source: main/adopters/nj/trunk/src/main/webapps/doh-shad-content/xml/indicator/profile/Benzene.xml @ 16914

Last change on this file since 16914 was 16914, checked in by Maria Baron, 12 months ago

republished all indicators

File size: 6.4 KB
1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
3<INDICATOR name="Benzene">
4        <NAME>Benzene</NAME>
7        <TITLE>Benzene in Outdoor Air</TITLE>
8        <DEFINITION>Mean of modeled annual average benzene concentration for census tracts in a county, using 2011 NATA data</DEFINITION>
9        <NUMERATOR>Modeled mean benzene concentration in micrograms per cubic meter</NUMERATOR>
11        <DATA_NOTE>Data Source: USEPA National-scale Air Toxics Assessment (NATA), 2011 and NJDEP Division of Air Quality</DATA_NOTE>
12        <DATA_SOURCE_DATE>11/15/2016</DATA_SOURCE_DATE>
13        <WHY_IMPORTANT>People are exposed to benzene from tobacco smoking, automobile service stations, exhaust from motor vehicles, and industrial emissions.  People living in cities or industrial areas are exposed to higher levels of benzene in air than those living in rural areas. 
15Breathing high levels of benzene can cause drowsiness, dizziness, rapid heart rate, headaches, tremors, confusion, and unconsciousness.  Long-term exposure causes harmful effects on the bone marrow, can lead to anemia, and can affect the immune system.  Benzene is a known human carcinogen.  Long-term exposure to high levels of benzene in the air can cause leukemia.</WHY_IMPORTANT>
16        <HOW_DOING>All New Jersey counties exceed the health benchmark of 0.13 micrograms of benzene per cubic meter of air.  The highest ambient air concentrations can be found in the northeast counties (Bergen, Essex, Hudson, and Union), as well as Mercer County.</HOW_DOING>
17        <WHAT_DOING>The benzene content of gasoline is regulated, and the use of benzene in consumer products is being phased out.  Benzene in drinking water is routinely monitored in all community water systems. 
19The USEPA's Mobile Source Air Toxics 2 rule sets new requirements related to benzene: more stringent hydrocarbon emissions from passenger vehicles; controls on portable fuel containers; and restrictions on benzene content in gasoline products.</WHAT_DOING>
20        <SERVICES_AVAILABLE_TO_PUBLIC>To view select air quality data collected at outdoor monitors across the United States go to:
23New Jersey County Risk Ratio tables can be found at the following URL:
25        <RESOURCES_REFERENCES_LINKS>The USEPA Integrated Risk Information System provides more detailed information about benzene and research studies on its health effects at the following URL:
28New Jersey Statewide Average 2005 NATA Modeled Air Concentrations and comparisons to health benchmarks can be found at:
31Pollution Prevention and Community Right to Know:
34        <OWNER_USER_ID>ropiekun</OWNER_USER_ID>
36        <STATUS_DATE>08/24/2017</STATUS_DATE>
37        <NOTE>created by REO
38"Why Important" section modified for shorter content.
39map view added by REO
402/08/11 - 2002 NATA data added - map view still for 1999
4103/10/11 - 1999 map removed, new for 2002 still to be added, BDG
4203/15/12 - 1999 and 2002 data removed and 2005 NATA added; map removed and new map to be added soon
433/16/16 - updated with 2011 NATA data (REO)
4411/15/16 - REO updated links and resources
458/23/17 BDG, replaced static map with interactive map</NOTE>
46        <SORT_ORDER>400</SORT_ORDER>
48        <MODIFIED_DATE>08/24/2017</MODIFIED_DATE>
49        <MODIFIED_DESCRIPTION>Status changed by: bgoun</MODIFIED_DESCRIPTION>
50        <PUBLISHED_DATE>08/24/2017</PUBLISHED_DATE>
52                <MODIFIED_DATE></MODIFIED_DATE>
54        <DATA_SOURCES/>
55        <RELATIONS>
56                <RELATION name="PopChar">
57                        <NAME>PopChar</NAME>
58                        <TITLE>Relevant Population Characteristics</TITLE>
59                        <TEXT></TEXT>
60                        <RELATED_INDICATORS>
61                                <RELATED_INDICATOR>
62                                        <NAME>Acetaldehyde</NAME>
63                                        <TITLE>Acetaldehyde in Outdoor Air</TITLE>
64                                        <DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>median_air_conc</DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>
65                                </RELATED_INDICATOR>
66                                <RELATED_INDICATOR>
67                                        <NAME>Acrolein</NAME>
68                                        <TITLE>Acrolein in Outdoor Air</TITLE>
69                                        <DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>med_air_conc</DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>
70                                </RELATED_INDICATOR>
71                                <RELATED_INDICATOR>
72                                        <NAME>Butadiene</NAME>
73                                        <TITLE>1,3-Butadiene in Outdoor Air</TITLE>
74                                        <DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>cnty_buta</DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>
75                                </RELATED_INDICATOR>
76                                <RELATED_INDICATOR>
77                                        <NAME>chloroform</NAME>
78                                        <TITLE>Chloroform in Outdoor Air</TITLE>
79                                        <DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>chloroform_cnty</DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>
80                                </RELATED_INDICATOR>
81                                <RELATED_INDICATOR>
82                                        <NAME>chromium</NAME>
83                                        <TITLE>Chromium(VI) in Outdoor Air</TITLE>
84                                        <DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>ChromVICnty</DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>
85                                </RELATED_INDICATOR>
86                                <RELATED_INDICATOR>
87                                        <NAME>DieselPM</NAME>
88                                        <TITLE>Diesel Particulate Matter in Outdoor Air</TITLE>
89                                        <DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>DieselCnty</DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>
90                                </RELATED_INDICATOR>
91                                <RELATED_INDICATOR>
92                                        <NAME>Formaldehyde</NAME>
93                                        <TITLE>Formaldehyde in Outdoor Air</TITLE>
94                                        <DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>FormCnty</DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>
95                                </RELATED_INDICATOR>
96                                <RELATED_INDICATOR>
97                                        <NAME>Naphthalene</NAME>
98                                        <TITLE>Naphthalene in Outdoor Air</TITLE>
99                                        <DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>Naphthalene.Cnty</DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>
100                                </RELATED_INDICATOR>
101                                <RELATED_INDICATOR>
102                                        <NAME>Perc</NAME>
103                                        <TITLE>Perchloroethylene in Outdoor Air</TITLE>
104                                        <DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>Perc.Cnty</DEFAULT_INDICATOR_VIEW_NAME>
105                                </RELATED_INDICATOR>
106                        </RELATED_INDICATORS>
107                </RELATION>
108        </RELATIONS>
109        <INDICATOR_VIEWS>
110                <INDICATOR_VIEW>
111                        <NAME>cntybenz</NAME>
112                        <TITLE>Benzene Concentrations in Outdoor Air,</TITLE>
113                        <SUB_TITLE>by New Jersey County,</SUB_TITLE>
114                        <PERIOD_TITLE>2011 NATA</PERIOD_TITLE>
115                        <Y_TITLE>Mean Concentration (ug/m3)</Y_TITLE>
116                </INDICATOR_VIEW>
117                <INDICATOR_VIEW>
118                        <NAME>SourcesBenz</NAME>
119                        <TITLE>Source Contribution Estimates,</TITLE>
120                        <SUB_TITLE>Percent by Source, Statewide for New Jersey,</SUB_TITLE>
121                        <PERIOD_TITLE>2011 NATA</PERIOD_TITLE>
122                        <Y_TITLE>Percent of Benzene by Source</Y_TITLE>
123                </INDICATOR_VIEW>
124        </INDICATOR_VIEWS>
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