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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?>
3<HTML_CONTENT xmlns:ibis="">
5        <TITLE>NM EPHT: Environmental Health Conditions and Alerts</TITLE>
7        <CONTENT>
8                <a name="backtotop"/>
9                <ul>
10                        <li><a href="#smoke-fire">Smoke and Fires</a></li>
11                        <li><a href="#air-qual">Air Quality</a></li>
12                        <li><a href="#water-qual">Water Quality</a></li>
13                        <li><a href="#xEPHT__Floods__1392">Floods, Fires, and Drinking Water</a></li>
14                        <li><a href="#flood">Flood Risk</a></li>
15                </ul>
17                <a name="smoke-fire"/>
18                <br/><br/>
19                <h1>Conditions</h1>
20                <h4>Smoke and Fires</h4>
21                Smoke is a complex mixture of carbon dioxide, water vapor, carbon monoxide, particulate matter,
22                hydrocarbons and other organic chemicals, nitrogen oxides, and metals. This mixture can irritate
23                and even injure the mouth, nose, throat, and lung tissue.
24                                <a href="environ_exposure/fire-and-smoke.html">Fire, Smoke and Your Health.</a>
25                                <a href="environ_exposure/fire-and-smoke.html">What To Do During a Wildfire.</a>
26                                <a href="environ_exposure/fire-and-smoke.html">Fire Season Resources.</a>
27                                <a href="eh_alerts/noaa_wildfiresmoke.html">Wildfire Smoke Forecast Maps.</a>
28                <h4>Advisories and Alerts</h4>
29                <div class="Indent">
30                        <a href="">NM Fire Information: Current Fires</a>
31                        <br/>
32                        <a href="">State Environment Department</a>
33                        <br/>
34                        <a href="" target="_top">State Health Department Fire Advisories</a>
35                </div>
37                <br/>
38                <a href="#backtotop">back to top</a>
40                <a name="air-qual"/>
41                <br/><br/>
42                <h1>Air Quality </h1>
43                <h4>Air Quality</h4>
44                <div class="Indent">
45                <a href="eh_alerts/airnow-aqi.html">Air Quality Index</a>
46                </div>
47                <br/>
48                <h4>Weather</h4>
49                <div class="Indent">
50                <a href=";prodtype=summary">New MexicoWeather Summary</a>
51                </div>
52                <br/>
53                <h4>Health Effects Asscociated with Air Quality </h4>
54                <div class="Indent">
55                        <a href="health_effects/asthma.html">Asthma Data and Information</a>
56                        <br/>
57                        <a href="">Asthma Program</a>
58                        <br/>
59                        <a href="health_effects/cardio_heartattack.html">Heart Attack Data and Information</a>
60                </div>
61                <br/>
62                <h4>Occupational Health</h4>
63                <div class="Indent">
64                        <a href="">Cleanup of fire ash and cleanup worker hazard information</a>
65                </div>
67                <br/>
68                <a href="#backtotop">back to top</a>
70                <a name="water-qual"/>
71                <br/><br/>
72                <h1>Water Quality</h1>
73                Everyone can and should do something to protect groundwater. We all have a stake in maintaining
74                its quality and quantity. For starters, 95 percent of all available freshwater comes from aquifers
75                underground. Most surface water bodies are connected to groundwater so how you impact groundwater
76                matters. In addition, many public water systems draw all or part of their supply from groundwater,
77                so protecting the resource protects the public water supply and impacts treatment costs.
78                <h4>Drinking Water Sources</h4>
79                The majority of New Mexicans are provided high quality drinking water by community water systems.
80                Community water system is a type of public water system that supplies water for human consumption
81                to at least 15 service connections and more than 25 people year round. The U.S. Environmental
82                Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) sets regulations for monitoring and treating drinking water delivered
83                by these systems. There are water quality standards and monitoring requirements for over 90
84                contaminants.
85                        <a href="environ_exposure/water-qual.html">Learn more...</a>
86                About 20 percent of the population in New Mexico (or estimated 350,000 people) receives their water
87                from a private well. According to the office of the state engineer, private wells use 11.6 billion
88                gallons of water per year , which is estimated at about 10% of the drinking water usage in New Mexico.
89                The water quality from private wells is not monitored or regulated by the EPA or the state. It is the
90                responsibility of the home owner to ensure that their water is safe for human consumption.
91                <br/><br/>
92                Private drinking water supplies are not subject to EPA standards. If your water comes from a well,
93                it is not automatically tested by experts to identify problems. You must take special precautions to
94                ensure the protection and maintenance of your drinking water. If you own a well to provide water for
95                your family, farm, or business, groundwater protection is doubly important. As a well owner, you are
96                the manager of your own water system. Protecting groundwater will help reduce risks to your water supply.
97                        <a href="environ_exposure/water-qual/private-wells.html">Learn more about drinking water quality and
98                        private wells...</a>
99                <h4>Private Well Water Quality Testing</h4>
100                Upcoming Water Fairs hosted by the state's Environment Department offer residents with private wells
101                an opportunity for free water quality testing.
102                        <a href="environ_exposure/water-qual/private-wells/private-wells-testing.html">Learn when
103                        and how you can have your water tested. </a>
104                <h4>Drinking Water Advisories</h4>
105                The New Mexico Environment Department's Drinking Water Bureau issues mandatory boil water advisory
106                for customers of water systems located. Those advisories are occasionally posted here.
107                <h4>What to do if you receive a boil water notice</h4>
108                        <a href="contentfile/pdf/Boil Wate_Span.pdf">
109                        <img src="image/icon/16/pdf.gif" alt="pdf" />
110                        Boil Water Tips in Spanish Language(395.3 KB)</a>
111                        <a href="contentfile/pdf/Boil Water.pdf">
112                        <img src="image/icon/16/pdf.gif" alt="pdf" />
113                        Boil Water Tips (392.0 KB)</a>
115                <br/><br/>
116                <a href="#backtotop">back to top</a>
118                <a name="flood"/>
119                <br/><br/>
120                <h1>
121                        <a name="xEPHT__Floods__1392" id="xEPHT__Floods__1392"/>Prepare for Floods</h1>
122                In New Mexico, the threat of seasonal wildfires and flooding is a concern for all citizens statewide.
123                Learn more about the potential flooding in your area.
124                        <a href="eh_alerts/floods.html">Preparing for Floods and Emergency Evacuations</a>
125                Safety Precautions: Well Water After Fire and Flood
126                Wildfire damage to the area of the headwaters of a watershed can increase the magnitude, intensity
127                and frequency of downstream flooding events that typically follow monsoon events. Those who live
128                in an area with a watershed affected by wildfire should expect concentrations of many pollutants
129                to be higher in the runoff following a rain event compared to pre-flood concentrations.
130                Steps should be taken now to prevent post-fire flood waters from contaminating
131                        <a href="environ_exposure/water-qual/private-wells.html">private wells:</a>
132                <ul class="Indent">
133                        <li>Slope the area around the well so that water flows away from the well head. </li>
134                        <li>Ensure that the well is properly sealed. </li>
135                        <li>If the well has any change in taste, color, or smell,
136                                <a href="environ_exposure/water-qual/private-wells/private-wells-testing.html">get it tested.</a></li>
137                        <li>If possible, test the well before any flooding events occur to have a baseline level from which to monitor changes.</li>
138                </ul>
139                <br/>
140                        <a href="environ_exposure/water-qual/private-wells.html">Get more information</a>
141                        on source water protection for private wells. If your
142                        <a href="environ_exposure/water-qual/private-wells/well-resources.html">water well floods,</a>
143                        see the tips for checking your drinking water quality from your
144                        <a href="environ_exposure/water-qual.html">private wells.</a>
145                <br/><br/>
146                <h4>Flood Risk Assessment</h4>
147                When monsoon season approaches, many may be wondering about last year's Las Conchas Fire and the potential
148                for exposure to contaminants in soil and sediment transported by flood waters and if there are precautions to take.
149                The Interagency Flood Risk Assessment Team (IFRAT) looked at a variety of scenarios that could result in
150                exposure to flood waters and flood deposits and consumption of produce and fish. Each scenario was
151                assessed for the risk of developing cancer and non-cancer health effects following long-term exposure.
152                Specific recommendations are provided below for scenarios where there is evidence that the potential
153                exposure is higher after the fire than before the fire, thereby indicating possible fire-related impacts.
154                        <a href="contentfile/pdf/Risk Messages Post-Las Conchas Fire_FINAL"><img src="image/icon/16/pdf.gif" alt="pdf" />
155                        Post-Las Conchas Fire Recommendations: How to Prevent Exposure to Fire-related Contaminants Transported
156                        through Floodwater (592.6 KB)</a>
157                It is important to note that everyone should always avoid rapidly rising water levels in arroyos, canyons,
158                or rivers downstream of recent burn areas and be aware of surrounding
159                        <a href="eh_alerts/nws_maxtemp.html">weather conditions</a> 
160                to prevent potential injuries or even death. Learn how to
161                        <a href="eh_alerts/floods.html">prepare for floods and evacuation emergencies.</a>
163                <br/><br/>
164                <a href="#backtotop">back to top</a>
166        </CONTENT>
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