source: main/adopters/hi/trunk/src/main/webapps/hhdw-content/xml/html_content/resource/DeathDataReleases.xml @ 24509

Last change on this file since 24509 was 24509, checked in by Paul Leo, 13 months ago

Hawaii IBIS V3, Updating content as per HI

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2
3<HTML_CONTENT xmlns:ibis="http://www.ibisph.org">
4
5        <ibis:doc>
6                <name>resource/DeathDataReleases</name>
7                <summary>Resources and Help page</summary>
8                <description>
9                </description>
10
11                <author>Garth Braithwaite</author>
12                <company>Utah Department of Health/Software Technology Group</company>
13                <versions>
14                        <version><number>1.0</number><date>Sept 10, 2020</date><who>Katherine</who><description>initial release of DeathDataReleases</description></version>
15                </versions>
16        </ibis:doc>
17
18        <TITLE>Death Data Release Notes</TITLE>
19
20        <CONTENT>
21        <br/>
22        <h1>General Release Notes</h1>
23
24                <h2>2019 Death</h2>
25                <br/>
26                <h3>New Primary Care Service Area Dimension</h3> We have added a new geographic dimension to the Death Module
27                to cover primary care service areas. Primary care service areas were created to describe the delivery of
28                primary health services in the State of Hawai'i through participation of multiple stakeholders in the early
29                1990's. The rural health associations of the Hawai'i, Maui and Kauai Counties delineated rational service
30                areas under their respective jurisdictions. Neighborhoods were clustered into primary care service areas to
31                provide information below the county or island level with demarcation between adjacent neighborhoods. Census
32                tracts were used in defining these areas due to their availability in census and vital statistic data.
33                <br/><br/>
34                Here is a link to a document containing the Census Tract to Primary Care Service Area Crosswalk:
35                <ibis:SelectionsList>
36                        <SELECTIONS>
37                                <SELECTION>
38                                        <TITLE>HHDW Census Tract to Primary Care Service Area Crosswalk</TITLE>
39                                        <DESCRIPTION>Excel file describing CT to PCSA crosswalk.</DESCRIPTION>
40                                        <LOCAL_URL>contentfile/docs/Query/PCSA_CT_Crosswalk.pdf</LOCAL_URL>
41                                </SELECTION>
42                        </SELECTIONS>
43                </ibis:SelectionsList>
44                <br/><br/>
45
46        <h1>All Years</h1>
47
48                <h3>Population Estimates for Population-based Rates</h3>
49                Annual population estimates are extracted each year from the U.S. Census, Population Division, Annual County Resident
50                Population Estimates. These estimates change each year and provide the denominator for the crude death rates, by age,
51                sex and census race, for the years 2000-2019.
52                <br/><br/>
53                However, population estimates for Hawai'i-specific race/ethnicities (DOH Race/Ethnicity) are not reportable for
54                individual years, so a special 5 year aggregate population estimate file was created for Hawai'i, by the Data Products
55                Development Branch, American Community Survey Office, U.S. Census Bureau. This 5 year aggregate (2010-2014) file was used to
56                create a single average annual population estimate, which does not change and is used for all population-based rates by
57                DOH Race/Ethnicity for the years 2010-2019.
58                <br/><br/>             
59                Because HHDW uses two different population estimate files, death rates may vary slightly depending on which category
60                you select your death rate indicator from - Population Rates with Census Race vs Population Rates by DOH Race/Ethnicity ONLY.
61                Census Race and DOH Race/Ethnicity rates should not be compared directly.
62                <br/><br/>             
63                <h3>Residence</h3>
64                Data can be analyzed geographically by decendent's residence or occurence of death. Decedent's residence is based
65                on the address provided on the death certificate as the place where the decedent resided at the time of death.
66                Military members and dependents who live in Hawai'i at the time are classified as residents.
67                <br/><br/>             
68                There are two measures for capturing geography in the Death Record - zip code and census tract. School complex and
69                community are based on zip code and primary care service area is based on census tract.
70                <br/><br/>             
71                <h3>Cell Suppression Criteria</h3> 
72                Cell suppression criteria have changed. In accordance with data use restrictions set forth by Hawai'i State Department
73                of Health (DOH) and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), cell counts of fewer than 9 events and rates
74                based on counts of 9 or fewer will be suppressed, and rates based on counts of less than 20 will be regarded as
75                unreliable and will also be suppressed. Suppressed data is denoted with a double asterisk (**).
76                <br/><br/>
77                Additional information on national standards for the collection and analysis of mortality
78                statistics from the NCHS, National Vital Statistics System can be accessed<a href="https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm">here.</a>
79                <br/><br/>
80               
81                <h3>Causes of Death</h3> 
82                While more than one cause of death can be listed on the death certificate, this system is based on the
83                underlying cause-of-death which is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as "the disease or
84                injury which initiated the train of events leading directly to death, or the circumstances of the accident
85                or violence which produced the fatal injury." Underlying cause-of-death is selected from the conditions
86                entered by the physician on the cause of death section of the death certificate. When more than one cause
87                or condition is entered by the physician, the underlying cause is determined by the sequence of conditions
88                on the certificate, provisions of the ICD-10 code, and associated selection rules and modifications.
89                <br/>
90                If you are interested in underlying and contributing causes of death, please contact us or visit
91                CDC WONDER to access the<a href="https://wonder.cdc.gov/mcd.html">Multiple Cause of Death data file.</a>
92                <br/><br/>
93                Beginning with data for 2006, the valid ICD-10 codes used to classify causes of death changed. Effective with
94                the 2006 data year, 18 codes were introduced as valid causes of death, and 4 codes were discontinued. Effective
95                with the 2007 data year, 4 codes were introduced as valid causes of death, and 2 codes were discontinued.
96                See<a href="https://wonder.cdc.gov/wonder/help/ucd.html#ICD-10%20Changes">ICD-10 Changes</a>for more information.
97                <br/><br/>
98               
99                <h3>Race/Ethnicity Data</h3>
100                The death certificate allows for up to 4 race/ethnicities to be captured for the decedent. The DOH Office of
101                Health Status Monitoring (OHSM) uses the following algorithm to code a single race/ethnicity for
102                each individual.
103                <br/><br/>
104                Only one ethnicity is coded from the actual certificates. If more than one ethnicity is listed on the
105                certificate, the following rules apply:
106                        <ul>
107                                        1.      If Hawaiian is one of the multiple ethnicities listed, Part-Hawaiian is coded.<br/>
108                                        2.      If a non-Caucasian ethnicity is listed with a Caucasian ethnicity, the non-Caucasian ethnicity is coded.<br/>
109                                        3.      If there is more than one non-Caucasian ethnicity listed, the first one is coded.<br/>
110                                        4.      If there is more than one Caucasian ethnicity listed, the first one is coded.<br/>
111                        </ul>
112                <br/>
113                In HHDW, the most granular level is the program race/ethnicity (PRG) which rolls up into the DOH standard
114                race/ethnicity (DOH), which rolls up into Census race reporting categories (Census). The table below illustrates
115                how the data is aggregated.
116                <br/><br/>
117
118                <table class="Info">
119                        <tr>
120                                <th colspan="4" class="TextAlignCenter LargerFont">Race/Ethnicity Classifications</th> 
121                        </tr>
122                        <tr>
123                                <td class="Bold">Source Race/Ethnicity</td>
124                                <td class="Bold">Program Race/Ethnicity (PRG)</td>
125                                <td class="Bold">DOH Race/Ethnicity (DOH)</td>
126                                <td class="Bold">Census Race (Census)</td> 
127                        </tr>
128                        <tr>
129                                <td>Asian Indian</td>
130                                <td>Asian Indian</td>
131                                <td>Other Asian</td>
132                                <td>Asian</td>
133                        </tr>
134                        <tr>
135                                <td>Black</td>
136                                <td>Black</td>
137                                <td>Black</td>
138                                <td>Black or African American</td>
139                        </tr>
140                        <tr>
141                                <td>Caucasian</td>
142                                <td>Caucasian</td>
143                                <td>Caucasian</td>
144                                <td>Caucasian</td>
145                        </tr>
146                        <tr>
147                                <td>Chinese</td>
148                                <td>Chinese</td>
149                                <td>Chinese</td>
150                                <td>Asian</td>
151                        </tr>
152                        <tr>
153                                <td>Cuban</td>
154                                <td>Cuban</td>
155                                <td>Other</td>
156                                <td>Other</td>
157                        </tr>
158                        <tr>
159                                <td>Filipino</td>
160                                <td>Filipino</td>
161                                <td>Filipino</td>
162                                <td>Asian</td>
163                        </tr>
164                        <tr>
165                                <td>Guamanian</td>
166                                <td>Guamanian</td>
167                                <td>Other Pacific Islander</td>
168                                <td>Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander</td>
169                        </tr>
170                        <tr>
171                                <td>Hawaiian</td>
172                                <td>Hawaiian</td>
173                                <td>Native Hawaiian</td>
174                                <td>Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander</td>
175                        </tr>
176                        <tr>
177                                <td>Part Hawaiian</td>
178                                <td>Part Hawaiian</td>
179                                <td>Native Hawaiian</td>
180                                <td>Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander</td>
181                        </tr>
182                        <tr>
183                                <td>Indian</td>
184                                <td>Indian</td>
185                                <td>Native Alaskan/American Indian</td>
186                                <td>Native Alaskan/American Indian</td>
187                        </tr>
188                        <tr>
189                                <td>Japanese</td>
190                                <td>Japanese</td>
191                                <td>Japanese</td>
192                                <td>Asian</td>
193                        </tr>
194                        <tr>
195                                <td>Korean</td>
196                                <td>Korean</td>
197                                <td>Other Asian</td>
198                                <td>Asian</td>
199                        </tr>
200                        <tr>
201                                <td>Mexican</td>
202                                <td>Mexican</td>
203                                <td>Other</td>
204                                <td>Other</td>
205                        </tr>
206                        <tr>
207                                <td>Portuguese</td>
208                                <td>Portuguese</td>
209                                <td>Caucasian</td>
210                                <td>Caucasian</td>
211                        </tr>
212                        <tr>
213                                <td>Puerto Rican</td>
214                                <td>Puerto Rican</td>
215                                <td>Other</td>
216                                <td>Other</td>
217                        </tr>
218                        <tr>
219                                <td>Samoan</td>
220                                <td>Samoan</td>
221                                <td>Other Pacific Islander</td>
222                                <td>Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander</td>
223                        </tr>
224                        <tr>
225                                <td>Vietnamese</td>
226                                <td>Vietnamese</td>
227                                <td>Other Asian</td>
228                                <td>Asian</td>
229                        </tr>
230                        <tr>
231                                <td>Other Asian</td>
232                                <td>Other Asian</td>
233                                <td>Other Asian</td>
234                                <td>Asian</td>
235                        </tr>
236                </table>
237                <br/><br/>
238        </CONTENT>
239</HTML_CONTENT>
240
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