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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<HTML_CONTENT xmlns:ibis="http://www.ibisph.org">
3<!--
4                Fire and Smoke page edited Stephanie Moraga-McHaley 5/6/2022   
5-->
6        <TITLE>Fires, Smoke and Health</TITLE>
7
8        <HTML_CLASS>Topic Environment</HTML_CLASS>
9        <OTHER_HEAD_CONTENT>
10                <link href="css/Topic.css"
11                        rel="stylesheet"
12                        type="text/css"/>
13                <link href="css/_SiteSpecific-Topic.css"
14                        rel="stylesheet"
15                        type="text/css"/>
16        </OTHER_HEAD_CONTENT>
17
18        <CONTENT>
19                <header>
20                        <img src="contentfile/image/environment/air/fire/bannerwildfire2.jpg"
21                                title="bannerwildfire2.jpg"/>
22                        <h1>Fires, Smoke, and Health</h1>
23                </header>
24                <section>
25                        <h2>New Mexico Smoke From Fires and Your Health Toolkit</h2>
26                        <p> New Mexico's climate offers great outdoor opportunities for work and recreation throughout the year.
27                                However, during wildfire season and prescribed burns the air quality can change rapidly, including when smoke comes from neighboring states. This means you might need to make quick decisions about being outside.
28                        </p>
29                        <p> Do you know what to do when it becomes smoky? How does smoke affect health? This webpage serves as a toolkit to help you make those decisions.
30                                Get health protection tips and learn how to use the 5-3-1 Visibility Method. Next, learn which health symptoms are caused by smoke.
31                                Plus, get additional tips for staying safe and healthy on smoky days and during the COVID-19 pandemic and download the resources. </p>
32                </section>
33                <section>
34                        <h2>Protect Your Health on Smoky Days</h2>
35                        <p> The best way to protect yourself during smoky days is to avoid breathing in smoke. Even if you can't smell the smoke or if it does not smell too bad that does not mean the air quality is safe.
36                                Here are quick tips:
37                        </p>
38                        <ul class="Indent">
39                                <li>Staying indoors during smokey days is one of the best things you can do.</li>
40                                <il>Check the air quality in our area (see Downloads and Resources below, for the Current Smoke Outlook link).</il>
41                                <li>When you don't have a monitor in your area, use the 5-3-1 Visibility Method created in New Mexico to estimate the air quality and the actions you should take based on your health circumstances and age.
42                                        We detail how you can use this below. </li>
43                                <li>Pay attention to local air quality alerts to plan your day and travel. Air quality reports are often posted on this site in the Newsroom and are also available through local news media and social media.</li>
44                                <li> Keep your indoor air clean by closing windows and doors.</li>
45                                <li>Create a "clean room" in your home (see Downloads and Resources for more information).</li>
46                        </ul>
47                </section>
48                <section>
49                        <section>
50                                <h2>Use the 5-3-1 Visibility Method to estimate air quality </h2>
51                                <p>
52                                        Using visibility is an easy way to gauge if it is okay to go outside or if is okay to stay outside especially in the absence of air quality monitors and when you do not have access to technology or air quality alerts,
53                                        such as when you are in remote areas.</p>
54                                <p>
55                                        To help you make the decision, the New Mexico Department of Health Environmental Public Health Tracking Program and its locally based state and federal partners specializing in air quality and wildfire management, created the 5-3-1 Visibility Method.
56                                        It incorporates mileage and landmarks to help you determine visibility.
57                                        This method can also be used by event organizers, coaches, and recreational leaders to decide if practice or the game should go on or be postponed.</p>
58
59                                <figure title="531">
60                                        <img src="contentfile/image/environment/air/fire/531.2021.ds.jpg"/>
61                                        <figcaption> This 5-3-1 Visibility Method graphic demonstrates what you should do when visibility is down to five miles, three miles and one mile based on your age or other health factors.
62                                        </figcaption>
63                                </figure>
64                        </section>
65
66                        <section>
67                                <h3>If it is smoky outside find out how far you can see by choosing landmarks to look at it. </h3>
68                                <section class="ImageInfoBlock">
69                                        <div>
70                                                <p> Pick some landmarks you are familiar with.
71                                                        Then see how well you can see those. Facing away from
72                                                        the sun, look for landmarks such as mountains, mesas,
73                                                        hills, buildings, water tanks, windmills, etc. that
74                                                        are about 5 miles, 3 miles and 1 mile away.  Use
75                                                        those mile ranges to help you estimate visibility.
76                                                        If these landmarks <span class="Bold">are not easy to see </span> 
77                                                        in the five, three, and one-mile ranges you can decide
78                                                        what to do based on your health conditions and age.
79                                                </p>
80                                                <p>
81                                                        Where are you? NM EPHT created the <a href="/WildFireSmoke/" title="wildfires 5-3-1 buffer tool/map.">
82                                                        5-3-1 Buffer Tool</a> to help you estimate the distance of
83                                                        landmarks by using your phone, computer or device right
84                                                        where you are.
85                                                </p>
86                                        </div>
87                                        <figure title="5-3-1 Buffer tool/map">
88                                                <img src="contentfile/image/environment/air/fire/Buffermap.png" onclick="location.href='/WildFireSmoke/'"/>
89                                                <figcaption> 
90                                                        The 5-3-1 Buffer Tool is an on-line map to estimate the
91                                                        distance of landmarks that are visible from where you are standing.
92                                                </figcaption>
93                                                <a href="/WildFireSmoke/" class="Button" style="margin-top: 1rem; width: 100%; text-align: center;" title="Jump to wildfire map.">View the 5-3-1 Buffer Map</a>
94                                        </figure>
95                                </section>
96                        </section>
97
98                        <section>
99                                <h3>Can you see landmarks 5 miles away?</h3>
100                                <section class="ImageInfoBlock">
101                                        <div>
102                                                <h4>Young children, adults over age 65, pregnant women, and people with heart and/or lung disease, asthma or other respiratory illness:</h4>
103                                                <p>If you can see less than 5 miles, the air quality is unhealthy for you and you will need to minimize outdoor activity.</p>
104                                                <p>You should reschedule outdoor recreational activities for a day with better air quality. </p>
105
106                                                <h4>Adults in Good Health: </h4>
107                                                <p>It is okay for adults in good health to be out and about.</p>
108                                                <p>You should periodically check visibility especially when fires are nearby.</p>
109                                        </div>
110                                        <figure title="Five mile visibility">
111                                                <img src="contentfile/image/environment/air/fire/Smokefivemile.jpg"/>
112                                                <figcaption> This image is an example of visibility at about five miles on a smoky day. The mountains in the distance and the hill and mesa in the foreground are visible.
113                                                </figcaption>
114                                        </figure>
115                                </section>
116
117                                <section>
118                                        <h4>Decision-Making for Event, Community and Event Leaders, Coaches, and P.E. Teachers:</h4>
119                                        If your activity involves young children, adults over age 65, pregnant women, and people with heart and/or lung disease, asthma or other respiratory illness, then move your event indoors.
120                                        <ul class="Indent">
121                                                <li>
122                                                        Try to keep the indoor air as clean as possible by not allowing use of air fresheners (fragrances), candles and wax melts, chemicals, cigarettes, vapor cigarettes or anything else that could compromise the air quality.
123                                                </li>
124                                                <li>
125                                                        If it is warm, consider moving it into a place that is cooled with air conditioning (not swamp/evaporative coolers).
126                                                </li>
127                                                <li>
128                                                        If you cannot move your event indoors, then reschedue it for a day with better air quality.
129                                                </li>
130                                        </ul>
131                                </section>
132                        </section>
133
134                        <section>
135                                <h3>Can you see landmarks 3 miles away?</h3>
136                                <section class="ImageInfoBlock">
137                                        <div>
138                                                <h4>Young children, adults over age 65, pregnant women, and people with heart and/or lung disease, asthma or other respiratory illness:</h4>
139                                                <p> If you can see less than 3 miles, the air quality is unhealthy for you and should stay indoors. All outdoor activities should be avoided, including running errands. </p>
140
141                                                <h4>Adults in Good Health: </h4>
142                                                Stay indoors as much as possible.
143                                                <ul class="Indent">
144                                                        <li>
145                                                                Only be outside momentarily to run important errands.
146                                                        </li>
147                                                        <li>
148                                                                Outdoor workers should be moved to work that does not involved being outdoors.
149                                                        </li>
150                                                        <li>
151                                                                If you are camping, hiking, fishing, or ranching, move to a safer place with better visibility and try to get to an indoor space.
152                                                        </li>
153                                                </ul>
154                                        </div>
155                                        <figure title="Five mile visibility">
156                                                <img src="contentfile/image/environment/air/fire/Smokethreemile.jpg"/>
157                                                <figcaption> This image is an example of visibility at about three miles on a smoky day. The mountains in the distance are not very visible. You can make out the hill and mesa.
158                                                </figcaption>
159                                        </figure>
160                                </section>
161
162                                <section>
163                                        <h4>Decision-Making for Event, Community and Event Leaders, Coaches, and P.E. Teachers:</h4>
164                                        <p> All outdoor recreational activities, sporting events and outdoor community events should be rescheduled for a day with better air quality or moved indoors if possible. </p>
165                                </section>
166                        </section>
167
168                        <section>
169                                <h3>Can you see landmarks less than 1 mile away?</h3>
170                                <section class="ImageInfoBlock">
171                                        <div>
172                                                <h4>All People: </h4>
173                                                <p>If you can see less than 1 mile that means the air quality is unhealthy for everyone.
174                                                        You should remain indoors and avoid all outdoor activities including running errands, walking, and biking.</p>
175                                                <p>Unless an evacuation has been issued, stay inside your home, indoor workplace, or in a safe shelter. </p>
176
177                                                <h4>Decision-Making for Event, Community and Event Leaders, Coaches, and P.E. Teachers:</h4>
178                                                <p>Cancel or reschedule all events.
179                                                        Poor visibility outdoors means it could be dangerous for participants to drive to your event even if you move it indoors.
180                                                        Being outdoors including briefly walking outside could be unhealthy during this time. </p>
181                                        </div>
182                                        <figure title="Five mile visibility">
183                                                <img src="contentfile/image/environment/air/fire/Smokeonemile.jpg"/>
184                                                <figcaption> This image is an example of visibility at one mile and less. The mountains in the distance and hill are not visible. The nearest large landmark can barely be outlined.
185                                                </figcaption>
186                                        </figure>
187                                </section>
188                        </section>
189
190                        <section>
191                                <h3>At anytime</h3>
192                                <p>At any time, regardless of the visibility, if you are feeling as though you are having health effects from smoke, take precautions to avoid further exposure to smoke and consult a healthcare professional as needed. </p>
193                        </section>
194                        <section>
195                        <h2>
196                                <p>
197                                        Método de Visibilidad 5-3-1
198                                </p>   
199                        </h2>
200                                <p>
201                                        Un incendio forestal se puede esparcir rápidamente y cambiar la calidad del aire enseguida. Aprenda cómo proteger su salud cuando ésto suceda.
202                                </p>
203                                <p>
204                                        <span class="Bold">Paso 1:</span> Determine cuánto humo hay basado en cuán lejos usted pueda ver (en millas).
205                                </p>
206                                <p>
207                                        <span class="Bold">Paso 2:</span> Decida qué hacer basado en cuán lejos usted puede ver, su edad, y condiciones de salud.
208                                </p>
209                                <p>
210                        <h3>
211                                Si usted puede ver:
212                        </h3>           
213                                </p>
214                                <p>
215                                        <ul class ="Indent">
216                                                <li>
217                                                        menos de 5 millas, la calidad el aire no es saludable para niños pequeños, adultos mayores de 65 años, mujeres embarazadas, y personas con condiciones de corazón y/o de pulmón, asma u otras enfermedades respiratorias. Estas personas deben minimizar sus actividades recreacionales al aire libre o reprogramarlas para un día con mejor calidad de aire.
218                                                </li>
219                                                <li>
220                                                        como 3 millas, niños pequeños, adultos mayores de 65 años, mujeres embarazadas y personas con condiciones de corazón y/o de pulmón, asma u otras enfermedades respiratorias deben evitar todas las actividades al aire libre y permanecer adentro. Las demás personas deben minimizar sus actividades al aire libre.
221                                                </li>
222                                                <li>
223                                                        menos de 1 milla; la calidad del aire no es saludable para nadie. Todas las personas deben permanecer adentro.
224                                                </li>                                                                                                                   
225                                        </ul>
226                                </p>
227                                <p>
228                                        No importa cuán lejos usted pueda ver, si usted siente efectos en su salud debido al humo, permanezca adentro o vaya a un área con mejor calidad de aire. Usted debe ver a su doctor o personal del cuidado de la salud si es necesario.
229                                </p>
230                                <p>
231                                        Método de Visibilidad 5-3-1 es una campaña del Departamento de Salud de Nuevo México y sus socios estatales y federales.
232                                </p>                           
233                        </section>
234
235                        <section>
236                                <h3>More Tips for Schools, Community Leaders, Event, Recreation and Sports Organizers, and Employers</h3>
237                                <p>If you are a community leader, an event/sports organizer, physical education teacher, someone who serves a sensitive population, or supervises outdoor work: </p>
238                                <ul class="Indent">
239                                        <li>
240                                                Learn how to use 5-3-1 Visibility Method to decide if you should move your activity and operations indoors, postpone or cancel.
241                                        </li>
242                                        <li>
243                                                Have a back-up plan to move events or work indoors when you can.
244                                        </li>
245                                        <li>
246                                                For large events, have a communications plan in place to inform participants, eventgoers and spectators.
247                                        </li>
248                                </ul>
249                        </section>
250
251                        <section>
252                                <h4>Communicate</h4>
253                                <p>As you postpone, reschedule, or cancel your event, let the community or participants know that these changes were done to protect their health.</p>
254                                <ul class="Indent">
255                                        <li>
256                                                Use your local means of mass communication to let your community know of changes in the schedule. Common ways to communicate with you participates include phone trees, e-mail listserv, text messages.
257                                        </li>
258                                        <li>
259                                                Use social media feeds such as an event page or a team page to announce the change of plans.
260                                        </li>
261                                        <li>
262                                                Use your local media such as the newspaper, radio and television stations, and online news outlets to get the word out about the change of plans.
263                                        </li>
264                                        <li>
265                                                Direct your participants to nmfireinfo.com to learn about fires in the state and to nmtracking.doh.nm.gov to learn how they can protect their health on smoky days.
266                                        </li>
267                                </ul>
268                        </section>
269
270                        <section>
271                                <h4>Educate</h4>
272                                <p>Help educate your participants on how they can make decision during smoky days. We provide downloadable resources such as signs and flyers in the "Resources" below. </p>
273                                <ul class="Indent">
274                                        <li>
275                                                You may post these in senior and community centers, near trailheads, campgrounds, libraries, worksites, community gathering areas, schools, sports fields, and medical centers.
276                                        </li>
277                                        <li>
278                                                Share these resources as part of patient education to sensitive populations.
279                                        </li>
280                                        <li>
281                                                Use these in door-to-door education during wildfires if you are frontline worker and response professional.
282                                        </li>
283                                        <li>
284                                                Ask people to keep these handy, such as posting it on refrigerators and near doorways, so they may know what to do when it quickly becomes smoky outside.
285                                        </li>
286                                </ul>
287                        </section>
288
289                        <section>
290                                <h3>Tips for Workplaces </h3>
291                                <p>Make sure staff understand how to use the 5-3-1 Visibility Method.</p>
292                                <ul class="Indent">
293                                        <li>
294                                                Adopt it as workplace policy to make quick decisions in the absence of air quality monitors.
295                                        </li>
296                                        <li>
297                                                Examples of key people you should train in the 5-3-1 Visibility Method include:
298                                                people who provide services for sensitive populations; physical education teachers; coaches;
299                                                referees; recreation managers; school or daycare center administrators and teachers;
300                                                community center or senior center managers; guides for fishing or outdoor excursions;
301                                                people who manage a city, county, or tribal government; ranch or farm managers;
302                                                emergency response officials, and site supervisors of outdoor labor.
303                                        </li>
304                                        <li>
305                                                Provide a safe indoor workspace for worker who primarlay work outdoors.
306                                        </li>
307                                        <li>
308                                                For workers who must still be outdoors such as emergency responders and public safety professionals, provide appropriate personal protection equipment.
309                                        </li>
310                                </ul>
311                        </section>
312
313                        <section>
314                                <h3>More about the 5-3-1- Visibility Method</h3>
315                                <p>The 5-3-1 Visibility Method has been adopted by entities in other states. Since the southwest United States typically has very low humidity, visibility can be an effective tool to determine if it is healthy to be outside when smoke is present.
316                                        The visibility test is not appropriate or effective in areas with frequent high humidity, such as the southeastern United States when fog may limit visibility.
317                                        The 5-3-1 Visibility Method is public campaign from the New Mexico Department of Health's Environmental Public Health Tracking Program and its state and federal partners.  </p>
318                                <p>
319                                        <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xcPSm0FH3AQ">New Mexico Fire Wildfire Response Video</a>
320                                </p>
321                        </section>
322                </section>
323
324                <section class="SubSectionsContainer">
325                        <section>
326                                <h2>Health Symptoms Caused By Smoke </h2>
327                                <p>While not everyone will have the same sensitivity to wildfire smoke, it's still best to avoid breathing smoke as much as you can.
328                                        When smoke is heavy like from a nearby a wildfire, it's bad for everyone.
329                                        Smoke is made up of a complex mixture of gases and fine particles produced when wood and other organic materials burn.
330                                        The biggest health threat comes when people breath in the microscopic smoke particles which can penetrate deep into your lungs causing health problems. </p>
331                        </section>
332                        <section>
333                                <h3>General Symptoms From Smoke</h3>
334                                <p> Smoke can trigger a range of symptoms for anyone which may include burning eyes, a runny nose, cough, phlegm, wheezing and difficulty breathing. </p>
335                                <ul class="Indent">
336                                        <li> Regardless of your health and age it always best to reduce exposure to smoke as much as you can. </li>
337                                        <li> Stay hydrated and follow your doctor's advice about medicines or prescriptions you take.</li>
338                                </ul>
339                        </section>
340                        <section>
341                                <h3>Who is at most risk?</h3>
342                                <p>Smoke may worsen symptoms for people who have pre-existing respiratory conditions. </p>
343                                <ul class="Indent">
344                                        <li> People with heart, lung disease, or cardiovascular disease might experience chest pain, palpitations, shortness of breath, or fatigue.</li>
345                                        <li> People with seasonal allergies, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) including not being able to breathe as deeply or as vigorously as usual,
346                                                and may experience symptoms such as coughing, phlegm, chest discomfort, wheezing and shortness of breath.</li>
347                                        <li> In addition to avoiding being outside on smoky days, you should follow your health management plan from your health care provider, or if you have asthma, follow your asthma management plan.</li>
348                                        <li> If you develop symptoms which do not respond to your usual medication, contact your health care provider immediately. If you think you are having a heart attack or stroke, dial 9-1-1.</li>
349                                </ul>
350                        </section>
351                        <section>
352                                <h2>COVID-19 Safety During Smoky Days and Wildland Fires</h2>
353                                <p>Smoke from wildfires may cause people to have more severe reactions if they are infected COVID-19.
354                                        Wildfire smoke is a complex mixture of air pollutants that can harm your health such as irritate your lungs, cause inflammation and may alter immune function that makes it harder to fight COVID-19 and other respiratory infections.</p>
355                        </section>
356                        <section>
357                                <h3>People most prone to risk</h3>
358                                <ul class="Indent">
359                                        <li>People who have been diagnosed with COVID-19 or another respiratory infection, even after symptoms have resolved.</li>
360                                        <li>People who have pre-existing respiratory conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), interstitial lung disease (ILD), or lung cancer. </li>
361                                        <li>Anyone at increased risk for COVID-19 infection.</li>
362                                </ul>
363                                <p>If you have a chronic health condition, work with your healthcare providers to create a management plan for smoky conditions.
364                                        If you use rescue medications, make sure that you always have an ample supply at home and carry them with you during the wildfire season. </p>
365                        </section>
366                        <section>
367                                <h3>What you should do if you have symptoms</h3>
368                                <p> Exposure to wildfire smoke and COVID-19 can both cause respiratory symptoms such as a dry cough, sore throat, or difficulty breathing.
369                                        If you have severe symptoms such as difficulty breathing or chest pain, call 911 right away or get to an Emergency Department.
370                                        If you have mild symptoms call your healthcare provider. If you suspect you have COVID-19 see CV.nmhealth.org for guidance.</p>
371                        </section>
372                        <section>
373                                <h3>Ways to reduce smoke exposure and reduce the spread of COVID-19 during smoke events</h3>
374                                <p>It is important to and reduce your risk of getting the virus and help reduce the virus spread by following the COVID-19 safety guidelines for New Mexico.</p>
375                                <ul class="Indent">
376                                        <li>Follow the recommendations for New Mexico and your county such as wearing masks, social distancing, and frequent hand washing. </li>
377                                        <li>Sign up for vaccinations and testing. Visit CV.nmhealth.org for guidance. </li>
378                                        <li>Continue to wear cloth or paper masks to reduce the COVID-19 spread but you should not rely on these types of masks for smoke protection because smoke particles are too fine to be filtered by such masks.
379                                                It is best to stay indoors during wildland fires in a place with clean air, such as your home or a workplace that follows COVID-19 safety practices. </li>
380                                </ul>
381                                <p>The best way to protect against the potentially harmful effects of wildfire smoke is to reduce exposure, improve your indoor air quality or seek cleaner air spaces.</p>
382                                <ul class="Indent">
383                                        <li>Use the 5-3-1 Visibility Method, (listed above) to assess air quality conditions in your area. </li>
384                                        <li>Stay indoors as much as you can, such as in your home or workplace. </li>
385                                        <li>You can create a cleaner air space at home to protect yourself from wildfire smoke during the COVID-19 pandemic by following the tips above.</li>
386                                        <li>Finding cleaner air away from your home can be more challenging under physical distancing guidelines because public facilities such as libraries, community centers, and shopping malls might be closed or at limited capacity.
387                                                It is best to check with these places before you go and to follow the guidelines for reducing COVID-19 spread.</li>
388                                </ul>
389                        </section>
390                </section>
391                <section>
392                        <h2>More ways to protect yourself on smoky days</h2>
393                        <p>In addition to using the 5-3-1 Visibility Method and staying indoors when it is smoky outside you can do more to protect your health on smoky days. </p>
394
395                        <section>
396                                <h3>Keep indoors clean</h3>
397                                <p>Staying indoors and keeping the indoor air as clean as possible is the easiest way to protect your lungs when it is smoky outside. </p>
398
399                                <h4>Improve indoor air quality during a smoke event: </h4>
400                                <ul class="Indent">
401                                        <li>Keep windows and doors closed.</li>
402                                        <li>Stop use of all fragrances such as spray air fresheners, candles, wax melts, and chemically scented household products.</li>
403                                        <li>Don't use a vacuum cleaner during a smoke event because it can stir up particles already inside your home.</li>
404                                        <li>Turn off electric fragrance dispensers or scented wax melting devices.</li>
405                                        <li>Stop use of anything that burns, such as candles, fireplaces, or gas stoves.</li>
406                                        <li>Avoid use of sprays including cleaning and grooming products.</li>
407                                        <li>Try an air purifier. Several hardware stores sell air purifiers of varying features and price ranges.
408                                                You can also make a temporary air filter with a box fan and a furnace filter. There are many online videos that demonstrate how to do this. </li>
409                                </ul>
410
411                                <h4>Improve indoor air quality year-round:</h4>
412                                <ul class="Indent">
413                                        <li>Take off your shoes when coming inside your home.</li>
414                                        <li>Do not smoke or use vapor cigarettes, or e-cigs indoors. </li>
415                                        <li>Avoid using art sprays or industrial sprays indoors.</li>
416                                        <li>Always store chemicals and pesticides outside of your living area such as in a garage or shed.</li>
417                                        <li>Eliminate the use of pesticides indoors.</li>
418                                        <li>If you have asthma, allergies, respiratory health conditions, or other sensitivities,
419                                                eliminate the use of chemically scented products that emit chemicals into the air such as candles;
420                                                wax melts; and spray, solid, or diffused air fresheners including those that operate on electric dispensers. </li>
421                                </ul>
422                        </section>
423
424                        <section>
425                                <h3>Reduce physical activity and stay hydrated</h3>
426                                <p>Limit outdoor exercise when it is smoky outside and choose lower-intensity activities.</p>
427                                <p>Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water. Overheating can cause serious health problems. Get tips for staying cool on Heat Related Illness page. </p>
428                        </section>
429
430                        <section>
431                                <h3>Choose the right mask</h3>
432                                <p>Using visibility and staying indoors when it is smoky outside is an easy way to protect your health.
433                                        If you must go outside, only certain masks may offer protection (i.e. N95, N100, P100) from wildfire smoke.
434                                        These special masks are called a "particulate respirator." See our factsheet in the Resources below for guidance on mask selection and proper mask use.
435                                </p>
436                                <p>Many types of other masks have health protection benefits, but these types will not filter out the very fine and tiny particles caused by smoke.
437                                        Such masks include paper masks, dust masks or masks made to reduce virus spread (homemade or manufactured).
438                                        Wet handkerchiefs also do not filter the fine smoke particles.</p>
439                        </section>
440
441                        <section>
442                                <h3>Cool your home and car safely </h3>
443                                <p>Whenever possible, use air conditioners, heat pumps, fans, and closed window shades to keep your cleaner air space cooler on hot days and stay hydrated by drinking water.</p>
444                                <ul class="Indent">
445                                        <li>If you use an air conditioner (refrigerated air) keep the fresh-air intake closed and the filter clean to prevent outdoor smoke from getting inside and keep window covering closed. Change the filter frequently.</li>
446                                        <li>Most swamp coolers/evaporative coolers have filter pore sizes that are much too large to filter out particles from smoke.
447                                                If it smells like your swamp cooler is bringing in smoke from the outside, or if it is clearly smoky in your area, it's best to turn the unit off until the outside air quality improves. </li>
448                                        <li>If you do not have an air conditioner and it is too warm to stay inside with the windows closed, seek shelter elsewhere such as at a cooling center or at a relative's or friend's home or public places such as public libraries, community centers, senior centers and other public places that may have air conditioning.
449                                                Check before you go as many locations close in the evening or might have limited capacity or be closed during the pandemic and other outbreaks. </li>
450                                        <li>Only run the air conditioner in your automobile if you use the re-circulated air option.
451                                                If your car does not have a re-circulation option and it is extremely hot it is best to avoid commuting.
452                                                Keep the windows closed. Keep the indoor air clean by not smoking, using vapor cigarettes/ e-cigs, and car fragrances. </li>
453                                        <li>Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water. Overheating can cause serious health problems. Get tips for staying cool on Heat Related Illness page. </li>
454                                </ul>
455                        </section>
456                </section>
457
458                <nav id="moreInformation"
459                        title="Links for more information">
460                        <div id="downloadsResources">
461                                <h3>Downloads and Resources</h3>
462                                <div class="Columns">
463                                        <div>
464                                                <div class="Selections">
465                                                        <ul>
466                                                                <li>
467                                                                        <a href="https://outlooks.wildlandfiresmoke.net/outlook" title="Interagency Wildland Fire Air Quality Response Program" class="External">
468                                                                                Current Smoke Outlooks
469                                                                        </a>
470                                                                </li>
471                                                                <li>
472                                                                        <a href="contentfile/pdf/environment/air/fire/5-3-1.PatientEducation.Factsheet.pdf"
473                                                                                title="downloadable pdf"
474                                                                                class="PDF">
475                                                                                5-3-1 Poster and Patient Guide from NM EPHT
476                                                                        </a>
477                                                                </li>
478                                                                <li>
479                                                                        <a href="https://www.epa.gov/indoor-air-quality-iaq/create-clean-room-protect-indoor-air-quality-during-wildfire" title="EPA Clean Room" class="External">
480                                                                                Create a Clean Room to Protect Indoor Air Quality During a Wildfire
481                                                                        </a>
482                                                                </li>
483                                                                <li>
484                                                                        <a href="contentfile/pdf/environment/air/fire/5-3-1_Poster_Spanish.pdf"
485                                                                                title="downloadable pdf"
486                                                                                class="PDF">
487                                                                                Poster and Patient Guide from NM EPHT in Spanish
488                                                                        </a>
489                                                                </li>
490                                                                <li>
491                                                                        <a href="contentfile/pdf/environment/air/fire/Smoke_and_Masks.01.18.13.pdf"
492                                                                                title="downloadable pdf"
493                                                                                class="PDF">
494                                                                                Guide to Masks from NM EPHT
495                                                                        </a>
496                                                                </li>
497                                                                <li>
498                                                                        <a href="contentfile/pdf/environment/air/fire/Smoke_COVID_Factsheet_NMEPHT_2020.pdf"
499                                                                                title="downloadable pdf"
500                                                                                class="PDF">
501                                                                                Smoke and COVID-19 Safety Factsheet from NM EPHT
502                                                                        </a>
503                                                                </li>
504                                                                <li>
505                                                                        <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xcPSm0FH3AQ">New Mexico Fire Wildfire Response Video</a>
506                                                                </li>
507                                                                <li>
508                                                                        <a href="https://nmfireinfo.com/">New Mexico Fire Information</a>
509                                                                </li>
510                                                                <li>
511                                                                        <a href="https://www.epa.gov/air-research/research-diy-air-cleaners-reduce-wildfire-smoke-indoors" title="EPA DIY Air Cleaners" class="External">
512                                                                                EPA: Research on DIY Air Cleaners to Reduce Wildfire Smoke Indoors
513                                                                        </a>
514                                                                </li>                                                           
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517                                                <button>Show All</button>
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525
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