
     38                </section>
     39               
     40                <section>
     41               
     42                        <h2>Protect Your Health on Smoky Days</h2>
     43                       
     44                <section>       
     45                        <p> The best way to protect yourself during smoky days is to avoid breathing in smoke. Even if you can't smell the smoke or if it does not smell too bad that does not mean the air quality is safe.
     46                         Here are quick tips:
     47                   </p>
     48                 </section>
     49                 
     50                 <section>
     51                   <ul class="Indent">
     52                                                <li>Staying indoors during smoking days is one of the best things you can do.</li>
     53                                                <li>When you don't have a monitor in your area, use the 5-3-1 Visibility Method created in New Mexico to estimate the air quality and the actions you should take based on your health circumstances and age.
     54                                                        We detail how you can use this below. </li>
     55                                                <li>Pay attention to local air quality alerts to plan your day and travel. Air quality reports are often posted on this site in the Newsroom and are also available through local news media and social media.</li>
     56                                                <li> Keep your indoor air clean by closing windows and doors.</li>
     57                                        </ul>
     58                </section>
     59                </section>
     60               
     61                <section>
     62               
     63                <section>
     64                <br></br>               
     65       
     66                <h3>Use the 5-3-1 Visibility Method to estimate air quality </h3>
     67                <br></br>
     68                <p>
     69                Using visibility is an easy way to gauge if it is okay to go outside or if is okay to stay outside especially in the absence of air quality monitors and when you do not have access to technology or air quality alerts,
     70                such as when you are in remote areas.</p>
     71                <p>
     72                To help you make the decision, the New Mexico Department of Health Environmental Public Health Tracking Program and its locally based state and federal partners specializing in air quality and wildfire management, created the 5-3-1 Visibility Method.
     73                It incorporates mileage and landmarks to help you determine visibility.
     74                This method can also be used by event organizers, coaches, and recreational leaders to decide if practice or the game should go on or be postponed.</p>
     75               
     76                <section>
     77                                <figure title="531">
     78                                        <img ibis:src="view/image/environment/air/fire/531.2021.ds.jpg"/>
     79                                        <figcaption> This 5-3-1 Visibility Method graphic demonstrates what you should do when visibility is down to five miles, three miles and one mile based on your age or other health factors.
     80                                        </figcaption>
     81                                </figure>
     82                </section>
     83                </section>
     84                <br></br>
     85               
     86                <section>
     87                <h3>If it is smoky outside find out how far you can see by choosing landmarks to look at it. </h3>
     88                </section>
     89                <section class="ImageInfoBlock">
     90               
     91                <div>
     92                                <P> Pick some landmarks you are familiar with.
     93                Then see how well you can see those. Facing away from the sun, look for landmarks such as mountains, mesas, hills, buildings, water tanks, windmills, etc. that are about 5 miles, 3 miles and 1 mile away.
     94                Use those mile ranges to help you estimate visibility.
     95                If these landmarks <span class="Bold">are not easy to see </span> in the five, three, and one-mile ranges you can decide what to do based on your health conditions and age.</P>
     96               
     97                <p>  Where are you? NM EPHT created the 5-3-1 Buffer Tool to help you estimate the distance of landmarks by using your phone, computer or device right where you are. </p>
     98               
     99                </div>
     100                                <figure title="buffermap">
     101                                        <img ibis:src="view/image/environment/air/fire/Buffermap.png"/>
     102                                        <figcaption> The 5-3-1 Buffer Tool is an on-line map to estimate the distance of landmarks that are visible from where you are standing.
     103                                        </figcaption>
     104                       
     105                                </figure>
     106               
     107                </section>
     108                <br></br>
     109               
     110                <section>
     111                <h3>Can you see landmarks 5 miles away?</h3>
     112                <section class="ImageInfoBlock">
     113                <div>
     114                <P><span class="Bold">Young children, adults over age 65, pregnant women, and people with heart and/or lung disease, asthma or other respiratory illness:</span> </P>
     115                <P>If you can see less than 5 miles, the air quality is unhealthy for you and you will need to minimize outdoor activity.</P>
     116                <P>You should reschedule outdoor recreational activities for a day with better air quality. </P>
     117                <p><span class="Bold">Adults in Good Health: </span></p>
     118                <p>It is okay for adults in good health to be out and about.</p>
     119                <p>You should periodically check visibility especially when fires are nearby.</p>
     120                </div>
     121                <figure title="Five mile visibility">
     122                                        <img ibis:src="view/image/environment/air/fire/Smokefivemile.jpg"/>
     123                                        <figcaption> This image is an example of visibility at about five miles on a smoky day. The mountains in the distance and the hill and mesa in the foreground are visible.
     124                                        </figcaption>
     125                </figure>
     126                 </section>
     127                 <section>
     128                <p><span class="Bold">Decision-Making for Event, Community and Event Leaders, Coaches, and P.E. Teachers:</span></p>
     129                <p>If your activity involves young children, adults over age 65, pregnant women, and people with heart and/or lung disease, asthma or other respiratory illness, then move your event indoors. </p>
     130               
     131                <ul class="Indent">
     132                                                <li>
     133                                                        Try to keep the indoor air as clean as possible by not allowing use of air fresheners (fragrances), candles and wax melts, chemicals, cigarettes, vapor cigarettes or anything else that could compromise the air quality.
     134                                                </li>
     135                                                <li>
     136                                                        If it is warm, consider moving it into a place that is cooled with air conditioning (not swamp/evaporative coolers).
     137                                                </li>
     138                                                <li>
     139                                                        If you cannot move your event indoors, then reschedue it for a day with better air quality.
     140                                                </li>
     141                                        </ul>
     142                        </section>     
     143                </section>     
     144                <br></br>
     145                <br></br>
     146               
     147                <section>
     148                <h3>Can you see landmarks 3 miles away?</h3>
     149               
     150                <section class="ImageInfoBlock">
     151                <div>
     152               
     153                <P><span class="Bold">Young children, adults over age 65, pregnant women, and people with heart and/or lung disease, asthma or other respiratory illness:</span> </P>
     154               
     155                <P> If you can see less than 3 miles, the air quality is unhealthy for you and should stay indoors. All outdoor activities should be avoided, including running errands. </P>
     156               
     157                <p><span class="Bold">Adults in Good Health: </span></p>
     158                <P>Stay indoors as much as possible.</P>
     159               
     160                <ul class="Indent">
     161                                                <li>
     162                                                        Only be outside momentarily to run important errands.
     163                                                </li>
     164                                                <li>
     165                                                        Outdoor workers should be moved to work that does not involved being outdoors. 
     166                                                </li>
     167                                                <li>
     168                                                        If you are camping, hiking, fishing, or ranching, move to a safer place with better visibility and try to get to an indoor space.
     169                                                </li>
     170                                        </ul>
     171               
     172                </div>
     173                <figure title="Five mile visibility">
     174                                        <img ibis:src="view/image/environment/air/fire/Smokethreemile.jpg"/>
     175                                        <figcaption> This image is an example of visibility at about three miles on a smoky day. The mountains in the distance are not very visible. You can make out the hill and mesa.
     176                                        </figcaption>
     177               
     178                                </figure>
     179
     180                </section>
     181                <section>
     182                <p><span class="Bold">Decision-Making for Event, Community and Event Leaders, Coaches, and P.E. Teachers:</span></p>
     183                <p> All outdoor recreational activities, sporting events and outdoor community events should be rescheduled for a day with better air quality or moved indoors if possible. </p>
     184                </section>
     185                </section>
     186                <br></br>
     187                <br></br>
     188               
     189                <section>
     190                <h3>Can you see landmarks less than 1 mile away?</h3>
     191                <section class="ImageInfoBlock">
     192                <div>
     193                <p><span class="Bold">All People: </span></p>
     194                <P>If you can see less than 1 mile that means the air quality is unhealthy for everyone.
     195                You should remain indoors and avoid all outdoor activities including running errands, walking, and biking.</P>
     196                <P>Unless an evacuation has been issued, stay inside your home, indoor workplace, or in a safe shelter. </P>
     197                <p><span class="Bold">Decision-Making for Event, Community and Event Leaders, Coaches, and P.E. Teachers:</span></p>
     198                <P>Cancel or reschedule all events.
     199                Poor visibility outdoors means it could be dangerous for participants to drive to your event even if you move it indoors.
     200                Being outdoors including briefly walking outside could be unhealthy during this time. </P>
     201                </div>
     202                <figure title="Five mile visibility">
     203                                        <img ibis:src="view/image/environment/air/fire/Smokeonemile.jpg"/>
     204                                        <figcaption> This image is an example of visibility at one mile and less. The mountains in the distance and hill are not visible. The nearest large landmark can barely be outlined.
     205                                        </figcaption>
     206               
     207                </figure>
     208                </section>
     209                </section>
     210                <br></br>
     211               
     212                <section>
     213                <h3>At anytime</h3>
     214                <br></br>
     215                <p>At any time, regardless of the visibility, if you are feeling as though you are having health effects from smoke, take precautions to avoid further exposure to smoke and consult a healthcare professional as needed. </p>
     216                </section>
     217                <br></br>
     218               
     219                <section>
     220                <h3>More Tips for Schools, Community Leaders, Event, Recreation and Sports Organizers, and Employers</h3>
     221                <br></br>
     222                <p>If you are a community leader, an event/sports organizer, physical education teacher, someone who serves a sensitive population, or supervises outdoor work: </p>
     223                                       
     224                                        <ul class="Indent">
     225                                                <li>
     226                                                        Learn how to use 5-3-1 Visibility Method to decide if you should move your activity and operations indoors, postpone or cancel.
     227                                                </li>
     228                                                <li>
     229                                                        Have a back-up plan to move events or work indoors when you can.
     230                                                </li>
     231                                                <li>
     232                                                        For large events, have a communications plan in place to inform participants, eventgoers and spectators.
     233                                                </li>
     234                                        </ul>
     235                </section>
     236       
     237                <section>
     238                <P><span class="Bold">Communicate</span> </P>
     239                <p>As you postpone, reschedule, or cancel your event, let the community or participants know that these changes were done to protect their health.</p>
     240                                       
     241                                        <ul class="Indent">
     242                                                <li>
     243                                                Use your local means of mass communication to let your community know of changes in the schedule. Common ways to communicate with you participates include phone trees, e-mail listserv, text messages.
     244                                                </li>
     245                                                <li>
     246                                                Use social media feeds such as an event page or a team page to announce the change of plans.
     247                                                </li>
     248                                                <li>
     249                                                Use your local media such as the newspaper, radio and television stations, and online news outlets to get the word out about the change of plans.
     250                                                </li>
     251                                                <li>
     252                                                Direct your participants to nmfireinfo.com to learn about fires in the state and to nmtracking.org to learn how they can protect their health on smoky days.
     253                                                </li>
     254                                        </ul>
     255                </section>
     256               
     257                <section>
     258                <P><span class="Bold">Educate</span> </P>
     259                <p>Help educate your participants on how they can make decision during smoky days. We provide downloadable resources such as signs and flyers in the "Resources" below. </p>
     260                                       
     261                                        <ul class="Indent">
     262                                                <li>
     263                                                You may post these in senior and community centers, near trailheads, campgrounds, libraries, worksites, community gathering areas, schools, sports fields, and medical centers.
     264                                                </li>
     265                                                <li>
     266                                                Share these resources as part of patient education to sensitive populations.
     267                                                </li>
     268                                                <li>
     269                                                Use these in door-to-door education during wildfires if you are frontline worker and response professional.
     270                                                </li>
     271                                                <li>
     272                                                Ask people to keep these handy, such as posting it on refrigerators and near doorways, so they may know what to do when it quickly becomes smoky outside.
     273                                                </li>
     274                                        </ul>
     275                </section>
     276                <br></br>
     277               
     278                <section>
     279                <h3>Tips for Workplaces </h3>
     280                <br></br>
     281                <p>Make sure staff understand how to use the 5-3-1 Visibility Method.</p>
     282                                       
     283                                        <ul class="Indent">
     284                                                <li>
     285                                                Adopt it as workplace policy to make quick decisions in the absence of air quality monitors.
     286                                                </li>
     287                                                <li>
     288                                                Examples of key people you should train in the 5-3-1 Visibility Method include:
     289                                                people who provide services for sensitive populations; physical education teachers; coaches;
     290                                                referees; recreation managers; school or daycare center administrators and teachers;
     291                                                community center or senior center managers; guides for fishing or outdoor excursions;
     292                                                people who manage a city, county, or tribal government; ranch or farm managers;
     293                                                emergency response officials, and site supervisors of outdoor labor.
     294                                                </li>
     295                                                <li>
     296                                                Provide a safe indoor workspace for worker who primarlay work outdoors.
     297                                                </li>
     298                                                <li>
     299                                                For workers who must still be outdoors such as emergency responders and public safety professionals, provide appropriate personal protection equipment.
     300                                                </li>
     301                                        </ul>
     302                </section>
     303                <br></br>
     304               
     305                <section>
     306                <h3>More about the 5-3-1- Visibility Method</h3>
     307                <br></br>
     308                <p>The 5-3-1 Visibility Method has been adopted by entities in other states. Since the southwest United States typically has very low humidity, visibility can be an effective tool to determine if it is healthy to be outside when smoke is present.
     309                   The visibility test is not appropriate or effective in areas with frequent high humidity, such as the southeastern United States when fog may limit visibility.
     310                   The 5-3-1 Visibility Method is public campaign from the New Mexico Department of Health's Environmental Public Health Tracking Program and its state and federal partners.  </p>
     311                   
     312                   <P>  <TODO> Can this video be put here? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xcPSm0FH3AQ </TODO></P>
     313                </section>
     314        </section>
     315                <br></br>
     316       
     317
     318                <section class="SubSectionsContainer">
     319       
     320       
     321                <section>               
     322                <h2>Health Symptoms Caused By Smoke </h2>
     323                <p>While not everyone will have the same sensitivity to wildfire smoke, it's still best to avoid breathing smoke as much as you can.
     324                        When smoke is heavy like from a nearby a wildfire, it's bad for everyone.
     325                        Smoke is made up of a complex mixture of gases and fine particles produced when wood and other organic materials burn.
     326                        The biggest health threat comes when people breath in the microscopic smoke particles which can penetrate deep into your lungs causing health problems. </p>
     327                </section>
     328               
     329                <section>
     330                <h3>General Symptoms From Smoke</h3>
     331                <br></br>
     332                        <p> Smoke can trigger a range of symptoms for anyone which may include burning eyes, a runny nose, cough, phlegm, wheezing and difficulty breathing. </p>
     333                        <ul class="Indent">
     334                        <li> Regardless of your health and age it always best to reduce exposure to smoke as much as you can. </li>
     335                        <li> Stay hydrated and follow your doctor's advice about medicines or prescriptions you take.</li>
     336                        </ul>
     337                </section>
     338                       
     339                        <br></br>
     340                       
     341                        <section>
     342                        <h3>Who is at most risk?</h3>
     343                        <br></br>
     344                        <p>Smoke may worsen symptoms for people who have pre-existing respiratory conditions. </p>
     345                        <ul class="Indent">
     346                        <li> People with heart, lung disease, or cardiovascular disease might experience chest pain, palpitations, shortness of breath, or fatigue.</li>
     347                        <li> People with seasonal allergies, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) including not being able to breathe as deeply or as vigorously as usual,
     348                        and may experience symptoms such as coughing, phlegm, chest discomfort, wheezing and shortness of breath.</li>
     349                        <li> In addition to avoiding being outside on smoky days, you should follow your health management plan from your health care provider, or if you have asthma, follow your asthma management plan.</li>
     350                        <li> If you develop symptoms which do not respond to your usual medication, contact your health care provider immediately. If you think you are having a heart attack or stroke, dial 9-1-1.</li>
     351                        </ul>
     352                </section>
     353                        <br></br>
     354                       
     355                <section>       
     356                <h2>COVID-19 Safety During Smoky Days and Wildland Fires</h2>
     357                <p>Smoke from wildfires may cause people to have more severe reactions if they are infected COVID-19.
     358                Wildfire smoke is a complex mixture of air pollutants that can harm your health such as irritate your lungs, cause inflammation and may alter immune function that makes it harder to fight COVID-19 and other respiratory infections.</p>
     359                </section>
     360               
     361                <section>
     362                <h3>People most prone to risk</h3>
     363                <br></br>
     364                <ul class="Indent">
     365                <li>People who have been diagnosed with COVID-19 or another respiratory infection, even after symptoms have resolved.</li>
     366                <li>People who have pre-existing respiratory conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), interstitial lung disease (ILD), or lung cancer. </li>
     367                <li>Anyone at increased risk for COVID-19 infection.</li>
     368                </ul>
     369                <p>If you have a chronic health condition, work with your healthcare providers to create a management plan for smoky conditions.
     370                If you use rescue medications, make sure that you always have an ample supply at home and carry them with you during the wildfire season. </p>
     371                </section>
     372                <br></br>
     373               
     374                <section>
     375                <h3>What you should do if you have symptoms</h3>
     376                <br></br>
     377                <p> Exposure to wildfire smoke and COVID-19 can both cause respiratory symptoms such as a dry cough, sore throat, or difficulty breathing.
     378                If you have severe symptoms such as difficulty breathing or chest pain, call 911 right away or get to an Emergency Department.
     379                If you have mild symptoms call your healthcare provider. If you suspect you have COVID-19 see CV.nmhealth.org for guidance.</p>
     380                </section>
     381                <br></br>
     382               
     383                <section>
     384                <h3>Ways to reduce smoke exposure and reduce the spread of COVID-19 during smoke events</h3>
     385                <br></br>
     386                <p>It is important to and reduce your risk of getting the virus and help reduce the virus spread by following the COVID-19 safety guidelines for New Mexico.</p>
     387                <ul class="Indent">
     388                <li>Follow the recommendations for New Mexico and your county such as wearing masks, social distancing, and frequent hand washing. </li>
     389                <li>Sign up for vaccinations and testing. Visit CV.nmhealth.org for guidance. </li>
     390                <li>Continue to wear cloth or paper masks to reduce the COVID-19 spread but you should not rely on these types of masks for smoke protection because smoke particles are too fine to be filtered by such masks.
     391                It is best to stay indoors during wildland fires in a place with clean air, such as your home or a workplace that follows COVID-19 safety practices. </li>
     392                </ul>
     393               
     394                <p>The best way to protect against the potentially harmful effects of wildfire smoke is to reduce exposure, improve your indoor air quality or seek cleaner air spaces.</p>
     395                <ul class="Indent">
     396                <li>Use the 5-3-1 Visibility Method, (listed above) to assess air quality conditions in your area. </li>
     397                <li>Stay indoors as much as you can, such as in your home or workplace. </li>
     398                <li>You can create a cleaner air space at home to protect yourself from wildfire smoke during the COVID-19 pandemic by following the tips above.</li>
     399                <li>Finding cleaner air away from your home can be more challenging under physical distancing guidelines because public facilities such as libraries, community centers, and shopping malls might be closed or at limited capacity.
     400                It is best to check with these places before you go and to follow the guidelines for reducing COVID-19 spread.</li>
     401                </ul>
     402                </section>
     403        </section>     
     404               
     405        <br></br>
     406       
     407        <section>
     408                <h2>More ways to protect yourself on smoky days</h2>
     409               
     410                <section>
     411                <p>In addition to using the 5-3-1 Visibility Method and staying indoors when it is smoky outside you can do more to protect your health on smoky days. </p>
     412                </section>
     413               
     414                <section>
     415                <h3>Keep indoors clean</h3>
     416                <br></br>
     417                <p>Staying indoors and keeping the indoor air as clean as possible is the easiest way to protect your lungs when it is smoky outside. </p>
     418                <p>Improve indoor air quality during a smoke event: </p>
     419                <ul class="Indent">
     420                <li>Keep windows and doors closed.</li>
     421                <li>Stop use of all fragrances such as spray air fresheners, candles, wax melts, and chemically scented household products.</li>
     422                <li>Don't use a vacuum cleaner during a smoke event because it can stir up particles already inside your home.</li>
     423                <li>Turn off electric fragrance dispensers or scented wax melting devices.</li>
     424                <li>Stop use of anything that burns, such as candles, fireplaces, or gas stoves.</li>
     425                <li>Avoid use of sprays including cleaning and grooming products.</li>
     426                <li>Try an air purifier. Several hardware stores sell air purifiers of varying features and price ranges.
     427                        You can also make a temporary air filter with a box fan and a furnace filter. There are many online videos that demonstrate how to do this. </li>
     428                </ul>
     429               
     430                <p>Improve indoor air quality year-round:
     431                </p>
     432                <ul class="Indent">
     433                <li>Take off your shoes when coming inside your home.</li>
     434                <li>Do not smoke or use vapor cigarettes, or e-cigs indoors. </li>
     435                <li>Avoid using art sprays or industrial sprays indoors.</li>
     436                <li>Always store chemicals and pesticides outside of your living area such as in a garage or shed.</li>
     437                <li>Eliminate the use of pesticides indoors.</li>
     438                <li>If you have asthma, allergies, respiratory health conditions, or other sensitivities,
     439                        eliminate the use of chemically scented products that emit chemicals into the air such as candles;
     440                        wax melts; and spray, solid, or diffused air fresheners including those that operate on electric dispensers. </li>
     441                </ul>   
     442                </section>
     443                <br></br>
     444               
     445                <section>
     446                <h3>Reduce physical activity and stay hydrated</h3>
     447                <br></br>
     448                <p>Limit outdoor exercise when it is smoky outside and choose lower-intensity activities.</p>
     449                <p>Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water. Overheating can cause serious health problems. Get tips for staying cool on Heat Related Illness page. </p>
     450                </section>
     451                <br></br>
     452               
     453                <section>
     454                <h3>Choose the right mask</h3>
     455                <br></br>
     456                <p>Using visibility and staying indoors when it is smoky outside is an easy way to protect your health.
     457                If you must go outside, only certain masks may offer protection (i.e. N95, N100, P100) from wildfire smoke.
     458                These special masks are called a "particulate respirator." See our factsheet in the Resources below for guidance on mask selection and proper mask use.
     459                </p>
     460               
     461                <p>Many types of other masks have health protection benefits, but these types will not filter out the very fine and tiny particles caused by smoke.
     462                Such masks include paper masks, dust masks or masks made to reduce virus spread (homemade or manufactured).
     463                Wet handkerchiefs also do not filter the fine smoke particles.</p>
     464                </section>
     465                <br></br>
     466               
     467                <section>
     468                <h3>Cool your home and car safely </h3>
     469                <br></br>
     470                <p>Whenever possible, use air conditioners, heat pumps, fans, and closed window shades to keep your cleaner air space cooler on hot days and stay hydrated by drinking water.</p>
     471               
     472                <ul class="Indent">
     473                <li>If you use an air conditioner (refrigerated air) keep the fresh-air intake closed and the filter clean to prevent outdoor smoke from getting inside and keep window covering closed. Change the filter frequently.</li>
     474                <li>Most swamp coolers/evaporative coolers have filter pore sizes that are much too large to filter out particles from smoke.
     475                If it smells like your swamp cooler is bringing in smoke from the outside, or if it is clearly smoky in your area, it's best to turn the unit off until the outside air quality improves. </li>
     476                <li>If you do not have an air conditioner and it is too warm to stay inside with the windows closed, seek shelter elsewhere such as at a cooling center or at a relative's or friend's home or public places such as public libraries, community centers, senior centers and other public places that may have air conditioning.
     477                Check before you go as many locations close in the evening or might have limited capacity or be closed during the pandemic and other outbreaks. </li>
     478                <li>Only run the air conditioner in your automobile if you use the re-circulated air option.
     479                If your car does not have a re-circulation option and it is extremely hot it is best to avoid commuting.
     480                Keep the windows closed. Keep the indoor air clean by not smoking, using vapor cigarettes/ e-cigs, and car fragrances. </li>
     481                <li>Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water. Overheating can cause serious health problems. Get tips for staying cool on Heat Related Illness page. </li>
     482                </ul>
     483                </section>
     484               
     485        </section>
     486       
     487        <nav id="moreInformation" title="Links for more information">
     488                <div id="downloadsResources">
     489                                <h3>Downloads and Resources</h3>
     490                                <div class="Columns">
     491                                        <div>
     492                                        <div class="Selections">
     493                                <ul>
     494                                        <li>
     495                                                <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/air/fire/5-3-1.Card.Guide.pdf"
     496                                                        title="downloadable pdf" class="PDF">
     497                                                        5-3-1 Cards from NM EPHT
     498                                                </a>
     499                                        </li>
     500                                                        <br/>
     501                                        <li>
     502                                                                <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/air/fire/5-3-1.PatientEducation.Factsheet.pdf">5-3-1 Poster and Patient Guide from NM EPHT</a>
     503                                                        </li>
     504                                                        <br/>
     505                                                       
     506                                        <li>
     507                                                                <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/air/fire/5-3-1_postcard_Espanol_2018.pdf">5-3-1 Cards from NM EPHT in Spanish</a>
     508                                                        </li>
     509                                                        <br/>
     510                                        <li>
     511                                                                <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/air/fire/5-3-1_Poster_Spanish.pdf">Poster and Patient Guide from NM EPHT in Spanish</a>
     512                                                        </li>
     513                                                        <br/>   
     514                                                       
     515                                        <li>
     516                                                                <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/air/fire/Smoke_and_Masks.01.18.13.pdf">Guide to Masks from NM EPHT </a>
     517                                                        </li>
     518                                                        <br/>
     519                                        <li>
     520                                                                <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/air/fire/Smoke_COVID_Factsheet_NMEPHT_2020.pdf">Smoke and COVID-19 Safety Factsheet from NM EPHT </a>
     521                                                        </li>
     522                                                        <br/>
     523                                       
     524                                        <li>
     525                                                                <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xcPSm0FH3AQ">New Mexico Fire Wildfire Response Video</a>
     526                                                        </li>
     527                                                        <br/>                   
     528                                                       
     529                                        <li>
     530                                                                <a href="https://nmfireinfo.com/">New Mexico Fire Information</a>
     531                                                        </li>
     532                                                        <br/>   
     533                                                       
     534                                        <li>
     535                                                                <a href="https://nmtracking.org/health/breathing/Asthma.html"> New Mexico Asthma Information</a>
     536                                                        </li>
     537                                                        <br/>   
     538
     539                                        <li>
     540                                                                <a href="https://nmtracking.org/environment/air/IndoorQuality.html"> New Mexico Indoor Air Quality Information</a>
     541                                                        </li>
     542                                                        <br/>   
     543                                        <li>
     544                                                                <a href="https://nmtracking.org/environment/air/OutdoorQuality.html"> New Mexico Indoor Outdoor Quality Information</a>
     545                                                        </li>
     546                                                        <br/>   
     547                                                       
     548                                                               
    63549                                </ul>
    64                                 <br/><br/>
    65                                 Método de Visibilidad 5-3-1 es una campaña del Departamento de Salud de Nuevo México y sus socios estatales y federales.
    66                                 <div style="clear: both;"/>
    67                         </CONTENT>
    68                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    69 
    70                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="2">
    71                         <TITLE>How to Use 5-3-1 Visibility Method</TITLE>
    72                         <CONTENT>
    73                                 <div class="Bold">If it is smoky outside find out how far you can see.</div>
    74                                 First, decide if the visibility is closer to 5 miles, 3 miles or 1 mile. pick a landmark you
    75                                 are familiar with and see if you can see it. Facing away from the sun, look for landmarks such
    76                                 as mountains, mesas, hills, or buildings in those mile ranges to help you estimate visibility.
    77                                 If these objects are not easy to see in these mile ranges, then decide:
    78                                 <br/><br/>
    79 
    80                                 <img ibis:src="view/image/5miles.jpg" style="float:left; vertical-align:text-top; margin:0 10px 0 0;" title="5 miles"/>
    81                                 <span class="Bold">Is the visibility under 5 miles?</span> If you can see less than 5 miles, the air quality is
    82                                 unhealthy for young children, adults over age 65, pregnant women, and people with heart and/or
    83                                 lung disease, asthma or other respiratory illness; they should minimize outdoor activity. These
    84                                 people should reschedule outdoor recreational activities for a day with better air quality. It
    85                                 is okay for adults in good health to be out and about but they should periodically check visibility
    86                                 especially when fires are nearby.
    87                                 <div style="clear: both;"/>
    88                                 <br/>
    89 
    90                                 <img ibis:src="view/image/3miles.jpg" style="float:left; vertical-align:text-top; margin:0 10px 0 0;" title="3 miles"/>
    91                                 <span class="Bold">Is the visibility just about 3 miles?</span> Young children, adults over age 65, pregnant women, and
    92                                 people with heart and/or lung disease, asthma or other respiratory illness should avoid all outdoor
    93                                 activities.  These people should stay indoors. All outdoor activities should be avoided, including
    94                                 running errands. Everyone else should try to stay indoors as much as possible. All outdoor recreational
    95                                 activities should be rescheduled for a day with better air quality.
    96                                 <div style="clear: both;"/>
    97                                 <br/>
    98 
    99                                 <img ibis:src="view/image/1mile.jpg" style="float:left; vertical-align:text-top; margin:0 10px 0 0;" title="1 mile"/>
    100                                 <span class="Bold">Is the visibility about 1 mile?</span> If you can see less than 1 mile that means the air quality
    101                                 is unhealthy for everyone. People should remain indoors and avoid all outdoor activities including
    102                                 running errands. Unless an evacuation has been issued, stay inside your home, indoor workplace,
    103                                 or in a safe shelter.
    104                                 <div style="clear: both;"/>
    105                                 <br/>
    106 
    107                                 Regardless of the visibility, if you are feeling as though you are having health effects from smoke,
    108                                 take precautions to avoid exposure to smoke and see your doctor or health professional as needed.
    109                                 <br/><br/>
    110 
    111                                 <div class="Note">Since the southwest United States typically has very low humidity, visibility can be an effective
    112                                 tool to determine if it is healthy to be outside when smoke is present. The visibility test is not
    113                                 appropriate or effective in areas with high humidity, such as the southeastern United States,
    114                                 where water vapor (fog) may limit visibility.
    115550                                </div>
    116                         </CONTENT>
    117                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    118 
    119                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="2">
    120                         <TITLE>What is the 5, 3, or 1-mile radius in your area?</TITLE>
    121                         <CONTENT>
    122                                 <span class="Bold">Where are you?</span> NM EPHT created tool that
    123                                 helps you determine the visibility of landmarks by using your
    124                                 phone, computer or device. Use this on-line map to draw a 5-3-1-mile
    125                                 radius buffer to estimate the distance of landmarks that are visible
    126                                 from where you are standing.
    127                                 <br/><br/>
    128 
    129                                 <a ibis:href="WildFireSmoke" title="Try the 5-3-1 Mile Buffer Map tool">Try the 5-3-1 Mile Buffer Map tool
    130                                         <img ibis:src="view/image/Buffermapforweb278x224.png"
    131                                         style="float:left; vertical-align:text-top; margin:0 10px 0 0;"
    132                                         title="Try the 5-3-1 Mile Buffer Map tool"/>
    133                                 </a>
    134                                 <div style="clear: both;"/>
    135                                 <br/><br/>
    136 
    137                                 <div class="Bold">Examples of a five-mile radius in three New Mexico metro areas:</div>
    138                                 <img ibis:src="view/image/roadimage278x185.png"
    139                                         style="float:left; vertical-align:text-top; margin:0.5em 10px 0 0;"
    140                                         title="Try the 5-3-1 Mile Buffer Map tool"
    141                                 /><br/>
    142                                 <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/Albuquerque_5mi_buffer.pdf">Albuquerque Metro Area Five Mile Radius (1.2MB)</a><br/><br/>
    143                                 <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/Las_Cruces_5mi_buffer.pdf">Las Cruces Five Mile Radius (1.1 MB)</a><br/><br/>
    144                                 <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/Santa_Fe_5mi_buffer.pdf">Santa Fe Five Mile Radius (1.3 MB)</a><br/><br/>
    145                                 <div style="clear: both;"/><br/>
    146 
    147                                 If the fire is nearby follow all precautions and instructions given by fire management authorities in the area.
    148                                 All evacuation orders by the sheriff and/or local fire authority should be followed and any recommendation to
    149                                 leave the area due to unhealthy air quality should be seriously considered.
    150                         </CONTENT>
    151                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    152 
    153                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="2">
    154                         <TITLE>What else can you do to protect yourself on smoky days?</TITLE>
    155                         <CONTENT>
    156                                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    157                                         <TITLE>Keep indoor air clean</TITLE>
    158                                         <CONTENT>
    159                                                 Staying indoors and keeping the indoor air as clean as possible is the easiest
    160                                                 way to protect your lungs when it is smoky outside
    161                                                 <br/><br/>
    162                                                 Here are tips for doing that:
    163                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    164                                                         <li>
    165                                                                 If you cannot leave the smoky area, good ways to protect your lungs
    166                                                                 from wildfire smoke include staying indoors and reducing physical activity.
    167                                                         </li>
    168                                                         <li>Keep windows and doors closed.</li>
    169                                                         <li>
    170                                                                 Avoid use of spray air fresheners (fragrances), artificially scented
    171                                                                 household products, and do not use electric fragrance dispensers because
    172                                                                 these all add to poor air quality.
    173                                                         </li>
    174                                                         <li>Do not smoke or use vapor cigarettes because these add to poor air quality.</li>
    175                                                         <li>Do not use anything that burns, such as candles, fireplaces, or gas stoves.</li>
    176                                                         <li>Do not vacuum because vacuuming stirs up particles already inside your home.</li>
    177                                                         <li>
    178                                                                 If you cool your home with a swamp cooler do not run it when the outdoor air
    179                                                                 is filled with smoke because most swamp coolers have filter pore sizes that are
    180                                                                 much too large to filter out particles from smoke. If it smells like your swamp
    181                                                                 cooler is bringing in smoke from the outside, it's best to turn the unit off until
    182                                                                 the outside air quality improves.
    183                                                         </li>
    184                                                         <li>
    185                                                                 If you use an air conditioner keep the fresh-air intake closed and the filter
    186                                                                 clean to prevent outdoor smoke from getting inside and keep window covering closed.
    187                                                         </li>
    188                                                         <li>
    189                                                                 Do not rely on dust masks or wet handkerchiefs to protect your lungs. These will
    190                                                                 not filter out the fine particles from the air. It is better to stay inside
    191                                                                 when it is smoky outside and the visibility is low.
    192                                                         </li>
     551                                <button>Show All</button>
     552                                        </div>
     553                                        <img ibis:src="view/image/topic/downloads_resources.png"/>
     554                                </div>
     555                        </div>
     556                        <!--
     557                        <div id="moreData" class="Columns">
     558                                <div id="relatedData">
     559                                        <img ibis:src="view/image/topic/related_data.png"/>
     560                                        <h3>Reports and Data</h3>
     561                                        <div class="Selections Scroll">
     562                                                <ul>
     563                                                <li><a ibis:href="indicator/summary/https://nmtracking.org/dataportal/indicator/view/AirQualPM25.Percent.Cnty.html" title="PM2.5 Levels">Health Indicator Report of Air Quality - Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Level</a></li>
     564                                                        <li><a ibis:href="indicator/summary/https://nmtracking.org/dataportal/indicator/view/AsthmaEDAll.Year.NM_US.html" title="Asthma ED Visits">Asthma Emergency Department Encounters</a></li>
     565
     566                                                        <li><a ibis:href="https://nmtracking.org/dataportal/query/result/wildlandfires/WildlandFires/NumberWildfires.html" title="Number of Wildland Fires">Number of Wildland Fires</a></li>
     567                                                       
    193568                                                </ul>
    194                                                 <br/>
    195                                                 <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/Smoke_Guide_for_HVAC_operation_7-21-08_dist.pdf">Guide for Operating HVACS During Smoke Days</a><br/><br/>
    196                                         </CONTENT>
    197                                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    198                                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    199                                         <TITLE>Staying Cool on Smoky Days: Should You Use a Swamp Coolers or an Air Conditioner?</TITLE>
    200                                         <CONTENT>
    201                                                 Should you use your swamp cooler or the air conditioner in your car? It depends.
    202                                                 <br/><br/>
    203                                                 Avoid using your swamp cooler when the smoke levels are higher than normal because most swamp
    204                                                 coolers have filter pore sizes that are much too large to filter out particles from smoke.
    205                                                 If it smells like your swamp cooler is bringing in smoke from the outside, it's best to
    206                                                 turn the unit off until the outside air quality improves. The same rule applies to
    207                                                 automobile air-conditioning unless motorists use re-circulated air.
    208                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    209                                                         <li>
    210                                                                 If it is extremely hot run an air conditioner (refrigerated air)
    211                                                                 if you have one, but keep the fresh-air intake closed and the filter
    212                                                                 clean to prevent outdoor smoke from getting inside and keep window
    213                                                                 covering closed.
    214                                                         </li>
    215                                                         <li>
    216                                                                 If you do not have an air conditioner and it is too warm to stay inside with
    217                                                                 the windows closed, seek shelter elsewhere such as at a cooling center or at a
    218                                                                 relative's or friend's home. During the day consider going to public libraries,
    219                                                                 senior center and other public places that may have air conditioning. Learn more
    220                                                                 about <a ibis:href="health/heatstress/Heat.html">avoiding heat-related health problems</a>
    221                                                                 (heat stress and heat stroke).
    222                                                         </li>
     569                                        </div>
     570                                        <button>Show All</button>
     571                                </div>
     572                               
     573                                <div id="relatedTopics">
     574                                        <img ibis:src="view/image/topic/related_topics.png"/>
     575                                        <h3>Related Topics</h3>
     576                                        <div class="Selections">
     577                                        <ul>
     578                                        <li><a ibis:href="https://nmtracking.org/health/breathing/Asthma.html" title="Asthma">Asthma</a></li>
     579                                                        <li><a ibis:href="https://nmtracking.org/environment/air/IndoorQuality.html" title="Indoor Air Quality">Indoor Air Quality</a></li>
     580                                                        <li><a ibis:href="https://nmtracking.org/environment/air/OutdoorQuality.html" title="Outdoor Air Quality">Outdoor Air Quality</a></li>
    223581                                                </ul>
    224                                         </CONTENT>
    225                                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    226                                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    227                                         <TITLE>What if you must go outside?</TITLE>
    228                                         <CONTENT>
    229                                                 Using visibility and staying indoors when it is smoky outside is an easy way to protect
    230                                                 your health. If you must go outside, only certain masks may offer protection (i.e. N95, N100, P100)
    231                                                 from wildfire smoke. These special masks are called a "particulate respirator".
    232                                                 <br/><br/>
    233                                                 <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/Smoke_and_Masks.01.18.13.pdf">  Learn how and which masks to use during fires. (520.3 KB)</a><br/><br/>
    234                                                 Do not rely on dust masks or wet handkerchiefs to protect your lungs. These will
    235                                                 not filter out the fine particles from the air. It is better to stay inside when it
    236                                                 is smoky outside and the visibility is low.  (Paper "comfort" or "dust" masks commonly
    237                                                 found at hardware stores are designed to trap large particles, such as sawdust. 
    238                                                 These masks will not protect your lungs from smoke).
    239                                         </CONTENT>
    240                                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    241                         </CONTENT>
    242                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    243 
    244                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="2">
    245                         <TITLE>Smoke and Your Health</TITLE>
    246                         <CONTENT>
    247                                 In healthy people, symptoms of smoke exposure usually include irritation of eyes,
    248                                 nose and throat or breathing discomfort. More severe symptoms may include chest
    249                                 tightness, wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing.
    250                                 <br/><br/>
    251                                 Prolonged exposure to smoke of all kinds is harmful to people of all ages.
    252                                 Like cigarette smoke, smoke from fires can eventually damage your body's ability
    253                                 to remove large particles and excess phlegm from your lungs and airway. But, the
    254                                 healthy lung has a great ability to recover from the effects of smoke, provided
    255                                 there is time to recover
    256                                 <br/><br/>
    257                                 Smoke is a complex mixture of carbon dioxide, water vapor, carbon monoxide, particulate
    258                                 matter, hydrocarbons and other organic chemicals, nitrogen oxides, and metals. This mixture
    259                                 can irritate and even injure the mouth, nose, throat, and lung tissue.
    260                                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    261                                         <TITLE>How to tell if smoke is affecting you</TITLE>
    262                                         <CONTENT>
    263                                                 Smoke can cause:
    264                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    265                                                         <li>Coughing</li>
    266                                                         <li>A scratchy throat</li>
    267                                                         <li>Irritated sinuses</li>
    268                                                         <li>Headaches</li>
    269                                                         <li>Stinging eyes</li>
    270                                                         <li>A runny nose</li>
    271                                                         <li>Headaches</li>
    272                                                         <li>If you have heart or lung disease, smoke might make your symptoms worse.</li>
    273                                                 </ul><br/>
    274 
    275                                                 People who have heart disease might experience:
    276                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    277                                                         <li>Chest pain</li>
    278                                                         <li>Rapid heartbeat</li>
    279                                                         <li>Shortness of breath</li>
    280                                                         <li>Fatigue</li>
    281                                                 </ul><br/>
    282 
    283                                                 Smoke may worsen symptoms for people who have pre-existing respiratory conditions
    284                                                 such as seasonal allergies, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),
    285                                                 in the following ways:
    286                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    287                                                         <li>Inability to breathe normally</li>
    288                                                         <li>Cough with or without mucus</li>
    289                                                         <li>Chest discomfort</li>
    290                                                         <li>Wheezing and shortness of breath</li>
    291                                                 </ul>
    292                                         </CONTENT>
    293                                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    294                                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    295                                         <TITLE>What does smoke do to a person with asthma, lung disease or cardiovascular disease?</TITLE>
    296                                         <CONTENT>
    297                                                 Smoke exposure can aggravate conditions such as asthma, a chronic lung disease, or cardiovascular disease.
    298                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    299                                                         <li>People with heart or lung disease should follow their health management plan from their health care provider.</li>
    300                                                         <li>People with asthma should follow a prescribed asthma management plan.</li>
    301                                                 </ul>
    302                                                 Follow your doctor's advice about medicines if you have asthma or another lung disease. In smoky conditions,
    303                                                 if you develop symptoms which do not respond to your usual medication, see your health care provider
    304                                                 immediately. Call your doctor if your symptoms worsen.
    305                                         </CONTENT>
    306                                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    307                         </CONTENT>
    308                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    309                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="2">
    310                         <TITLE>Smoke and COVID-19 Safety</TITLE>
    311                         <CONTENT>
    312                                 There is an ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in New Mexico, and the wildfire season is now underway. Wildfire smoke is a complex mixture of air pollutants that can harm your health such as irritate your lungs, cause inflammation and may alter immune function that makes it harder to fight COVID-19 and other respiratory infections. Smoke from wildfires may cause people to have more severe reactions if they are infected COVID-19
    313                                 <br/><br/>
    314                                 <span class="Bold">Who is at most risk?</span>
    315                                 <ul class="Indent">
    316                                         <li>
    317                                                 Those who have been diagnosed with COVID-19 or another respiratory infection, even after symptoms have resolved.
    318                                         </li>
    319                                         <li>
    320                                                 Those who have pre-existing respiratory conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), interstitial lung disease (ILD), or lung cancer.
    321                                         </li>
    322                                         <li>
    323                                                 Anyone at increased risk for COVID-19 infection. See <a href="https://cv.nmhealth.org/">CV.nmhealth.org</a> for further guidance.
    324                                         </li>
    325                                 </ul>
    326                                 <br/><br/>
    327                                 <span class="Bold">What should you do if you have symptoms?</span>
    328                                 <ul class="Indent">
    329                                         <li>
    330                                                 Exposure to wildfire smoke and COVID-19 can both cause respiratory symptoms such as a dry cough, sore throat, or difficulty breathing. If you have severe symptoms such as difficulty breathing or chest pain, call 911 right away or get to an Emergency Department.
    331                                         </li>
    332                                         <li>
    333                                                 If you have mild symptoms call your healthcare provider.
    334                                         </li>
    335                                 </ul>
    336                                 <br/><br/>
    337                                 <span class="Bold">How can you find cleaner air during the COVID-19 pandemic?</span>
    338                                 <ul class="Indent">
    339                                         <li>
    340                                                 The best way to protect against the potentially harmful effects of wildfire smoke is to reduce exposure and seek cleaner air spaces. However, finding cleaner air can be more challenging under strict physical distancing guidelines, because public facilities such as libraries, community centers, and shopping malls are closed. You can create a cleaner air space at home to protect yourself from wildfire smoke during the COVID-19 pandemic by following the tips on the Indoor Air Quality page <a ibis:href="environment/air/IndoorQuality.html">https://nmtracking.org/environment/air/IndoorQuality.html</a>
    341                                         </li>
     582                                        </div>
     583                                </div>
     584                        </div>
     585                        -->
     586                        <ibis:TopicsMoreData topicSelectionsPath="../../../selections/environment/air/fire/"/>
     587                </nav>
     588                <!-- PGL - donot think being used
     589                <section class="Citation">
     590                        Deyonne Sandoval. Page content updated February 2021, Published March 2021
     591                </section>
     592                -->
    342593                                       
    343                                 </ul>
    344                                 <br/><br/>
    345                                 <span class="Bold">What else can you do to stay healthy if it gets smoky this summer?</span>
    346                                 <ul class="Indent">
    347                                         <li>
    348                                                 Get repared for the wildfire smoke season as you would do in any other summer.
    349                                         </li>
    350                                         <li>
    351                                                 Use the <a ibis:href="environment/air/FireAndSmoke.html">5-3-1 Visibility Method</a>, listed above) to assess air quality conditions in your area.
    352                                         </li>
    353                                         <li>
    354                                                 If you have a chronic health condition, work with your healthcare providers to create a management plan for smoky conditions. If you use rescue medications, make sure that you always have an ample supply at home and carry them with you during the wildfire season.
    355                                         </li>
    356                                         <li>
    357                                                 Limit outdoor exercise when it is smoky outside or choose lower-intensity activities.
    358                                         </li>
    359                                         <li>
    360                                                 Use adequate filtration on your HVAC system or consider purchasing a portable air filter. Swamp coolers which draw in air from the outside are NOT recommended. See "What else can you do to protect yourself on smoky days above (<a ibis:href="environment/air/FireAndSmoke.html">https://nmtracking.org/environment/air/FireAndSmoke.html</a>) for more recommendations.
    361                                         </li>
    362                                         <li>
    363                                                 Whenever possible, use air conditioners, heat pumps, fans, and window shades to keep your cleaner air space comfortably cool on hot days. Overheating can cause serious health problems. Get tips for staying cool at: <a ibis:href="health/heatstress/Heat.html">https://nmtracking.org/health/heatstress/Heat.html</a>.
    364                                         </li>
    365                                         <li>
    366                                                 Although some face masks can provide protection from wildfire smoke, medical masks and N95 respirators MUST be reserved for frontline healthcare workers during the pandemic. Cloth masks do not provide adequate protection from wildfire smoke but are recommended to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
    367                                         </li>
    368                                 </ul>
    369                         </CONTENT>
    370                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    371                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="2">
    372                         <TITLE>Communications and Safety Decision Making Toolkit: Schools, Public Health Local Governments, Event or Recreation Organizers and Sports Coaches</TITLE>
    373                         <CONTENT>
    374                                 New Mexico offers great outdoor opportunities for fun and recreation throughout the year. However, during wildfire season
    375                                 the air quality can change rapidly leaving health, school, and community leaders to make quick decisions. Even when there is
    376                                 not a fire within New Mexico state line boundaries the air quality can be impacted by forests burning in neighboring states.
    377                                 <br/><br/>
    378 
    379                                 Be prepared to make decisions that will protect the health of the people in your community when forests, woodlands, grasslands
    380                                 and bosques catch fire and smoke travels into your community. If you are a community leader, an event/sports organizer, or
    381                                 someone who serves a sensitive population you may be asking yourself some questions when it is smoky outside: Should that
    382                                 baseball or softball game continue? Should that golf tournament be rescheduled? Should school be held or recess held indoors? Do I cancel my outdoor event?
    383                                 <br/><br/>
    384 
    385                                 The health of the participants, students, athletes and spectators is something that should be considered during wildfires
    386                                 season and smoky days, especially if they are part of a sensitive population.
    387                                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    388                                         <TITLE>Decisions That Local Leaders Must Make </TITLE>
    389                                         <CONTENT>
    390                                                 Poor air quality from nearby fires can mean unhealthy conditions for the people participating in the activity you
    391                                                 organize or sponsor outdoors. When it is smoky outside the health of the participants, students, athletes and
    392                                                 spectators, especially if they are part of a sensitive population, should be considered when determining if the event
    393                                                 or game you organize should continue.
    394                                                 <br/><br/>
    395 
    396                                                 <div class="Bold">If you:</div>
    397                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    398                                                         <li>
    399                                                                 provide services for sensitive populations (young children, senior citizens, people with certain health conditions)
    400                                                         </li>
    401                                                         <li>organize outdoor community events</li>
    402                                                         <li>coach sports</li>
    403                                                         <li>manage recreation programs</li>
    404                                                         <li>make decisions for a school or daycare center</li>
    405                                                         <li>coordinate activities at a community center or senior center</li>
    406                                                         <li>guide fishing or outdoor adventures or excursions</li>
    407                                                         <li>manage a city, county, or tribal government or are a local official</li>
    408                                                         <li>manage a ranch, farm, or oversee outdoor labor</li>
    409                                                 </ul><br/>
    410 
    411                                                 <div class="Bold">you need to make some quick decisions when it is smoky outside such as:</div>
    412                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    413                                                         <li>should that game go on?</li>
    414                                                         <li>should recess or playtime be done indoors?</li>
    415                                                         <li>should the tournament be rescheduled?</li>
    416                                                         <li>should that outdoor event be canceled?</li>
    417                                                         <li>should that outdoor adventure or fishing trip be postponed?</li>
    418                                                         <li>should work be done indoors?</li>
    419                                                         <li>should transport services for sensitive population be delayed until it is safe to outdoors?</li>
    420                                                 </ul><br/>
    421 
    422                                                 The health of the participants, students, athletes and spectators is something that should be considered
    423                                                 during wildfires season and smoky days, especially if they are part of a sensitive population. You should
    424                                                 use the 5-3-1 Visibility Method to make decisions.
    425                                         </CONTENT>
    426                                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    427                                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    428                                         <TITLE>How to Make That Decision</TITLE>
    429                                         <CONTENT>
    430                                                 The following are general recommendations for decision-making based on the age and health conditions
    431                                                 of the people you serve and an estimation of quality of air based on the smoke visibility method.
    432                                                 <br/><br/>
    433 
    434                                                 <img ibis:src="view/image/5-3-1version3withWhitesmall.jpg" style="float:right; width:50%; vertical-align:text-top; margin:0;" title="5-3-1 visibility method"/>
    435                                                 Use the 5-3-1 Mile Visibility Method to make decisions especially if the people you serve are part of a
    436                                                 sensitive population. Then educate and communicate with the people you serve.
    437                                                 <br/><br/>
    438 
    439                                                 <div class="Bold">If it is smoky outside find out how far you can see.</div>
    440                                                 First, decide if the visibility is closer to 5 miles, 3 miles or 1 mile. pick a landmark you are familiar
    441                                                 with and see if you can see it. Facing away from the sun, look for landmarks such as mountains, mesas,
    442                                                 hills, or buildings in those mile ranges to help you estimate visibility. If these objects are not easy to
    443                                                 see in these mile ranges, then decide:
    444                                                 <br/><br/>
    445 
    446                                                 <img ibis:src="view/image/5miles.jpg" style="float:left; vertical-align:text-top; margin:0 10px 0 0;" title="5 miles"/>
    447                                                 <span class="Bold">Is the visibility under 5 miles?</span> If you can see less than 5 miles, the air quality is unhealthy for young
    448                                                 children, adults over age 65, pregnant women, and people with heart and/or lung disease, asthma or other
    449                                                 respiratory illness; they should minimize outdoor activity.
    450                                                 <br/><br/>
    451 
    452                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    453                                                         <li>If your activity involves people from these groups you might <span class="Bold">consider moving your event indoors.</span>
    454                                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    455                                                                         <li>
    456                                                                                 Try to keep the indoor air as clean as possible by not allowing use of air fresheners (fragrances),
    457                                                                                 chemicals, cigarettes, vapor cigarettes or anything else that could compromise the air quality.
    458                                                                         </li>
    459                                                                         <li>
    460                                                                                 If it is warm, consider moving it into a place that is cooled with air conditioning
    461                                                                                 (not swamp/evaporative coolers).
    462                                                                         </li>
    463                                                                 </ul>
    464                                                         </li>
    465                                                         <li>
    466                                                                 If you cannot move your event indoors, <span class="Bold">consider rescheduling it for a day with better air quality.</span>
    467                                                         </li>
    468                                                 </ul>
    469                                                 <br/>
    470 
    471                                                 It is okay for adults in good health to be out and about but they should periodically check visibility
    472                                                 especially when fires are nearby.
    473                                                 <br/><br/>
    474 
    475                                                 <img ibis:src="view/image/3miles.jpg" style="float:left; vertical-align:text-top; margin:0 10px 0 0;" title="3 miles"/>
    476                                                 <span class="Bold">Is the visibility just about 3 miles?</span> If it is, air quality is unhealthy. Everyone should try to stay
    477                                                 indoors as much as possible.
    478                                                 <div style="clear: both;"/>
    479                                                 <br/>
    480 
    481                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    482                                                         <li><span class="Bold">Move your event indoors or reschedule it. </span>
    483                                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    484                                                                         <li>
    485                                                                                 Try to keep the indoor air as clean as possible by not allowing use of air fresheners
    486                                                                                 (fragrances), chemicals, cigarettes, vapor cigarettes or anything else that could compromise
    487                                                                                 the air quality.
    488                                                                         </li>
    489                                                                         <li>
    490                                                                                 If it is warm, consider moving it into a place that is cooled with air conditioning (not swamp/evaporative coolers).
    491                                                                         </li>
    492                                                                 </ul>
    493                                                         </li>
    494                                                         <li>
    495                                                                 Young children, adults over age 65, pregnant women, and people with heart and/or lung disease, asthma
    496                                                                 or other respiratory illness should avoid all outdoor activities.  These people should not be outdoors
    497                                                                 including going outside to get to your event even if your event was moved indoors.  If your activity
    498                                                                 involves young children, adults age 65 and over, pregnant women, and people with heart and/or lung
    499                                                                 disease, asthma or other respiratory illness, <span class="Bold">reschedule your event for a day with better air quality.</span>
    500                                                         </li>
    501                                                 </ul>
    502                                                 <br/>
    503 
    504                                                 <img ibis:src="view/image/1mile.jpg" style="float:left; vertical-align:text-top; margin:0 10px 0 0;" title="1 mile"/>
    505                                                 Is the visibility about 1 mile? If you can see less than 1 mile that means the air quality is unhealthy for
    506                                                 everyone. People should remain indoors and avoid all outdoor activities including driving, biking and walking.
    507                                                 Unless an evacuation has been issued, people should stay inside their homes, indoor workplace, or in a safe shelter.
    508 
    509                                                 <span class="Bold">Cancel or reschedule all events.</span>
    510                                                 Poor visibility outdoors means it could be dangerous
    511                                                 for participants to drive to your event even if
    512                                                 you move it indoors. Being outdoors including briefly
    513                                                 walking outside could be unhealthy during this time.
    514                                         </CONTENT>
    515                                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    516 
    517                                 <ibis:ExpandableContent titleLevel="3">
    518                                         <TITLE>Communicate with Participants and Event-Goers</TITLE>
    519                                         <CONTENT>
    520                                                 As you postpone, reschedule, or cancel your event, first consider using your local means of mass communication to let your community know of changes in the schedule. Let the community or participants know that these changes were done to protect their health. Common ways to communicate with you participates
    521                                                 include phone trees, e-mail listserv, social media feeds such as an event page or a team page on Facebook, an announcement on Twitter and, using your local media such as the newspaper and radio station to disseminate your message. Direct your participants to <a href="https://nmfireinfo.com/">nmfireinfo.com</a>
    522                                                 to learn about fires in the state and to <a ibis:href="">nmtracking.org</a> to learn how they can protect their health on smoky days.
    523                                                 <br/><br/>
    524                                                 Next, help educate your participants on how they can make decision during smoky days. The 5-3-1 Visibility Method is public campaign from the New Mexico Department of Health, Environmental Public Health Tracking Program, and its state and federal partners. You may print and post or share the following items:
    525                                                 <br/><br/>
    526                                                 <ul class="Indent">
    527                                                         <li>
    528                                                                 <span class="Bold">Public and Patient Education: Print, Post and Distribute.</span> Post this in senior and community centers, near trailheads, campgrounds, libraries, community gathering areas, schools, sports fields, and medical centers. This can also be distributed as part of patient education to sensitive populations or used in door-to-door education during wildfires.
    529                                                                 <br/><br/>
    530 
    531                                                                 <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/5-3-1.PatientEducation.Factsheet.pdf">5-3-1 Visibility Method Bulletin and Patient Education Information Sheet (151.4 KB)</a>
    532                                                                 <br/><br/>
    533                                                                 <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/5-3-1_Poster_Spanish.pdf">5-3-1 Visibility Method Bulletin and Patient Education in Spanish</a>
    534                                                                 <br/><br/>
    535                                                         </li>
    536                                                         <li>
    537                                                                 <span class="Bold">Quick Guide: Print and Distribute.</span> The postcard sized guides can be printed double-sided and given out to all populations. Ask residents to keep it handy, such as posting it on refrigerators and near doorways, so they may know what to do when it quickly becomes smoky outside.
    538                                                                 <br/><br/>
    539                                                                 <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/5-3-1.Card.Guide.pdf">  5-3-1 Visibility Method Card Guide (192.5 KB)</a>
    540                                                                 <br/><br/>
    541                                                                 <a ibis:href="view/pdf/environment/5-3-1_postcard_Espanol_2018.pdf">  5-3-1 Visibility Method Card Guide in Spanish</a>
    542                                                         </li>
    543                                                 </ul>
    544                                         </CONTENT>
    545                                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
    546                         </CONTENT>
    547                 </ibis:ExpandableContent>
     594               
     595       
     596
    548597        </CONTENT>
    549 </HTML_CONTENT> 
     598</HTML_CONTENT>
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